Al Kaline

Albert William Kaline (/ˈkln/ KAY-line; December 19, 1934 – April 6, 2020), nicknamed "Mr. Tiger", was an American professional baseball right fielder who played 22 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Detroit Tigers.[1] For most of his career, Kaline played in the outfield, mainly as a right fielder where he won ten Gold Glove Awards and was known for his strong throwing arm.[2] He was selected to 18 All-Star Games, including selections each year between 1955 and 1967. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1980, his first time on the ballot.[1][3]

Al Kaline
Kaline in 1957
Right fielder
Born: (1934-12-19)December 19, 1934
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Died: April 6, 2020(2020-04-06) (aged 85)
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, U.S.
Batted: Right
Threw: Right
MLB debut
June 25, 1953, for the Detroit Tigers
Last MLB appearance
October 2, 1974, for the Detroit Tigers
MLB statistics
Batting average.297
Home runs399
Runs batted in1,583
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Baseball Hall of Fame
Vote88.3% (first ballot)

Near the end of his career, Kaline also played as first baseman and, in his last season, was the Tigers' designated hitter. He retired soon after reaching the 3,000 hit milestone. Immediately after retiring from playing, he became the Tigers' TV color commentator, a position he held until 2002. Kaline worked for the Tigers as a front office assistant from 2003 until his death in 2020.[4]

Early life

Kaline was born and raised in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Naomi (Morgan) and Nicholas Kaline.[5] His family was poor. Several of his relatives played semi-professional baseball, but no one in the family had graduated from high school. When he was eight years old, Kaline developed osteomyelitis and had two inches of bone removed from his left foot.[6] The surgery left him with scarring and permanent deformity, but he was an outstanding pitcher in youth baseball.[7] Kaline had learned to throw a fastball, changeup and curveball by the age of nine.[8]

Kaline attended Baltimore's Southern High School, where he starred in basketball and also played football until he sustained a cheek injury. When he tried out for the baseball team, there was no room on the pitching staff so Kaline moved to the outfield.[8] He earned all-state honors in baseball all four years.[7] Kaline said that he was a poor student but that he was well-liked by his teachers. He said that his teachers passed him, believing he would become a baseball player.[9]

MLB career

Early years

Kaline in 1957

Kaline bypassed Minor League Baseball and joined the Tigers directly from high school as an 18-year-old "bonus baby" signee, receiving $35,000 ($354,484 in 2020 dollars) to sign with the team.[10][11] The Detroit scout who had tracked him through high school, Ed Katalinas, said, "To me he was the prospect that a scout creates in his mind and then prays that someone will come along to fit the pattern."[12]

He made his major league debut on June 25, 1953 in Philadelphia as a late-inning replacement for outfielder Jim Delsing. Kaline wore number 25 during his rookie campaign, but asked teammate Pat Mullin for his No. 6 after the 1953 season ended. Kaline wore the number for the rest of his major league playing career.[13]

In 1955, at age 20, Kaline ended the season with a .340 batting average, becoming the youngest player ever to win the American League (AL) batting title. No 20-year-old major league player had won a batting title since Ty Cobb in 1907. During the 1955 season, Kaline became the 13th man in major league history to hit two home runs in the same inning, became the youngest to hit three home runs in one game, and finished the year with 200 hits, 27 home runs and 102 runs batted in (RBIs).[1][14] He also finished second to Yogi Berra in the American League's 1955 Most Valuable Player Award voting.[15] He was selected to the Major League Baseball All-Star Game, the first in a string of consecutive All-Star selections that lasted through 1967.[1]

Kaline followed in 1956 with a .314 batting average, 27 home runs and a career-high 128 RBIs, finishing third in the AL MVP voting.[1] He led the league in outfield assists with 18 in 1956[16] and again in 1958 with 23.[17] In 1957, he won the first of what would be ten Gold Glove Awards over the next eleven seasons. Kaline was out for several games in 1958 after he was hit by a pitch. He missed several games in 1959 after he was hit by a thrown ball and sustained a fracture in his cheekbone. Kaline had been knocked out from the blow and initial speculation was that he could miss six weeks of the season.[18] Kaline ended up missing only 18 games, and finished the 1959 season with a .327 batting average and 27 home runs. He also led the AL in slugging percentage (.530) and OPS (.940).

