Murder of Shaariibuugiin Altantuyaa

Shaariibuugiin Altantuyaa (Mongolian: Шаарийбуугийн Алтантуяа; sometimes also Altantuya Shaariibuu; 6 May 1978 – 18 October 2006), a Mongolian national, was a murder victim who was either murdered by PETN and RDX explosives or was somehow killed first and her remains destroyed with explosives on 18 October 2006 in a deserted area in Shah Alam, Malaysia.[1][2] Her murder case is significant in contemporary Malaysian politics due to the alleged involvement of persons close to the former Malaysian Prime Minister, Najib Razak.

Murder of Shaariibuugiin Altantuyaa
CourtShah Alam High Court
Decided9 April 2009
Court membership
Judge(s) sittingMohd. Zaki Mohd. Yasin

The Shah Alam High Court originally acquitted Abdul Razak Baginda and meted out the death sentence to two of the accused, Chief Inspector Azilah Hadri and Corporal Sirul Azhar Umar, on 9 April 2009, wrapping up the 159-day trial.[3] On 23 August 2013, Sirul and Azilah were acquitted by the Court of Appeal, sparking controversy.[4] On 13 January 2015, the Federal Court overturned the acquittal of both individuals, finding them both guilty of murder and sentenced both of them to death.[5] However, Sirul fled to Australia and efforts by the Malaysian authorities to extradite him were hampered by existing Australian legislation prohibiting the extradition of individuals to countries with the death penalty.[6]

After the Malaysian 14th general election marking a historic defeat for the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad and some relevant parties including Altantuyaa's father have hoped for further investigations to find the motive of murder and bring justice to the case. Sirul said he was willing to reveal what really happened in the murder case provided he was given a full pardon to come back to Malaysia.[7]

On 16 December 2019, convicted killer Azilah Hadri alleged from death row in Kajang Prison that the order to kill Altantuyaa Shaariibuu came from former Prime Minister Najib Razak and the latter's close associate, Abdul Razak Baginda.[8]


Shaariibuugiin Altantuyaa

Altantuyaa was born in 1978. She and her sister were raised in the Soviet Union where Altantuyaa attended first grade in elementary school. She was reportedly fluent in Mongolian, Russian, Chinese and English, and knew some French.[9]

Altantuyaa moved back to Mongolia in 1990 and a few years later, married a Mongolian techno singer named Maadai. They had a child in 1996 but the marriage ended in divorce and the child was sent to live with Altantuyaa's parents. Despite training as a teacher, Altantuyaa briefly relocated to France to attend modelling school, before returning to Mongolia. Her mother has however said that her daughter had, to her knowledge, never worked as a model.[10]

Altantuyaa remarried and had another child in 2003, but the second marriage also ended in divorce. The second child was also put in the care of Altantuyaa's parents.[11] She worked as a translator and often travelled out of Mongolia to countries like China, Singapore and Malaysia. Records indicate that she visited Malaysia at least twice; the first time in 1995 and the second in early 2006.[12]

Relations to Najib Razak

It was alleged that she was introduced by the former Malaysian Prime Minister, Najib Razak, to Abdul Razak Baginda, a defence analyst from the Malaysian Strategic Research Centre, at an international diamond convention in Hong Kong, and had a relationship with Baginda while accompanying him to Paris to work as a translator during his negotiations to purchase Scorpène-class submarines from France for the Malaysian government.[13][14] Hong Kong-based news website Asia Sentinel revealed in a series of photographs that Altantuyaa was in France during which time the two quickly became romantically involved.[15][16]

However, Raja Petra Kamaruddin, the Malaysia Today editor, was the one who connected Najib Razak with the Altantuyaa murders.[17] Najib Razak denied all allegations as there were no concrete proof about him knowing Altantuyaa.[18] Raja Petra retracted his allegation of the involvement of Najib Razak and Rosmah Mansor after the case were brought to court.[19] Afraid of being prosecuted by the Malaysian courts for giving a false statement, Raja Petra fled to England, leaving his wife and children behind.[20] In addition, a former aide to Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim, Muhamad Rahimi Osman, claimed that Sirul's family was enticed to make a false statement that Najib was involved in Altantuyaa's murder.[21]

