1978 American League East tie-breaker game

The 1978 American League East tie-breaker game was a one-game extension to Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1978 regular season. The game was played at Fenway Park in Boston on the afternoon of Monday, October 2 between the rival New York Yankees and Boston Red Sox to determine the winner of the American League's (AL) East Division.

1978 American League East
tie-breaker game
New York Yankees000000410580
Boston Red Sox0100010204110
DateOctober 2, 1978
VenueFenway Park
CityBoston, Massachusetts
WPIX (Yankees' broadcast)
WSBK-TV (Red Sox' broadcast)
TV announcersABC: Keith Jackson and Don Drysdale
WPIX: Phil Rizzuto, Frank Messer and Bill White
WSBK-TV: Ken Harrelson and Dick Stockton
WINS (Yankees' broadcast)
WITS (Red Sox' broadcast)
Radio announcersCBS: Ernie Harwell and Win Elliot
WINS: White, Rizzuto, Messer and Fran Healy
WITS: Jim Woods and Ned Martin

The tie-breaker was necessitated after the Yankees and Red Sox finished the season tied for first place in the AL East with identical 99–63 (.611) records. Entering the final day of the season on Sunday, October 1, the Yankees had a one-game lead; they lost 9–2 to Cleveland while Boston shut out Toronto 5–0 to force the playoff.[1] The Red Sox were the home team by virtue of a coin toss. In baseball statistics, the tie-breaker counted as the 163rd regular season game for both teams, with all events in the game added to regular season statistics.

Ron Guidry started for the Yankees, while Mike Torrez started for the Red Sox. The Yankees fell behind 2–0 in the second inning with a home run by left fielder Carl Yastrzemski and a run batted in single by right fielder Jim Rice. The Yankees took the lead in the seventh when light-hitting shortstop Bucky Dent lifted a three-run home run over the left field wall to give the Yankees a 3–2 lead. The Yankees added two more runs, giving them a 5–2 lead. The Red Sox scored two more runs, but the Yankees ultimately won the game when relief pitcher Goose Gossage got Yastrzemski to pop out to third baseman Graig Nettles to earn the save. Guidry was the winning pitcher, while Torrez received the loss.

With the victory, the Yankees finished the regular season with a 100–63 (.613) record and clinched the AL East championship, en route to winning the World Series. This was the first tie-breaker to be contested after the introduction of divisional play in 1969. The 1978 Yankees are the last team to win the World Series after playing a tie-breaker, due to the elimination of tie-breaker games beginning with the 2022 season, because of postseason expansion.


The Yankees and Red Sox had combined to win the past three American League (AL) pennants. The Red Sox lost the World Series in 1975, the Yankees lost in 1976, and then won in 1977. Heading into 1978, the Yankees, Red Sox, and Baltimore Orioles, who had also challenged for the AL East championship in 1977, all expected to contend for the AL East title. The Orioles and Red Sox had tied for second place in 1977, 2+12 games behind the Yankees.[2] The young Detroit Tigers, with Lou Whitaker and Alan Trammell, also appeared ready to challenge for the AL East.[2][3]

The Red Sox signed Mike Torrez, who won two games in the 1977 World Series for the Yankees, as a free agent during the offseason.[2] Before the season, the Red Sox acquired Dennis Eckersley to join Torrez, Bill Lee, and Luis Tiant in their starting pitching rotation.[4] The Yankees, meanwhile, acquired Goose Gossage and Rawly Eastwick to join Sparky Lyle, 1977's AL Cy Young Award winner, in their bullpen during the offseason.[2] Both teams placed five players on the AL squad for the All-Star Game: Gossage, Ron Guidry, Graig Nettles, Thurman Munson, and Reggie Jackson represented the Yankees, while Carl Yastrzemski, Fred Lynn, Rick Burleson, Carlton Fisk, and Jim Rice represented the Red Sox.[5]

The Red Sox had once led the division by ten games; the Milwaukee Brewers were in second place, while the Yankees were in third.[6][7] The Yankees experienced injuries to Willie Randolph, Catfish Hunter, Bucky Dent, and Mickey Rivers,[8] and fell to fourth place in the division, as Baltimore moved into third.[9][10] After a shake-up engineered by owner George Steinbrenner, with Munson moving from catcher to right field,[11] the Yankees fired their combustible manager Billy Martin on July 24, replacing him with Bob Lemon.[12][13][14][15][16] The Yankees had lost four of five after the All-Star break, including a three-game sweep by Kansas City in New York which ended with a club suspension of Reggie Jackson;[17][18] at 47–42 (.528), they trailed Boston by 14 games on the morning of July 19.[10][19][20] However, New York finished the season 52–21 (.712) in their last 73 games, while the Red Sox went 38–35 (.521) over the same time frame.[21] This included a four-game sweep of Boston in Fenway Park in early September,[22][23] in which the Yankees outscored the Red Sox by a composite score of 42–9; the series was dubbed "The Boston Massacre" by the sports press.[22][23][24] By the end of the four games on Sunday, September 10, the two teams were tied for first place at 86–56 (.606), with twenty games remaining.[25][26][27][28]

