List of Sri Lankan monarchs

The Sinhalese monarch - anachronistically referred to as the Kings of Sri Lanka[N 1] - featured the heads of state of the Sinhala Kingdoms, in what is today Sri Lanka.

King of the Sinhala Kingdom
Royal Standard of the King of Kandy in 1815
Prince Vijaya
First monarchPrince Vijaya
Last monarchSri Vikrama Rajasinha
Formation543 BC (according to chronicles)
Abolition1815 AD
ResidenceTambapanni, Anuradhapura, Pulatthinagara,[1] Polonnaruwa, Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Kurunegala, Gampola, Kotte, Kandy

The Sinhalese monarchy originates in the settlement of North Indian Indo-Aryan speaking immigrants to the island of Sri Lanka. The Landing of Vijay (as described in the traditional early chronicles of the island, the Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa) recounts the date of the establishment of the first Sinhala Kingdom in 543 BC[N 2] when Indian prince Prince Vijaya (543–505 BC) and 700 of his followers arrived in Sri Lanka, establishing the Kingdom of Tambapanni.[2][3] In Sinhalese mythology, Prince Vijaya and followers are told to be the progenitors of the Sinhalese people. However, according to the story in the Divyavadana, the immigrants were probably not led by a scion of a royal house in India, as told in the romantic legend, but rather may have been groups of adventurous and pioneering merchants exploring new lands.[4] Historian G.C. Mendis on the other hand has suggested that the Vijaya myth has no historical basis.[5]

The Sinhala Kingdoms comprised the political states of the Sinhalese people and their ancestors; it existed not as a series of successive kingdoms known by the city which had the administrative centre. These are (in chronological order): the kingdoms of Tambapanni, Upatissa Nuwara, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Dambadeniya, Gampola, Kotte, Sitawaka and Kandy. The kingdoms existed in what is today the modern state of Sri Lanka.[6][7][8][9] The last Sinhala Kingdom ceased to exist by 1815 with Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy after generations of European influences and upheaval in the royal court. During the Kingdom's two millennia, other political entities also existed on the island, including the Jaffna Kingdom,[10] Vanni chieftaincies and the Portuguese and Dutch colonies.[11] However, these political entities were not part of the Sinhala Kingdoms.[12][13] A separate page lists the monarchs of the Jaffna Kingdom.

During the reign of Devanampiya Tissa (307–267 BC) Buddhism emerged through Ashoka of India.[14] By the time of Kithsirimevan (304–332), Sudatta, the sub king of Kalinga and Hemamala brought the Tooth Relic of the Buddha to Sri Lanka because of unrest in the country.[15] Kithsirimevan carried it in procession and placed the relic in a mansion named Datadhatughara.[16] He ordered this procession to be held annually, and this is still done as a tradition in the country. The Tooth Relic of the Buddha soon became one of the most sacred objects in the country and a symbol of kingship. The person who was in possession of the Tooth Relic thereafter would be the rightful ruler of the country.[17]

The role of the monarch was absolute. He was head of state but would be aided with high level officials and a board of ministers. The monarch was seen as the supreme ruler throughout the island, even at times when he did not have absolute control over it.[18] They sought to establish control over the whole island, though in reality this was more of an aspiration. However periods of effective control over the whole island did exist from time to time.[19] The monarch also held judicial power and influence. Judicial customs, traditions and moral principles based on Buddhism were used as the bases of law. The laws and legal measures were proclaimed by the king, and were to be followed by the justice administration.[20] However the king was the final judge in legal disputes, and all cases against members of the royal family and high dignitaries of the state were judged by him. Though, the king did have to exercise this power with care and after consulting with his advisers.[21]

This article is a list of monarchs that have reigned over the nine successive kingdoms under the Sinhalese monarchy.[22][23] It is based on the traditional list of monarchs as recorded in the chronicles of the island, in particular the Mahavamsa and Rajavaliya.[24][25] It is not a list of ethnically Sinhalese monarchs as it contains all Sinhalese and foreign rulers who have reigned, chronologically and in succession, in the Sinhala Kingdoms. Each monarch belongs to one of nine royal houses (Vijaya, Lambakanna I, Moriya, Lambakanna II, Vijayabahu, Kalinga, Siri Sanga Bo, Dinajara and Nayaks[N 3]), and follows a tradition of regnal names that span the entirety of the monarchy. For example, Vijayabahu was used 7 times over multiple kingdoms and multiple royal houses over a period of 500 years and there is no overlap of names, Vijayabahu I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII. The same is true for Aggabodhi, Bhuvanaikabahu, Kassapa, Mahinda, Parakramabahu and others. The Sinhalese Monarchy has also been ruled over by foreigners from India, which has occurred several times throughout the course of the kingdom's history. This is usually occurred through the usurpation of the throne.