Royal Malaysian Navy's submarine prior to delivery

According to reports by the French newspaper Liberation, Altantuyaa found out that one of the parties involved in negotiations, French company Armaris, paid out commissions of 114 million euros for the deal (reportedly one billion euros or RM4.7 billion for the purchase of three submarines). The commission was credited in the accounts of a company controlled by Abdul Razak, Perimekar. A letter written by Altantuyaa and found after her death shows that she had been blackmailing Mr. Baginda, seeking US$500,000 to remain silent about her knowledge of the deal.[22] SUARAM secretariat, Cynthia Gabriel, commented that the Paris Courts have "extended its investigations with circumstances that led to Altantuyaa's death.[23] However, the French Courts are not investigating the murder of Altantuyaa as its focus is on the alleged corruption conducted by DCNS with regards to the sale of the Scorpène submarines,[24] but would deliberate on the murder in the course of the inquiry.[25] On 25 June 2012, a French police investigation revealed that there were no immigration records of an “Altantuyaa Shaariibuu” entering France from 1999 to 2006.[26][27] The same report noted instead the entry of a SHAARIYBUU Bayasgalan, who bore similarities to, but was not conclusively identified as Altantuyaa, as well as pointed out that Najib's entourage might have entered France through diplomatic channels as there was evidence of his presence but no corresponding immigration record.[28] During the trial into Altantuyaa's death, Baginda told investigators that he had travelled with her to France in 2005. Records seized by French investigators from DCN's former financial chief described Altantuyaa as Baginda's translator.[29] On the other hand, Rosana Weili, the Director of Perimekar, claimed that the negotiations were conducted in English as the French negotiators spoke English. Rosana also had "no knowledge of anyone by the name of Altantuyaa" in the negotiation team.[30]

An article from The Star reported that when the deal was signed on 5 June 2002 between the Malaysian government and the submarine manufacturers, Abdul Razak Baginda had not met Altantuyaa as they only met two years after the agreement was signed.[31]


Special Actions Unit (with Maroon Beret), to which Azilah Hadri and Sirul Azhar Umar had belonged

When it was realised she was missing on 19 October 2006, her cousin lodged a police report and sought help from the Mongolian embassy in Bangkok. The Malaysian police found fragments of bone, later verified as hers, in forested land near the Subang Dam in Puncak Alam, Shah Alam. Police investigation of her remains revealed that she was shot twice before C-4 explosives were used on her remains, although there has been later suggestion that the C-4 explosives may have killed her. However, lab results confirmed the explosives used was PETN and RDX, a type of explosive used in quarries which could have been sourced from nearby quarries.[2] When her remains were found their identity could only be confirmed with a DNA test.[1]

Members of the police force were arrested during the murder investigation. The two murder suspects have been named as Chief Inspector Azilah Hadri, 30, and Corporal Sirul Azhar Umar, 35. They had been members of the elite Special Actions Unit (Malay: Unit Tindakhas) and were both assigned, albeit as bodyguards, to the office of the Prime Minister, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.[32] Abdul Razak has been charged with abetting the murder.[33]

Trial and verdict


According to court testimony by Altantuyaa's cousin Burmaa Oyunchimeg, Altantuyaa had shown Burmaa a photograph of 3 persons taking a meal together: Altantuyaa, Razak Baginda, and a government official. When questioned by the lawyer of the victim's family, Karpal Singh, Burmaa identified the official as then Deputy Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak.[34][35]

On 22 July 2008, Karpal Singh, who also holds a watching brief for the victim's family, filed a notice of motion to call 4 new witnesses, including Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak, to testify in the trial, as well as sought to recall the first prosecution witness in the trial, private detective P. Balasubramaniam, for further examination.[36] According to Karpal, Najib's testimony would be able to introduce fresh evidence to the case, and his requests were justifiable as per Section 425 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CPC), which allows a court to "summon or recall any person as a witness in a trial", as well as "summon or recall any such person if his evidence appears to the court to be essential to the just decision of the case."[37] On 23 July 2008, the petition notice was rejected by the High Court. The High Court judge, Mohd Zaki, stated that "only the parties involved, namely the prosecution and the defence" had a right to submit the petition.[38][39]

Acquittal of Abdul Razak Baginda

On 31 October 2008, the High Court acquitted Abdul Razak Baginda of abetment in the murder of Altantuyaa, with the prosecution saying they would appeal the acquittal.[40][41] As of March 2009, the appeal had yet to transpire.[42] However in a development 13 years later at a court hearing in the civil case brought against former policemen Azilah Hadri and Sirul Azhar Umar, as well as Najib and the Malaysian government by Altantuya's father, incriminating evidence emerged against Baginda. The court was told in May 2022 that on the day of her disappearance, Altantuyaa had made a police report in which she suggested that authorities "look for Razak Baginda" if anything should happen to her.[43]

Defence and witness

Chief Inspector Azilah Hadri and Corporal Sirul Azhar Umar were ordered to enter their defence and testify under oath. On 10 November 2008, it was announced that the murder trial has been postponed to January 2009 to allow the defence more time to prepare and gather witnesses. The witnesses sought included Malaysia Today editor, Raja Petra Kamarudin and private investigator, P. Balasubramaniam, who was unlocatable at that time.[44]

The request by the defence counsel for Sirul Azhar and Azilah to get statements from all prosecution witnesses was rejected with the reason given that "witness statements recorded under Section 112 of the Criminal Procedure Code is privileged". This would have included the witness statement of Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak's former aide-de-camp DSP Musa Safri, which would have been used to rebut Abdul Razak's affidavit.[45]

On 3 February 2009, Sirul Azhar pleaded with the court to not pass the death sentence on him, as he was like "a black sheep that has to be sacrificed" to protect unnamed people who have never been brought to court or faced questioning. "I have no reason to cause hurt, what's more to take the life of the victim in such a cruel manner... I appeal to the court, which has the powers to determine if I live or die, not to sentence me so as to fulfil others' plans for me."[46]

