Foreign relations of Sri Lanka

Foreign relations of Sri Lanka refers to the diplomatic and commercial relations between Sri Lanka and other countries. Sri Lanka has stressed its principle of "friendship towards all, enmity towards none" in its diplomacy.

Sri Lanka since the 1950s has followed a non-aligned foreign policy and does not take sides with major powers.[1] Since the end of the Cold War in Asia, the country has pursued better relations with all major powers and seeks to strengthen its diplomatic, economic and military ties with China, India, Pakistan, Russia, the United States, Japan and the European Union. Sri Lanka has also forged close ties with the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), African Union and Arab League.

Sri Lanka participates in multilateral diplomacy, particularly at the United Nations, where it seeks to promote sovereignty, independence, and development in the developing world. Sri Lanka was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). It also is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (as dialogue partner) and Colombo Plan. Sri Lanka continues its active participation in the NAM, while also stressing the importance it places on regionalism by playing a strong role in SAARC.

Sri Lanka Ambassador to the European Union Grace Asirwatham.


The goal of Sri Lanka's foreign policy is to maintain a strong, independent, powerful and unitary Sri Lanka; The Sri Lankan foreign policy establishment maintains that in achieving this goal.

Sri Lanka's foreign policy has been founded in the national interest. In a period of rapid and continuing change, foreign policy capable of responding optimally to new challenges and opportunities. It has to be an integral part of the larger effort of building the nation's capabilities through economic development, strengthening social fabric and well-being of the people and protecting Sri Lanka's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Sri Lanka's foreign policy is a forward-looking engagement with the rest of the world, based on a rigorous, realistic and contemporary assessment of the bilateral, regional and global geo-political and economic milieu.


The Sri Lanka Armed Forces is the overall unified military of Sri Lanka encompassing the Sri Lanka Army, the Sri Lanka Navy, the Sri Lanka Air Force which comes under preview of the Ministry of Defence (Sri Lanka) (MOD). They receive military support from mainly China, Russia, India, Pakistan and Israel. The United States also gives limited support.

Diplomatic relations

List of countries which Sri Lanka maintains diplomatic relations with (dates are not known for Benin, Bolivia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mauritius, Morocco, Somalia, Tunisia, Yemen or Zambia).