Middle career

Following the departure of Harvey Kuenn, Kaline played the entire 1960 season in center field, the only time of his career he would do so. In 1961, the Tigers acquired Bill Bruton from the Milwaukee Braves to play center field, allowing Kaline to move back to right field.

In 1961, Kaline led the majors with 41 doubles and hit .324 to finish second in the AL batting race (behind teammate Norm Cash). The Tigers won 101 games, to date the third-highest win total in team history, but still finished eight games behind a New York Yankees team that was led by the home run heroics of Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle. Kaline began the 1962 season hitting .345 with 13 home runs and 38 RBIs in 35 games. On May 26 of that season, he sustained a broken collarbone while making a game-ending catch on a ball hit by New York's Elston Howard. He missed 57 games due to the injury and Detroit was unable to seriously compete for a pennant due to his absence. When healthy, Kaline was great in 1962, hitting a career-high 29 home runs and driving in 94 runs in only 100 games.[19]

By late March 1963, Kaline said that he felt good and he was hitting .373 in 53 spring training at-bats.[19] In the 1963 regular season, Kaline hit .312 with 27 home runs and 101 RBIs, finishing second to Elston Howard in the American League's Most Valuable Player Award voting.[1][20] Kaline experienced pain in his left foot, the one that had been affected by osteomyelitis as a child, throughout the 1964 season. His batting average dropped to .293 that season. Kaline tried to ignore the pain, but he saw physicians who thought he was suffering from gout and administered injections.[21]

Still in pain the following season, Kaline saw an orthopedic surgeon who prescribed corrective shoes. "I feel so much better than I did before, that it's ridiculous", Kaline said by June 1965.[21] Sportswriter Milton Gross described Kaline's deformed foot, saying, "The pinky and middle finger don't touch the ground. The fourth toe is stretched. The second and third are shortened. The first and third toes overlap the second and the fourth is beginning to overlap the big toe, which has begun to bend to the left. It is hard to believe, but for all of his career with the Tigers while he has been called the perfect player, Kaline has bordered on being a cripple."[21]

In 1966, Kaline tied his career high with 29 home runs. In the summer of 1967, the normally calm Kaline broke a bone in his hand when he struck a baseball bat against a bat rack.[22] Kaline missed a month of play. When he returned, the Tigers were in a four-team pennant race, but the team finished the season one game behind the first place Boston Red Sox.[23]

Kaline missed two months of the 1968 season with a broken arm, but he returned to the lineup when Tiger manager Mayo Smith benched shortstop Ray Oyler and sent center fielder Mickey Stanley to play shortstop to make room for Kaline in the outfield.[24] ESPN later called Smith's move one of the ten greatest coaching decisions of the century.[25] In the 1968 World Series, the St. Louis Cardinals won three of the first four games of the series and were leading Game 5 by a score of 3–2 in the seventh inning, when Kaline hit a bases loaded single to drive in two runs.[26] The Tigers won that game, and then won Game 6 in a blowout. Kaline had two hits, two runs scored and three RBI in the Tigers' 10-run third inning of Game 6. Detroit went on to win Game 7 for their first world championship since 1945. In his only World Series appearance, Kaline hit .379 with two home runs and eight RBIs in seven games.[27] For their victory, Kaline and his teammates each received bonus checks of $10,000 (at a time when Kaline's salary was "about $70,000").[28]

Final seasons

In 1970, Kaline sustained a freak, near-fatal injury in an outfield collision. In a game at Milwaukee's County Stadium on May 30, against the Milwaukee Brewers, Kaline collided with center fielder Jim Northrup as they both pursued a fly ball. Kaline fell to the warning track injured. Alertly, left fielder Willie Horton rushed over and quickly recognized that Kaline was turning blue. Horton reached in and cleared Kaline's airway, saving his life.[29][30]