  Those highlighted in blue are foreign usurping monarchs.


This list should be used with the following factors kept in mind. Firstly, the dates provided for the earliest monarchs are difficult to objectively verify; those particularly difficult to know have been denoted with a (?) mark. The date August 20, 1200 is the earliest known fixed date in Sri Lankan history, which was for the coronation of Sahassa Malla.

Another thing to be noted is that several monarchs had usurped the throne of Lanka including Sinhalese monarchs such as Anikanga, Chodaganga, Sri Vallabha of Polonnaruwa and Mahinda VI.[26] The usurpers may have received support from rival kingdoms such as the Cholas.

Note on chronology

It should be borne in mind that there is controversy about the base date of the Buddhist Era, with dates between the 6th century BC and 4th century BC being advanced as the date of the parinibbana of the Buddha.[27] As Wilhelm Geiger pointed out, the Dipawamsa and Mahawansa are the primary sources for ancient South Asian chronology; they date the consecration (abhisheka) of Ashoka (268 BC according to modern scholarship) to 218 years after the parinibbana. Chandragupta Maurya ascended the throne 56 years prior to this, or 162 years after the parinibbana. The approximate date of Chandragupta's ascension is within two years of 321 BC (from Megasthenes). Hence the approximate date according to the Mahavamsa of the parinibbana is between 485 and 481 BC.[28]

According to Geiger, the difference between the two reckonings seems to have occurred at sometime between the reigns of Udaya III (946–954 or 1007–1015) and Pârakkama Pandya (c. 1046–1048), when there was considerable unrest in the country.[28] However, mention is made of an embassy sent to China by Cha-cha Mo-ho-nan in 428. The name may correspond to 'Raja (King) Mahanama', who (by the traditional chronology) reigned about this time.[29]

Furthermore, the traveller-monk Xuanzang, who attempted to visit Sri Lanka about 642, was told by Sri Lankan monks (possibly at Kanchipuram) that there was trouble in the kingdom, so he desisted;[30] this accords with the period of struggle for the throne between Aggabodhi III Sirisanghabo, Jettha Tissa III and Dathopa Tissa I Hatthadpath in 632–643.

Recent indological research has indicated that the Parinibbana of the Buddha may be even later than previously supposed. A majority of the scholars at a symposium held in 1988 in Göttingen regarding the problem were inclined towards a date of 440–360 BCE.[31] However, the Theravada Buddhist canon was first put into writing in Sri Lanka, and the chronology of the following list is based on the traditional Therevada/Sri Lankan system, which is based on a parinibbana date of 543 BC, sixty years earlier than the Mahayana calendar. Dates after c. 1048 are synchronous.

The Mahavamsa was written nearly a millennium after the purported date of Vijaya's arrival, and the traditional chronology and relationships of the earliest kings have been called into question by some scholars.[32][33][34] Referring to the period following Devanampiya Tissa's rule, archaeologist W. D. J. Benilie Priyanka Emmanuel states:

"The traditional chronology for this period is manifestly incredible; for, according to it, the reigns of five brothers are spread over a period of 102 years, and that after their father is said to have himself ruled for sixty years. The round figure of ten years assigned to four of the rulers also makes the chronology open to suspicion. The historicity of one of these successors of Devanampiya Tissa, however, is proved by epigraphical records, and we have to conclude either that these rulers were contemporary, exercising authority in different regions of the Island, or that the relationship they bore to each other, as given in the chronicles, is wrong."[35]

Kingdom of Tambapanni (543–437 BC)

