Civni apple

Civni is an apple cultivar marketed as the Rubens apple. The Civni apple is a bicolored apple. It was first developed in 1985 as a cross of 'Gala' and 'Elstar' apples by the Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti (CIV), an Italian apple growers' consortium from Ferrara.[1] They were granted a patent on the 'Civni' variety in 2003.[2]

Malus domestica 'Civni'
Hybrid parentage'Elstar' × 'Gala'
OriginItaly 1985

The apple has a striking, striped or solid, light red color. Its taste is sweet like that of 'Gala', but more aromatic; its texture is more solid and crunchy than that of 'Elstar'.[1]

As of 2007, the apple was grown on about a million trees in Europe, as well as in Chile, South Africa, and the United States. It has a yield between 80 and 100 tonnes per hectare.[3] The 'Civni' cultivar is not to be confused with the Dutch "Rubens" apple, which is a cross of 'Cox's Orange Pippin' and 'Reinette étoilée'.[4]


  1. Baab, Gerhard (2004). "Apfel Clubsorten – wo bleibt der Obstbauer? Vortrag anlässlich des 24. Bundesseminars Kernobst vom 17. - 19.02.2004 in Oppenheim" (in German). Retrieved 2009-01-13.
  2. "Patent USPP14177 Apple tree named "Civni"".
  3. "Collett signs up for Rubens". Freshinfo. 8 March 2007. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
  4. "Rubens apple". Archived from the original on 2009-01-25. Retrieved 2009-01-13.

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