Countries which Sri Lanka maintains diplomatic relations
# Country[2] Date
1  United Kingdom 22 October 1946
2  Australia 29 April 1947
3  France 27 October 1948
4  United States 29 October 1948
5  India 1948
6  Pakistan 1948
7  Turkey 1948
8  Myanmar 7 June 1949
9  Sweden 18 November 1949
10  Italy 18 April 1950
11  Norway 13 October 1950
12  Netherlands 23 November 1951
13  Japan April 1952
14  Cambodia 28 May 1952
15  Indonesia 6 August 1952
16  Denmark 5 January 1953
17  Portugal January 1953
18  Belgium 27 July 1953
19  Canada 20 August 1953
20  Germany 3 December 1953
21  Finland 24 September 1954
22  Spain 12 April 1955
23  Thailand 20 November 1955
24  New Zealand 14 December 1955
25  Switzerland 1956
26  China 7 February 1957
27  Russia 19 February 1957
28  Poland 18 April 1957
29    Nepal 1 July 1957
30  Romania 15 September 1957
31  Czech Republic September 1957
32  Serbia 14 October 1957[3]
33  Egypt 24 October 1957
34  Malaysia October 1957
35  Greece 1957
36  Israel 1 January 1958
37  Afghanistan 1 November 1958
38  Cuba 29 July 1959
39  Hungary 1959
40  Mexico 19 April 1960
41  Brazil 1960
42  Senegal 1960
43  Philippines 11 January 1961
44  Argentina 5 January 1962[4]
45  Mongolia 1 February 1962
46  Bulgaria 10 June 1962
47  Algeria 1962
48  Chile 1962
49  Iran 1962
50  Cyprus 1963
51  Laos 20 July 1965
52  Maldives 26 July 1965
53  Jordan 1965
54  Sudan 1967
55  Syria 10 May 1969
56  Nigeria January 1970
57  North Korea 15 July 1970
58  Singapore 20 July 1970
59  Vietnam 21 July 1970
60  Kenya 1970
61  Kuwait 19 February 1971
62  Bangladesh 4 March 1972
63  Luxembourg 27 July 1972
64  Fiji September 1972
65  Uganda 30 November 1972
66  Ethiopia 1972
67  Guinea-Bissau 1972
68  Libya 1972
69  Trinidad and Tobago 1972
70  Zimbabwe 1972
71  Tanzania July 1973
72  Guyana 14 July 1974
73  Saudi Arabia July 1974[5]
74  Peru 17 March 1975
  Holy See 15 February 1976
75  Panama 8 March 1976[6]
76  Qatar 20 July 1976
77  Costa Rica 11 June 1976[7]
78  South Korea 14 November 1977
79  United Arab Emirates 19 July 1979
80  Albania 4 March 1980
81  Oman 17 February 1981
82  Bhutan 13 May 1982
83  Papua New Guinea 17 November 1982
84  Vanuatu 28 September 1983
85  Tonga 10 January 1984[8]
86  Brunei 3 April 1984
87  Colombia 30 September 1988[9]
88  Armenia 12 February 1992
89  Ukraine 12 February 1992
90  Bahrain 27 June 1992
91  Kazakhstan 29 June 1992[10]
92  Azerbaijan 4 August 1992
93  Moldova 27 November 1992
94  Slovakia 15 February 1993[11]
95  Tajikistan 20 April 1994
96  South Africa 12 September 1994
97  Estonia 31 January 1996
98  Kyrgyzstan 29 January 1996
99  Turkmenistan 18 April 1996
100  Slovenia 25 July 1996
101  Lithuania 20 August 1996
102  Latvia 19 September 1996
103  Ireland 1996
104  Croatia 10 February 1997
105  Venezuela 9 April 1987
106  North Macedonia 10 April 1998
107  Georgia June 1998
108  Seychelles 3 October 1998
109  Jamaica 29 September 1998
110  Iceland 23 December 1998
111  Mozambique 12 March 1999
112  Namibia 8 April 1999
113  Lebanon 7 May 1999
114  Uruguay 21 July 1999
115  Uzbekistan 11 October 1999
116  Malta 27 January 2000
117  Eswatini 27 June 2000
118  Lesotho 14 July 2000
119  Belarus 20 November 2000
120  Bosnia and Herzegovina 22 June 2001
121  Madagascar 27 July 2001
122  Angola 3 February 2004
123  Bahamas 19 July 2005
124  Eritrea 15 November 2007
125  Botswana 27 October 2008
126  Paraguay 3 April 2009
127  Dominican Republic 3 February 2011
128  Montenegro 4 April 2011
129  Rwanda 20 April 2011
130  Malawi 9 June 2011
131  Ecuador 2011
132  Mali 19 January 2012
133  Republic of the Congo 1 February 2012
134  San Marino 7 June 2012
135  Burkina Faso 15 November 2012
136  Suriname 16 November 2012
137  El Salvador 10 December 2012
138  Haiti 14 December 2012
139  Grenada 19 December 2012
140  Mauritania 21 December 2012
141  Iraq 2012
142  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 15 January 2013
143  Guatemala 26 February 2013
144  Honduras 12 March 2013
145  Solomon Islands 3 July 2013
146  South Sudan 25 September 2013
147  Sierra Leone 16 November 2013
148  Ivory Coast 5 March 2014
149  Samoa 15 August 2014
150  Togo 27 September 2015
151  Djibouti 16 November 2015
152  Monaco 26 July 2016
153  Andorra 30 November 2016[12]
154  Dominica 17 April 2018
155  Burundi 11 March 2019
156  Gambia 10 May 2019
157  Nicaragua 10 May 2019
158  Saint Lucia 25 June 2019
159  Barbados 28 June 2019
160  Liechtenstein 5 March 2021[9]
161  Gabon 19 March 2021[9]
162  Saint Kitts and Nevis 22 March 2021[9]
163  East Timor 4 May 2022[13]


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Angola23 February 2004See Foreign relations of Angola
 Kenya1970See Kenya–Sri Lanka relations

Diplomatic relations between Sri Lanka and Kenya was established in 1970. Sri Lanka has a High Commission in Nairobi. Sri Lanka's mission in Nairobi also serves Ethiopia, Tanzania, UNEP and UN-HABITAT, Rwanda, Mali and South Sudan.

