Malaysian Prison Department

The Malaysian Prison Department (Malay: Jabatan Penjara Malaysia), is a department controlled by the Malaysian Minister of Home Affairs responsible for prisons where offenders sentenced by the courts are held. These jails also act as detention and recovery institutions.

Malaysian Prison Department
Jabatan Penjara Malaysia
Logo of the Malaysian Prison Department
MottoMesra, Ikhlas dan Berbakti
(Friendly, Sincere and Dedicated)
Agency overview
Formed19 March 1790 (1790-03-19)
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Operations jurisdictionMalaysia
Size329,847 km (127,355 sq mi)
Legal jurisdictionNational
Governing bodyGovernment of Malaysia
Operational structure
HeadquartersKajang, Selangor, Malaysia
Elected officer responsible
Agency executives
  • KJP Dato' Nordin Muhamad, Commissioner General of Prison
  • TKJP Dato' Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Razak, Deputy Commissioner General of Prison (Security & Correctional)
  • TKJP Abdul Kadir bin Rais, Deputy Commissioner General of Prison (Management)
  • TKJP Dato' Ibrisam Bin Abdul Rahman, Deputy Commissioner General of Prison (Community)
Parent agencyMinistry of Home Affairs
UnitsTrup Tindakan Cepat

The department is headquartered in the Malaysia Prison Complex (Kompleks Penjara Kajang) in Kajang, Selangor in the Klang Valley.[1][2]


During the era of British rule and until the arrival of the Japanese in 1942, penal institutions were the responsibility of the individual states' governments with their respective regulations. In the Straits Settlements, a Superintendent based in Singapore, acted as the supervisor and inspected the institutions under his jurisdiction.

The Straits Settlements were the earliest to build their own prisons while the Federated Malay States did so only after the British set up a responsible department. The Taiping Prison, better known as the Taiping Gaol, the largest at the time, was built in 1879. Prisons were built with the main purpose of bringing suffering to the inmates in the hope that this would deter people from committing crimes.

In 1881, Sikh warders were brought in to assist Malay warders while vocational instructors from Hong Kong were used in an effort to introduce trades to the prisons. Among the earliest of these were rock breaking and carpentry. An attempt was made to categorise the inmates in 1882, then in 1889 European warders were appointed at some prisons.

With the formation of the Federated Malay States, Taiping Prison became a detention centre for long-term prisoners from Perak, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan and Selangor. In 1923, a visiting justice system was introduced and prison industries expanded to include printing work, weaving, sewing, rattan weaving, and metalwork. Rock-breaking work was abolished in 1924 and replaced with the pounding of coconut husks.

During the Japanese occupation (1941–1945), the Imperial Japanese Army also used the prisons for POWs. All records of the prisons and its inmates for this period were subsequently destroyed by the Japanese.

After World War II, the Prison Office was established to administer all prisons in Malaya. The post-war era saw the return of peace, and modern administrative methods were introduced. The 1948 Malayan Emergency resulted in an increase in inmate numbers, which in turn caused overcrowding in the prisons. This disrupted the development of the prison system and it was only towards the end of 1949 when peace returned that prison development could be carried out smoothly.

The Prisons Ordinance 1952 and the Prisons Regulations 1953, based on the "modern treatment" concept, were introduced to replace old legislation. In 1953, the Criminal Justice Bill was passed, which abolished use of the cat-o'-nine-tails and replaced the term "penal servitude" with "prison".

Following Independence Day in 1957, the first Prisons Commissioner was appointed to take charge of the administration of all prisons in Malaya. In 1963, with the formation of Malaysia, prisons in Sabah and Sarawak came under the jurisdiction of the Prisons Department.

On 2 November 1995, the Prison Act 1995 was introduced to replace the former Prison Act which in turn was superseded on 1 September 2000 by the Prison Regulations 2000. The previous acts and regulations had been in use for a long time, thus changes and reforms were necessary to meet current needs and demands to streamline prison management and administration.

In an era of development and modernisation, the Malaysian Prison Department realises that it should not to be content with its past achievements, but should instead move forward and innovate in order to assist the prison administration in dealing with modern culture through criminology, penology and overall social control.[3]


  1. The fourteen-point star represents the 13 States and the Federal Government of Malaysia, while the star and the crescent symbolise Islam, the official religion of Malaysia.
  2. The crossed keys symbolise the authority and responsibility delegated by the department in the performance of its duties.
  3. The paddy flower symbolises solidarity and close co-operation by multiracial staff at various levels in the hierarchy.
  4. The green background, the official colour of the Prisons Department, signifies allegiance to the Malaysian leader.



Cheerful, Sincere and Dedicated
Shall faithfully carry out departmental duties to uphold the national criminal legal system and shoulder the task of rehabilitation of offenders entrusted upon the department by the nation with full responsibility and dedication.
Green colour
Symbolises the objective of the department to reform citizens who have lapsed into moral decay and turn them into productive individuals who are once again able to fit into society as useful citizens able to fulfill their social obligations.
Sketch Heart and Hand
Symbolises the commitment by society to re-accommodate ex-convicts into social institutions without any kind of prejudice which may jeopardise their rehabilitation programme.
Silver background

Symbolises the sincerity of the departments management system in generating commitment and co-operation among society at large, offender families and the department to ensure the success of rehabilitation programmes.

