Recursion is the process of repeating items in a self-similar way. A recursive definition (or inductive definition) in mathematical logic and computer science is used to define an object in terms of itself. A recursive definition of a function defines values of a function for some inputs in terms of the values of the same function on other inputs. Please use the tag 'computability' instead for questions about "recursive functions" in computability theory

Recursion is the process of repeating items in a self-similar way. The most common application of recursion is in mathematics and computer science, in which it refers to a method of defining functions in which the function being defined is applied within its own definition.

Basically, a class of objects exhibiting recursive behaviour can be characterised by two features:

There must be a base criterion for which the function should not call itself.

Every other iteration of the function should move it closer to the base condition.