This tag is for questions on special functions, useful functions that frequently appear in pure and applied mathematics (usually not including "elementary" functions).

**Special functions** are particular mathematical functions which have more or less established names and notations due to their importance in mathematical analysis, functional analysis, physics, or other applications.

Higher transcendental functions are frequently termed special functions. These functions were studied extensively in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries-by Gauss, Euler, Abel, Jacobi, Weierstrass, Riemann, Hermite, Poincare, and other leading mathematicians of the day. Although many of the functions that they treated were quite recondite and are no longer of much interest today, others (such as the Riemann zeta function, the gamma function, and elliptic functions) are still intensively studied.

Before asking, please make sure that you define your notation very precisely, as

1. not everybody is familiar with the notation for special functions; and

2. a lot of special functions have different notational conventions, depending on the paper/book.

You might want to first check if the special function you are considering is discussed in Abramowitz and Stegun, the Digital Library of Mathematical Functions, or the Wolfram Functions site.

**References:**

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_functions

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_special_functions_and_eponyms

"Special Functions and Their Applications" by R. Silverman