Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front

The Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (Malay: Barisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia, Jawi: باريسن جماعه اسلاميه سمليسيا often known by its ; acronym: BERJASA) is a political party in Malaysia. The party is part of a Malay-Islam based coalition named "Gerakan Tanah Air" .

Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front
Malay nameBarisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia
باريسن جماعه اسلاميه سمليسيا
Chinese name泛馬來西亞伊斯蘭陣綫
泛马来西亚伊斯兰阵线
Fàn mǎláixīyà yīsīlán zhènxiàn
AbbreviationBERJASA / برجاس
PresidentZamani Ibrahim
Secretary-GeneralIR TS Lukman Al Hakim
Deputy PresidentNoor Azizi Ismail
Vice PresidentAbd Aziz Sardan
Abdul Samad Ashaari
Women ChiefAzura Ali
Youth ChiefFahmi Bazlan Muda
FounderMohamed Nasir
Founded1977
Split fromMalaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
Youth wingAngkatan Pemuda-Pemudi BERJASA (ANGKASA)
Women wingWanita BERJASA
Membership48,965 (Claimed)
IdeologyIslamic democracy
Islamism
Political positionRight-wing
ReligionSunni Islam
National affiliationBarisan Nasional (1978-1983)
Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (1990–1996)
Gagasan Sejahtera (2016–2020)
Gerakan Tanah Air (since 2022)
Allied coalition
Perikatan Nasional (2020-2022)
Colors  Dark Pink
Slogan"Kepimpinan Baharu Buat Malaysia!"
"New Leadership For Malaysia!"
AnthemBersama Pimpin Negara
Dewan Negara
0 / 70
Dewan Rakyat
0 / 222
State Legislative Assemblies
0 / 607
Election symbol
Party flag
Website
berjasa.org.my

Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front on Facebook

History

BERJASA logo (1977-2020)[1]

The party was founded in 1977 by the then Chief Minister of Kelantan, Mohamed Nasir as a splinter of Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), under the persuasion and endorsement of United Malays National Organisation which was dissatisfied with the demands made by the PAS. These demands included internal squabbles for the lump share in controlling the state of Kelantan and the pressure from UMNO and Barisan Nasional (BN) soon led to PAS withdrawing from BN and 1977 Kelantan Emergency. In the following 1978 general election, the split cost the PAS a huge number of votes in Kelantan: among the 36 state seats in Kelantan, UMNO won twenty three, BERJASA won eleven, to set up the Kelantan state coalition government while PAS won only two as opposition.[2]

BERJASA subsequently joined BN, but support for BERJASA quickly dissolved and only managed to win four seats in the subsequent 1982 general election. BERJASA stayed out of the 1986 general election as it had pulled out from BN in protest of the admission of another new splinter party of PAS, Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia (HAMIM) into BN. In 1989, it joined Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (APU) opposition parties coalition under the leadership of Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46). It managed to win one seats in the 1990 general election but failed to retain it in 1995 general election. APU alliance was subsequently dissolved in 1996 after Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah decided to dissolve it and rejoin UMNO. Since then, BERJASA only maintained minimal and nearly inactive participation in the political fray,[3] as evidenced from their participation in subsequent general elections.[4]

In the 2013 general elections (GE13), in spite of the party empowered by the NGO of Malaysian Muslim Solidarity or Ikatan Muslimin Malaysia (ISMA) leaders; who contested under the ticket of BERJASA but all had lost as candidates.[5][6][7] Some of the ISMA leaders has joined BERJASA to remain active in politics since.[8]

BERJASA president Dr Mustapa Kamal Maulut in announcing plan to contest the approaching 2018 general elections (GE14), had controversially declared it's a 'Cooperative' party in order to attract potential voters who are also cooperative members, with contentious claim it's trying to develop the nation economy through the cooperative which were refuted by the Angkatan Koperasi Kebangsaan Malaysia Bhd (ANGKASA) and Suruhanjaya Koperasi Malaysia (SKM).[9][10][11] The party received a facelift in 2016 then when it joined Gagasan Sejahtera (GS), an informal alliance of opposition parties led by the PAS together with Parti Ikatan Bangsa Malaysia (IKATAN).[12] In GE 14, under GS alliance BERJASA contested using PAS logo in three parliamentary seats, namely in Cameron Highlands, Selayang and Tanjung Piai and in the state seats of Sungai Manik and Batu Kurau.[13] The party failed to win any of the seats, with all of their candidates losing their deposits.[14] Feeling betrayed by PAS in GE14,[15] in the 2019 Tanjung Piai by-election, BERJASA fielded its president, Prof Dato' Dr Badrulhisham Abdul Aziz to contest on its own banner ignoring the GS alliance.[16][17] but only obtained 850 votes to finish forth, in the six-cornered fight for the parliamentary seat.[18]

