United Alliance of Sabah

The United Alliance of Sabah (Malay: Gabungan Bersatu Sabah; abbreviated: GBS) is a political coalition bringing together Sabah-based opposition parties in Malaysia established by Joseph Pairin Kitingan following the fall of the Barisan Nasional coalition in the 2018 Malaysian general election. The new coalition was intended to include the United Sabah Party, Homeland Solidarity Party and remnants of former Sabah BN members,[1][2] mainly those of the United Malays National Organisation's Sabah branch led by Musa Aman who was rumoured to have intended on joining to PBS.[3][4] However, no such move has materialised, with Musa Aman remaining a member of UMNO and BN.[5][6] The GBS Alliance is not yet registered until now. On September 12, 2020, This coalition was later followed by the Sabah People's Alliance (GRS) founded by Datuk Seri Panglima Haji Hajiji Noor. (Malay: Gabungan Rakyat Sabah)

United Alliance of Sabah
Malay nameGabungan Bersatu Sabah
ݢابوڠن برساتو صباح
Chinese name沙巴團結聯盟
Shābā tuánjié liánméng
ChairmanJoseph Pairin Kitingan
Deputy ChairmenMaximus Ongkili
Jeffrey Kitingan
Joseph Kurup
Anifah Aman
Secretary-GeneralJohnny Juani Mositun
Founded13 June 2018
Preceded byBarisan Nasional Sabah and Gabungan Sabah
Succeeded byGabungan Rakyat Sabah
HeadquartersKota Kinabalu, Sabah
Youth wingPergerakan Pemuda Parti
IdeologySabah regionalism
Political positionCentre-right
Colours  Light blue and green

GBS was founded by 5 political parties in Sabah namely Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (PBRS), Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS), Parti Solidariti Tanah Air-ku Sabah (STAR Sabah), Sabah Progressive Party (SAPP) and UMNO Sabah which has its own autonomy from UMNO Pusat in Sabah.

In February 2020, the parties in the GBS gave their support to the National Alliance (PN) to form a new central government to replace the Pakatan Harapan-led government. PBRS rejoined BN, while SAPP and STAR Sabah joined the National Alliance Party. PBS is back as a single party but supports the National Alliance (PN).

These parties then merged through their respective coalitions to form the Sabah People's Alliance (GRS) to face the Sabah state election in September 2020.

Member parties

As of 2 March 2020, United Alliance member parties include:

Flag Name Ideology Leader(s)
Parliament Sabah State Legislative Assembly
PBS United Sabah Party
Parti Bersatu Sabah
Racial unity
Kadazan-Dusun interests
Maximus Ongkili
1 / 222
7 / 79
STAR Homeland Solidarity Party
Parti Solidariti Tanah Airku
Sabah regionalism Jeffrey Kitingan
1 / 222
6 / 79
PBRS United Sabah People's Party
Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah
Nationalism Joseph Kurup
1 / 222
0 / 79
Allied parties
SAPP Sabah Progressive Party
Parti Progresif Sabah
Progressivism Yong Teck Lee
0 / 222
1 / 79

Elected representatives


United Alliance (Sabah) currently have 1 senator in the Senate

  • Guan Dee Koh Hoi (at-large)

Members of Parliament of the 14th Malaysian Parliament

United Alliance (Sabah) currently have 3 MPs in the House of Representatives.

State No. Parliament Constituency Member Party
 Sabah P168Kota MaruduMaximus OngkiliPBS
P180KeningauJeffrey KitinganSTAR
P182PensianganArthur Joseph KurupPBRS
TotalSabah (3)

Malaysian State Assembly Representatives

Sabah State Legislative Assembly

14 / 79


  1. Kristy Inus (12 May 2018). "Sabah BN coalition to be disbanded to pave way for Gabungan Bersatu". New Straits Times. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  2. Julia Chan (12 May 2018). "Sabah BN to quit coalition for new platform". The Malay Mail. Yahoo! News Singapore. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  3. Stephanie Lee; Fatimah Zainal (12 May 2018). "PBS leaves BN, Musa Aman to leave Umno and join PBS". The Star. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  4. Muguntan Vanar; Philip Golingai; Stephanie Lee; Fatimah Zainal; Natasha Joibi (12 May 2018). "Sabah Umno members expected to quit and join PBS to be more 'local'". The Star. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  5. "Gabungan Sabah to be spearheaded by PBS: Max". Daily Express. 13 June 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  6. "Gabungan Sabah awaits Musa's nod". Daily Express. 13 June 2018. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.

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