1994 Major League Baseball season

The 1994 Major League Baseball season began on April 3, but ended prematurely on August 11, 1994 with the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike, canceling the remaining 669 games of the season. The season started despite the expiration of MLB's previous collective bargaining agreement at the end of 1993. It was the first season played under the current three-division format in each league. It was also the first with an Opening Night game involving two National League teams, which did not become permanent until 1996.

1994 MLB season
LeagueMajor League Baseball
SportBaseball
DurationApril 3 – August 11, 1994
Number of games162 (scheduled)
112–117 (actual)[1]
Number of teams28
TV partner(s)
Draft
Top draft pickPaul Wilson
Picked byNew York Mets
Regular season
Season MVPNL: Jeff Bagwell (HOU)
AL: Frank Thomas (CHW)

Strike

As a result of a players' strike, the MLB season ended prematurely on August 11, 1994. No postseason (including the World Series) was played. Over 260 players were scheduled to exceed $1 million in compensation in 1994.[2] The Minor League Baseball season was played.

Awards and honors

Baseball Writers' Association of America Awards
BBWAA Award National League American League
Rookie of the Year Raúl Mondesí (LA) Bob Hamelin (KC)
Cy Young Award Greg Maddux (ATL) David Cone (KC)
Manager of the Year Felipe Alou (MTL) Buck Showalter (NYY)
Most Valuable Player Jeff Bagwell (HOU) Frank Thomas (CHW)
Gold Glove Awards
Position National League American League
Pitcher Greg Maddux (ATL) Mark Langston (CAL)
Catcher Tom Pagnozzi (STL) Iván Rodríguez (TEX)
First Baseman Jeff Bagwell (HOU) Don Mattingly (NYY)
Second Baseman Craig Biggio (HOU) Roberto Alomar (TOR)
Third Baseman Matt Williams (SF) Wade Boggs (NYY)
Shortstop Barry Larkin (CIN) Omar Vizquel (CLE)
Outfielders Barry Bonds (SF) Kenny Lofton (CLE)
Darren Lewis (SF) Devon White (TOR)
Marquis Grissom (MTL) Ken Griffey Jr. (SEA)
Silver Slugger Awards
Pitcher/Designated Hitter Mark Portugal (SF) Julio Franco (CHW)
Catcher Mike Piazza (LA) Iván Rodríguez (TEX)
First Baseman Jeff Bagwell (HOU) Frank Thomas (CHW)
Second Baseman Craig Biggio (HOU) Carlos Baerga (CLE)
Third Baseman Matt Williams (SF) Wade Boggs (NYY)
Shortstop Wil Cordero (MTL) Cal Ripken Jr. (BAL)
Outfielders Barry Bonds (SF) Albert Belle (CLE)
Moisés Alou (MTL) Kirby Puckett (MIN)
Tony Gwynn (SD) Ken Griffey Jr. (SEA)

Other awards

Player of the Month

MonthAmerican LeagueNational League
April Joe CarterEllis Burks
May Frank ThomasLenny Dykstra
Mike Piazza
June Albert BelleJeff Bagwell
July Frank ThomasJeff Bagwell

Pitcher of the Month

MonthAmerican LeagueNational League
April Ben McDonaldBob Tewksbury
May David ConeDoug Drabek
June Cal EldredBobby Muñoz
July Alex FernandezBret Saberhagen

Statistical leaders

Statistic American League National League
AVGPaul O'Neill NYY.359Tony Gwynn SD.394
HRKen Griffey Jr. SEA40Matt Williams SF43
RBIKirby Puckett MIN112Jeff Bagwell HOU116
WinsJimmy Key NYY17Ken Hill MTL
Greg Maddux ATL
16
ERASteve Ontiveros OAK2.65Greg Maddux ATL1.56
SORandy Johnson SEA204Andy Benes SD189
SVLee Smith BAL33John Franco NYM30
SBKenny Lofton CLE60Craig Biggio HOU39

Standings

  • On September 14, the remainder of the major league season was canceled by acting commissioner Bud Selig after 34 days of the players' strike.