 Malawi9 June 2011See Foreign relations of Malawi
 Mauritius24 August 1976See Foreign relations of Mauritius
 Mozambique12 March 1999See Foreign relations of Mozambique
 NigeriaJanuary 1970See Foreign relations of Nigeria
 Seychelles3 October 1988See Foreign relations of Seychelles
 South Africa16 September 1994See South Africa–Sri Lanka relations

Sri Lanka established diplomatic relations on 12 September 1994 following the end of apartheid and the election of Nelson Mandela to the new Government of South Africa of its post apartheid period.Sri Lanka is represented in South Africa through its High Commission in Pretoria.The Government of South Africa established its resident High Commission in Colombo in September 2007.

 Tanzania1972See Foreign relations of Tanzania
 Zambia1972See Foreign relations of Zambia
 Zimbabwe1983See Foreign relations of Zimbabwe


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina5 January 1962See Foreign relations of Argentina
 Brazil22 January 1960See Foreign relations of Brazil
 Canada5 August 1953See Foreign relations of Canada
 Chile16 May 1962See Foreign relations of Chile
 Colombia30 September 1988See Foreign relations of Colombia
 Cuba29 July 1959See Cuba–Sri Lanka relations
 Dominica17 April 2018

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 17 April 2018.[14][15][16]

 Guyana14 July 1974
 Mexico19 April 1960See Mexico–Sri Lanka relations
  • Mexico is accredited to Sri Lanka from its embassy in New Delhi, India and maintains an honorary consulate in Colombo.[18]
  • Sri Lanka is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States and maintains an honorary consulate in Mexico City.[19]
 Peru17 March 1975See Foreign relations of Peru
 United States23 October 1948See Sri Lanka–United States relations
President Jayewardene of Sri Lanka presents a baby elephant to President Reagan and the American people in 1984
  • The U.S. Embassy in Sri Lanka is located in Colombo, as are U.S. Agency for International Development offices and Public Affairs offices. IBB offices are located near Chilaw, 75 km north of Colombo.
  • Sri Lankan Embassy is located in Washington, D.C.
 Venezuela9 April 1987See Foreign relations of Venezuela


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Afghanistan1 November 1958See Foreign relations of Afghanistan
 Armenia12 February 1992See Foreign relations of Armenia
  • Armenia is accredited to Sri Lanka from its embassy in New Delhi, India.[20]
  • Sri Lanka is accredited to Armenia from its embassy in Moscow, Russia.[20]
 Azerbaijan21 May 1996See Foreign relations of Azerbaijan
 Bangladesh1972See Bangladesh – Sri Lanka relations

Relations are historically tied together even beyond the sub-continent's colonisation by the British. Sri Lanka's first King (to be mentioned in the ancient Pali chronicles) was alleged to have ancestors from the Vanga Kingdom which occupied an area now known as Bangladesh. Bangladesh's Buddhist minority gifted Sri Lanka with a few strands of hair said to have belonged to Buddha as a sign of goodwill. It is a worshipped object on Poya Day, a Buddhist public holiday in Sri Lanka.

In August 2008, both heads of states discussed the implementation of new air links in hope of increasing trade, investment and stronger cultural links. Sri Lanka's current investments have been in Bangladesh's garment and banking sector and expect to diversify into different areas. Bangladesh also hosts a number of Sri Lankan medical students and cricket as a form of friendly communications between their people. There has been discussion to increase bilateral relations, cooperation between the two navies and sending Sri Lankan Naval personal to study in Bangladesh.

 Bhutan13 May 1987
  • Diplomatic relations began in 1987.
  • The ambassador of the Sri Lankan High Commission in New Delhi is accredited to Bhutan.
  • The ambassador of the Bhutanese Embassy in Dhaka is accredited to Sri Lanka.[21]
  • Bhutan has an honorary consulate in Colombo.
 Brunei3 April 1984See Foreign relations of Brunei
 Cambodia1962, broken in 1975, restored 6 August 1996See Foreign relations of Cambodia
 China7 February 1957See China–Sri Lanka relations

In 1411, the Ming dynasty fought a war against the Kingdom of Kotte. This conflict was known as the Ming-Kotte War.