The Yankees took the AL East lead three days later,[29][30][31] and did not lose it until the final day of the season.[25] The margin was up to 3+12 games after another win over the Red Sox on Saturday, September 16,[32][33] but results were different the next day,[34][35][36] the first of Boston's dozen wins over the final two weeks. Clinging to a one-game lead with seven remaining, New York won six straight,[37] but dropped the finale at home to struggling Cleveland on Sunday, October 1.[25][38][39][40] Boston won their final eight games to catch the Yanks;[25] after the Indians' win, a 9–2 complete game victory by left-hander Rick Waits,[38][41][42] the Fenway Park video screen flashed the happy news: "THANK YOU RICK WAITS, GAME TOMORROW."[43][44]

The game

The tie-breaker game was the first in the AL since 1948, when the Indians defeated the Red Sox for the pennant at Fenway Park, and the first in the majors since the advent of the division system in 1969.[45] Guidry, who had won 24 games in the 162-game regular season,[45] started on three days of rest, less than usual,[46] and Torrez started the game for the Red Sox.[45] He started for the Red Sox on Opening Day[47] and had a 16–12 record, but contributed to the Red Sox struggles late in the season with six consecutive losses.[45] Game time was 2:30 p.m. EDT, televised nationally on ABC.

Carl Yastrzemski hit a home run in the second inning, and Jim Rice drove in Rick Burleson with a single in the sixth inning, giving the Red Sox a 2–0 lead.[46] Meanwhile, Torrez held the Yankees to two hits through six innings.[21] With one out in the seventh inning, Chris Chambliss and Roy White of the Yankees both singled off of Torrez, and pinch hitter Jim Spencer flied out.[48] Dent then hit a fly ball that cleared the Green Monster wall in left field for a three-run home run to give the Yankees a 3–2 lead.[49][50]

Torrez was removed from the game after walking Mickey Rivers. Reliever Bob Stanley came in, and after Rivers stole second Thurman Munson drove him in with a double.[46] In the eighth inning, a home run by Reggie Jackson made the score 5–2.[46] The Red Sox cut New York's lead to just one run in the bottom of the eighth against closer Goose Gossage on RBI singles by Fred Lynn and Yastrzemski.[51] But the Yankees would hold off the Red Sox, thanks in part to a heads-up defensive play by right fielder Lou Piniella with one out in the bottom of the ninth. With Burleson on first base, Jerry Remy hit a line drive to Piniella in right field, but Piniella was blinded by the late afternoon sun and could not see the ball. However, he pretended to field the play normally, pounding his glove as though he would easily catch the ball, then stabbed at the ball on a bounce as it almost passed him. This prevented Burleson from advancing to third base; when Rice followed with a deep fly to the outfield, Burleson could only move up to third base instead of scoring the tying run.[21][51]

Batting with two out and two men on, Yastrzemski popped out to third baseman Graig Nettles in foul territory for the game's final out, and New York won the game, 5–4. Guidry improved his record to 25–3 (.893), while Torrez took the loss; Gossage recorded his 27th save.[52]

Line score

October 2, 1978 2:30 pm (EDT) at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts[52]
New York Yankees000000410580
Boston Red Sox0100010204110
WP: Ron Guidry (25–3)   LP: Mike Torrez (16–13)   Sv: Goose Gossage (27)
Home runs:
NYY: Bucky Dent (5), Reggie Jackson (27)
BOS: Carl Yastrzemski (17)
Attendance: 32,925

Box score

Broadcast coverage

This game was televised regionally by the respective teams' rights holders, WSBK-TV in Boston and WPIX in New York City.[53] ABC Sports picked up the contest for national viewers, and thus provided alternate coverage of the game on its New York and Boston affiliates. Keith Jackson and Don Drysdale called the action in the ABC booth.[54]

On radio, the CBS Radio Network offered national coverage of the game, with Ernie Harwell doing play-by-play and Win Elliot working as a color commentator. Locally in the home markets, WINS in New York City and WITS in Boston fed the game to the teams' respective radio networks.