Death sentence

On 9 April 2009, High Court Judge Zaki Yasin ruled that Sirul Azhar's and Azilah's statements were "unbelievable" as both of the accused only blamed each other.[3] Both policemen were sentenced to death for the murder of Altantuyaa. Wrapping up the 159-day trial, Zaki said both of them failed to raise any reasonable doubt in the prosecution's case.[47] However, their lawyers planned to file an appeal. Both policemen showed no emotion when they heard that they were sentenced to be hanged until dead. Their family members accept the court's decision and denied any political elements in the verdict.[48] The two policemen appealed their sentence in late August.[49] The Court of Appeal has fixed a date for their appellate hearing for 10 June 2013.[50][51][52]

Shariibuu Setev's lawyers have applied for a review the Attorney-General's decision not to appeal Abdul Razak Baginda's acquittal in the murder of Shariibuu's daughter, Altantuyaa.[53] The application was set to be heard at the High Court on 8 July 2009.[54] Dr. Shariibuu later withdrew the application but said he would still proceed with the claim against Abdul Razak, Azilah, Sirul Azhar, and the Government of Malaysia for damages over Altantuyaa's death.[55]

Sirul and Azilah were acquitted on 23 August 2013 by the Court of Appeal.[4] Several reasons were given for the acquittal such as the failure of the prosecution to provide a strong motive for the two men to murder the victim and the failure to call for the cross-examination of Najib's aide Musa Safri and Najib Razak.[56][57][58] The acquittals drew the derision of Altantuyaa's father, and many Malaysians.[59][60][61]

The prosecution immediately made an appeal to the Federal Court over the acquittal of the Azhar and Sirul which was heard on 23 June 2014.[62] The Federal Court on 13 January 2015 overturned the acquittal of both individuals, finding them both guilty of murder and sentenced both of them to death.[5][63] It was later discovered that Sirul did not show up during the appeal hearing and was believed to be in Australia.[64][65][66] The Inspector-General of Police, Tan Sri Khalid Abu Bakar, has made an extradition request to Australia calling for Sirul, but faces difficulty as Australian law does not allow for the extradition of individuals to another jurisdiction if they could be sentenced to death.[6][67][68] Sirul was detained by Australian immigration authorities in Brisbane, Queensland, on 20 January 2015 after an Interpol red notice was issued for his arrest.[69]

Finding the motive of murder

Three years after the Federal Court found both policemen guilty of murder and sentenced them to death, Dr Shaariibuu Setev, the father of Altantuyaa, made a report to request the police to reopen the case of the murder as his lawyer Ramkarpal said that the motive of the murder needed to be investigated and who ordered the killing be brought to justice.[70]

Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, who led Pakatan Harapan to defeat Barisan Nasional in the 14th General Election (GE14) on 9 May 2018, said the murder case should be reopened and agreed that it warranted further investigation.[71]

After the GE14, Mongolian President Khaltmaagiin Battulga asked Dr Mahathir Mohamad to help bring justice in the murder case of Altantuyaa[72] while Malaysian political leader Anwar Ibrahim said Sirul should face a new trial as the judges' ruling was compromised and the reluctance of the judges to call relevant witnesses made a mockery of the law.[73]

Azilah's death sentence finalized

On 8 December 2020, Azilah had lost his appeal, in which he sought a re-trial and review of his conviction and sentence. The Federal Court of Malaysia dismissed the appeal as they found the case does not carry any breach or miscarriage of justice to warrant a review of the case. This particular appeal was Azilah's final legal attempt to escape from the gallows, and the failure of the appeal had effectively finalized Azilah's death sentence, confirming the former police officer to hang on a later date for Altantuyaa's murder.[74] Azilah remains on death row since 8 December 2020.


Statutory declaration by Raja Petra

Najib Razak, Former Prime Minister of Malaysia

In a statutory declaration in his sedition trial in June 2008, Raja Petra said that he was "reliably informed" that Rosmah Mansor (the wife of Malaysia's Deputy Prime Minister, Najib Razak) was one of three individuals who were present at the crime scene when Altantuyaa Shaariibuu was murdered on 19 October 2006.[75] He wrote that Najib's wife, Rosmah Mansor, and Acting Colonel Abdul Aziz Buyong and his wife, Norhayati, Rosmah's aide-de-camp, were present at the scene of the murder and that Abdul Aziz Buyong was the individual who placed C4 plastic explosive on Altantuya's body and blew it up.[76] Dr Shaariibuu Setev, the father of Altantuyaa Shaariibuu, has asked the police to conduct a thorough investigation into an allegation by Raja Petra saying the police should look seriously into the allegations as it might provide them with fresh evidence in their case.[77]

