Rocky Colavito

Rocco Domenico "Rocky" Colavito Jr. (born August 10, 1933) is an American former professional baseball player, coach and television sports commentator. He played in Major League Baseball as an outfielder from 1955 to 1968, most prominently as a member of the Cleveland Indians where, he established himself as a fan favorite for his powerful hitting and his strong throwing arm.[1]

Rocky Colavito
Colavito in 1959.
Born: (1933-08-10) August 10, 1933
The Bronx, New York, U.S.
Batted: Right
Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 10, 1955, for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
September 28, 1968, for the New York Yankees
MLB statistics
Batting average.266
Home runs374
Runs batted in1,159
Career highlights and awards

A nine-time All-Star player, Colavito averaged 33 home runs per year for his first 11 seasons, exceeding 40 home runs three times and 100 runs batted in six times.[2] He is the fifth player in the history of the American League (AL) to have eleven consecutive 20 home run seasons (1956–1966). In 1959, he hit four consecutive home runs in one game and, was the AL home run champion. He was also the first outfielder in AL history to complete a season without making an error.[3]

During his tenure in the major leagues, Colavito also played for the Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Athletics, Chicago White Sox, Los Angeles Dodgers, and New York Yankees. At the time of his retirement in 1968, Colavito ranked third among AL right-handed hitters for home runs (371) and eighth for AL games played as a right fielder (1,272).

After his playing career, he worked as a television sports color commentator for WJW (TV) before returning to the playing field to serve as a coach with the Indians and the Kansas City Royals. In 2001, Colavito was voted one of the 100 greatest players in Cleveland Indians' history by a panel of veteran baseball writers, executives and historians.[1] He was inducted into the Cleveland Guardians Hall of Fame in 2006.[4]

Early years

Colavito was born and raised in The Bronx where he became a devoted New York Yankees fan, particularly of Joe DiMaggio. At the age of sixteen, he dropped out of Theodore Roosevelt High School after his sophomore year to play semipro baseball in hopes that it would lead to his dream of playing in Major League Baseball.[1] Major League Baseball rules called for a player to wait until his school class graduated before signing, and only a special appeal allowed him to go pro after a one-year wait. The Yankees expressed little interest in him, and the Philadelphia Athletics had to bow out due to financial problems. The Cleveland Indians did take interest in his strong throwing arm (Indians scout Mike McNally had watched him try out in Yankee Stadium)[1] and signed him at age 17 as an undrafted amateur free agent on January 1, 1951,[5] with two-thirds of his signing bonus deferred until he progressed in their system. In 1954, Colavito hit 38 home runs and accumulated 116 RBIs for the minor league baseball team, Indianapolis Indians.[6]

Cleveland Indians

Colavito made his MLB debut on September 10, 1955 for the Cleveland Indians wearing number 38.[7] In 1956, he started the season playing in the Pacific Coast League, once showing off his throwing arm by hurling a ball over the center-field wall, 436 feet (133 m) from home plate. In July, he returned to the Indians. He finished the season batting .276 with 21 home runs, and was tied for runner-up in the AL Rookie of the Year voting.[8] In 1957, he batted .252 with 25 home runs. In 1958, Colavito, now wearing number 6,[7] batted a career-high .303 with 41 home runs (one behind league leader Mickey Mantle) and 113 runs batted in. He led the AL that season in slugging with a .620 average (the highest by an Indians right-handed hitter until Albert Belle in 1994), and finished third in the MVP balloting. Colavito also pitched three hitless innings for Cleveland against the Detroit Tigers on August 13 that season.[9]

In 1959, Colavito hit 42 home runs and became the first Indians player to have two consecutive 40-HR seasons; he tied Harmon Killebrew for the AL lead that season (was one short of Al Rosen's club record) and was the AL leader in extra-base hits (66) and total bases (301).[10] On June 10, at Baltimore Orioles' cavernous Memorial Stadium, he became the second player in AL history to hit four consecutive home runs in a nine-inning game; Lou Gehrig hit four in 1932.[11] In an interview in 2021, Colavito called the game the highlight of his career.[12] He was selected for both of the All-Star Games held for the first time that season and homered in Game 2 (two All-Star games were held annually in 1959 through 1962).[13] In the AL pennant race that year, the Indians finished second, five games behind the Chicago White Sox. This was the closest he would come to a title until 1967. He also finished fourth in the MVP vote. Colavito would hit 30-plus home runs for seven seasons, establishing himself as a major power hitter. He also was an excellent outfielder with a very strong arm despite being flat-footed.[14]