China and Sri Lanka are now engaged in healthy relations, as China provided valuable equipment and materials to the Sri Lankan Army, to help defeat the LTTE. In the summer of 2012, Chinese officials visited Sri Lankan military officials. Currently, Sri Lanka seems intent on maintaining a good relationship with China, both militarily and politically.

 India4 February 1948See India–Sri Lanka relations

Bilateral relations between Sri Lanka and India have been generally friendly, but were affected by the Sri Lankan civil war and by the failure of Indian intervention during the Sri Lankan civil war. India is Sri Lanka's only neighbour, separated by the Palk Strait; both nations occupy a strategic position in South Asia and have sought to build a common security umbrella in the Indian Ocean.[22]

India-Sri Lanka relations have undergone a qualitative and quantitative transformation in the recent past. Political relations are close, trade and investments have increased dramatically, infrastructural linkages are constantly being augmented, defence collaboration has increased and there is a general, broad-based improvement across all sectors of bilateral cooperation. India was the first country to respond to Sri Lanka's request for assistance after the tsunami in December 2004. In July 2006, India evacuated 430 Sri Lankan nationals from Lebanon, first to Cyprus by Indian Navy ships and then to Delhi & Colombo by special Air India flights.

There exists a broad consensus within the Sri Lankan polity on the primacy of India in Sri Lanka's external relations matrix. Both the major political parties in Sri Lanka, the Sri Lanka Freedom Party and the United Nationalist Party have contributed to the rapid development of bilateral relations in the last ten years. Sri Lanka has supported India's candidature to the permanent membership of the UN Security Council.[23]

 Indonesia6 August 1952See Indonesia–Sri Lanka relations
  • Indonesia has an embassy in Colombo.
  • Sri Lanka has an embassy in Jakarta.
 Iran1961See Iran–Sri Lanka relations

Iran and Sri Lanka have had official diplomatic relations since 1961.[24]

Diplomatic relations between Iran and Sri Lanka (then known as Ceylon) began in 1961 via the Ceylonese embassy in Islamabad, which was the closest Ceylon had to a presence on Iranian soil until the opening of the Tehran embassy office in 1990. Tehran set up its Colombo office in 1975.

After Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became President of Iran, Sri Lanka was the first country he visited on his inaugural Asian tour.[25] Mahinda Rajapaksa also made ties with Iran a priority after he ascended to office.[26]

 Iraq22 February 1961See Sri Lanka–Iraq relations

Iraq was the largest buyer of Sri Lankan tea during the reign of Saddam Hussein. Ties between Sri Lanka and Iraq were disrupted during the Iraq War. However, in 2018 Iraq re-emerged as the largest buyer of Sri Lankan Tea.[29]

 Israel1 June 1956See Israel–Sri Lanka relations

Sri Lanka has a close relationship with Israel, and its military is a major user of Israeli weapons systems that include the IAI Kfir Fighter Jet, the Super Dvora Mk III class Patrol Vessel, and the Gabriel missile. In May 2011, the Israeli Minister of Agriculture visited Sri Lanka with an agro-business delegation to promote cooperation between the two countries.[30]

 Japan28 April 1952See Japan – Sri Lanka relations

During World War II, an air raid was carried out by Japan to bomb the city of Colombo in Sri Lanka. Later on, Japan and Sri Lanka became friendly and established a relation in 1952. Japan has an embassy in Colombo.[31] Sri Lanka has an embassy in Tokyo.[32] Sri Lankan President JR Jayawardene played a major role in re-admitting Japan to the world community at the San Francisco Conference

 Kazakhstan29 June 1992See Foreign relations of Kazakhstan
 Laos20 July 1965See Foreign relations of Laos
 MalaysiaOctober 1957See Malaysia–Sri Lanka relations

Malaysia has a High Commission in Colombo,[33] and Sri Lanka has a high commission in Kuala Lumpur.[34]

 Maldives26 July 1965See Maldives–Sri Lanka relations

Official and economic relations between the neighboring Indian Ocean countries of the Maldives and Sri Lanka, have been positive since the Maldives became independent in 1965. The Maldives first established a mission in Sri Lanka in July 1965, and today has a High Commission in Colombo.