Home Field Attendance & Payroll

Team Name Wins Home attendance Per Game Est. Payroll
Colorado Rockies[3] 53 -20.9% 3,281,511 -26.8% 57,570 $23,887,333 130.7%
Toronto Blue Jays[4] 55 -42.1% 2,907,933 -28.3% 49,287 $43,433,668 -8.1%
Atlanta Braves[5] 68 -34.6% 2,539,240 -34.6% 46,168 $49,383,513 18.6%
Baltimore Orioles[6] 63 -25.9% 2,535,359 -30.4% 46,097 $38,849,769 33.5%
Texas Rangers[7] 52 -39.5% 2,503,198 11.5% 39,733 $32,973,597 -9.4%
Philadelphia Phillies[8] 54 -44.3% 2,290,971 -27.0% 38,183 $31,599,000 10.7%
Los Angeles Dodgers[9] 58 -28.4% 2,279,355 -28.1% 41,443 $38,000,001 -3.7%
Cleveland Indians[10] 66 -13.2% 1,995,174 -8.4% 39,121 $30,490,500 64.3%
Florida Marlins[11] 51 -20.3% 1,937,467 -36.8% 32,838 $21,633,000 11.9%
Cincinnati Reds[12] 66 -9.6% 1,897,681 -22.6% 31,628 $41,073,833 -8.5%
St. Louis Cardinals[13] 53 -39.1% 1,866,544 -34.4% 33,331 $29,275,601 25.3%
Chicago Cubs[14] 49 -41.7% 1,845,208 -30.5% 31,275 $36,287,333 -7.9%
Boston Red Sox[15] 54 -32.5% 1,775,818 -26.7% 27,747 $37,859,084 2.0%
San Francisco Giants[16] 55 -46.6% 1,704,608 -34.6% 28,410 $42,638,666 21.3%
Chicago White Sox[17] 67 -28.7% 1,697,398 -34.2% 32,026 $39,183,836 -1.3%
New York Yankees[18] 70 -20.5% 1,675,556 -30.7% 29,396 $46,040,334 7.8%
Houston Astros[19] 66 -22.4% 1,561,136 -25.1% 26,460 $33,126,000 9.7%
California Angels[20] 47 -33.8% 1,512,622 -26.5% 24,010 $25,156,218 -12.0%
Kansas City Royals[21] 64 -23.8% 1,400,494 -27.6% 23,737 $40,541,334 -2.2%
Minnesota Twins[22] 53 -25.4% 1,398,565 -31.7% 23,704 $28,438,500 0.8%
Montreal Expos[23] 74 -21.3% 1,276,250 -22.2% 24,543 $19,098,000 1.1%
Milwaukee Brewers[24] 53 -23.2% 1,268,399 -24.9% 22,650 $24,350,500 2.3%
Oakland Athletics[25] 51 -25.0% 1,242,692 -38.9% 22,191 $34,172,500 -9.6%
Pittsburgh Pirates[26] 53 -29.3% 1,222,520 -25.9% 20,041 $24,217,250 -2.4%
Detroit Tigers[27] 53 -37.6% 1,184,783 -39.9% 20,427 $41,446,501 8.6%
New York Mets[28] 55 -6.8% 1,151,471 -38.5% 21,726 $30,956,583 -20.7%
Seattle Mariners[29] 49 -40.2% 1,104,206 -46.2% 25,096 $29,228,500 -13.1%
San Diego Padres[30] 47 -23.0% 953,857 -30.7% 16,734 $14,916,333 -41.5%

Television coverage

NetworkDay of weekAnnouncers
ABC Saturday nights
Monday nights
Al Michaels, Jim Palmer, Tim McCarver
NBC Friday nights[n1 1] Bob Costas, Joe Morgan, Bob Uecker
ESPN Sunday nights
Wednesday nights
Jon Miller, Joe Morgan