In retaliation, the two people named in Raja Petra's statutory declaration on 18 June 2008, Lt-Col Abdul Aziz Buyong and his wife Lt-Col Norhayati Hassan, as having been present at the murder scene of Mongolian Altantuyaa Shaariibuu are suing Raja Petra for defamation. Abdul Aziz is seeking an apology from Raja Petra to be published in certain websites and newspapers, the removal of the statutory declaration from his blog and damages of RM1 million.[78] Raja Petra's counsel, J. Chandra, later insinuated that the article titled ‘Let's send the Altantuyaa murderers to hell’ on 25 April under Raja Petra's byline was posted without his consent or knowledge.[79]

Raja Petra appeared to have distanced himself from the statutory declaration in a television interview with TV3, saying its accusations linking Najib Razak and Rosmah Mansor to the murder were repeating information passed onto him by opposition figures, rather than information he knew to be true himself.[80] He appeared to have stated that he did not genuinely believe that Rosmah was at the murder scene.[81] The Malaysian Civil Liberties Movement alleged that the interview had been heavily edited and spin doctored in favour of Prime Minister Najib Razak just in time for the upcoming Sarawak state elections.[82][83] Raja Petra also denied that he did not believe Rosmah was at the scene saying that the interview was "chopped up".[84] He also later clarified and pointed out that he had always been consistent in relation to the statutory declaration, saying that he had never directly accused Rosmah of being at the scene of the murder, merely repeating what was told to him.[85][86]

Statutory declaration by P. Balasubramaniam

A second statutory declaration was filed on 1 July 2008 by Abdul Razak Baginda's private investigator P. Balasubramaniam, disclosing then deputy Prime Minister Najib's links and Altantuyaa. Bala said the police omitted information about the relationship between Najib and Altantuyaa during their investigation.[87] In the statutory declaration Abdul Razak had told Balasubramaniam that the deputy prime minister had a sexual relationship with Altantuyaa and that the trio had dined together in Paris. Detailed conversations in a statutory declaration revealed that Abdul Razak had in effect inherited Altantuyaa as a lover from Najib, who passed her on because he did not want to be harassed as a deputy prime minister. Among other lurid details, Balasubramaniam described text messages between Najib and Abdul Razak in which the latter was asking for help to avoid arrest,[88] implying Najib personally interfered with the murder investigation.[89] In making his statutory declaration, Balasubramaniam mentioned that a man in a blue Proton Saga happened to be driving past the home of defense analyst Abdul Razak Baginda at that time of the day before Altantuyaa was reported missing on 19 October 2006 and revealed that the man was Nasir Safar, the special advisor to Najib Razak.

Former deputy Prime Minister, Anwar Ibrahim, has called for a Royal Commission of Inquiry to look into the case. However, the RCI has not been convened on this issue.

It has been claimed that Balasubramaniam's allegation on the involvement of Najib Razak on the murders of Altantuyaa could have political motivations, as the press conference for the allegation was made at the national PKR Headquarters.[90]

Retraction and disappearance

The following day Balasubramaniam retracted the statutory declaration he made on 1 July 2008 proffered a second statutory declaration and that erased all traces of allegations that referred to Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak and Altantuyaa Shaariibuu's murder. There were accusations that this new statutory declaration could have been due to intimidation or inducement, and was done not on his own free will. Bala's first lawyer Americk Singh Sidhu said he was not able to get in touch with Bala despite repeated phone calls to Bala's cell phone[91] The Malaysian police said on Sunday 6 July that they have asked Interpol to help find the private investigator who had been reported missing since making explosive claims linking the deputy premier to a murder. Bala's nephew filed a missing person's report saying the investigator and his family had disappeared.[92] It was discovered on 10 July that Balasubramaniam's house in Taman Pelangi had been broken into, but police have yet to ascertain whether anything was stolen.[93] Balasubramaniam was said to have taken refuge in a neighbouring country with his wife and children.[93]

It is assumed that Bala was running away because he either received death threats or a massive bribe from Najib.[12]

Reappearance and retraction of second statutory declaration

After his reappearance, Bala claimed that he signed the second statutory declaration without even reading it, claiming he was threatened.[94] Bala also said that a member of Najib's family, Najib's younger brother Nazim Abdul Razak, teaming up with Deepak Jaikishan, a businessman with connections to Najib Razak's family, made Bala withdraw his first statutory declaration[95][96][97] and offered him RM5 million to do so, but that his first declaration was true.[98] Balasubramaniam has declined to meet the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission in Singapore to give his testimony about allegations surrounding the murder of Altantuyaa Shaariibuu as he has made his personal security a prerequisite for his testimony. The MACC also wanted to classify all correspondences between Balasubramaniam and their organisation as ‘secrets’ under the Official Secrets Act, which according to Bala's lawyer there was a disagreement to this demand.[99]

Bala continued to reiterate that the first statutory declaration he signed was the truth.[100][101] He actively campaigned for the Malaysian opposition giving talks on Najib and Rosmah's alleged role in the death of Altantuyaa [102] until his eventual death by heart attack on 15 March 2013.[103][104]