 Mongolia1 February 1962See Foreign relations of Mongolia
 Myanmar7 June 1949See Foreign relations of Myanmar
   Nepal1 July 1957Foreign relations of Nepal

Nepal and Sri Lanka established diplomatic relations on 1 July 1957. Nepal opened an honorary consulate general in Colombo in 1975 and established its embassy in 1995. Sri Lanka has a residential embassy in Kathmandu since 1993. Around sixty thousand Sri Lankans visit Lumbini annually to pay homage to Gautam Buddha's birthplace Lumbini, so Government of Sri Lanka has built a rest house and constructed a Buddhist monastery complex in Lumbini.

Following the April 2015 Nepal earthquake, Sri Lanka was one of the first three countries to send medical and search-and-rescue teams to the country. The Air Force sent flights of C-130 Hercules aircraft, and SriLankan Airlines sent Airbus A330 aircraft, carrying Army emergency teams.[35]

 PakistanMay 1948See Pakistan–Sri Lanka relations
  • Sri Lanka's ties with Pakistan have historically been very warm. During the Indo-Pakistan wars of 1965 and 1971 Sri Lanka served as a transit point for air travel between West Pakistan and East Pakistan, as Indian airspace was closed. Pakistan supplies military equipment to the Sri Lanka Armed Forces. In the past, Pakistan has been a major ally of Sri Lanka in supplying High-Tech military equipment to the Sri Lankan army in the civil war against the Tamil rebels prevailing in the country.
  • There is a Pakistani embassy located in Sri Lanka and a Sri Lankan embassy situated in Pakistan.
  • The Sri Lankan government and the Pakistani government are determined to increase their military as well as economic ties. They are also working on a mutual cooperation agreement on combatting terrorism.
 PalestineApril 1982See Palestine–Sri Lanka relations
  • Palestine has very close ties to Sri Lanka.Sri Lanka has made monetary donations to Palestine on various occasions.Sri Lankan president Maithripala Sirisena also assured that Sri Lanka is committed to stand by the struggle for independence of the Palestinian people.[36] There is an embassy for the state of Palestine in Colombo.[37]
 Philippines17 April 1958See Philippines–Sri Lanka relations

Sri Lanka and Philippines have very close ties since World War II. Visa on arrival, however is only available to Filipino citizens, and not for Sri Lankans who want to visit The Philippines.

 Saudi Arabia30 November 1974See Foreign relations of Saudi Arabia
 Singapore27 July 1970See Foreign relations of Singapore
 South Korea14 November 1977

see South Korea–Sri Lanka relations

Diplomatic relations between both nations were established on 14 November 1977. The Republic of Korea's Investment in Sri Lanka (cumulative total at the end of June 2014) totals $731million.[38] The Republic of Korea has an embassy in Colombo. Sri Lanka has an embassy in Seoul.

 Thailand20 May 1955See Foreign relations of Thailand
 TurkeySeptember 1958See Sri Lanka–Turkey relations
  • Since 2012, Sri Lanka has an embassy in Ankara.[39]
  • Since 2013, Turkey has an embassy in Colombo.[39]
 United Arab Emirates19 July 1979See Foreign relations of the United Arab Emirates
 Vietnam21 July 1970See Foreign relations of Vietnam
  • The diplomatic relations between Vietnam and Sri Lanka, established on 21 July 1970, have been continuously developing in many fields. Visa on arrival to Vietnam is, however, not an option available to Sri Lankan citizens. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has made no efforts to address this imbalance.


