Parti Perhimpunan Kebangsaan

The National Convention Party (Malay: Parti Perhimpunan Malaysia) was a former party formed by Aziz Ishak, former Minister for Agriculture and Co-operatives, with backing from farmers and fisherman.

Parti Perhimpunan Kebangsaan
AbbreviationNCP
FounderAziz Ishak
Founded29 August 1963
Split fromUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
HeadquartersKuala Lumpur, Malaysia
IdeologyGreen politics
Political positionCentre-left
National affiliationSocialist Front
ColoursGreen

History

The party was formed by Aziz Ishak on 29 August 1963.[1] It main objective were to organize so-called "Malay-left", composed of the poorest peasants, the most insecure fisherman, and other discontented rural dwellers as part of a centre coalition to oppose the Alliance.[2][3] It were formed after he resigned from the Cabinet and expelled from UMNO and Alliance.[4] In 1964, the party joined the Malayan Peoples' Socialist Front.[5][6][7][8]

In 1963, shortly after the events of the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation, the government has taken action against several opposition politicians and activists. SF was seen as pro-Indonesia and pro-China,[9][10] causing the Socialist Front leader was arrested. Among those detained and arrested was Ahmad Boestamam (PR president), Ishak Haji Muhammad (PBM president), Abdul Aziz Ishak (Gerakan Angkatan Melayu Sedar president) and Datuk Kampo Radjo (later to become president of the PRM), Tan Kai Hee, Tan Hock Hin, Dr. Rajakumar, Hasnul Hadi, Tajuddin Kahar and hundreds of others. Rallies and mass demonstrations were held on February 13, 1965 in Kuala Lumpur in conjunction with the second anniversary of the detention of Ahmad Boestamam and others to oppose the mass arrests of activists and leaders of the SF under the Internal Security Act and the alleged involvement activities "subversion".[11][12][13]

General election results

Election Total seats won Seats contested Total votes Voting Percentage Outcome of election Election leader
1964
0 / 104
19 ; No representation in Parliament
(Socialist Front)
Aziz Ishak

References

  1. "Timeline Photos - Pusat Sejarah Rakyat | Facebook". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  2. Boon Kheng Cheah (2002). Malaysia: The Making of a Nation. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 115–. ISBN 978-981-230-154-3.
  3. "Newspaper Article - Partai Marhaen mulai ator langkah". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  4. "Archives | The Star Online". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  5. Rahman, (1997) Pemikiran Islam di Malaysia: Sejarah dan Aliran, pp. 130. ISBN 978-9795614302
  6. Weiss, Meredith Leigh (2005). Protest and Possibilities: Civil Society and Coalitions for Political Change in Malaysia. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press. pp. 324. ISBN 0-8047-5295-8.
  7. "Newspaper Article - Satu soal bagi 'parti Melayu'". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  8. "Newspaper Article - Tiga parti na' kalahkan Perikatan". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  9. "Detikdaily - Menerima penubuhan Malaysia". Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  10. Maidin, (2004), The Unsung Heroes, pp. 120. ISBN 9676115827
  11. "Sadar Amoi: Sejarah Malaysia yang kita jarang dengar Part 3". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  12. "Socialist Party of Malaysia: Building socialism while capitalism crumbles | Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  13. Pek Leng Tan (2011). An Uncommon Hero: M.K. Rajakumar in Politics and Medicine. GB Gerakbudaya Enterprise S. pp. 20–. ISBN 978-967-5832-27-7.
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