Deepak Jaikishan

Malaysian businessman Deepak Jaikishan in the later part of 2012 held several press conferences regarding his role in the retraction of Balasubramaniam's first statutory declaration and the supposed coercion in making Bala sign the second declaration. He also made damning accusations against Prime Minister Najib Razak and his wife Rosmah Mansor, implying they were the ones giving instructions and had prior knowledge of coverup of the first statutory declaration.[105][106] He further revealed that it was the Prime Minister's brother Nazim Abdul Razak who paid off Balasubramaniam.[107] In a biography launched on 19 March 2013, Rosmah Mansor denied any involvement with the murder of Altantuya, stating that she was attending a special session with the Islamic Orphans Welfare Association on the day in question, and describing the accusations against her as "slander".[108]

Deepak has also made claims denying that he is not currently being sponsored by the Malaysian opposition Pakatan Rakyat or its leader Anwar Ibrahim,[109] despite claims by certain parties that he is.[110] Deepak has expressed regret in being involved in the Altantuyaa affair.[111] Anwar has continually denied that he is behind the recent exposes by Deepak.[112] The revelations come at the same time when Deepak is being involved in a lawsuit against the government and governing party UMNO in a land deal case.[113] He also said that the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission(MACC) is more interested in ignoring this matter rather than starting an investigation.[114]

He made further references to the lawyer duo who were involved in the drafting the second statutory declaration, implying they came from the law firm of Zul Rafique & Partners of Kuala Lumpur.[115] It was later inferred to the Malaysian Bar Council by several parties, including activist Haris Ibrahim [116] and Robert Phang[117] that the lawyer duo was Tan Sri Cecil Abraham and his son. The Bar Council has promised to begin investigations into the drafting of the second statutory declaration.[118] Bala's lawyer, Americk Sidhu, revealed in a Bar Council investigation hearings that Cecil Abraham confirmed to him that he was the one who drafted Bala's second statutory declaration under instructions from Najib himself.[119][120][121] A professional misconduct complaint will be lodged against Cecil Abraham by the Bar Council,[122] whereby under the Legal Profession Act he could be reprimanded, fined and suspended from practice for up to five years.[123]

Sirul Azhar

Sirul Azhar, the former police commando, who was convicted for the murder of Altantuyaa, revealed during his detention in Australia that he was under orders to kill Altantuyaa and that the real murderers were still free.[124][125] He also mentioned that Najib's aide-de camp Musa Safri and his superior should have been made to testify during the murder trial.[126] Sirul's claims have been immediately rubbished by Najib[127][128] and Inspector General of Police Khalid Abu Bakar.[129] The opposition has asked Najib to explain why he was asserting that Sirul's claims were "total rubbish".[130][131][132][133] In January 2016, Sirul Azhar denied that Najib Razak involved in the murder case.[134]

Further revelations

A lawyer for Chief Inspector Azilah Hadri said the type of explosives used in the murder of Mongolian national Altantuyaa Shaariibuu is not in the stock of federal police headquarters Bukit Aman. “Azilah's log record from Bukit Aman shows that he was only issued with a Glock pistol and magazines. Hence, there is a question as to how this type of explosive was allegedly used," said lawyer Hazman Ahmad.[135] In addition, both Sirul and Azilah are not trained to handle explosives and bombs such as the C4.[136]

In an investigative news report 101 East by Al Jazeera, an interview of a purported relative of Sirul called 'Frank' claimed that Sirul mentioned to him that Razak Baginda was the person who shot and killed Altantuyaa. The documentary also alleged that the-then Deputy Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak had an extramarital affair with the victim prior to her death.[137][138] The Australian journalist Mary Ann Jolley, who did the report, was deported from Malaysia on June 14, 2015 by the Malaysian authorities, alleging she had tarnished Malaysia's image.[139][140] Following the airing of the documentary on 10 September 2015, the Malaysian Prime Minister's Department and the former Inspector-General of Police, Musa Hassan, both issued statements contesting the report's assertions.[141][142]

In an interview with The Malaysian Insider, Abdul Razak Baginda[143] claimed that Altantuyaa Shaariibuu was blackmailing him for amounts in the US$5,000 to US$8,000 range on personal matters, which prompted him to enlist Deputy Superintendent Musa Safri for help, and hire private investigator P. Balasubramaniam for protection. Altantuyaa was later murdered, allegedly under police custody of Sirul Azhar and Azilah Hadri. Both were convicted for the murder from the physical evidence found in Sirul's car, Sirul's house, and an account that they both were present at the hotel Altantuyaa stayed, and outside of Razak's house.[144] Sirul denied Musa Safri's involvement, and Abdul Razak Baginda was acquitted of murder due to reasonable doubt raised from the record of 144 telephone calls and SMSes made between him and Musa Safri.[145] Abdul Razak Baginda also denied the murder was related to his submarine deal, and claimed P. Balasubramaniam's statutory declaration, that implicated the Deputy Prime Minister, was based on hearsay.