House of Vijaya (543–437 BC)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Marriages Claim
Vijaya ?
son of Sinhabahu, and Sinhasivali
505 BC
543 BC 505 BC Kuveni
two children Pandu Princess
Founded Kingdom
Marriage to Kuveni
- - 505 BC 504 BC Prince Vijaya's Chief Minister
Panduvasdeva - - 504 BC 474 BC Nephew of Vijaya
Abhaya - - 474 BC 454 BC Son of Panduvasdeva
- - 454 BC 437 BC Younger brother of Abhaya

Anuradhapura Kingdom (437 BC – 1017 AD)

House of Vijaya (437–237 BC)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Pandukabhaya474 BC367 BC437 BC367 BC*Grandson of Panduvasudeva
*Nephew of Abhaya and Tissa
Mutasiva--367 BC307 BC*Son of Pandukabhaya
Devanampiya Tissa-267 BC307 BC267 BC*Son of Mutasiva
Uttiya--267 BC257 BC*Son of Mutasiva
Mahasiva--257 BC247 BC*Son of Mutasiva
Suratissa-237 BC247 BC237 BC*Son of Pandukabhaya

Sena and Guttika (237–215 BC)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Claim
Sena and Guttika - - 237 BC 215 BC Defeated Suratissa in battle.

House of Vijaya (215–205 BC)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Asela ?
Son of Mutasiva
205 BC
215 BC 205 BC Son of Mutasiva

Elara (205–161 BC)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Claim
Elara 235 BC
Chola Empire
161 BC
205 BC 161 BC Defeated Asela in battle

House of Vijaya (161–103 BC)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Dutugamunu the Great
(a.k.a. Dutta Gamini or Dutugemunu or Duttagamini Abaya)
--161 BC137 BC*Defeated Elara
*Eldest son of Kavan Tissa
*Originally the ruler of Ruhuna
Saddha Tissa--137 BC119 BC*Brother of Dutugemunu
--119 BC119 BC*Second son of Saddha Tissa
Lanja Tissa--119 BC109 BC*Older brother of Thullattana
*Oldest son of Saddha Tissa
Khallata Naga
--109 BC103 BC*Brother of Lanja Tissa
*Third son of Saddha Tissa
Vattagamani Abhaya
(a.k.a. Valagambahu I)
--103 BC103 BC*Fourth son of Saddha Tissa

The Five Dravidans (103–89 BC)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Pulahatta--103 BC100 BC*Tamil Chief
Bahiya--100 BC98 BC*Chief Minister of Pulahatha
Panya Mara--98 BC91 BC*Prime Minister of Bahiya
Pilaya Mara--91 BC90 BC*Chief Minister of Panayamara
Dathika--90 BC89 BC*Chief Minister of Pilayamara

House of Vijaya (89 BC – 67 AD)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Vattagamani Abhaya
(a.k.a. Valagambahu I)
--89 BC77 BC*Fourth son of Saddha Tissa
Mahakuli Mahatissa
(Maha Cula Maha Tissa)
--77 BC63 BC*Son of Khallatanaga
*Nephew and adopted son of Valagambahu I
Chora Naga
--63 BC51 BC*Son of Valagambahu I
*Cousin of Mahakuli Mahatissa
Kuda Tissa--51 BC48 BC*Son of Mahakuli Mahatissa
Siva I--48 BC48 BC
Vatuka--48 BC48 BC
Darubhatika Tissa--48 BC48 BC
Niliya--48 BC48 BC
Anula--48 BC44 BC*Widow of Chora Naga and Kuda Tissa
Kutakanna Tissa--44 BC22 BC*Brother of Kuda Tissa
*Second son of Mahakuli Mahatissa
Bhatikabhaya Abhaya--22 BC7 AD*Son of Kuttakanna Tissa
Mahadathika Mahanaga--719*Brother of Bhatika Abhaya
Amandagamani Abhaya--1929*Son of Mahadathika Mahanaga
Kanirajanu Tissa--2932*Brother of Amandagamani Abhaya
Chulabhaya--3233*Son of Amandagamani Abhaya
Sivali--3333*Sister of Chulabhaya
--3343*Nephew of Queen Sivali
Chandamukha--4352*Son of Ilanaga
Yassalalaka--5260*Younger brother of Candhamuka Siva
(a.k.a. Subha)
--6067*The hall porter of King Yasalaka Tissa