In the Red Sox' broadcast booth, Dick Stockton and Ken "Hawk" Harrelson worked the television side while Ned Martin and Jim Woods were heard on radio. In the Yankees' booth, Phil Rizzuto, Bill White, and Frank Messer alternated play-by-play on both radio and television, and were backed up on radio by Fran Healy.[55]


For the third straight year, the Yankees went on to face the Kansas City Royals in the 1978 American League Championship Series. The Yankees won the best-of-five series for their third consecutive pennant. New York defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers in the World Series to win their second consecutive championship, and 22nd overall.[56]

The loss of the Red Sox was seen as a manifestation of the Curse of the Bambino, long thought to be the reason behind a decades-long litany of failures for the Red Sox after owner Harry Frazee sold Babe Ruth to the Yankees on January 5, 1920.[57] Described as a "shocking blast" by the Sporting News, Dent's home run silenced the Fenway Park crowd. For the light-hitting Dent, it was just his fifth home run of the 1978 season.[58] It sealed Dent's reputation among Yankee fans, while inspiring the permanent nickname "Bucky Fucking Dent" in New England.[59] Dent, later the manager of the Yankees, was fired during a series in Boston in 1990.[60] Twenty-five years later, in Game 7 of the 2003 American League Championship Series, Aaron Boone received similar treatment by Red Sox fans after he hit the home run in the bottom of the 11th inning that clinched the pennant for the Yankees, but the Yankees would later lose to the Florida Marlins in the World Series, which went six games.

Guidry and Rice were considered candidates for the AL Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award for their strong seasons.[45] Rice was named MVP, with Guidry finishing second in the voting. Guidry won the AL Cy Young Award.[61] Lemon was named AL Manager of the Year.[62]