See also


  1. "PI points finger at Malaysia No. 2 leader in new twist to Mongolian's murder". International Herald Tribune. 3 July 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
  2. BERNAMA (25 June 2014). "Kami tak pernah kata bahan letupan C4 diguna untuk bunuh Altantuya". Utusan Borneo (in Malay). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  3. "Policemen to die in Malaysian case". BBC News. 9 April 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
  4. Tariq, Qishin. "Altantuya murder: Court of Appeal frees cops - Nation - The Star Online".
  5. "Federal Court overturns acquittal of two policemen for murder of Altantuya".
  6. "IGP says waiting for Australia's reply on Sirul's extradition". 16 January 2015.
  7. "Sirul ready to reveal all in Altantuya case - if he gets full pardon". The Star. 19 May 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  8. Nadeswaran, R. (16 December 2019). "'Najib ordered me to kill Altantuya' - Azilah's shocking allegation from death row". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  9. "Malaysian justice put on trial". Asia Times. 12 July 2007. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2007.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  10. Chua, Eddie (16 November 2006). "Altantuya was never a fashion model but was aspiring to be, says mum". The Star, Malaysia. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  11. "Altantuya married twice, had two kids". TheStar. 15 November 2007. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 15 November 2007.
  12. "PP v. Azilah Hadri & Ors" (PDF). Malaysian Law Review. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  13. "Acquittal in Malaysia murder saga". BBC News. 31 October 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
  14. John Berthelsen (5 December 2007). "Who was Altantuya Shaariibuu?". Asia Sentinel. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2007.
  15. "The Altantuya Shaaribuu Case: How and why she was killed". The Nation. 13 March 2009. Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
  16. "Photos of Altantuya in Paris add to mystery". Free Malaysia Today. 26 June 2012. Archived from the original on 22 December 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  17. "Yes, PM, Let's really send Altantuya's murderers to hell, shall we?". Malaysia Today. Archived from the original on 30 August 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  18. Bunuh Altantuya: Najib Tidak Terlibat
  19. Raja Petra lied again and amazingly some people believe it Archived 7 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  20. Wikileaks: Prominent Blogger Flees Sedition Trial Archived 12 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  21. 'Bid to link Najib to Altantuya case', New Straits Times. Retrieved 2 September 2013
  22. "Malaysian PM caught up in murder, bribery scandal". Sydney Morning Herald. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  23. PI Bala's lawyer to testify at Paris Scorpène tribunal, Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 2013-09-03
  24. French not probing murder of Altantuya, New Straits Times. Retrieved 2013-09-02
  25. Lawyer: French court to consider Altantuya murder in Scorpène case,
  26. "French probe: Altantuya never entered France". 25 June 2012.
  27. Altantuya no role in Scorpène deal, negotiator claims,, July-27-2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013
  28. A mystery called Altantuya, K Kabilan, Free Malaysia Today. 29 June 2012
  29. Submarine Furor Returns to Malaysia.
  30. We'd never heard of Altantuya" New Straits Times. 3 August 2013. Retrieved.2013-08-29
  31. Documents debunk claims. 3 August 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013
  32. Hamzah Hamid (14 September 2015). "Najib beri saya lampu hijau untuk tangkap Razak Baginda - Musa Hassan". Astro Awani (in Malay). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  33. "Prosecution closes its case on Altantuya murder trial". New Sabah Times. 24 June 2008. Archived from the original on 28 June 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  34. "Some seriously troubling questions in Malaysia". Malaysia Sentinel. 3 July 2007. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  35. "Picture causes ruckus in court". TheStar Online. 30 June 2007. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
  36. "Karpal Wants Najib To Testify In Altantuya Murder Trial". Bernama. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
  37. "Notice filed to summon Najib to Altantuya trial". The Edge Daily. TheEdge Daily. 22 July 2008. Archived from the original on 25 July 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
  38. "Malaysian High Court rejects move to summon DPM Najib to testify in court". Channel NewsAsia. 24 July 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
  39. "Opposition Lawyer Loses Bid To Summon Malaysia's Deputy Leader As Murder Trial Witness". Sin Chew. SinChew. 23 July 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  40. "Razak Baginda cleared of abetment charge, two others face trial". The Star. 1 November 2008. Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 2 November 2008.
  41. "Razak Baginda acquitted". The Malaysian Insider. 31 October 2008. Archived from the original on 15 July 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
  42. "Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 15 March 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
  43. "Altantuya lodged police report stating to look for Razak Baginda if something happened to her, says witness". 18 May 2022. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  44. "Altantuya case: Missing PI sought as witness". The Star. 10 November 2008. Archived from the original on 13 November 2008. Retrieved 10 November 2008.
  45. "Judge blocks statement from Najib's former ADC". The Malaysian Insider. 22 January 2009. Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2009.
  46. "The Confession that Never Was". Asia Sentinel. 20 March 2009. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2009.
  47. "Malaysia sentences 2 police in Mongolian murder". Sean Yoong. Associated Press. 9 April 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
  48. "Altantuya murder: Calm despite death sentence". M. Mageswari and Lester Kong. 9 April 2009. Archived from the original on 12 April 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
  49. "Sensational Malaysian submarine scandal resurfaces". Bangkok Post. 17 February 2012.