House of Lambakanna I (67–429)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Vasabha--67111*A member of the Lambakanna clan
Vankanasika Tissa--111114*Son of Vasabha
Gajabahu I--114136*Son of Vankanasika Tissa
Mahallaka Naga--136143*Father-in-Law of Gajabahu I
Bhatika Tissa--143167*Son of Mahallaka Naga
Kanittha Tissa--167186*Younger brother of Bhatika Tissa
Cula Naga
(a.k.a. Khujjanaga)
--186187*Son of Kanitta Tissa
Kuda Naga
(a.k.a. Kunchanaga)
--187189*Brother of Cula Naga
Siri Naga I--189209*Brother-in-Law of Kuda Naga
Voharika Tissa
(a.k.a. Vira Tissa & Voharikathissa)
--209231*Son of Siri Naga I
Abhaya Naga--231240*Brother of Voharaka Tissa
Siri Naga II--240242*Son of Voharaka Tissa
Vijaya Kumara--242243*Son of Siri Naga II
Sangha Tissa I--243247*A Lambakanna
Siri Sangha Bodhi I
(a.k.a. Siri Sangabo)
--247249*A Lambakanna
Gothabhaya--249262*Minister of State
*A Lambakanna
Jettha Tissa I
(a.k.a. Detuthis I)
--263273*Eldest son of Gothabhaya
Mahasena--274301*Brother of Jettha Tissa
*Younger son of Gothabhaya
Sirimeghavanna--301328*Son of Mahasena
Jettha Tissa II--328337*Brother of Sirimeghavanna
Buddhadasa--337365*Son of Jettha Tissa II
Upatissa I--365406*Eldest son of Buddhadasa
Mahanama--406428*Brother of Upatissa I
Soththisena--428428*Mahanama's son born to a Tamil mother
Chattagahaka Jantu
(a.k.a. Chhattagahaka)
--428428*Husband of Sangha
*Daughter of Mahanama by his Sinhala Queen
Mittasena--428429*A noted plunderer

The Six Dravidians (429–455)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Pandu--429434*Pandyan Invader
Parindu--434437*Son of Pandu
Khudda Parinda--437452*Younger brother of Pandu
Tiritara--452452*Fourth Tamil ruler
Dathiya--452455*Fifth Tamil ruler
Pithiya--455455*Sixth Tamil ruler

House of Moriya (455–691)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Dhatusena--455473*Son of Sangha, the daughter of Mahanama
*Liberated Anuradhapura from 27 years of Pandyan Rule
Kashyapa I
(the Usurper),(of Sigiriya)
--479497*Son of King Dhatusena by a Pallava woman
Moggallana I--497515*Son of Dhatusena
*Brother of Kasyapa
Kumara Dhatusena--515524*Son of Mogallana
Kittisena--524524*Son of Kumara Dhatusena
Siva II--524525*Uncle of Kirti Sena
Upatissa II--525526*Son-in-Law of Kumara Dhatusena
Silakala Ambosamanera--526539*A Son-in-Law of Upatissa, prince of Lambakanna stock
Dathappabhuti--539540*Second son of Silakala
Moggallana II--540560*Eldest brother of Dathappabhuti
Kittisiri Meghavanna--560561*Son of Mogallana II
Maha Naga--561564*Minister of War under King Dathapatissa
Aggabodhi I--564598*Mother's brother's son and Sub-King of Mahanaga
Aggabodhi II--598608*Nephew and son-in-law of Aggabodhi I
Sangha Tissa II--608608*Brother and Sword-bearer of Aggabodhi II
Moggallana III--608614*Commander-in-Chief during the reign of Aggabodhi II
Silameghavanna--614623*King Mogallana's Sword-bearer
Aggabodhi III--623623*Son of Silimeghavanna
Jettha Tissa III--623624*Son of King Sangha Tissa
Aggabodhi III
--624640*Son of Silimeghavanna
Dathopa Tissa I
--640652*General of Jettha Tissa (Dathasiva)
Kassapa II--652661*Brother of Aggabodhi III
*Sub-King of Dathopa Tissa
Dappula I--661664*Son in law of Silimeghavanna
Dathopa Tissa II-673664673*Nephew of Dathopa Tissa I (Hattha Datha)
Aggabodhi IV--673689*Younger brother of Dathopa Tissa
Unhanagara Hatthadatha--691691*A chief of Royal blood who was placed on the throne by a wealthy Tamil Officer