Detroit Tigers

Colavito was easily the Cleveland fans' favorite, with his handsome appearance and approachability, always accommodating the hundreds of Indians autograph seekers after each game even if it took a few hours. On April 17, 1960, Indians general manager Frank Lane unexpectedly traded him to the Detroit Tigers for Harvey Kuenn (the 1959 AL batting champion, having hit .353)[15] just two days before the opening day of the season in Cleveland against the Tigers.[14] The trade proved to be a good one for the Tigers but an unpopular trade for the Indians, whose fans lost their favorite player and best hitter. Kuenn had a minor injury early in the season, he hit .308 for the Indians, but was traded away at the end of the year. Lane, whose reputation as a wheeler-dealer earned him the moniker Frank "Trader" Lane in the sports press, further irritated fans by saying, "What's all the fuss about? All I did was trade hamburger for steak." Tigers general manager Bill DeWitt jokingly responded that he liked hamburger. Colavito (uniform #7)[16] was placed in right field because of his strong throwing arm, moving Al Kaline to center field that season.[17] Colavito hit .249 with 35 home runs and 87 RBI. In 1961, Colavito hit .290 with a career-high 45 home runs, 140 RBI, and 129 runs scored. Detroit led the Major Leagues in scoring, and he placed eighth in the MVP race. Colavito was switched from right field to left field for the Tigers, and Kaline was reestablished in right field. Colavito was selected for both All-Star Games again and homered in Game 2. During one doubleheader that season, he hit 4 home runs, 3 in Game 2.

Tiger fans were happy to get Colavito in Detroit, but did not take to Colavito the same way as Indians fans had in Cleveland, preferring the more consistent Kuenn. Sportswriter Joe Falls, who viewed Colavito as a "self-ordained deity", began going after Colavito in the press and started a feature chronicling the runs he failed to drive in. The Detroit journalist kept a statistic on Colavito during his years playing for the Tigers. When Colavito stranded a runner, Falls would give him an "RNBI" (Run Not Batted In).[18] This infuriated Colavito and created a tense relationship between the two of them for several years. In one game, Falls acting as the official scorer charged Colavito with a controversial error, and the "Rock" personally confronted him after the game. Another time when Colavito was in a batting slump and the Tigers fans started razzing him for it, he threw a ball he barely caught in left field over the right-field light tower and roof.[19] On May 12, 1961, Colavito was ejected from a game with the Yankees in New York after climbing into the stands which was against MLB rules (though other Tigers players who followed Colavito into the stands were not ejected), to go after a drunken Yankee fan who had been scuffling with his older father there after the fan started harassing Colavito's wife.[14] The Tigers played the game under protest, which they won 4–3.[20] Colavito ($35,000 in 1961)[7] drew the local fans' criticism by holding out for a higher 1962 salary ($54,000)[21] than established team star Al Kaline ($39,000 to $49,000).[22][23] In 1962, Colavito had 164 hits (Kaline 121), 37 home runs (Kaline 29), and 112 RBI (Kaline 94). He was selected for both All-Star Games for the third time and homered in Game 2. In 1963, Colavito hit .271, with 22 homers and 91 RBI.

Kansas City A's

Colavito batting for the Kansas City A's during Spring training in 1964.

In November 1963, Colavito was traded by the Detroit Tigers to the Kansas City Athletics. Colavito, wearing uniform #7,[16] spent only one season with Kansas City, earning a $50,000 salary as the highest-paid player on the A's.[7] On September 11, 1964, at 31, he became one of the youngest players to reach the 300-home-run mark (also was his 900th RBI), doing so against the Baltimore Orioles. Colavito hit .274, with 164 hits, 34 home runs, 31 doubles, and 102 RBI for the A's. He also was selected for the All-Star Game. The A's had finished in last place with a 57–105 record.