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania4 March 1980See Foreign relations of Albania
 Austria23 April 1954See Foreign relations of Austria
  • Sri Lanka has an embassy in Vienna.
  • Austria has an embassy in Colombo.
 BelarusSee Foreign relations of Belarus
 Belgium27 July 1953See Foreign relations of Belgium
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaSee Foreign relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria10 June 1962See Foreign relations of Bulgaria
 Croatia14 February 1997Foreign relations of Croatia
  • Sri Lanka recognized Croatia on 27 May 1992.[40]
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 February 1997.[40]
  • Both countries have agreed on bilateral treaties in various fields.[41]
 CyprusMarch 1981
  • Cyprus is accredited to Sri Lanka by its High Commission in New Delhi, India[42] and an honorary consulate in Colombo.[42]
  • Sri Lanka is accredited to Cyprus from its embassy in Rome, Italy[43] and an honorary consulate in Larnaca.[42]
  • Both countries have agreed on bilateral treaties in various fields.[44]
  • Both countries are full members of Commonwealth of Nations.
 Czech Republic28 December 1957 and 15 February 1993
  • Historical relations between the Czech Republic and Sri Lanka have been good with foundations to build upon in strengthening bilateral cooperation.
  • There have been state visits by both sides.[45]
  • The Czech Republic has a consulate in Colombo.[46]
  • In 2000 Czech Republic provided RM-70 multiple rocket launchers for Sri Lanka Army.[47]
 Denmark5 January 1953See Denmark–Sri Lanka relations
 Estonia31 January 1996See Estonia–Sri Lanka relations
  • Sri Lanka recognised Estonia on 10 October 1991.
  • Sri Lanka has an embassy in Stockholm which covers Estonia.
  • Estonia has an honorary consulate in Sri Lanka.
  • Economic relations between Sri Lanka and Estonia are at moderate level.
 Finland24 September 1954See Foreign relations of Finland
 France27 October 1948See Foreign relations of France
 Germany9 December 1953See Germany–Sri Lanka relations
  • Sri Lanka has an Embassy in Berlin, a Consulate General in Frankfurt and Honorary Consulates in Hamburg, Bremen, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart, Munich, Mainz, Hanover and Leipzig
  • Germany has an Embassy in Sri Lanka.
  • Both countries will celebrate the 65th anniversary of their diplomatic relations in 2018.
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1957.[48]
  • Greece is accredited to Sri Lanka from its embassy in New Delhi, India.[49]
  • Sri Lanka is accredited to Greece from its embassy in Rome, Italy.[48][49]
  Holy See6 September 1975See Holy See–Sri Lanka relations
  • Formal relations Began in 1978.
  • The Holy See has a nunciature in Colombo. Sri Lanka has an embassy in Rome.
 Hungary15 February 1959See Hungary–Sri Lanka relations
  • Sri Lanka has an embassy in Vienna, Austria that is accredited to Hungary.[50] and has a consul in Budapest[51]
  • Hungary maintains a consulate in Colombo.[52]
  • The relationship is low-keyed, but there are no outstanding issues. Hungary contributed to relief after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, and has since stepped up aid to Sri Lanka.[53]
 Iceland23 December 1998See Foreign relations of Iceland
 IrelandFebruary 1996See Foreign relations of Ireland
 Italy18 April 1950See Foreign relations of Italy
 Latvia19 September 1996See Foreign relations of Latvia
 Lithuania20 August 1996See Foreign relations of Lithuania
 Luxembourg27 July 1972See Foreign relations of Luxembourg
 Malta27 January 2000See Foreign relations of Malta
 MoldovaSee Foreign relations of Moldova
 MontenegroSee Foreign relations of Montenegro
 Netherlands9 October 1950See Foreign relations of the Netherlands
 North Macedonia10 April 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 10 April 1998

 Norway13 October 1950See Foreign relations of Norway
 Poland18 April 1957See Foreign relations of Poland
 Portugal7 January 1953, broken in April 1974, restored 20 October 1976See Foreign relations of Portugal
 Romania15 September 1957See Romania–Sri Lanka relations

The Romanian Ambassador in New Delhi is concurrently accredited to Sri Lanka, while the Sri Lanka Mission in Warsaw, Poland is concurrently accredited to Romania.[54] The President of Sri Lanka, Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga characterized relations between the two countries in 2003 as "close and friendly".[55]

Diplomatic relation between Sri Lanka and Romania were established on 15 September 1957. Initially maintained at Legation level, the relations were later raised to Ambassadorial level in 1967. In 1963 Romania opened a Commercial Office in Colombo, this was upgraded to as embassy in 1976 with a chargé d'affaires. The Romanian Mission in Colombo was closed in 1995 but reopened as a Commercial Office in 1998.