House of Lambakanna II (691–1017)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Manavanna--691726*Son of Kassapa I
*Descendant of Silamegahavanna
Aggabodhi V--726732*Son of Manavamma
Kassapa III--732738*Brother of Aggabodhi V
Mahinda I--738741*Younger brother of Kassapa III
Aggabodhi VI--741781*Son of Kassapa III
Aggabodhi VII
(From Polonnaruwa)
--781787*Son of Mahinda
Mahinda II
--787807*Son of Aggabodhi VI
Dappula II--807812*Son of Mahinda II
*The sub-king of Mahinda II
Mahinda III--812816*Son of Dappula II
Aggabodhi VIII--816827*Brother of Mahinda III
Dappula III--827843*Younger brother of Aggabodhi VIII
Aggabodhi IX--843846*Son of Dappula III
Sena I--846866*Younger brother of Aggabodhi IX
Sena II--866901*Nephew of Sena I
*Son of Kassapa
Udaya I--901912*Brother of sub-king of Sena II
Kassapa IV--912929*Son of Sena II
*Sub-king of Udaya I
Kassapa V--929939*Son of Kassapa IV
Dappula IV--939940*Son of Kassapa V
Dappula V--940952*Brother of Dappula IV
Udaya II--952955*Nephew of Sena II
*Sub-king of Dappula V
Sena III--955964*Brother of Udaya II
Udaya III--964972*Sub-king of Sena III (a great friend of the king)
Sena IV--972975*Son of Kassapa V
*Sub-king of Udaya III
Mahinda IV--975991*Brother of Sena IV
*Nephew of Udaya III
*Sub-king of Sena
Sena V--9911001*Son of Mahinda IV
Mahinda V
(Fled and ruled in Ruhuna)
(Deported c. 1017)
-102910011029*Younger brother of Sena V

Chola-occupied Anuradhapura (1017–1055)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Claim
Kassapa VI - - 1029 1040 Son of Mahinda V
Mahalana-Kitti - - 1040 1042
Vikrama Pandu - - 1042 1043
Jagatipala - - 1043 1046
Parakrama Pandu - - 1046 1048
Loka - - 1048 1054
Kassapa VII - - 1054 1055

Kingdom of Polonnaruwa (1055–1236)

House of Vijayabahu (1055–1187)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Vijayabahu I--10551111*Member of the Sinhala Royal Family
Jayabahu I
(Polonnaruwa and Ruhuna)
--11101111*Brother of Vijayabahu I
*Prime Minister of Vijayabahu I
Vikramabahu I-113211111132*Son of Vijayabahu I
Gajabahu II--11311153*Son of Vikramabahu I
Parakramabahu I 'the Great'1123118611531186*Grandson of Vijayabahu I
Vijayabahu II--11861187*Parakramabahu I's nephew
Mahinda VI--11871187*A Kalinga

House of Kalinga (1187–1197)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Nissanka Malla1157 or 1158119611871196*Son-in-law or nephew to Parakrama Bahu I
Vira Bahu I--11961196*Son of Nissanka Malla
Vikramabahu II--11961196*Younger brother of Nissanka Malla
Chodaganga--11961197*Nephew of Nissanka Malla

House of Vijayabahu, restored (1197–1200)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Queen Lilavati--11971200*Widow of Parakramabahu I

House of Kalinga, restored (1200–1209)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Sahassa Malla--12001202*Younger brother of Nissanka Malla
Kalyanavati--12021208*Queen of Nissanka Malla
Dharmasoka--12081209*Deposed Kalyanavati and installed by Ayasmantha
Anikanga--12091209*Father of Dharmasoka

House of Vijayabahu, restored (1209–1210)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
(1st Restoration)
--12091210*Widow of Parakramabahu I

Lokissara (1210–1211)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Lokissara--12101211Leader of a Tamil army.