In September 2020, BERJASA officially unveiled "purple" as the party's new colours in line with its rejuvenation process to be a more vigorous and energetical party in facing a challenging political survival and forthcoming general election (G15).[19] Ustaz Zamani Ibrahim has been elected as the BERJASA president beginning 27 March 2021.[20][21] The apparent ISMA link has verified the speculations the NGO is taking over the political party to be its political vehicle amidst ISMA's denial.[22]

General election results

Election Total seats won Seats contested Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1974
0 / 193
; No representation in Parliament N/A
1978
0 / 193
; No representation in Parliament (Barisan Nasional) N/A
1982
0 / 193
; No representation in Parliament (Barisan Nasional) N/A
1986
0 / 193
; No representation in Parliament N/A
1990
1 / 193
; 1 representation (Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah) N/A
1995
0 / 193
; No representation in Parliament (Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah) N/A
1999
0 / 193
45 409 0.01% ; No representation in Parliament N/A
2004
0 / 193
N/A N/A N/A ; No representation in Parliament N/A
2008
0 / 219
N/A N/A N/A ; No representation in Parliament N/A
2013
0 / 222
9 31,835 0.29% ; No representation in Parliament N/A
2018
0 / 222
1 81 0.00% ; No representation in Parliament (Gagasan Sejahtera) Abdul Kadir Mamat
2022
0 / 222
3 4,252 0.03% ; No representation in Parliament (Gerakan Tanah Air) Zamani Ibrahim

State election results

State election State Legislative Assembly
Kedah Kelantan Perak Pahang Selangor Total won / Total contested
2/3 majority
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
1978
11 / 36
0 / 32
11 / 28
1982
4 / 36
4 / 11
1990
1 / 39
1 / 1
1995
0 / 43
0 / 1
2013
0 / 36
0 / 59
0 / 58
0 / 5
2018
0 / 59
0 / 2
2022
0 / 42
0 / 1

See also

References

  1. "Simbol Parti-Parti Politik Mendaftar Dengan SPR". Dewan Pemuda PAS Kawasan Dungun (DPPKD). 13 March 1999. Retrieved 13 April 2016 via Tripod.com.
  2. In-Won Hwang (2003). Personalized Politics. Alpha Books. pp. 117–8. ISBN 981-230-185-2.
  3. Michael Leifer (2001). Dictionary of the Modern Politics of South-East Asia. Taylor & Francis. p. 73. ISBN 0-415-23875-7.
  4. "29 political parties register with Election Commission". Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  5. Manimaran, G. 17 February 2013. Isma tanding PRU13 guna tiket Berjasa. Sinar Harian. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  6. Keputusan PRU13 bagi 7 tokoh ISMA Archived 2016-11-13 at the Wayback Machine. ISMAWeb. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  7. Hampir capai sepenuhnya matlamat: Presiden ucap terima kasih pada semua penyokong BERJASA PRU13 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. ISMAWeb. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  8. "Pas tiada hala tuju bersama Berjasa, Isma". Malaysiad Dateline. 19 March 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  9. N Faizal Ghazali (20 September 2016). "ANGKASA Johor sanggah BERJASA libatkan koperasi dalam politik" (in Malay). Malaysiakini. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  10. "Hebahan : Penafian SKM - Berjasa Parti Koperasi" (in Malay). Suruhanjaya Koperasi Malaysia (SKM). Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  11. "Kenali Berjasa Parti Koperasi" (in Malay). Parti Koperasi Berjasa. Retrieved 10 October 2021 via WordPress.
  12. "BERJASA sertai Gagasan Sejahtera bersama PAS dan Ikatan" (in Malay). Agenda Daily. 23 September 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  13. "Berjasa man says ditched PAS-led coalition, PAS insists still buddies=". Malaysiakini. 29 April 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  14. Loghun Kumaran (2 May 2018). "Cracks in Gagasan Sejahtera as Berjasa accuses PAS of offering 'unwinnable' seats". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  15. "Gagasan partner turns on PAS: 'We were betrayed'". Malaysiakini. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  16. AMIN, Nor Azura Md (2019-10-31). "Berjasa umum tanding PRK Tanjung Piai". Sinar Harian (in Malay). Retrieved 2019-11-03.
  17. Mohd Zulfadli Che Aziz (2 November 2021). "Mereka Bukan Gagasan Sejahtera "Jangan Undi Parti Berjasa" – Takiyuddin Hassan" (in Malay). Malaysia Gazette. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 20 September 2021 via YouTube.
  18. "Barisan Nasional wins Tg Piai by-election with 15,086 vote majority". The Star Online. 16 November 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  19. "RASMI: BERJASA lancar wajah baharu bagi menghadapi PRU tidak lama lagi". Azura Ali. Berjasa. 12 September 2020. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  20. "Mantan JK Fatwa Negeri Sembilan dilantik sebagai Presiden baharu BERJASA". Azura Ali. Berjasa. 27 March 2021. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  21. Siti Hafidah (29 March 2021). "Ustaz Zamani Ibrahim kini Presiden". ISMAweb. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  22. Faiz Zainudin (30 May 2019). "Isma nafi ambil alih Berjasa, kekal sebagai NGO" (in Malay). Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
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