In 1978, the Sri Lankan minister of Foreign Affairs visited Romania.[54]

Romania provided 32,000 euros worth of humanitarian aid to Sri Lanka after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami devastated the country in December 2004.[56]

The ambassador designate of Sri Lanka in Bucharest was Clarence Felician Chinniah[56] until his death in January 2009.[57][58]

In December 2009, Valerica Epure presented her credentials to President Mahinda Rajapaksa to become Ambassador-Designate of Romania to Sri Lanka.[59][60][61][62]

In December 2009 with the end of the civil war in Sri Lanka 46 Sri Lankan Tamil refugees were sent to Romania to be processed for resettlement from Indonesia on their way to Australia.[63]

Bilateral trade between Sri Lanka and Romania was valued at US$8.87 million in 2007, up from US$7.9 million in 2006.[64] Efforts have been made to expand trade in Ceylon tea to Romania.[65] In 2009, Chairman and CEO of the Sri Lanka Export Development Board Anil Koswatte has singled out Romania as country for which exports could be increased.[66]

 Russia19 February 1957See Russia–Sri Lanka relations
President Mahinda Rajapaksa with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, at St. Petersburg Economic Forum, in June 2011.
  • During the war between the Sri Lanka Armed Forces (Government of Sri Lanka) and Tamil Tigers, Russia helped Sri Lanka by providing education on battle field tactics to Sri Lanka Army.
  • Russia has an embassy in Colombo. Sri Lanka has an embassy in Moscow.
 Serbia14 October 1957
  • Both countries have established diplomatic relations in 1956.[67]
  • A number of bilateral agreements in various fields have been concluded and are in force between both countries.[68]
 Slovakia15 February 1993See Foreign relations of Slovakia
 Slovenia25 July 1996See Foreign relations of Slovenia
 Spain10 July 1955See Spain–Sri Lanka relations
 Sweden18 November 1949See Foreign relations of Sweden
 Switzerland23 January 1956See Sri Lanka–Switzerland relations

In the 1980s political relations between Switzerland and Sri Lanka intensified with many Sri Lankan Tamils fleeing from the ethnic conflict to find asylum in Switzerland.

 Ukraine12 February 1992See Foreign relations of Ukraine
 United Kingdom4 February 1948See Sri Lanka–United Kingdom relations
  • Sri Lanka has a High Commission in London.
  • United Kingdom has a High Commission in Colombo.


Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia4 February 1948See Australia–Sri Lanka relations
 FijiSeptember 1982See Foreign relations of Fiji
 New Zealand14 December 1955See Foreign relations of New Zealand

New Zealand and Sri Lanka have a strong relationship since the 1800s. New Zealand has longstanding Commonwealth, migrant and sporting ties with Sri Lanka.

  • New Zealand has a High Commission in Colombo.
  • Sri Lanka is accredited to New Zealand from its high commission in Canberra, Australia.

New Zealand visits to Sri Lanka:

  • Prime Minister John Key and Minister of Foreign Affairs Hon Murray McCully visited Sri Lanka for the 23rd Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2013.
  • Hon Murray McCully, Minister of Foreign Affairs, June, August 2013
  • Sri Lankan Parliamentary Delegation attending the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Conference, October 1998
  • Agriculture, Lands & Forestry Minister Jayaratne, May 1996


 Papua New Guinea17 November 1982See Foreign relations of Papua New Guinea
 Solomon Islands3 July 2013

Sri Lanka and the Commonwealth of Nations

Sri Lanka has been a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations since 1948, when it became independent as the Dominion of Ceylon.

In 1972, Ceylon became a republic in the Commonwealth of Nations under the name of Sri Lanka.

William Gopallawa, the last Governor-General of Ceylon became the first President of Sri Lanka.

In November 2013, Sri Lanka hosted the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting.

See also

  • List of diplomatic missions in Sri Lanka
  • List of diplomatic missions of Sri Lanka
  • Sri Lanka and the Non-Aligned Movement