House of Vijayabahu, restored (1211–1212)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
(2nd Restoration)
--12111212*Widow of Parakramabahu I

Pandyan dynasty (1212–1215)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Parakrama Pandya--12121215*Pandyan King

Eastern Ganga dynasty (1215–1236)

After Kalinga Magha invaded, with the intent of ruling the whole island, the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa was sacked. This caused massive Sinhalese migration to the south and west of the island. Unable to capture the whole island Kalinga Magha establishes the Jaffna kingdom becoming its first monarch. The Jaffna kingdom is situated in modern northern Sri Lanka while the Kingdom of Dambadeniya was established by Vijayabahu III on the rest of the island in around 1220.[36]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Kalinga Magha--12151236*A prince of Kalinga

Kingdom of Dambadeniya (1220–1345)

House of Siri Sanga Bo (1220–1345)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Vijayabahu III--12201234*A patriotic Prince of Sinhala Royal blood
Parakkamabahu II--12341269*Eldest son of Vijaya Bahu III
Vijayabahu IV-October 12701267/8October 1270*Eldest son of Panditha Parakrama Bahu II
Bhuvanaikabahu I
(from Yapahuwa)
--12711283*Brother of Vijaya Bahu IV
Parakkamabahu III
(from Polonnaruwa)
--13021310*Nephew of Buvaneka Bahu I
*Son of Vijaya Bahu IV
Bhuvanaikabahu II
(from Kurunagala)
--13101325/6*Son of Buvaneka Bahu I
*Cousin of Parakrama Bahu III
Parakkamabahu IV
(from Kurunagala)
--1325/61325/6*Son of Buvanekka Bahu II
Bhuvanaikabahu III
(from Kurunagala)
--1325/61325/6*Known as Vanni Buvaneka Bahu
Vijayabahu V
(from Kurunagala)
--1325/61344/5*Second son of Chandra Banu of Jaffnapatnam

Kingdom of Gampola (1345–1412)

House of Siri Sanga Bo (1345–1412)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Bhuvanaikabahu IV--1344/51353/4*Son of Vijaya Bahu V
Parakkamabahu V
(from Dedigama)
1311-1344/51359*Son of Vijaya Bahu V
*Brother of Buvaneka Bahu IV
Vikramabahu III--13571374*Son of Buvaneka Bahu IV
Bhuvanaikabahu V--13711408*Nissanka Alakeswara's son by the sister of Vikrama Bahu III
Vira Bahu II--1391/21397*Brother in law of King Buvaneka Bahu V
Vira Alakesvara
(a.k.a. Vijaya Bahu VI)
Parakrama Bahu Epa--14091412*Grandson of Senalankahikara Senevirat
minister of Bhuvanaikabâhu IV.

Kingdom of Kotte (1412–1597)

House of Siri Sanga Bo (1412–1597)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Parakramabahu VI--14121467*Son of Vijaya Bahu VI and his Queen Sunetra Devi
*Or the third son of Chandra Banu of Yapa Patuna (Jaffnapatnam)
Jayabahu II
(Vira Parakrama Bahu VII)
--14671472*Son of Parakrama Bahu II's natural daughter, Ulakudaya Devi
Bhuvanaikabahu VI--14691477*Son of Parakrama Bahu VI
Pandita Parakramabahu VII--14771477
Vira Parakramabahu VIII--14771489*Ambulagala Kumara
*Son of Parakrama Bahu VI
Dharma Parakramabahu IX
(from Kelaniya)
--14891513*Son of Vira Parakrama Bahu VIII
Vijayabahu VI-152115131521*Brother of Dharma Parakrama Bahu IX
*Rajah of Menik Kadavara
Bhuvanekabahu VII-155115211551*Eldest son of Vijaya Bahu
Dharmapala-27 May 1597155127 May 1597*Grandson and heir of Bhuvanekabãhu VII

Kingdom of Sitawaka (1521–1594)

House of Siri Sanga Bo (1521–1594)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Mayadunne1501158115211581*Brother of Bhuvaneka Bahu VII
*Son of Vijaya Bahu VII
Rajasinha I
(a.k.a. Tikiri Banda)
1544159315811593*Son of Mayadunne

Kingdom of Kandy (1591–1815)