  50. "Appeal over Altantuya's murder to be heard in June". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  51. "Court to hear ex-cops' appeal over Altantuya murder". The Malaysian Insider. 15 March 2013. Archived from the original on 17 March 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  52. V. Anbalagan (19 October 2006). "Court to hear ex-policemen's appeal over Mongolian woman's murder". New Straits Times. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  53. "Altantuya saga still not over for Razak". Malaysian Insider. 16 June 2009. Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2009.
  54. "Altantuya's father continues to pursue legal recourse". TheStar Online. 16 June 2009. Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2009.
  55. "Altantuya's Father withdraws application against Razak Baginda's acquittal". 14 September 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  56. "Altantuya murder: Sirul, Azilah walk free". 23 August 2013.
  57. "So who killed Altantuya?". Malaysia Today. 23 August 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  58. Defence says Musa's absence was key to successful appeal in Altantuya case - The Malaysian Insider Archived 23 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  59. "Pakatan MPs demand A-G explain after ex-cops walk". 23 August 2013.
  60. Altantuya acquittals draw netizens’ outrage, ridicule - The Malaysian Insider Archived 23 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  61. Altantuya's father upset over acquittal, wants Mongolia to intervene - The Malaysian Insider Archived 23 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  62. "Altantuya murder: Jan 13 set for Federal Court decision on ex-UTK men's acquittal - Nation - The Star Online".
  63. "Chronology of Altantuya's murder case".
  64. "Federal Court finds former UTK duo guilty of Altantuya murder - Nation - The Star Online".
  65. "Altantuya murder trial: Sirul Azhar fails to turn up in court, said to be in Australia". 13 January 2015.
  66. Murdoch, Lindsay (13 January 2015). "Malaysian police convicted in Mongolian model's murder mystery to hang".
  67. "Australia in bind as Malaysia seeks to extradite Altantuya killer Sirul". Malay Mail. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  68. ""If extradited, we will mount a legal challenge", says Sirul's defence team". New Straits Times. 19 January 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  69. "Fugitive bodyguard held in Queensland over model's murder". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 21 January 2015.
  70. "Ramkarpal confident with new evidence, Altantuya's murder case will be reopened - Nation | The Star Online". Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  71. "After meeting her father, Dr M agrees that Altantuya case should be re-opened - Nation | The Star Online". Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  72. "Mongolian president wants to see justice in Altantuya's case - Nation | The Star Online". Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  73. "Mongolian model murder scandal: Sirul deserves a new trial, says Anwar - Nation | The Star Online". Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  74. "Azilah loses bid in final legal attempt to escape death sentence". New Straits Times. 8 December 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  75. "RPK's bombshell allegation on Altantuya murder - Abdullah, Najib, Rosmah cannot remain silent".
  76. "Malaysian Deputy Premier's Wife Linked to Murder". Asian Sentinel. 23 June 2008. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2008.
  77. "Shaariibuu Wants Police To Thoroughly Investigate Raja Petra's Allegation". Bernama. 24 June 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2008.
  78. "Two sue Raja Petra over statutory declaration". The Sun (Malaysia). 22 June 2008. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2009.
  79. RPK sedition trial: Blogger's news portal accessible to others, MCMC official testifies
  80. "RPK: I don't believe Rosmah involved in Altantuya murder". 13 April 2011.
  81. "RPK: I don't believe PM's wife was at Altantuya's murder scene". The Star. 14 April 2011. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
  82. MCLM backs RPK, says TV3 interview was ‘spin doctored’
  83. ‘Raja Petra interview taken out of context’ "'Raja Petra interview taken out of context' | Free Malaysia Today". Archived from the original on 16 April 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  84. "TV3 chopped interview with me: RPK". Malaysiakini. 27 April 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  85. "Now that the shit has hit the fan". Malaysia Today. 14 April 2011. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  86. "Someone called me a liar". Malaysia Today. 23 May 2012. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  87. "Altantuya murder: PI implicates senior politician". The Star. 1 July 2008. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  88. "Malaysia's Najib Ducks a Court Appearance". Agence France-Presse. 24 July 2008. Archived from the original on 25 July 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
  89. "Bringing Najib to Malaysia's Witness Stand". Agence France-Presse. 27 July 2008. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
  90. "Was P. Balasubramaniam an accomplice to murder? (part 2)". 9 August 2012. Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  91. "Was Bala Subramaniam's retraction due to intimidation?". TheEdge=4 July 2008. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
  92. "Malaysia seeks Interpol help to find missing investigator in murder claim". Agence France-Presse. 6 July 2008. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
  93. "Bala's house broken into". TheStar. 11 July 2008. Archived from the original on 13 July 2008. Retrieved 11 July 2008.
  94. "PI Bala claims second SD made under threat to family". Malaysian Insider. 17 November 2009. Archived from the original on 19 November 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  95. "Paper: Bala links Najib's family member to Altantuya cover-up". Free Malaysia today. 17 November 2009. Archived from the original on 19 November 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  96. "Bala's sojourn in Bangkok". Malaysian Mirror. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2009.
  97. "Bala: Deepak arranged for me to flee Malaysia". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