  1. Patrick Peebles, The History of Sri Lanka (Greenwood, 2005), p. 118.
  2. "Diplomatic relations". Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  3. "Bilateral cooperation". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  5. "Saudi-Sri Lankan ties on upswing". 4 February 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  6. "RELACIONES DIPLOMÁTICAS DE LA REPÚBLICA DE PANAMÁ" (PDF). p. 195. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  7. Asian Almanac. Vol. 15. V.T. Sambandan. 1977. p. 8511.
  8. Summary of World Broadcasts: Far East. Vol. 3. BBC. 1984. pp. A-9.
  9. "Diplomatic relations between Sri Lanka and ..." Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  10. "02 The list of countries established diplomatic relations with Republic of Kazakhstan". Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  11. "Štáty podľa svetadielov" (in Slovak). Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  12. "Diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Andorra. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  13. "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with Timor-Leste". 4 May 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  14. "Sri Lanka and Dominica Establish Diplomatic Relations". 19 April 2018.
  15. "Diplomatic relations between Sri Lanka & Dominica established".
  16. "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Sri Lanka and Dominica | Sri Lanka".
  17. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. "Inicio | Home". Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  19. "Home". Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  21. "Topic: News in Bhutan other than Dzongkha and English". KuenselOnline. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  22. India's Sri Lankan scars. BBC News (4 May 2000). Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  23. Brief on India-Sri Lanka Relations, Ministry of External Affairs (BSM Division: Sri Lanka)
  24. Sri Lanka – Iran Bilateral Relations Archived 11 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine Embassy of Sri Lanka in Iran
  25. The Group of 15 (G- 15) Government of Sri Lanka – 14 May 2010
  26. Sri Lanka, Iran mutual friends – Minister Archived 15 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine Daily – 20 February 2010
  27. "Embassy of Sri Lanka in Iraq". Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  28. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. "Iraq emerges to be the No. 1 buyer of Sri Lankan Tea in 2018 | History of Ceylon Tea".
  30. Israeli agriculture minister visits Sri Lanka Archived 5 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  31. "Embassy of Japan in Sri Lanka". Archived from the original on 21 July 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2009.
  32. "Embassy of Sri Lanka in Japan". Archived from the original on 18 October 2005. Retrieved 18 July 2009.
  33. "Official Website of High Commission of Malaysia, Colombo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  34. "Sri Lanka High Commission, Kuala Lumpur". High Commission of Sri Lanka in Malaysia. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  35. "Sri Lanka to send emergency relief to Nepal". 25 April 2015.
  36. "President expresses support for Palestine".
  37. "سفارة دولة فلسطين-جمهورية سريلانكا | وزارة الخارجية الفلسطينية". Archived from the original on 31 December 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  38. "Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea-Asia Pacific". Archived from the original on 4 September 2015.
  39. "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  40. "MVEP • Date of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations".
  41. "MVEP • Overview of Bilateral Treaties of the Republic of Croatia by Country".
  42. "Home - MFA". Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  43. "The Embassy". Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  44. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  45. "Sri Lanka News | Online edition of Daily News - Lakehouse Newspapers". Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  46. "Embassy of Czech Republic in Sri Lanka". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  47. Sri Lanka Army Equipment. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  48. "Sri Lanka – the Hellenic Republic: Bilateral Relations". Archived from the original on 21 February 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  49. "Greece's Bilateral Relations".
  50. "Embassy and Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka". Sri Lankan Embassy in Vienna. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  51. "List of honorary consuls in Hungary" (in Hungarian). Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Hungary. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  52. "Consulate of the Republic of Hungary". Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Hungary. Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  53. "Bilateral Relations (Sri Lanka)". Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Hungary. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  54. "Sri Lanka Poland Bilateral Relations". Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  55. "Felicitations to Romania". Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  56. "Google Translate". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  57. "Lankan Envoy to Poland passes away". Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  58. "Foreign Minister condoles the death of Sri Lankan envoy in Poland". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  59. "Sri Lanka News-Adaderana-Truth First". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  60. "Envoys present credentials to President Patil". Thaindian News. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  61. "HOME". LankaPuvath. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  62. "Sri Lanka : New ambassadors and high commissioner present credentials to Sri Lanka President". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  63. "Sri Lankan refugees leave Indonesia: official". Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  64. "Romanian market still untapped". Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  65. "Tea Board taps Romanian and Serbian tea markets". Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  66. "Golden opportunity to expand exports". Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  67. "Sri Lanka". Archived from the original on 31 December 2016.
  68. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 December 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  69. , Ministry of Foreign Affairs, New Zealand
  70. "Solomon Islands establish diplomatic relations with Sri Lanka".

Further reading

  • Copper, J. F. "China and Sri-Lanka: Old Friendship Renewed." Asia Quarterly 2 (1975): 101-110.
  • Höglund, Kristine, and Isak Svensson. "Mediating between tigers and lions: Norwegian peace diplomacy in Sri Lanka's civil war." Contemporary South Asia 17.2 (2009): 175-191.
  • Peebles, Patrick. The History of Sri Lanka (Greenwood, 2005)
  • Suryanarayan, V, "Sri Lanka's policy towards China: Legacy of the past and prospects for the future." China Report 30.2 (1994): 203-21
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.