House of Dinajara (1591–1739)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Vimaladharmasuriya I
(a.k.a. Don João da Austria)
-160415911604*Son of Vijayasundara Bandara
Senarat-163516041635*Cousin of Vimala Dharma Suriya I
Rajasinghe II16086 December 1687163525 November 1687*Son of Senarat and Dona Catherina
Vimaladharmasurya II-4 June 170716874 June 1707*Son of King Rajasinghe II
Vira Narendra Sinha
(a.k.a. Sri Vira Parakrama Narendra Singha)
169013 May 17394 June 170713 May 1739*Son of Vimala Dharma Suriya II

Nayaks of Kandy (1739–1815)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Marriages Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Sri Vijaya Rajasinha ?
Madurai, Madurai Nayak dynasty
son of Pitti Nayakkar
11 August 1747
13 May 1739 11 August 1747 1 Madurai Spouse Brother-in-law of Vira Narendra Sinha
Kirti Sri Rajasinha 1734
Madurai, Madurai Nayak dynasty
son of Narenappa Nayakkar
2 January 1782
11 August 1747 2 January 1782 6 Madurai Spouses
Yakada Doli
2 sons, 6 daughters
Brother-in-law of Sri Vijaya Rajasinha
Sri Rajadhi Rajasinha ?
son of Narenappa Nayakkar
26 July 1798
2 January 1782 26 July 1798 Queen Upendramma Brother of Kirti Sri Rajasinha
Sri Vikrama Rajasinha
(a.k.a. Rajasinha IV; Kannasamy)
son of Sri Venkata Perumal and Subbamma Nayaka
30 January 1832
Vellore Fort, Company rule in India
26 July 1798 5 March 1815 4 spouses
3 children
Nephew of Sri Rajadhi Rajasinha


Kingdom of KandyKingdom of SitawakaKingdom of KotteKingdom of GampolaKingdom of DambadeniyaKingdom of PolonnaruwaChola occupation of AnuradhapuraAnuradhapura KingdomKingdom of Upatissa NuwaraKingdom of TambapanniNayaks of KandyHouse of Siri Sanga Bo


  1. The name Sri Lanka refers to the modern-day republic.
  2. This is the most common date.
  3. The Nayaks were not an ethnically Sinhalese royal house, nonetheless are considered a part of the Sinhalese monarchy.


