Clivia (apple)

'Clivia' is a German apple cultivar. It was created at the Institut für Acker- und Pflanzenbau of Müncheberg,[1] in Märkisch-Oderland in eastern Germany, which at that time was in the German Democratic Republic. It is a hybrid of 'Geheimrat Dr. Oldenburg' and 'Cox's Orange Pippin'. It was reported as a new variety in 1964[2] and 1965;[3] it was parent of a new cultivar, 'Pinova', in 1965.[4]

Malus pumila 'Clivia'
SpeciesMalus pumila
Hybrid parentageGeheimrat Dr. Oldenburg × Cox's Orange Pippin


Cultivars that descend from 'Clivia' include: 'Pilot' ('Clivia' × 'Undine'); 'Pinova' ('Clivia' × 'Golden Delicious'); 'Rubinstep' ('Clivia' × 'Rubin');[5]:539 and 'Reanda'.[5]:538


  1. Heinz Murawski (1968). "40 Jahre Obstzüchtung in Müncheberg" (in German). Der Züchter. Reprinted in Obstbau in Brandenburg: Forschung für den Obstbau in Müncheberg, 2010. Landesverband Gartenbau Brandenburg. Accessed April 2014.
  2. [s.n.] (1964). Notiziario de "La Ricerca scientifica, Volume 4, Issues 7–12 (in Italian). Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche. p. 818. Accessed April 2014.
  3. [s.n.] (7 February 1965) Neue Apfelsorte (in German). Neues Deutschland. Accessed April 2014.
  4. Mitteilungen des Obstbauversuchsringes des Alten Landes e. V. und der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Baumschulen im Obstbauversuchsring, Volume 57 (in German). p. 100. Accessed April 2014.
  5. K. M. Evans, A. Patocchi, F. Rezzonico, F. Mathis, C. E. Durel, F. Fernández-Fernández, A. Boudichevskaia, F. Dunemann, M. Stankiewicz-Kosyl, L. Gianfranceschi, M. Komjanc, M. Lateur, M. Madduri, Y. Noordijk, W. E. van de Weg (2011). Genotyping of pedigreed apple breeding material with a genome-covering set of SSRs: trueness-to-type of cultivars and their parentages. Molecular Breeding 28 (4): 535–547. doi:10.1007/s11032-010-9502-5

Further reading

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