Events

  • January 12 – Steve Carlton is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers' Association of America, receiving almost 96% of the vote. Orlando Cepeda falls seven votes short of the 75% required for election.
  • February 7 – Basketball superstar Michael Jordan signs a minor league contract with the Chicago White Sox. He is invited to spring training with the team as a non-roster player.
  • February 25 – The Veterans Committee elects Phil Rizzuto and Leo Durocher to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • April 1–3 – BC Place in Vancouver, British Columbia, hosted an exhibition tournament with the Seattle Mariners, Colorado Rockies, Toronto Blue Jays, and the Montreal Expos participating.[31]
  • April 4 – At Wrigley Field, Chicago Cubs outfielder Tuffy Rhodes blasts three home runs on Opening Day, defeating New York Mets pitcher Dwight Gooden. Rhodes becomes the first player in major league history to hit home runs in his first three at-bats of the season. In spite of Rhodes' unexpected home run barrage, the Cubs lose the game, 12–8.
  • April 8 – Kent Mercker of the Atlanta Braves pitches a 6–0 no-hitter against the Los Angeles Dodgers at Dodger Stadium, striking out 10 in the process. For Mercker, it is his first complete game in the Major Leagues. In the first half of the ninth inning, Chan Ho Park comes on to pitch for the Dodgers, becoming the first Korean player to appear in a Major League game.[32]
  • July 12 – Moisés Alou's walk-off double in the 10th inning gives the National League an 8–7 victory over the American League in the All-Star Game. The NL is now a perfect 9–0 in extra-inning contests. John Hudek of the Houston Astros becomes the first pitcher in major league history to appear in an All-Star Game before recording a major league victory. Fred McGriff, whose two-run home run in the 9th inning tied the score, takes MVP honors.
  • July 28 – Kenny Rogers of the Texas Rangers throws the fourteenth perfect game in Major League history.
  • August 11 – The final games of the Major League season are played on this date. The next day, the players' strike begins. Minor League Baseball games are not affected.
  • September 14 – The remainder of the major league season (along with the postseason) is canceled by acting commissioner Bud Selig after 34 days of the players' strike. There will be no World Series for the first time since 1904.

Movies

The following are baseball movies released in 1994:

Deaths

  • January 8 – Harvey Haddix, 68, All-Star pitcher best remembered for a 1959 game with the Pirates in which he threw 12 perfect innings before losing in the 13th; won 20 games for 1953 Cardinals and earned three Gold Gloves. Member of 1960 Pittsburgh Pirates, who won the World Series.
  • January 9 – Johnny Temple, 66, All-Star second baseman, primarily for the Cincinnati Reds, who batted .300 three times
  • January 10 – Chub Feeney, 72, National League president from 1970 to 1986; previously an executive and broadcaster with the Giants
  • February 12 – Ray Dandridge, 80, Hall of Fame third baseman of the Negro leagues who often batted over .350
  • March 16 – Eric Show, 37, pitcher who won 100 games for the San Diego Padres and surrendered Pete Rose's record 4,192nd hit
  • May 9 – Ralph Brickner, 69, pitcher for the Boston Red Sox in the 1950s
  • June 12 – Jim Brock, 57, coach at Arizona State since 1972 who led the Sun Devils to two College World Series titles (1977, 1981)
  • June 23 – Marv Throneberry, 62, first baseman for the Yankees, Orioles, Mets, and Kansas City A's
  • July 14 – César Tovar, 54, outfielder for the Minnesota Twins who in 1968 became the second major leaguer to play all nine positions in a game; had his team's only hit on five occasions
  • September 5 – Hank Aguirre, 63, All-Star pitcher who led AL in ERA in 1962 with the Detroit Tigers
  • December 26 – Allie Reynolds, 77, 6-time All-Star pitcher, mainly with the Yankees, who led AL in ERA in 1952 and in strikeouts and shutouts twice; in 1951 was first AL pitcher to throw two no-hitters in same year, and was MVP runnerup in 1952; career .630 winning percentage

References

  1. Due to the strike, NBC wasn't able to broadcast their slate of games for The Baseball Network, which was supposed to begin on August 26.
  1. "The 1994 Season". Retrosheet. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  2. "Baseball's millionaires". Toledo Blade. Associated Press. August 14, 1994. p. B-5.
  3. "Colorado Rockies Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  4. "Toronto Blue Jays Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  5. "Atlanta Braves Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  6. "Baltimore Orioles Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  7. "Texas Rangers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  8. "Oakland Athletics Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  9. "Los Angeles Dodgers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  10. "Cleveland Indians Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  11. "Florida Marlins Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  12. "Cincinnati Reds Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  13. "St. Louis Cardinals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  14. "Chicago Cubs Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  15. "Boston Red Sox Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  16. "San Francisco Giants Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  17. "Chicago White Sox Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  18. "New York Yankees Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  19. "Cleveland Indians Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  20. "Los Angeles Angels Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  21. "Kansas City Royals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  22. "Minnesota Twins Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  23. "Washington Nationals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  24. "Milwaukee Brewers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  25. "Oakland Athletics Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  26. "Pittsburgh Pirates Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  27. "Detroit Tigers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  28. "New York Mets Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  29. "Seattle Mariners Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  30. "San Diego Padres Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  31. "Baseball in B.C. Place: a thing of the past?". Vancouver Courier. August 18, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
  32. Box Score of Kent Mercker No Hitter Baseball Almanac. Retrieved on May 18, 2015.
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