House of Siri Sanga Bo

House of Siri Sanga Bo was a powerful dynasty which ruled parts of Sri Lanka from Vijayabahu III of Dambadeniya (1220–1224) until Rajasinha I of Sitawaka (1581–1591). Vijayabahu III of Dambadeniya routed Kalinga Magha's armies from Maya Rata and established his fortress at Dambadeniya. This dynasty was able to protect their independence by facing so many foreign invasions thereafter. They had to change their capital city to Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa and Kurunagala because of continuous invasions from southern India.[2]

House of Siri Sanga Bo
සිරි සඟ බෝ රාජ වංශය
Parent houseHouse of Lambakanna I
CountryKingdom of Dambadeniya
Kingdom of Gampola
Kingdom of Kotte
Kingdom of Sitawaka
Kingdom of Kandy
Founded1220 (1220)
FounderVijayabahu III of Dambadeniya
Current headNo [1]
Final rulerRajasinha I of Sitawaka
TitlesKing of Dambadeniya
King of Gampola
King of Kotte
King of Sitawaka
King of Kandy
Dissolution1597 (1597)

Rise of Dambadeniya

In the reign of Kalinga Magha, native Sinhala people moved to south and Maya Rata because of his remorseless governance in Kingdom of Polonnaruwa. Meanwhile, this reign, a descendant of King Sirisangabo called "Vijayabahu III", fought against Kalinga Magha's armies and became the king of Dambadeniya. He obtained Lord Buddha's tooth relic and alms chalice to Dambadeniya from the place which Magha's people had buried them in Kotmale. He helped to reconstruct the destroyed Buddhist dispensation. He was the founder of the House of Siri Sanga Bo.[3]

Rajasinha I of Sitawaka (Prince Tikiri Bandara)

The decline of the Kingdom of Sitawaka

The Last King of this dynasty was Rajasinha I of Sitawaka. He was a warrior and a great king of Sitawaka. He was also the son of Mayadunne. Later, he designated a South Indian, called "Aritta Kivendu" (Mannamperuma Mohottala) as his chief advisor. Kivendu influenced him to be converted to Hinduism. Rajasinha was advised by Kivendu to destroy significant Buddhist sites such as Sigiriya and Sri pada. These attacks caused to a discontent among Buddhist people and prelates about the king. It was one of the main reasons of the decline of the Kingdom of Sitawaka and House of Siri Sanga Bo. Because of his actions Buddhists led a rebellion against Rajasinha. He suppressed the rebellion and the leaders who supported the rebellion were caught. Most of them were Buddhist prelates. Over hundreds of Buddhist monks (with the chief prelate of Sitawaka) were killed by Rajasinha. These acts created a huge resentment among the Buddhists and the King.

After the annexation of Kandy, Rajasinha killed "Weerasundara Bandara", his agent (Samantha) of Kandy. Weerasundara Bandara's son escaped to Portuguese army in Mannar from Sitawaka. His name was Konappu Bandara. Later, he returned to Kandy and rebelled against Rajasinha with the help of Portuguese army. He captured Kandy from Rajasinha and became the King of Kandy. Even though, Rajasinha didn't stop his attempts to recapture Kandy. The last attempt of Rajasinha (Battle of Balana) was defeated by Konappu Bandara. While he was returning from Balana, he was wounded by a pointed bamboo segment and died at the garden of Pethangoda in March 1592. Rajasinha had no heirs to the throne of Sitawaka. His kingdom was sacked by Konappu Bandara (Vimaladharmasuriya I of Kandy) and the Portuguese.

Monarchs of House of Siri Sanga Bo

Kingdom of Dambadeniya (1220–1345)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Vijayabahu III--12201224*A patriotic Prince of Sinhala Royal blood
Parakkamabahu II--12341269*Eldest son of Vijaya Bahu III
Vijayabahu IV-October 12701267/8October 1270*Eldest son of Panditha Parakrama Bahu II
Bhuvanaikabahu I
(from Yapahuwa)
--12711283*Brother of Vijaya Bahu IV
Parakkamabahu III
(from Polonnaruwa)
--13021310*Nephew of Buvaneka Bahu I
*Son of Vijaya Bahu IV
Bhuvanaikabahu II
(from Kurunagala)
--13101325/6*Son of Buvaneka Bahu I
*Cousin of Parakrama Bahu III
Parakkamabahu IV
(from Kurunagala)
--1325/61325/6*Son of Buvanekka Bahu II
Bhuvanaikabahu III
(from Kurunagala)
--1325/61325/6*Known as Vanni Buvaneka Bahu
Vijayabahu V
(from Kurunagala)
--1325/61344/5*Second son of Chandra Banu of Jaffnapatnam

Kingdom of Gampola (1345–1412)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Bhuvanaikabahu IV--1344/51353/4*Son of Vijaya Bahu V
Parakkamabahu V
(from Dedigama)
1311-1344/51359*Son of Vijaya Bahu V
*Brother of Buvaneka Bahu IV
Vikramabahu III--13571374*Son of Buvaneka Bahu IV
Bhuvanaikabahu V--1372/31391/2*Nissanka Alakeswara's son by the sister of Vikrama Bahu III
Vira Bahu II--1391/21397*Brother in law of King Buvaneka Bahu V
Son of Vira Bahu II--13971397*Son of Vira Bahu II
Son of Vira Bahu II--13971397*Son of Vira Bahu II
Vira Alakesvara
(a.k.a. Vijaya Bahu VI)
Parakrama Bahu Epa--14091412*Grandson of Senalankadhikara Senevirat
minister of Bhuvanaikabâhu IV.

Kingdom of Kotte (1412–1597)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Parakramabahu VI--14121467*Son of Vijaya Bahu VI and his Queen Sunetra Devi
*Or the third son of Chandra Banu of Yapa Patuna (Jaffnapatnam)
Jayabahu II
(Vira Parakrama Bahu VII)
--14671472*Son of Parakrama Bahu II's natural daughter, Ulakudaya Devi
Bhuvanekabahu VI
(a.k.a. Sapumal Kumara)
--14721480*Son of Parakrama Bahu VI
Parakramabahu VII--14801484
Parakramabahu VIII--14841518*Ambulagala Kumara
*Son of Parakrama Bahu VI
Dharma Parakramabahu IX
(from Kelaniya)
--15091528*Son of Vira Parakrama Bahu VIII
Vijayabahu VII-152115091521*Brother of Dharma Parakrama Bahu IX
*Rajah of Menik Kadavara
Bhuvanekabahu VII-155115211551*Eldest son of Vijaya Bahu
(a.k.a. Dom Joaõ Dharmapala)
-May 27, 15971551May 27, 1597*Grandson and heir of Bhuvanekabãhu VII

Kingdom of Sitawaka (1521–1593)

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Mayadunne1501158115211581*Brother of Bhuvaneka Bahu VII
*Son of Vijaya Bahu VII
Rajasinha I
(a.k.a. Tikiri Banda)
1544159315811593*Son of Mayadunne

See also


  1. Relatives and descendants do exists such as "Mayadunne" extended family
  2. Codrington, H. W. (1994). Short History of Ceylon. Asian Educational Services. p. 76. ISBN 9788120609464.
  3. Kalani Ruwanpathirana, Dambadeniya,
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