After hitting .294 in 1971, Kaline became the first Tiger to sign a $100,000 ($669,104 in today's dollars) contract. He had turned down a pay raise from $95,000 to $100,000 the previous year, saying he did not feel like he deserved it after hitting .278 with 16 home runs in 1970.[31][32] Detroit contended all season for the 1972 pennant, trailing the Red Sox by a half-game before a series against them to end the regular season.[33] Kaline batted eight times in two games, registering five hits and three runs scored.[34] Detroit won those first two games and clinched the AL East pennant.[35][36] Kaline batted .313 in 106 games in 1972, topping .300 for the first time since 1967. The Tigers lost the 1972 American League Championship Series to the Oakland Athletics that year after Reggie Jackson stole home in the decisive fifth game of the series.[37] In March 1973, Kaline won the Roberto Clemente Award in recognition of the honor he brought to baseball on and off the field.[38]

On September 24, 1974, Kaline became the 12th player in MLB history to reach the 3,000 hit milestone, when he hit a double off the Orioles' Dave McNally.[39][40][41] After reaching the milestone, Kaline announced that he would retire at season's end.[23] "I'm glad it's over. I really am. I don't think I'll miss it. I may miss spring training", Kaline said after his last game on October 3, 1974.[42]

Kaline finished his career with 3,007 hits (currently 32nd on the all-time list), 498 doubles, 75 triples, 399 home runs (a Tigers record and currently 58th on the all-time list), 1,622 runs scored, 1,277 bases on balls, and 1,582 RBIs (currently 44th on the all-time list).[1] He batted over .300 nine times in his career to finish with a lifetime batting average of .297 and hit 25 or more home runs seven times in his career.[1] Kaline also holds Tiger career records for games played (2,834), walks (1,277), and sacrifice flies (104).[43] He had more walks than strikeouts (1,020). His highest season strikeout total came in his final season, with 75. Prior to that, Kaline never struck out more than 66 times in a season. Among position players, Kaline ranks 29th all-time (15th among outfielders) in Wins Against Replacement (WAR) with a career mark of 92.8.[44]

Defensively, Kaline finished his career with an overall .987 fielding percentage.[1] In his first full season (1954), he recorded 16 outfield assists, including three in one game (July 7 against the Chicago White Sox).[45] He recorded 84 outfield assists between 1954 and 1958, posting a career-high 23 in 1958. After that season, baserunners rarely tested his arm, and his assist numbers dropped.


Al Kaline's number 6 was retired by the Detroit Tigers in 1980.

Kaline was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1980, becoming the tenth player in history to be inducted in his first year of eligibility.[3][46] He was named on 340 of the 385 ballots (88.3%) cast by sportswriters. Kaline and Duke Snider were the only candidates elected by the sportswriters in 1980. Kaline later said, "I really never thought I would choose an individual thing that happened just to me over a team thing like the World Series. But I would have to say this is the biggest thing that has ever happened to me."[47]

Kaline was honored by the Tigers as the first of their players to have his uniform number (6) retired.[48] Versatile and well-rounded, he won ten Gold Glove Awards (1957–59 and 1961–67) for excellence in the field and appeared in the All-Star game 15 times (1955–67, 1971, 1974).[1][49] In 1998, Kaline ranked Number 76 on The Sporting News list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players,[50] and was nominated as a finalist for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.[51][52]

Cherry Street, which ran behind the left-field stands at Tiger Stadium, was renamed Kaline Drive in his honor in 1970.[24] On September 27, 1999, when Detroit played its last game at Tiger Stadium against the Kansas City Royals, Kaline was invited to appear in uniform and present the last lineup card to the umpires. He did so along with George Brett, former Kansas City Royals' great and fellow Hall of Famer.[53]

