Dzulkefly Ahmad

Datuk Seri Dr. Dzulkefly bin Ahmad (Jawi: ذوالكفل بن أحمد; born 1 January 1956) is a Malaysian politician who served as the Minister of Health in the Pakatan Harapan (PH) administration under former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad from May 2018 to his resignation and the collapse of the PH administration in February 2020. He has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Kuala Selangor since May 2018 and from March 2008 to May 2013. He is a member the National Trust Party (AMANAH), a component party of PH opposition coalition. He was previously a member of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), a former component party of the former Pakatan Rakyat (PR) and Barisan Alternatif (BA) opposition coalitions.

Dzulkefly Ahmad
ذوالكفل أحمد
Minister of Health
In office
21 May 2018  24 February 2020
MonarchsMuhammad V
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
DeputyLee Boon Chye
Preceded bySubramaniam Sathasivam
Succeeded byAdham Baba
ConstituencyKuala Selangor
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Kuala Selangor
Assumed office
9 May 2018
Preceded byIrmohizam Ibrahim
Majority8,498 (2018)
1,002 (2022)
In office
8 March 2008  5 May 2013
Preceded byMohd Daud Tarihep
Succeeded byIrmohizam Ibrahim
Majority862 (2008)
Personal details
Dzulkefly bin Ahmad

(1956-01-01) 1 January 1956
Rembau, Negeri Sembilan, Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia)
Political partyMalaysian Islamic Party (PAS) (until 2015)
National Trust Party (Malaysia) (AMANAH) (2015–present)
Other political
Barisan Alternatif (BA) (1999-2004)
Pakatan Rakyat (PR) (2008-2015)
Pakatan Harapan (PH) (2015-present)
SpouseAzlin Hezri
Alma materUniversity of Birmingham
University of Surrey
Imperial College London
Dzulkefly Ahmad on Facebook
Dzulkefly Ahmad on Parliament of Malaysia

Dzulkefly had held the Kuala Selangor seat the first time from March 2008 to May 2013 but under PAS for one term. He was one of the moderate and progressive G18 prominent members who were also referred as the "Erdogan" (after the Turkish politician Recep Tayyip Erdoğan) faction of PAS which was ousted at the 2015 PAS Muktamar.[1] He together with other G18 leaders led by Mohamad Sabu had then launched Gerakan Harapan Baru (GHB) that founded AMANAH in 2015.[2][3]

Early life

Dzulkefly holds a bachelor's degree from the University of Birmingham and a master's degree from the University of Surrey. He later completed his doctorate in toxicology from the Imperial College (St. Mary's Hospital Medical School) in 1993.[4]


Dzulkefly Ahmad was a lecturer at the Faculty of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) in Penang (1984-1989) and HUSM, Kelantan (1993-1997). He became a lecturer of Islamic civilization at USM (1987-1997). Dzulkefly is a former member of the British Toxicology Society (BTS) and the former Asia Pacific Association of Medical Toxicology (APAMT).

He is also the founder and Chairman of Jaiputra College Management Board, Kelantan (1999-2003), the first IPTS fully accredited by the Ministry of Education which conducts an integrated course of professionalism and religion. He is also a Consultant in an asset management company in Kuala Lumpur (1999-2001), a former Director (2003-2004) of a Public-Listed Company (PLC-Main Board). Senior Advisor of a Saudi-owned real estate company in Kuala Lumpur (2005-2007). International Education Company director, based in Oman (2017- now).

Political thinkers and political analysts

Dzulkefly has been the leader of the Student Movement in the United Kingdom (1970–80s), Jamaah Islah Malaysia (JIM) 1997–1998), director of Pusat PAS Research Center (1998–2009), Central PAS Work Committee (2004–present), AJK Lujnah Central Politics (2004–2015), AJK Guides for the Clean and Fair Elections (NET, 2006–present).

He has also written and commented on current issues in the print and electronic media and presents work at national and international levels (economic development, racial relations and clash of Western-Western civilization, Political Islam etc.). Since his involvement has resulted in several books in English and Bahasa Malaysia such as Blindspot (2003), Striving For Change (2007), Pergelutan Demi Perubahan (2016) and Najibnomiks: Rahmat atau Malapetaka? (2017).

He has led the Pas Research Center and after out of PAS, the Youth of AMANAH, and later assumed the position as Strategy Director of the AMANAH. As part of PAS think tank, he has helped produced "Negara Berkebajikan" book of PAS. He also produced the "Belanjawaan Alternatif" every year and Orange Book (Buku Jingga) when in Pakatan Rakyat (PR).

Members of the Thinking Group in Pakatan Harapan who produced Alternative Belties (2017 and 2018) and the publication of the Pakatan Harapan Manifesto namely "Buku Harapan". He is also active in writing as a columnist in The Edge magazine and media portals such as Malaysiakini, The Malaysian Insight, TMI, Free Malaysia Today.