Return to Cleveland

In January 1965, Colavito was brought back to Cleveland from Kansas City by Indians general manager Gabe Paul, by a three-team trade. Paul traded pitcher Tommy John (who would win 286 games after the trade and play until 1989), outfielder Tommie Agee (1966 AL Rookie of the Year and the New York Mets' top hitter in 1969 as they won their first pennant), and catcher John Romano, to the Chicago White Sox. The White Sox sent catcher Cam Carreon to Cleveland, and outfielder Mike Hershberger, center fielder Jim Landis, and pitcher Fred Talbot (February) to Kansas City.[24][14]

During the home opener on April 21, with a crowd of 44,000, Colavito (uniform #21)[7] hit a two-run homer. He hit .287 that season, and placed fifth in the MVP vote after leading the AL in RBI (108) and walks (93). He finished among the league's top five players in home runs (26), hits (170), and runs (92). He also was selected for his eighth All-Star Game. Colavito played in all of Cleveland's 162 games without committing an error (274 chances),[25] but did not win one of the three AL Gold Glove Awards for an outfielder.[26][27] On September 6, he got his 1,000th RBI.[14] The Indians finished in 5th place with a 87–75 record.

In 1966, Colavito hit .238 with 30 home runs and 72 RBI. He also was selected for his ninth and last All-Star Game. The Indians finished in 5th place with a 81–81 record. Colavito received a $55,000 and $57,000 salary from Cleveland, the highest given to an Indians' team player during those two years.[7]

Chicago White Sox, LA Dodgers, and NY Yankees

In late July 1967, Colavito (hitting .241 with 5 home runs and 21 RBI) was traded by the Indians to the Chicago White Sox, who finished three games out of first that season. In 60 games for the White Sox that season, Colavito managed to get 42 hits with 3 home runs and 29 RBI.

In March 1968, he was purchased by the Los Angeles Dodgers from the White Sox. Colavito hit 3 home runs for the Dodgers in his National League debut, and batted .204 with 23 hits in 60 games. He was released by the Dodgers on July 11 that season.

On July 15, 1968, Colavito was signed as a free agent by the New York Yankees,[5] the last team and season of his 14-year MLB playing career. During his first time up batting for the Yankees, he hit a three-run homer against the Senators. On August 25, Colavito (uniform #29),[7] who was now 35 years old, became the last position player until Brent Mayne in 2000 to be credited as the winning pitcher in a game. He pitched 2+23 scoreless innings as a reliever in the first game of a doubleheader against the league-leading Detroit Tigers.[28] Not only did he face down Al Kaline and Willie Horton, he further vexed the Tigers by scoring the winning run for the Yanks in the eighth inning. He also homered in the second game. Colavito's pitching feat as a Yankee was not seen again in the AL until May 6, 2012, when Baltimore Oriole Chris Davis earned a win.[29] Colavito got 20 hits including 5 home runs in 39 games played for the Yankees. He was released by the Yankees on September 30, 1968[5] and retired as a player.

Later career

Colavito was hired by the Cleveland Indians as a broadcaster on WJW-TV for the 1972 season.[30] He was a first base coach for the Indians during the 1973 season,[30][31] broadcaster during the 1975 season,[30] hitting coach and broadcaster during the 1976 season,[30][32] and first base coach during the 1977 and 1978 seasons.[30] He was a hitting coach for the Kansas City Royals during the 1982 and 1983 seasons.[30][33][34]

In 1982, Colavito and Kansas City Royals Manager Dick Howser, a former shortstop for the Indians, were involved in a traffic accident and struggle with police.[35] Colavito and Howser were convicted of interfering with police and received 90-day jail sentences. Both appealed and served six months of probation.[36]

Colavito was involved in the 1983 pine tar game and was ejected for arguing the umpires' decision to negate George Brett's home run and call him out, which would have given the Yankees the win;[37] the decision was later overturned, the game was resumed a month later with the Royals in the lead as the result of Brett's home run, and the Royals won the game.[38]

Personal life

Colavito has been married since 1954. On August 11, 2015, he had to have his right leg amputated below the knee due to problems with Type 2 diabetes, of which he had suffered for a number of years.