Kaline was regarded as a well-rounded player by his contemporaries. Baltimore Orioles third baseman Brooks Robinson said of him, "There have been a lot of great defensive players. The fella who could do everything is Al Kaline. He was just the epitome of what a great outfielder is all about – great speed, catches the ball and throws the ball well."[3] Manager Billy Martin once said, "I have always referred to Al Kaline as 'Mister Perfection'. He does it all — hitting, fielding, running, throwing — and he does it with that extra touch of brilliancy that marks him as a super ballplayer... Al fits in anywhere, at any position in the lineup and any spot in the batting order."[54]

The 1993 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was dedicated to Kaline on the occasion of the 35th anniversary of his hometown's only other Midsummer Classic. Kaline, along with Leon Day and former Baltimore Orioles star Brooks Robinson, threw out the ceremonial first pitch to end the pregame ceremonies. Kaline's ceremonial first pitch was caught by future Detroit Tiger Ivan Rodriguez, who was starting his All-Star debut.

Post-playing career

Kaline in 1995

After his playing career, Kaline lived in the Detroit area, also maintaining a house in Florida, and he remained active within the Tigers organization, serving first as a color commentator on the team's television broadcasts (1975–2002) mostly with play by play announcer and former Tiger and fellow Hall of Famer George Kell, and then later as a consultant to the team.[24] Starting in 2003, Kaline served as a special assistant to Tigers President/CEO/General Manager Dave Dombrowski,[24] and his duties included coaching/mentoring outfielders during spring training.[55] Former Tigers teammate Willie Horton also holds this position, and the two threw out the first pitch of the 2006 World Series at Comerica Park.[24] Kaline continued in his assistant role until his death in 2020. His 67 years with one team was one of the longest tenures in MLB history.[56]

Because of his lengthy career and longtime association with the Tigers organization, Kaline's nickname was "Mr. Tiger."[57] Kaline's grandson Colin Kaline was selected by the Tigers in the 25th round of the 2007 MLB draft. He did not sign, choosing to play baseball at Florida Southern College.[58] The team drafted him again in the 2011 MLB draft, this time in the 26th round. He played in the low minor leagues with the Detroit organization in 2011–12.[59]

Personal life

Kaline married his high school sweetheart, Madge Louise Hamilton, in 1954. He had two sons, Mark Albert Kaline (b. August 21, 1957) and Michael Keith Kaline (b. 1962).[60] Michael played college baseball at Miami University and was the grandfather of Colin Kaline, who had a short Minor League career and was a college coach.[61][62]

Kaline died in his home in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, on April 6, 2020; the cause of death was not reported.[63]