Internationally and nationally, he is often invited to share his thoughts and experiences in 'Political Islam', the socio-economic development agenda and inter-religious issues and between civilizations.


Dzulkefly made his debut in the 1999 general election, contesting the Kapar parliamentary seat in Selangor for PAS but lost. In the 2004 general election, he contested the Rembau parliamentary seat in Negeri Sembilan but lost again. He was elected to Parliament in the 2008 general election, winning the seat of Kuala Selangor, which had been held by the ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition.[5]

In January 2010, Dr Dzulkefly publicly supported the controversial decision of the Malaysian High Court to allow a Catholic publication to use the term "Allah".[6]

He lost his parliamentary seat in the 2013 general election, tallying 460 votes fewer than the Barisan Nasional candidate Irmohizam Ibrahim.[5] Despite the loss, he was re-elected to the party's central committee.[7] In the 2018 general election, he was re-elected again to the Parliament but as an AMANAH candidate.

On 31 December 2021, Dzulkefly Ahmad has filed a defamation suit against former prime minister Najib Razak following his allegations of nepotism and cronyism. Dzulkefly filed a statement of claim at Kuala Lumpur High Court, providing an August 24, 2020, Facebook post by Najib together with a Sinar Harian article dated January 28, 2019, as key evidence.[8]

Election results

Parliament of Malaysia[9][10][11][12][13][14][15]
Year Constituency Candidate Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1999 P099 Kapar, Selangor Dzulkefly Ahmad (PAS) 24,970 45.47% Komala Devi M Perumal (MIC) 27,830 50.68% 56,060 2,860 75.24%
N. Tamilarasan @ Kim Chai (IND) 2,112 3.85%
2004 P131 Rembau, Negeri Sembilan Dzulkefly Ahmad (PAS) 10,008 25.88% Firdaus Muhammad Rom Harun (UMNO) 28,664 74.12% 39,866 18,656 74.46%
2008 P096 Kuala Selangor, Selangor Dzulkefly Ahmad (PAS) 18,796 51.17% Jahaya Ibrahim (UMNO) 17,934 48.83% 37,671 862 79.81%
2013 Dzulkefly Ahmad (PAS) 27,040 49.58% Irmohizam Ibrahim (UMNO) 27,500 50.42% 55,592 460 89.24%
2018 Dzulkefly Ahmad (AMANAH) 29,842 49.97% Irmohizam Ibrahim (UMNO) 21,344 35.74% 60,843 8,498 87.70%
Mohd Fakaruddin Ismail (PAS) 8,535 14.29%
2022 Dzulkefly Ahmad (AMANAH) 31,033 35.88% Tengku Zafrul Aziz (UMNO) 30,031 34.73% 86,481 1,002 84.00%
Mohd Noor Mohd Sahar (PAS) 23,639 27.33%
Mohd Shaid Rosli (PEJUANG) 1,778 2.06%


Honour of Malaysia

  •  Malacca :
    • Grand Commander of the Exalted Order of Malacca (DGSM) - Datuk Seri (2018)[16]


  1. FMT Reporters (31 August 2015). "Seven rebel MPs ditch PAS for breakaway GHB". Free Malaysia Today. Archived from the original on 2 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  2. "'Tweet terakhir saya sebagai Menteri Kesihatan. Terima kasih!' - Dr Dzulkefly" ['My last tweet as Health Minister. Thank you!' - Dr Dzulkefly]. Astro Awani (in Malay). 24 February 2020.
  3. Tan, Sheralyn (24 February 2020). "Dzulkefly Ahmad Resigns As Health Minister On Twitter After Making Covid-19 Update". World of Buzz. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  4. "Bernama Radio on Instagram: "Infografik: Profil Menteri Kesihatan #BernamaRadio #semuanyatentanganda #pakatanharapan"". Instagram. Archived from the original on 24 December 2021.
  5. "Malaysia Decides 2008". The Star. Archived from the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2010. Turnout figures for Kuala Selangor unavailable.
  6. Mustafa Kamal, Shazwan (1 January 2010). "Khir Toyo says in mourning over Allah ruling". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  7. Ganghopadhyay, Abhrajit (24 November 2013). "Moderates Hold Sway In Malaysia's Islamic Party Poll". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  8. "Dzulkefly sues Najib over nepotism, cronyism accusations". 1 January 2022.
  9. "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 19 April 2013. Results only available from the 2004 election (GE11).
  10. "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 27 May 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  11. "KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 13". Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat Pilihan Raya Umum (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 24 March 2017.Results only available for the 2013 election.
  12. "my undi : Kawasan & Calon-Calon PRU13 : Keputusan PRU13 (Archived copy)". Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  13. "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum ke-13". Utusan Malaysia. Archived from the original on 21 March 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  14. "SEMAKAN KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM KE - 14" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  15. "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  16. "Husam kembali bergelar 'datuk', Mujahid Dr Dzul Ahmad Awang 'datuk seri'". MALAYSIADATELINE (in Malay). 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
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