Gagasan Rakyat

The Gagasan Rakyat (GR or People's Might) was an opposition Malaysian political coalition. The now defunct political coalition was founded by Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah's formation of Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46 or Semangat 46) after leaving United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) that was declared illegal.[1] The coalition consisted Semangat 46, Democratic Action Party (DAP), United Sabah Party (PBS), Malaysian People's Party (PRM), Indian Progressive Front (IPF) and Malaysian Solidarity Party (MSP) as the coalition components. It were also joined by three other component members from its allied opposition Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (APU) coalition also led by Razaleigh consisting of himself Razaleigh's Spirit of 46 Malay Party (S46), Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (BERJASA), Muslim People's Party of Malaysia (HAMIM) and Malaysian Indian Muslim Congress (KIMMA). On 25 January 1995, Parti Tindakan Demokratik withdrew from the coalition.[2]

People's Might
Gagasan Rakyat
Founded1990
Dissolved1996
Preceded byMalayan Peoples' Socialist Front (SF)
Succeeded byBarisan Alternatif (BA)
HeadquartersKuala Lumpur, Malaysia (DAP), (S46) & (KIMMA)
Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia (PBS)
Batu Caves, Malaysia (PRM)
Seri Kembangan, Malaysia (IPF)
Kota Bharu, Malaysia (HAMIM)
MembershipDemocratic Action Party
United Sabah Party
Malaysian People's Party
Indian Progressive Front
Malaysian Solidarity Party
Semangat 46
Muslim People's Party of Malaysia
Malaysian Indian Muslim Congress
IdeologyReformism

Both the Gagasan Rakyat and Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah opposition coalitions under the leadership of Razaleigh were defeated in the 1990 and 1995 general elections, and were subsequently dissolved in 1996 after Razaleigh decided to disband Semangat 46 to rejoin the UMNO.[3]

Component parties

Three others also allied members of the Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah at the same time.

Elected representatives

  • Members of the Dewan Rakyat, 8th Malaysian Parliament
  • Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1990–95)
  • Members of the Dewan Rakyat, 9th Malaysian Parliament
  • Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1995–99)

General election results

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1990
34 / 180
1,113,488 19.4% 2, Opposition coalition Lim Kit Siang
Joseph Pairin Kitingan
1995
17 / 219
910,769 15.3% 17, Opposition coalition Lim Kit Siang
Joseph Pairin Kitingan
Included only Democratic Action Party and United Sabah Party

State election results

References

  1. Wong Chin Huat (17 August 2007). "Splits in Umno and Opposition unity". The Sun. Retrieved 29 September 2021 via Malaysian Bar.
  2. "DAP CEC decides that the party withdraws from Gagasan Rakyat " Pursuit of a Malaysian Dream".
  3. "S46-Dissolve: Parti Melayu Semangat '46 To Be Dissolved On Oct 6" (PDF). Bernama. 18 August 1996 via Perdana Leadership Foundation Library.
  4. "The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in Sabah, East Malaysia: An Overview 1990-1994 International" (PDF). Hamdan Aziz (Ph.D) & Syahrin Said, Department of Nationhood and Civilization Studies, Centre for Fundamental and Liberal Education, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT). Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 12. 2017. ISSN 2222-6990. Retrieved 25 September 2021 via HR Mars.


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