Mathematical analysis. Consider a more specific tag instead: (real-analysis), (complex-analysis), (functional-analysis), (fourier-analysis), (measure-theory), (calculus-of-variations), etc. For data analysis, use (data-analysis).

Mathematical analysis is the rigorous version of calculus. In fact, it investigates the theorems in calculus with enough care and deals with them more deeply, trying to generalize the ideas in calculus. You can consider a more specific tag instead: real-analysis, complex-analysis, functional-analysis, fourier-analysis, measure-theory, calculus-of-variations, etc. For data analysis, use data-analysis.