MLB stats

Batting stats:[39]

Years Games PA AB Runs Hits 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB SO OBP SLG BA
14 1,841 7,559 6,503 971 1,730 283 21 374 1,159 19 951 880 .359 .489 .266

Pitching stats:[39]

2 2 1 0 1.000 0.00 0 5.2 1 0 0 0 5 2 0 1 0 23

Fielding stats:[39]

Years Games Inn CH PO A E DP Fld%
14 1,787 15,618.1 3,605 3,407 124 74 31 .979

MLB achievements

Notable achievements:

  • 6-time AL All-Star (1959, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966)
  • AL Slugging Percentage Leader (1958)
  • 2-time AL Total Bases Leader (1959, 1962)
  • AL Home Runs Leader (1959)
  • AL RBI Leader (1965)
  • AL Base on Ball Leader (1965)
  • 20-Home Run Seasons: 11 (1956–1966)
  • 30-Home Run Seasons: 7 (1956–1962, 1964, 1966)
  • 40-Home Run Seasons: 3 (1958, 1959, 1961)
  • 100 RBI Seasons: 6 (1958, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965)
  • 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 1 (1961)

Other achievements:

  • 9 All-Star Games (1959-2, 1961–2, 1962–2, 1964, 1965, 1966)
  • ML Fielding Percentage Leader as Right Fielder (1965)[40]
  • ML Fielding Percentage Leader as Outfielder (1965)
  • Four consecutive home runs in one game (1959)[41]
  • Four home runs in one game (1959)


Colavito was one of the most popular power hitters and outfielders of his time with one of the best throwing arms in baseball.[42]

In 1976, Colavito was voted the most memorable personality in Indians history.

In 2001, Colavito received a huge ovation at the introduction of the Indians' All-Century team.[43]

On July 29, 2006, Colavito, along with Ray Chapman, Addie Joss, Sam McDowell, Al Rosen, Herb Score and manager Al López, were all inducted into the Cleveland Indians Hall of Fame.

On August 10, 2021, his 88th birthday, a statue of Colavito was unveiled at Tony Brush Park in Cleveland's Little Italy. Colavito was in attendance for the ceremony.[44]

The Curse of Rocky Colavito

In 1994, Terry Pluto, who covered the Cleveland Indians for The Plain Dealer in the 1980s and became the top sports columnist for the Akron Beacon Journal (but returned to The Plain Dealer in 2007), published The Curse of Rocky Colavito, a book that tried to explain why the Indians had not come within even 11 games of first place since 1959. Pluto's explanation was that the trade of Colavito by the Indians in 1960 sent the team on a path to mediocrity that lasted more than three decades. He also suggested, that the trade in 1965 to bring Colavito back to the Indians was just as bad as the one that had sent him away.

Pluto wrote a sequel, Burying the Curse, in 1995, after the Cleveland Indians won their first American League Championship in 41 years that season. Cleveland lost the World Series 4–2 to the Atlanta Braves. In 1997, the Indians won the AL pennant again, but lost the World Series 4–3 to the Florida Marlins after needing just two more outs in Game 7 to win. In 1999, Pluto wrote the book Our Tribe, a history of the Cleveland Indians. Pluto insists in the book, that the curse is still in effect.

The Indians' won the American League Championship again 19 years later, in 2016. Cleveland lost the World Series to the Chicago Cubs 4–3; Cleveland's last World Series title was in 1948, when they defeated the Boston Braves.

