Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia

The Muslim People's Party of Malaysia (Malay: Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia, Jawi: ڤرتي هيزبول مسلمين مليسيا ; often known by its acronym: HAMIM) was a political party in Malaysia.[1]

Muslim People's Party of Malaysia
Malay nameParti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia
ڤرتي هيزبول مسلمين مليسيا
Chinese name馬來西亞穆斯林人民黨
马来西亚穆斯林人民党
Mǎláixīyà mùsīlín rénmín dǎng
AbbreviationHAMIM
FounderAsri Muda
Founded24 March 1983
Dissolved1996
Split fromPan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
Succeeded byIkatan Masyarakat Islam Malaysia (IKATAN)
HeadquartersKota Bharu, Kelantan
ReligionSunni Islam
National affiliationBarisan Nasional (1983–89),
Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (1990–96)
Colours  Green, white

HAMIM was founded in 1983 by Asri Muda, the former President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) (1969-1982) and former Menteri Besar of Kelantan (1964-1973) following the failure of PAS to win back the Kelantan state government in the 1982 general election who had faced the topples of his PAS presidency by the cleric faction leading to his expulsion in 1982.[2] Asri Muda had earlier declined from joining the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) or Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (BERJASA),[3] to set up HAMIM as a new splinter party alternative to PAS while joining the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional (BN) after its foundation in 1983. In the 1986 general election, HAMIM as part of BN coalition had contested 2 parliamentary seats and 4 state seats which HAMIM had won 1 parliamentary (Bachok) and 2 state (Chetok and Meranti) seats in Kelantan. After Asri Muda's failed attempt to dissolve HAMIM in the party Extraordinary Muktamar on 17 November 1988, as the party president he had resigned together with other party representatives and eventually joined PAS's rivals, UMNO in 1988.[4]

HAMIM was then led by the ex-Dungun MP, Abdul Wahab Yunus as the acting party president. But HAMIM again fell into leadership tussle and crisis in the party Annual General Muktamar in 1989. Abdul Wahab Yunus after his defeat decided to quit HAMIM and form a new party later; Ikatan Masyarakat Islam Malaysia (IKATAN) in 1990 which was taken-over and rebranded as the National Justice Party (Malay: Parti Keadilan Nasional) (KeADILan) in 1999 and subsequently as People's Justice Party (Malay: Parti Keadilan Rakyat) (PKR) in 2003.[5]

The leadership of HAMIM was taken over by Sudin Wahab as party president. In 1989 just before the 1990 general election, the new party leadership decided to leave BN coalition.[6] HAMIM had joined the opposition coalition of Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (APU) consists of PAS, Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46), Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (BERJASA) and Malaysian Indian Muslim Congress (KIMMA) in 1990. HAMIM contested Geting state seat in Kelantan under S46 ticket and managed to won in the 1990 general election but HAMIM failed to defend the seat in the 1995 general election. APU alliance was subsequently disbanded in 1996 after Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah decided to dissolve S46 and rejoin back UMNO.[7]

HAMIM after failed to make much progress and success in any electoral achievement along with constant internal party bickering; has become inactive and dormant since.

General election results

Election Total seats won Seats contested Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1986
1 / 177
50 29,943 0.63% 1 seat; Governing coalition
(Barisan Nasional)
Asri Muda
1990
1 / 177
57 29,943 0.63% 1 seat; Governing coalition
(Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah)
Asri Muda
1995
1 / 177
59 29,943 0.63% 1 seat; Governing coalition
(Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah)
Asri Muda

State election results

State election State Legislative Assembly
Kelantan Selangor Total won / Total contested
2/3 majority
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
1986
2 / 39
2 / 4
1990
1 / 39
0 / 42
1 / 2
1995
0 / 43
0 / 48
0 / 2

See also

References

  1. "Simbol Parti-Parti Politik Mendaftar Dengan SPR". Dewan Pemuda PAS Kawasan Dungun (DPPKD) (in Malay). 13 March 1999. Retrieved 13 April 2016 via Tripod.com.
  2. Ibrahim Abu Bakar (July 2009), "PAS and Its Islamist Fundamentalism in Malaysia" (PDF), Journal of Human Science, ULUM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Department of Theology and Philosophy-Faculty of Islamic Studies-National University of Malaysia (43), retrieved 2010-04-18
  3. "No Plans By Asri To Join UMNO Or Berjasa" (PDF). The Star. 11 February 1983. Retrieved 18 April 2010 via Perdana Leadership Foundation Library.
  4. Maria Samad (7 December 1988). "Asri: I'm no opportunist". New Straits Times. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  5. Samsul Adabi Mamat (28 Jun 2015). "Nasib Parti-parti Serpihan". Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  6. "Hamim Seeks Meeting With Dr Mahathir", New Sunday Times, Kota Baru, 29 July 1989, retrieved 18 April 2010
  7. "S46-Dissolve: Parti Melayu Semangat '46 To Be Dissolved On Oct 6" (PDF). Bernama. 18 August 1996. Retrieved 18 April 2010 via Perdana Leadership Foundation Library.


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