Flamenco (apple)

Flamenco, also known as Ballerina Obelisk, is a cultivar of domesticated apple that bears apples good for eating fresh, and is grown for its unusual ornamental properties. The tree grows in a straight up columnar style, with many small fruit-bearing branches.[1] 'Flamenco' is one of a series of apple tree cultivars that share a registered trademark under the name Ballerina.

'Flamenco' apple
Hybrid parentage(Cox's Orange Pippin x Court Pendu Plat) × Wijcik McIntosh
Cultivar'Flamenco' or 'Ballerina Obelisk'
Origin England, 1950 - 1999

Flamenco was developed in Kent, England, between the years 1950 and 1999 by the East Malling Research Station, when they crossed a hybrid of the English Cox's Orange Pippin and the French Court Pendu Plat with the "Wijcik McIntosh", which itself is a columnar mutation of the Canadian McIntosh apple.[2][3][4]


  1. "Colannade Flamenco Apple". Sprouts Greenhouse. Archived from the original on 31 December 2014.
  2. Bai, T.; Zhu, Y.; Fernández-Fernández, F.; et al. (2012). "Fine genetic mapping of the Co locus controlling columnar growth habit in apple". Molecular Genetics and Genomics. 287: 437–450. doi:10.1007/s00438-012-0689-5. PMID 22526430.
  3. Sarwar, M.; Skirvin, R.M.; et al. (1998). "Selecting dwarf apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) trees in vitro: multiple cytokinin tolerance expressed among three strains of 'McIntosh' that differ in their growth habit under field conditions". Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. 54: 71–76. doi:10.1023/A:1006157611836.
  4. Flamenco at Orange Pippin

Further reading

  • Coombs, D.; Blackburne-Maze, P.; Cracknell, M.; Bentley, R. (2001). "Tree Fruits Outdoors and Under Glass". In Coombs, D. (ed.). The Complete Book of Pruning. pp. 167–197. ISBN 9781841881430.

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