  • Frommer, Harvey; Frommer, Frederic J. (2004). Red Sox vs. Yankees: The Great Rivalry. Sports Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1-58261-767-8.
  • Lyle, Sparky; Golenbock, Peter (1979). The Bronx Zoo: The Astonishing Inside Story of the 1978 World Champion New York Yankees (first ed.). New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-517-53726-5. OCLC 4664652.
  • Shaughnessy, Dan (1990). The Curse of the Bambino. New York: Dutton. ISBN 0-525-24887-0.
  • Shaughnessy, Dan (2005). Reversing the Curse. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-51748-0.
  • The New York Times; The Boston Globe (2004). The rivals: the Boston Red Sox vs. the New York Yankees: an inside history (1st ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-33616-0.
Inline citations
  1. "Guidry vs. Torrez in Yankee-Bosox playoff". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). wire services. October 2, 1978. p. 19.
  2. Nissenson, Schel (March 30, 1978). "Yankees, Red Sox And Orioles Are Optimistic About New Year". The Robesonian. Associated Press. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  3. "Tigers just might surprise Yankees, Red Sox". Ludington Daily News. March 16, 1978. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  4. "Red Sox Get Eckersley, Aim at Yanks". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. March 31, 1978. p. 9.
  5. "Yankees, Red Sox place 5 players in All-Stars". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. July 7, 1978. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  6. Shaughnessy 1990, p. 136
  7. "How they stand". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). July 9, 1978. p. 9C.
  8. "Yankees' Injuries Continue". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. July 2, 1978. p. 2–D. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  9. Chass, Murray (July 17, 1978). "Yankees Fall to Fourth; In His Swinging Zone Almost a Yankee Another Chance Pitching Differently Not in the Groove". The New York Times. p. C4. Retrieved June 18, 2012. (subscription required)
  10. "How they stand". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). July 18, 1978. p. 4C.
  11. "George Steinbrenner shankes up Yankees' lineup". The Morning Record and Journal. United Press International. July 14, 1978. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  12. "Billy sheds a tear for himself". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). wire service reports. July 25, 1978. p. 1D.
  13. Chass, Murray (July 25, 1978). "Billy Martin tearfully quits job with Yankees". The Day. (New London, Connecticut). (New York Times). p. 1.
  14. "Odyssey ends: Billy quits". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. July 25, 1978. p. 17.
  15. United Press International (July 25, 1978). "Bob Lemon is new manager". The Globe and Mail. p. P31. Tempestuous Billy Martin...resigned as manager of the New York Yankees yesterday...Martin's demise followed the latest in a series of battles with Yankees' principal owner George Steinbrenner and star outfielder Reggie Jackson.
  16. Keith, Larry (July 31, 1978). "A bunt that went boom!". Sports Illustrated. p. 14.
  17. "Reggie Jackson suspended". The Day. (New London, Connecticut). Associated Press. July 18, 1978. p. 19.
  18. "Billy's goat". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. July 18, 1978. p. 1C.
  19. Frommer & Frommer 2004, p. 38
  20. "Baseball standings: American League". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). July 19, 1978. p. 18.
  21. "Yankees Win in Classic Way". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. October 3, 1978. p. 7. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
  22. Shaughnessy 1990, p. 138
  23. Frommer & Frommer 2004, pp. 175–177
  24. Keith, Larry (September 25, 1978). "Seeing ain't believing". Sports Illustrated. p. 24.
  25. Frommer & Frommer 2004, pp. 47–48
  26. "Holy cow!! It's a new season". The Day. (New London, Connecticut). Associated Press. September 11, 1978. p. 25.
  27. "Those Damn Yankees tie Red Sox for division lead". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). wire service reports. September 11, 1978. p. 3B.
  28. May, Peter (September 11, 1978). "The Big Collapse: Part 4 is staged". Nashua Telegraph. (New Hampshire). UPI. p. 31.
  29. Madden, Bill (September 14, 1978). "Sox keep stumbling and New York takes over". Nashua Telegraph. (New Hampshire). UPI. p. 24.
  30. "After 144 games, Yankees in first". The Day. (New London, Connecticut). Associated Press. September 14, 1978. p. 31.
  31. "Yankees reach top, but climb isn't over". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). wire service reports. September 14, 1978. p. 1B.
  32. "Yankees slip a 'Mickey' past Yaz". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). wire service reports. September 17, 1978. p. 8B.
  33. "Yankees fly to 3½-game lead". Reading Eagle. (Pennsylvania). UPI. September 17, 1978. p. 85.
  34. Madden, Bill (September 18, 1978). "Red Sox finally break Yankee winning streak". Nashua Telegraph. (New Hampshire). UPI. p. 21.
  35. "Boston 7–3". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). wire service reports. September 18, 1978. p. 4D.
  36. "Scott's double helps Bosox beat Yanks, hang in chase". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 18, 1978. p. 21.
  37. "'Miracle' Yanks go for it all today". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). wire service reports. October 1, 1978. p. 7B.
  38. McMane, Fred (October 2, 1978). "Rick Waits gives Sox another chance". Nashua Telegraph. (New Hampshire). UPI. p. 32.
  39. "Bosox catch Yanks; playoff set today". Wilmington Morning Star. (North Carolina). wire reports. October 2, 1978. p. 3B.
  40. "Yankees lose a big one". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. October 2, 1978. p. 5B.
  41. "BoSox catch Yanks; playoff set today". Wilmington Morning Star. (North Carolina). wire reports. October 2, 1978. p. 3B.
  42. "Indian ambush stalls yankee drive toward title". The Globe and Mail. October 2, 1978. p. S2.
  43. Frommer & Frommer 2004, p. 48
  44. Goldberg, Jeff (October 1, 2003). "Waits' Big Day Gave Sox Chance". The Hartford Courant. p. C3.
  45. The Morning Record and Journal via Google News Archive Search
  46. Lyle & Golenbock, p. 244
  47. Gulbronsen, Karl (April 3, 1978). "Mike Torrez — Traveling Man finding job security in Boston". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  48. Shaughnessy 1990, p. 144
  49. Frommer & Frommer 2004, p. 178
  50. Patton, Paul (October 3, 1978). "Yankee power KIs Bosox hopes". The Globe and Mail. p. P37.
  51. Lyle & Golenbock, p. 245
  52. "Oct 2, 1978, Yankees at Red Sox Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. October 2, 1978. Archived from the original on April 12, 2009. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
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  54. "American League East Playoff Game". Monday Night Baseball. Boston, MA. October 2, 1978. 00:00 minutes in. ABC Sports. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  55. Craig, Jack (October 3, 1978). "From Yaz's HR on, ABC ran second". The Boston Globe. p. 35.
  56. "Yanks Take Four Straight To Win 22nd World Series". The Lewiston Daily Sun. Associated Press. October 18, 1978. p. 1. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
  57. Shaughnessy 2005, pp. 7–8
  58. Shaughnessy 1990, p. 146
  59. Graves, Gary (October 17, 2003). "For Boston, ousting rivals would be sweet". USA Today. p. 4C.
  60. Cafardo, Nick (June 7, 1990). "Dent Dumped by Yankees". The Boston Globe. p. 37. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2012.(subscription required)
  61. "Baseball Awards Voting for 1978". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
  62. "Another Sweet Twist – Bob Lemon named AL Manager of the Year". The Evening Independent. Associated Press. October 25, 1978. p. 1C.

Further reading

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