Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah

The Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (APU or Muslims Unity Movement) was an informal Malaysian political coalition. The now defunct political coalition was formed by Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah's formation of Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46 or Semangat 46) after leaving United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) that was declared illegal.[1] jointly with Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (BERJASA), Muslim People's Party of Malaysia (HAMIM) and Malaysian Indian Muslim Congress (KIMMA) before 9th Malaysian General Election in 1990.[2] KIMMA left the coalition before the 10th Malaysian General Election.

Muslims Unity Movement
Malay nameAngkatan Perpaduan Ummah
Jawi nameاڠکتن ڤرڤادوان اومة
Founded1990
Dissolved1996
Preceded byMalayan Peoples' Socialist Front (SF)
Succeeded byBarisan Alternatif (BA)
HeadquartersKuala Lumpur, Malaysia (PAS), (S46)& (KIMMA)
Pasir Mas, Malaysia (BERJASA)
Kota Bharu, Malaysia (HAMIM)
MembershipPan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
Semangat 46 (S46)
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (BERJASA)
Muslim People's Party of Malaysia (HAMIM)
Malaysian Indian Muslim Congress (KIMMA)
IdeologyIslamism
ColorsYellow, green

APU along with the Gagasan Rakyat opposition coalitions led by Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah after failures in the 1990 and 1995 general elections, were subsequently formally disbanded in 1996 after Razaleigh decided to dissolve Semangat 46 to return and rejoin back UMNO.[3]

Component parties

Elected representatives

  • Members of the Dewan Rakyat, 8th Malaysian Parliament
  • Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1990–95)
  • Members of the Dewan Rakyat, 9th Malaysian Parliament
  • Malaysian State Assembly Representatives (1995–99)

General election results

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1990
15 / 180
1,218,211 21.8% 14 seats; Opposition coalition Fadzil Noor
Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah
1995
8 / 219
1,046,687 17.6% 2 seats; Opposition coalition Fadzil Noor
Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah

State election results

State electionState Legislative Assembly
Perlis State Legislative AssemblyKedah State Legislative AssemblyKelantan State Legislative AssemblyTerengganu State Legislative AssemblyPenang State Legislative AssemblyPerak State Legislative AssemblyPahang State Legislative AssemblySelangor State Legislative AssemblyNegeri Sembilan State Legislative AssemblyMalacca State Legislative AssemblyJohor State Legislative AssemblyTotal won / Total contested
1990
0 / 14
1 / 28
39 / 39
10 / 32
0 / 33
0 / 46
1 / 33
1 / 42
0 / 28
0 / 20
1 / 36
1995
0 / 15
2 / 36
36 / 43
7 / 32
0 / 33
0 / 52
0 / 38
0 / 48
0 / 32
0 / 25
0 / 40

References

  1. Wong Chin Huat (17 August 2007). "Splits in Umno and Opposition unity". The Sun. Retrieved 29 September 2021 via Malaysian Bar.
  2. "PAS harap pembangkang ulangi kerjasama Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah, Gagasan Rakyat – The Malaysian Insider". Archived from the original on 4 July 2015.
  3. "S46-Dissolve: Parti Melayu Semangat '46 To Be Dissolved On Oct 6" (PDF). Bernama. 18 August 1996 via Perdana Leadership Foundation Library.


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