See also


  1. "Al Kaline Stats". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  2. "Al Kaline". The Baseball Archived from the original on August 4, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  3. "Al Kaline biography". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  4. "Al Kaline – Special Assistant to the President". Detroit Tigers. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  5. Jackson, Kenneth T. (2002). The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives: Sports figures. ISBN 9780684806655.
  6. Goldstein, Richard (April 6, 2020). "Al Kaline, Tigers' Perennial All-Around All-Star, Is Dead at 85". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
  7. Olsen, Jack (May 11, 1964). "The Torments of Excellence". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  8. Pattison, Mark, Raglin, David (December 2012). "Al Kaline". Detroit Tigers 1984: What a Start! What a Finish!. Society for American Baseball Research. p. 217. ISBN 978-1933599458. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
  9. Hawkins, p. 18.
  10. Official Profile, Photo and Data Book. Detroit Tigers. 1957. p. 29.
  11. "Tigers Pay $95,000 Bonus Money For School Hurler and Outfielder". The New York Times. June 23, 1953. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
  12. "Al Kaline – Society for American Baseball Research".
  13. Hawkins, p. 53.
  14. "Two home runs in one inning". Major League Baseball. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  15. "Baseball Awards Voting for 1955". Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  16. "1956 American League Fielding Leaders". Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  17. "1958 American League Fielding Leaders". Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  18. Hawkins, p. 92.
  19. Rathet, Mike (March 28, 1963). "Al Kaline is Back in Groove". Ellensburg Daily Record. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  20. "Baseball Awards Voting for 1963". Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  21. "Al Kaline: "Crazy Toes"". Evening Independent. June 3, 1965. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  22. "Al Kaline Breaks Hand in Fit of Temper". The Miami News. June 28, 1967. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  23. "Al Kaline: Prince of Detroit Reaches His Promised Land". St. Petersburg Times. September 25, 1974. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  24. Waddell, Nick. "The Baseball Biography Project: Al Kaline". Society for American Baseball Research. Archived from the original on July 14, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  25. "Greatest coaching decisions". ESPN. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  26. "1968 World Series Game 5 box score". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  27. "1968 World Series". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  28. Waldstein, David (October 5, 2014). "Postseason Paychecks Are All About Sharing". The New York Times. No. 56645. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  29. "Tigers lose, Kaline set to return". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). Associated Press. June 1, 1970. p. 16.
  30. Dow, Bill (May 27, 2015). "The Day Willie Horton Saved Al Kaline's Life". Detroit Athletic Co. blog. Archived from the original on June 13, 2015. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  31. "Detroit star accepts $100,000 contract". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. December 21, 1971. p. 3D.
  32. "Al Kaline lands $100,000 contract". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). Associated Press. December 20, 1971.
  33. "Boston, Detroit start series for pennant". Sumter Daily Item. (South Carolina). Associated Press. October 2, 1972. p. 11.
  34. "The 1972 DET A Regular Season Batting Log for Al Kaline". Retrosheet. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  35. "The 1972 Detroit Tigers Regular Season Game Log". Retrosheet. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  36. "4 Managers Out, 2 Back". Milwaukee Journal. October 6, 1972. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  37. Snyder, Matt (October 4, 2013). "VIDEO: When Reggie Jackson stole home in A's-Tigers ALCS game". CBS Sports. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  38. "Al Kaline honored". Leader-Post. (Regina, Saskatchewan). Associated Press. March 21, 1973. p. 30.
  39. "3,000 hit club at the Baseball Hall of Fame". September 24, 1974. Archived from the original on July 25, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  40. "September 24, 1974 Tigers-Orioles box score at Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  41. "September 24, 1974 Tigers-Orioles box score". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  42. "Al Kaline finishes great career in dugout". Ottawa Citizen. October 3, 1974. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  43. "Detroit Tigers Top 10 Career Batting Leaders". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  44. "Career Leaders & Records for WAR Position Players". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  45. Myers, Gene (July 7, 2019). "65 years ago today, Al Kaline did something amazing for the Detroit Tigers". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  46. "Al Kaline – the Detroit Tigers' 'Mr. Perfection'". Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  47. Hawkins, pp. 239-240.
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  49. "Gold Glove Award winners". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  50. "Sporting News 100 Greatest (1998)". Baseball Almanac. 1998. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  51. Al Kaline at The Sporting News 100 Greatest Baseball Players Archived February 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  52. "Al Kaline at The Major League Baseball All-Century Team". Major League Baseball. May 24, 2013. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  53. Dow, Bill (September 27, 2019). "When Tiger Stadium closed, Detroit lost a piece of its soul". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  54. Hawkins, p. 225.
  55. Gage, Tom. "Tigers 'lifer' Al Kaline stays in background but still commands attention." Detroit News, February 23, 2011.
  56. Bradburn, Michael (April 6, 2020). "Al Kaline, 'Mr. Tiger,' dies at 85". The Score. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  57. "Six: A Salute to Al Kaline". Detroit Tigers. March 25, 2010. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  58. Hawkins, p. 248.
  59. "Colin Kaline, 3b, Tigers". Baseball America. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  60. Waddell, Nick. "Al Kaline". SABR. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  61. "Al Kaline throws ceremonial first pitch to grandson Colin". ESPN. August 9, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  62. "Colin Kaline Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  63. Lowe, John (April 6, 2020). "Tigers legend Al Kaline dies at age 85". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
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