  1. "Anurādhapura". Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  2. Mittal (2006) p 405
  3. "483 BC – Arrival of Aryans to Sri Lanka". Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  4. Paranavithana (1936) p 459
  5. MENDIS, G. C. “The Mahābhārata Legends in the Mahāvaṃsa.” The Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland 5, no. 1 (1957): 81–84.
  6. Cavendish, Marshall (2007). World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia. Cavendish Square Publishing. pp. 350–51. ISBN 978-0-7614-7631-3.
  7. Bandaranayake, S. D. (1974). Sinhalese Monastic Architecture: The Viháras of Anurádhapura. Leiden: BRILL. p. 17. ISBN 9004039929.
  8. De Silva, K. M. (1981). A History of Sri Lanka. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-19-561655-2. A History of Sri Lanka.
  9. Blaze, L. E. (1938). History of Ceylon. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 978-8120618411.
  10. Manogaran, Chelvadurai (1987). Ethnic Conflict and Reconciliation in Sri Lanka. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 25–26. ISBN 978-0-8248-1116-7.
  11. Malalgoda, Kitsiri (1976). Buddhism in Sinhalese Society, 1750–1900: A Study of Religious Revival and Change. University of California Press. p. 29. ISBN 0-520-02873-2.
  12. Dias, M.; Koralage, S.B.; Asanga, K. (2016). The archaeological heritage of Jaffna peninsula. Colombo: Department of Archaeology (Sri Lanka). pp. 183, 186. ISBN 978-955-9159-99-5.
  13. Ray, H.C. (2016). University of Ceylon, History of Ceylon: Volume I (From the earliest time to 1505): Part II (From the Cola conquest in 1017 to the arrival of the Portuguese in 1505). Colombo: Ceylon University Press. p. 726.
  14. Mendis (1999), p. 11
  15. Blaze (1995), p. 58
  16. Wijesooriya (2006), p. 89
  17. Blaze (1995), p. 59
  18. Perera (2001), p. 48
  19. De Silva (1981), p. 21
  20. Rambukwelle (1993), p. 38
  21. Siriweera (2004), p. 92
  22. Ratnatunga, Rhajiv. "LIST OF THE SOVEREIGNS OF LANKA". Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  23. de Silva, K. M. (2005). A History of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka: Penguin Books India. ISBN 9789558095928. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  24. Gunasekara, B. (1900). The Rajavaliya : or, A historical narrative of Sinhalese kings from Vijaya to Vimala Dharma Surya II. Colombo: Government Printer, Ceylon. ISBN 81-206-1029-6. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  25. "The Mahavamsa: Original Version Chapters 1 – 37". 27 May 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  26. Corrington, p. 67.
  27. Witzel, Michael (2019). "Early 'Aryans' and their neighbors outside and inside India". Journal of Biosciences. 44 (3): 58. doi:10.1007/s12038-019-9881-7. ISSN 0973-7138. PMID 31389347. S2CID 195804491.
  28. Geiger (Tr), Wilhelm (1912). The Mahawamsa or Great Chronicle of Ceylon. Oxford: Oxford University Press (for the Pali Text Society). p. 300. Archived from the original on 2008-10-30.
  29. S G M Weerasinghe, A history of the cultural relations between Sri Lanka and China: an aspect of the Silk Route, Colombo: Central Cultural Fund, 1995, ISBN 955-613-055-1, p.40
  30. Stephen Spencer Gosch, Peter N. Stearns, Premodern Travel in World History, Routledge, 2008; ISBN 0-415-22940-5, p.93
  31. Cousins, L. S. "The Dating of the Historical Buddha: A Review Article". indology. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  32. W. D. J. Benilie Priyanka Emmanuel, Civilization in its Own Words: Inscriptions and Archaeology in Ancient Sri Lanka, University of California, PhD, 2000 p.42
  33. Ajith Amarasinghe, Finding Sinhabahu: An analysis of the early history of Sri Lanka documented in ancient chronicles, Vijitha Yapa Publications, 2019
  34. KM Da Silva, A History of Sri Lanka, 1981, pp.3-4
  35. W. D. J. Benilie Priyanka Emmanuel, Civilization in its Own Words: Inscriptions and Archaeology in Ancient Sri Lanka, University of California, PhD, 2000 p.42
  36. Codrington, Humphry William. "The Dambadeniya And Gampola Kings". Retrieved 27 February 2013.

Further reading

Primary sources

Secondary sources

  • De Silva, K. M. (1981). A History of Sri Lanka. India: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-04320-0.
  • Blaze, L. E (1995). History of Ceylon. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 978-81-206-1074-3.
  • de Silva, K. M. (2005). A History of Sri Lanka. Colombo: Vijitha Yapa. p. 782. ISBN 955-8095-92-3.
  • Mendis, Ranjan Chinthaka (1999). The Story of Anuradhapura. Lakshmi Mendis. ISBN 978-955-96704-0-7.
  • Mittal, J. P. (2006). "Other dynasties". History of Ancient India: From 4250 BC to 637 AD. Vol. 2 of History of Ancient India: A New Version. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. ISBN 81-269-0616-2.
  • Nicholas, C. W.; Paranavitana, S. (1961). A Concise History of Ceylon. Colombo University Press.
  • Perera, Lakshman S. (2001). The Institutions of Ancient Ceylon from Inscriptions. Vol. 1. International Centre for Ethnic Studies. ISBN 978-955-580-055-6.
  • Rambukwelle, P. B. (1993). Commentary on Sinhala Kingship — Vijaya to Kalinga Magha. Sridevi Printers. ISBN 978-955-95565-0-3.
  • Siriweera, W. I. (2004). History of Sri Lanka. Dayawansa Jayakodi & Company. ISBN 978-955-551-257-2.
  • Wijesooriya, S. (2006). A Concise Sinhala Mahavamsa. Participatory Development Forum. ISBN 978-955-9140-31-3.
  • Paranavithana, Senarath (July 1936). "Two Royal Titles of the Early Sinhalese, and the Origin of Kingship in Ancient Ceylon". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. 68 (3): 443–462. doi:10.1017/S0035869X0007725X. S2CID 161585769.
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