Ayer Hitam (federal constituency)

Ayer Hitam is a federal constituency in Batu Pahat District, Johor, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat from 1974 to 1986, from 2004 to present.

Ayer Hitam (P148)
Johor constituency
Federal constituency
LegislatureDewan Rakyat
Constituency created1974
Constituency abolished1986
Constituency re-created2004
First contested1974
Last contested2022
Electors (2022)[1]61,041
Area (km²)[2]747

The federal constituency was created in the 1974 redistribution and is mandated to return a single member to the Dewan Rakyat under the first past the post voting system.


Ethnic breakdown of Ayer Hitam's electorate as of 2022[3]

  Malay (58.7%)
  Chinese (37.1%)
  Indian (4%)
  Other ethnicities (0.1%)


It was abolished in 1986 when it was redistributed. It was re-created in 2003.

Polling districts

According to the gazette issued on 31 October 2022, the Ayer Hitam constituency has a total of 27 polling districts.[4]

State constituency Polling Districts Code Location
Yong Peng(N19) Sri Sepakat 148/19/01 SK Sepakat Jaya
Lam Lee 148/19/02 SJK (C) Lam Lee
Ladang Chaah 148/19/03 Dewan Orang Ramai Ladang Cha'ah
Ladang Yong Peng Bhg. 'B' 148/19/04 SJK (T) Ladang Yong Peng
Kangkar Bahru 148/19/05 SJK (C) Kangkar Bahru
Yong Peng Utara 148/19/06
  • SK Taman Seri Kota
  • Pusat Komuniti Kospen Kg. Temehil
Bandar Yong Peng Utara 148/19/07 SK Seri Bertam
Bandar Yong Peng Tengah 148/19/08 SJK (C) Yong Peng (1)
Bandar Yong Peng Selatan 148/19/09 SK Yong Peng
Yong Peng Selatan 148/19/10
  • SK Seri Yong Peng
  • SMK Dato Seth
Ladang Yong Peng 148/19/11 SK Ladang Yong Peng
Kampong Manong 148/19/12 SJK (C) Sri Lalang
Taman Jelita 148/19/13 SMK Yong Peng
Semarang(N20) Parit Haji Yusof 148/20/01 SK Seri Tengah
Sri Mendapat 148/20/02 SK Seri Mendapat
Kampong Haji Ghaffar 148/20/03 SK Seri Bulan
Asam Bubok 148/20/04 SK Seri Bandan
Sungai Rambot 148/20/05 SK Seri Manggis
Ayer Hitam Selatan 148/20/06 SK Kota Dalam
Ayer Hitam Utara 148/20/07 SK Ayer Hitam
Bandar Ayer Hitam Barat 148/20/08 SMK Datuk Menteri
Bandar Ayer Hitam Timor 148/20/09 SJK (C) Malayan
Parit Semarang 148/20/10 SMK Suria Perdana
Parit Quarry 148/20/11 SK Bukit Kuari
Sabak Uni 148/20/12 SK Seri Sabak Uni
Parit Haji Ali 148/20/13 SK Setia Jaya
Parit Simpang Tengah 148/20/14 SK Seri Kemajuan

Representation history

Members of Parliament for Ayer Hitam
Constituency created from Batu Pahat Dalam
4th1974–1978Hee Tien Lai (许天来)BN (MCA)
Constituency abolished, merged into Parit Sulong and Batu Pahat
Constituency re-created from Parit Sulong and Batu Pahat
11th2004–2008Wee Ka Siong (魏家祥)BN (MCA)

State constituency



State constituency
1954–59* 1959–1974 1974–1986 1986–1995 1995–2004 2004–2018 2018–present
Ayer Hitam Semarang
Sri Lalang
Sri Medan
Yong Peng

Current state assembly members

No. State Constituency Member Coalition (Party)
N19 Yong Peng Ling Tian Soon BN (MCA)
N20 Semarang Samsol Bari Jamali BN (UMNO)

Local governments

No. State Constituency Local Government
N19 Yong Peng Yong Peng District Council
N20 Semarang
  • Batu Pahat Municipal Council
  • Yong Peng District Council

Election results

Malaysian general election, 2022
Party Candidate Votes %∆%
BNWee Ka Siong18,91140.50-3.48
PHSheikh Umar Bagharib Ali15,94834.16-9.04
PNMuhammad Syafiq A Aziz11,83325.34+25.34
Total valid votes 46,692 100.00
Total rejected ballots 361
Unreturned ballots 119
Turnout 47,17276.49
Registered electors 61,041
Majority 2,9636.34
BN hold Swing
Malaysian general election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %∆%
BNWee Ka Siong17,07643.98-15.96
PHLiew Chin Tong16,77343.20+43.20
Pan-Malaysian Islamic PartyMardi Marwan4,97512.82-27.24
Total valid votes 38,824 100.00
Total rejected ballots 556
Unreturned ballots 94
Turnout 39,47485.52
Registered electors 46,157
Majority 3030.78
BN hold Swing -29.58

"His Majesty's Government Gazette - Notice of Contested Election, Parliament for the State of Johore [P.U. (B) 244/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 3 May 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 December 2019. Retrieved 2018-08-01.

"Federal Government Gazette - Results of Contested Election and Statements of the Poll after the Official Addition of Votes, Parliamentary Constituencies for the State of Johore [P.U. (B) 318/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
Malaysian general election, 2013
Party Candidate Votes %∆%
BNWee Ka Siong22,04559.94-16.25
Pan-Malaysian Islamic PartyHu Pang Chaw14,73540.06+16.25
Total valid votes 36,780 100.00
Total rejected ballots 967
Unreturned ballots 94
Turnout 37,84188.18
Registered electors 42,913
Majority 7,31019.88
BN hold Swing -16.25
Malaysian general election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %∆%
BNWee Ka Siong20,23076.19-6.15
Pan-Malaysian Islamic PartyHusin Sujak6,32123.81+6.15
Total valid votes 26,551 100.00
Total rejected ballots 907
Unreturned ballots 30
Turnout 27,48878.98
Registered electors 34,805
Majority 13,90952.38
BN hold Swing -6.15
Malaysian general election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
BNWee Ka Siong20,06582.34
Pan-Malaysian Islamic PartyMohd Zamri Md Taksis4,30217.66
Total valid votes 24,367 100.00
Total rejected ballots 851
Unreturned ballots
Turnout 25,21876.87
Registered electors 32,806
Majority 15,76364.68
This was a new constituency recreated.
Malaysian general election, 1982
Party Candidate Votes %∆%
BNHee Tien Lai21,73778.13-10.55
DAPChan Yeik Nong6,08521.87+21.87
Total valid votes 27,822 100.00
Total rejected ballots 1,115
Unreturned ballots
Turnout 28,93776.60
Registered electors 37,778
Majority 15,652
BN hold Swing -16.21
Malaysian general election, 1978
Party Candidate Votes %∆%
BNHee Tien Lai20,88588.68N/A
Pan-Malaysian Islamic PartyJaini Salleh2,66611.32+11.32
Total valid votes 23,551 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Unreturned ballots
Registered electors 31,251
Majority 18,189
BN hold Swing N/A
Malaysian general election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes %
On the nomination day, Hee Tien Lai won uncontested.
BNHee Tien Lai
Total valid votes 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Unreturned ballots
Registered electors 24,845
This was a new constituency created.


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