National Security Council (Malaysia)

The Malaysian National Security Council (NSC) (Malay: Majlis Keselamatan Negara Malaysia (MKN), Jawi: مجليس کسلامتن نݢارا مليسيا) is a federal agency under the Prime Minister's Department. NSC is the agency responsible for managing and co-ordinating the implementation of policies related to the security of Malaysia.

Malaysian National Security Council
Majlis Keselamatan Negara Malaysia
( NSC / MKN )
مجليس کسلامتن نݢارا مليسيا
Agency overview
Formed7 July 1971 (1971-07-07)
Preceding agency
  • National Operations Council / Majlis Gerakan Negara
    'MAGERAN' (1969–1971)
Jurisdiction Government of Malaysia
HeadquartersPerdana Putra, Putrajaya
Motto"Strategik, Keselamatan, Kedaulatan"
(Strategy, Security, Sovereignty)
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Datuk Rodzi Md Saad, Director-General
Parent departmentPrime Minister's Department
Child agencies

It is chaired by the Prime Minister of Malaysia and consists of the council's executive members, including the Deputy Prime Minister as deputy chairman, NSC Director General, three ministers (Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs and the Minister of Communications and Multimedia), the Chief Secretary to the Government, the Chief of Defence Forces (CDF) and the Inspector-General of Police (IGP).


The 13 May 1969 racial riot incident raised the awareness of various parties on the importance of managing the difference and sensitivity that exists in a multi-racial community like Malaysia. Following this incident, the National Operations Council (Malay: Majlis Gerakan Negara; MAGERAN) was established. MAGERAN's existence was to improve public safety, national defence and preservation peace for the general public, supplies and services critical to the nation. When the situation improved, MAGERAN was dissolved in early 1971.[1]

The Government, nonetheless, felt that the existence of a body/agency responsible for the management of safety matters at the national, state and district level was needed as there were still communist threats and the relationship between the races was still fragile. On 23 February 1971, the Government established the National Security Council to co-ordinate policies related to the nation's safety and to provide instructions on safety including security movements, public peaceful and all matters related to safety.[2]

The Office of the National Security Council Secreatriat was established to undertake administration and secretarial duties for the National Security Council. In 1995, the Office of the National Security Council was reorganised as National Security Division (BKN) where the State Security Secretariat Office and District Security Secretariat Office fell under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister's Department and thereafter underwent a name change to State and District National Security Division. The National Security Division is responsible for the co-ordination of policies related to safety as well as to instruct on the necessary actions taken by related agencies.

On 24 July 2007, the National Security Division was once again reorganised and became the National Security Council, where the State Security Division became the State Security Council and the District Security Division became the District Security Council. The reorganisation was to ensure that the National Security Council carried out its function as a policy maker relating to national safety and to provide instructions on safety as a whole.

On 26 October 2016, a Special Operations counter-terrorism Task force was added under NSC as a response to global terrorism activity. The world first one-of-a-kind unit is a combination of Special Operations Force between Malaysian Armed Force, Royal Malaysian Police and Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.[3]

Core functions

There are three core functions of the NSC, which are:

  1. Defending national sovereignty and strategic importance.
  2. Crisis and disaster management.
  3. Border management of land, maritime and air.

List of Directors-General of the National Security Council

No. Name Term start Term end Ref
1. Zulkifeli Mohd Zin 15 August 2016 31 August 2018 [4]
2. Engku Hamzah Tuan Mat 1 September 2018 29 September 2019
3. Mohd Rabin Basir 7 October 2019 15 July 2021
4. Rodzi Md Saad 15 July 2021 Incumbent [5]


Permanent members

No. Name Official Office Ref
1. Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim, Chairman Prime Minister [6]
2. Dato’ Seri Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, Dato’ Seri Fadillah Yusof, Deputy Chairman Deputy Prime Minister
3. Datuk Rodzi Md Saad Director-General of National Security Council
4. Dato' Seri Mohammad Hasan Minister of Defence
5. Dato' Seri Saifuddin Nasution Ismail Minister of Home Affairs
6. Fahmi Fadzil Minister of Communications and Digital
7. Tan Sri Dato' Seri Mohd Zuki Ali Chief Secretary to the Government
8. General Tan Sri Dato' Sri Haji Affendi Buang RMAF Chief of Defence Forces
9. IGP Tan Sri Acryl Sani Abdullah Sani Inspector-General of Police

Alternate members

No. Name Official Office Ref
1. Dato' Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali Senior Minister (International Trade and Industry)
Minister of International Trade and Industry
2. Dato' Sri Haji Fadillah Yusof Senior Minister (Works)
Minister of Works
3. Senator Datuk Dr. Radzi Jidin Senior Minister (Education)
Minister of Education
4. Haji Khairy Jamaluddin Minister of Health [7]
5. Datuk Dr. Haji Abdul Latiff Ahmad Minister in the Prime Minister's Department (Special Functions) [9][10]
6. Tan Sri Dato' Seri Dr. Noor Hisham Abdullah Director-General of Health [7][8]

National Security Council Bill 2015

On Thursday, 3 December 2015, The National Security Council Bill 2015 was passed in Parliament after a marathon six-hour proceeding.[11] The bill was passed quickly, taking two days to gain the majority vote, with 107 in favour and 74 against the bill.[12] Among the contents of the bill are:[11]

  • Clause 18 (1): PM has full discretion to decide where 'security area' is
  • Clause 18 (3) and (4): Initial declaration of ‘security area’ lasts for 6 months but may be renewed by PM indefinitely
  • Clause 22–30: security forces can arrest without warrant; stop and search; enter and search premise; take possession of any land, building or movable property.
  • Clause 37: All NSC’s affairs are done in absolute secrecy
  • Clause 38: No action or lawsuit can be brought against the NSC

Unlike the Internal Security Act 1960 which requires the discretion of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the NSC bill is under the direct authority of the Prime Minister.[13] Further, while the Prime Minister has to seek advice from the 8-man security council, he can choose to ignore the advice.[14] The Malaysian Bar called the bill a "lurch towards an authoritarian government".[15]


  1. "Sejarah". 23 April 2019. Archived from the original on 23 April 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  2. "Laman Web Rasmi Majlis Keselamatan Negara". Majlis Keselamatan Negara. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  3. "NSOF Bukti Kerajaan Tegas Isu Keselamatan". Archived from the original on 27 April 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  4. "Tan Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin first National Security Council DG". Astro Awani. New York. 25 August 2016.
  5. "Rodzi Md Saad is new security DG". Free Malaysia Today. 15 July 2021. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  6. "Laws of Malaysia - Act 776 - National Security Council Act 2016" (PDF). Government of Malaysia. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  7. "Perdana Menteri pengerusi Mesyuarat Khas MKN berkenaan COVID-19". Pejabat Perdana Menteri Malaysia. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  8. "Perdana Menteri pengerusi mesyuarat khas MKN berkenaan COVID-19". Astro Awani. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  9. "Saya kini bukan anggota MKN". Sinar Harian. 9 June 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  10. "Diketepi dari MKN, menteri tegur cara k'jaan kendali vaksin, PPV". Malaysia Kini. 9 June 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  11. Malaysian Progressives UK (4 December 2015). "How bad is National Security Council Bill?". Archived from the original on 4 December 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  12. "National Security Council Bill approved". 3 December 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  13. "NSC Bill usurps the powers and discretion of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong – Concerned Lawyers for Justice". 4 December 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  14. "Two alarm bells for Malaysians". 7 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  15. "The National Security Council Bill 2015 is a Lurch Towards an Authoritarian Government". 3 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
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