  98. Kabilan, K (1 July 2010). "French prosecutors to quiz PI Bala over sub deal". Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Balasubramian […] reaffirmed that his first statutory declaration was true […] He also claimed that Najib's brother Nazim offered him RM5 million to retract the first statutory declaration […]
  99. "Bala says no to Singapore rendezvous with MACC". Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
  100. "PI Bala: I swear first SD was the truth". Free Malaysia Today. 24 February 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  101. "PI Bala: I swear first SD was the truth". YouTube. 25 February 2013. Archived from the original on 13 December 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  102. "PI Bala to take a break after heart attack". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  103. "PI Bala passes away". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  104. "PI Bala dead of heart trouble". The Malaysian Insider. 15 March 2013. Archived from the original on 17 March 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  105. "Silence is not golden". Free Malaysia Today. 18 December 2012. Archived from the original on 31 January 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  106. Leven Woon (12 December 2012). "Rosmah told me to look for Bala". Free Malaysia Today. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  107. "Cash for Bala paid by PM's brother, claims Deepak". Malaysiakini. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  108. "Rosmah denies Altantuya links in biography launched by Dr M". The Malaysian Insider. 19 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  109. Leven Woon (12 December 2012). "Deepak: Anwar is not behind me". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  110. Teoh El Sen (5 December 2012). "Video proves Anwar is behind Deepak". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  111. "Deepak says has sought Altantuya's 'forgiveness'". The Malaysian Insider. 13 December 2012. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  112. Teoh El Sen (20 December 2012). "I'm not behind Deepak, Anwar says it again". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  113. Sadiq, Jahabar (28 November 2012). "Carpet dealer to testify in lawsuit against Wanita Umno leader tomorrow". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 1 December 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  114. Teoh El Sen (15 December 2012). "Deepak: MACC more interested in a 'cover-up'". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  115. "Malaysian Carpet Dealer Names a New Figure in Scandal". Asia Sentinel. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  116. "Activist tells Bar Council name of lawyer in PI Bala's SD". 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  117. Anisah Shukry (20 December 2012). "Tan Sri lawyer must come forward". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  118. Lim, Ida (21 December 2012). "Bar Council probe to verify misconduct in PI Bala's SD". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  119. Boo Su-Lyn. "Cecil Abraham did PI Bala's second SD, says Americk". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 19 March 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  120. Leven Woon (16 March 2013). "'Najib instructed Cecil to draft Bala's SD2′". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  121. "Najib instructed Cecil on SD2, Bar AGM told". Malaysiakini. 16 March 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  122. Boo Su-Lyn. "Bar Council to refer Cecil Abraham to disciplinary board". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  123. V. ANBALAGAN (9 May 2014). "Disciplinary action against lawyer in Altantuya case on hold after counsel removes himself". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 11 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  124. Murdoch, Lindsay (18 February 2015). "Convicted Malaysian cop Sirul Azhar Umar breaks silence about death of model Altantuya Shaariibuu".
  125. "Sirul Azhar Uman: Malaysian commando killer breaks silence". Archived from the original on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  126. "Najib's aide Musa Safri should have testified in Altantuya trial, says Sirul - the Malaysian Insider". Archived from the original on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  127. "Najib rubbishes claim Sirul acted under orders to kill Altantuya - the Malaysian Insider". Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  128. "'It's total rubbish', Najib says of Sirul's claims". 19 February 2015.
  129. "Sirul's tell-all threat 'illogical', IGP says". 18 February 2015. Archived from the original on 19 February 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  130. "Kit Siang wants 'reprieve' for Sirul, Azilah death sentences". 19 February 2015.
  131. "Explain Altantuya murder motive if Sirul's claim is 'rubbish', DAP MP urges PM". 19 February 2015.
  132. "Investigate Sirul's claim on Altantuya murder, says Ramkarpal - Nation - The Star Online".
  133. "Time running out for Malaysian hitman in Australia". 11 May 2018.
  134. "Sirul: Najib not involved in Altantuya murder case". The Star. 31 January 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  135. "Bukit Aman does not keep C4 explosives, says lawyer". 24 June 2013.
  136. "Sirul had no control of C4 explosives". Malaysia Today. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  137. "Amid current crisis, Al Jazeera revives tale of Altantuya murder". 11 September 2015.
  138. "Murder in Malaysia".
  139. "Journalist deported after Al Jazeera docu on Altantuya". TheEdgeMarkets. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  140. "Al Jazeera journo deported over Altantuya murder story". 11 September 2015.
  141. "Malaysian govt responds to Al Jazeera investigation". Al Jazeera. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  142. Yunus, Akil (15 September 2015). "Ex-police chief denies Al Jazeera's Altantuya allegations". The Star. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  143. "Altantuya's death 'just a straightforward murder case', says ex-lover Razak Baginda". Malaysian Insider. 29 January 2015. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  144. "Azilah Bin Hadri, Sirul Azhar Bin Hj. Umar vs Persecutor (appeal)" (PDF). Malaysian Federal Court. 23 August 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  145. "Court told to acquit Razak Baginda if his affidavit is true". The Sun Daily. 12 September 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.