See also


  • Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia (2000). Kingston, New York: Total/Sports Illustrated. ISBN 1-892129-34-5.
  1. Wancho, Joseph. "Rocky Colavito". Society of American Baseball Research. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  2. "Rocky Colavito at the Cooperstown Expert". Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  3. "Outfielder Fielding Average Records". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  4. "Cleveland Guardians Hall of Fame". Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  5. "Rocky Colavito". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  6. Roger Maris: Baseball's Reluctant Hero, p.68, Tom Clavin and Danny Peary, Touchstone Books, Published by Simon & Schuster, New York, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4165-8928-0
  7. "Rocky Colavito Stats (Miscellaneous Items of Interest)". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  8. "1956 Awards Voting, AL Rookie of the Year Voting". Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  9. "Rocky Colavito 1958 Game by Game Pitching Logs". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  10. "1959 American League Batting Leaders". Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  11. Great Baseball Feats, Facts and Figures, 2008 Edition, p.258, David Nemec and Scott Flatow, A Signet Book, Penguin Group, New York, ISBN 978-0-451-22363-0
  12. "Rocky Colavito". 7 May 2021.
  13. Center, Bill. "Leagues split two All-Star Games played in 1959". MLB News. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  14. Wancho, Joseph. "Rocky Colavito". Society of American Baseball Research. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  15. "MLB Batting Champion as Recognized at End of Year". Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  16. "Rocky Colavito Stats (Miscellaneous Items of Interest)". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  17. Bleacher Report (BR), May 8, 2009
  18. The Final Season, p.35, Tom Stanton, Thomas Dunne Books, An imprint of St. Martin's Press, New York, 2001, ISBN 0-312-29156-6
  19. Runs and Bases: The 1950s (Part 2), Some Others Oct. 21, 2014
  20. "Detroit Tigers 4, New York Yankees 3". Retrosheet. Retrosheet. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  21. "Rocky Colavito Stats (Miscellaneous Items of Interest)". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  22. Runs and Bases: The 1950s (Part 2), Some Others, Oct. 21, 2014
  23. "Al Kaline Stats (Miscellaneous Items of Interest)". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  24. SBNATION Cleveland Indians: Looking back at the re-acquisition of Rocky Colavito, February 4, 2016
  25. Wancho, Joseph. "Rocky Colavito". Society of American Baseball Research. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  26. Franks, Dave (November 11, 2015) (11 November 2015). "The Starting Nine, The Rawlings Gold Glove Awards". The Starting Nine. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  27. "Gold Glove American League Outfielders". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  28. Our Game, The Day Rocky Pitched
  29. Lubinger, Bill (May 9, 2012). "Rocky Colavito enjoys the reflected spotlight from Josh Hamilton's four-homer spectacular". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
  30. "Rocky Colavito, Jobs in Baseball". The Baseball Cube. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  31. Associated Press, Bangor Daily News, Colavito Quits Cleveland Post, September 21, 1973
  32. United Press International, Montreal Gazette, Colavito Protests Penalty, June 10, 1976
  33. Associated Press, Pomeroy-Middleport Daily Sentinel, Colavito Newest KC Coach, December 16, 1981
  34. Associated Press, Lawrence Journal-World, Former Tribe Manager Joins Staff of Royals, October 15, 1983
  35. Spartanburg Herald-Journal, Howser Scuffles With Policemen, August 21, 1982
  36. United Press International, Lodi News-Sentinel, Howser and Colavito: Appeal is Successful, February 5, 1983
  37. Associated Press, Gainesville Sun, 'Pine Tar' Game Decision Expected, August 9, 1983
  38. Steve Wulf, Sports Illustrated, Pine-Tarred and Feathered: After Grousing and Litigating, the Yankees Lost the Resumed Endless Game, August 29, 1983
  39. "Rocky Colavito Stats -". Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  40. "1965 MLB Fielding Leaders". Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  41. "Four Home Runs in One Game". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  42. Markusen, Bruce (October 4, 2015). "Colavito still The Rock despite recent health issues". Detroit Athletic Co., Detroit SportS History. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  43. "Top 100 Greatest Cleveland Indians Players". Cleveland State University Library. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
  44. Bona, Marc (August 10, 2021). "Rocky Colavito to attend statue unveiling today; event to be live-streamed in Cleveland". Retrieved August 12, 2021.
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