Prison department organisational structure

Prison heads

Commissioner General of PrisonCommissioner General of PrisonKJPY'Bhg Dato Hj Nordin Bin Mohamad
Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonDeputy Commissioner General of Prison (1)TKJPY'Bhg Dato' Haji Abdul Aziz Bin Abdul Razak
Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonDeputy Commissioner General of Prison (2)TKJPAbdul Kadir Bin Hj Rais
Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonDeputy Commissioner General of Prison (3)TKJPY'Bhg Dato Ibrisham Abd Rahman
Director of Perlis PrisonSenior Assistant Commissioner of PrisonPKKMat Johir bin Asin @ Hashim
Director of Kedah PrisonSenior Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonTKPSabri Yaakob
Director of Penang PrisonSenior Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonTKPRoslan Mohamad
Director of Perak PrisonSenior Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonTKPTan Tian Heng
Director of Kelantan PrisonSenior Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonTKPHamzani bin Che Ibrahim
Director of Terengganu PrisonSenior Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonTKPAhmad Saidi Hamzah
Director of Pahang PrisonCommissioner of PrisonKPDato' Ab Basir bin Mohamad
Director of Kuala Lumpur PrisonCommissioner of PrisonKPY'Bhg Dato Sakeri Bin Dollah
Director of Selangor PrisonCommissioner of PrisonKPY'Bhg Dato Sakeri Bin Dollah
Director of Negeri Sembilan PrisonSenior Assistant Commissioner of PrisonPKKPKK Abd Rahman bin Taib
Director of Malacca PrisonCommissioner of PrisonTKPKu Nawawi
Director of Johore PrisonCommissioner of PrisonKPAbd. Wahab Kassim
Director of Sabah PrisonCommissioner of PrisonTKPHajah Nora Binti Musa
Director of Sarawak PrisonSenior Deputy Commissioner General of PrisonTKPRosidek Bin Musa

List of Commissioners General

#Commissioner GeneralIn officeLeft officeTime in office
1.Captain Es Lilley1 April 1946 (1946-04-01)11 September 1949 (1949-09-11)3 years, 163 days
2.Captain Ov Garrat11 September 1949 (1949-09-11)1 October 1956 (1956-10-01)7 years, 20 days
3.Ft. Lt. WB Oliver1 October 1956 (1956-10-01)2 October 1957 (1957-10-02)1 year, 1 day
4.Tan Sri Murad Ahmad3 October 1957 (1957-10-03)24 July 1977 (1977-07-24)19 years, 294 days
5.Dato' Ibrahim Hj. Mohamed25 July 1977 (1977-07-25)30 April 1988 (1988-04-30)10 years, 280 days
6.Dato' Nik Ariffin Nik Omar1 May 1988 (1988-05-01)7 November 1989 (1989-11-07)1 year, 190 days
7.Dato' Mohd. Yassin Jaafar1 March 1990 (1990-03-01)7 February 1994 (1994-02-07)3 years, 343 days
8.Dato' Mohd Zaman Khan9 February 1994 (1994-02-09)31 December 1997 (1997-12-31)3 years, 325 days
9.Dato' Omar Mohamed Dan1 January 1998 (1998-01-01)16 October 2001 (2001-10-16)3 years, 288 days
10.Datuk Mustafa Osman17 October 2001 (2001-10-17)1 June 2009 (2009-06-01)7 years, 227 days
11.Dato' Sri Zulkifli Omar1 June 2009 (2009-06-01)31 December 2020 (2020-12-31)11 years, 213 days
12.Dato' Nordin Muhamad11 March 2021 (2021-03-11)Incumbent1 year, 326 days

List of Deputy Commissioners General

Deputy Commissioner GeneralYear
Dato Ibrahim Mohamed
Dato Nik Arifin Nik Omar
Mohd Nadzry Kushairi1990–1993
Datuk Omar Mohamad Dan1994–1997
Datuk Mustafa Osman1998–2001
Donald Wee May Keun2004–2005
Samsuddin Tan Sri Murad2005
Dato' Seri Zulkifli Omar2005–2009
Dato' Wan Mohamad Nazarie Wan Mahmood2007–2011
Datuk Hassan Sakimon2009–2017
Dato' Wan Abdul Rahman Wan Abdullah2011–2017
Dato' Alzafry Mohamad Alnassif Mohamad Adahan2017 – 2020
Dato' Jamaluddin Saad2017 – 2020
Dato' Haji Abdul Aziz Bin Abdul Razak2017 – current
Abd Kadir Hj Rais2020-current



  • Malaysian Prison Headquarters, Kajang
  • Sarawak Prison Headquarters, Kuching
  • Sabah Prison Headquarters, Kota Kinabalu



  • Pokok Sena Prison
  • Sungai Petani Prison
  • Alor Star Prison


  • Penang Prison
  • Seberang Prai Prison


  • Taiping Prison
  • Tapah Prison


  • Sungai Buloh Prison
  • Kajang Prison
  • Kajang Women's Prison

Negeri Sembilan

  • Jelebu Prison
  • Seremban Prison


  • Ayer Keroh Prison
  • Sg. Udang Prison
  • Banda Hilir Prison


  • Simpang Renggam Prison
  • Kluang Prison


  • Bentong Prison
  • Penor Prison


  • Marang Prison


  • Pengkalan Chepa Prison


  • Puncak Borneo Prison
  • Sibu Prison
  • Miri Prison
  • Bintulu Prison
  • Sri Aman Prison
  • Limbang Prison


  • Kota Kinabalu Prison
  • Kota Kinabalu Women's Prison
  • Tawau Prison
  • Sandakan Prison

Correctional Centre

  • Perlis Correctional Centre

Juvenile School

  • Henry Gurney School, Telok Mas, Malacca (boys & girls)
  • Henry Gurney School, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah (all-girls)
  • Henry Gurney School, Keningau, Sabah (all-boys)
  • Henry Gurney School, Puncak Borneo, Sarawak (all-boys)
  • Henry Gurney School, Batu Gajah, Perak

Defunct Prison and Headquarters

Weaponry and equipment

Malaysian Prison Department operators are equipped with multi-specialized weaponry and marine assault vehicles, including:

Model Image Variants Calibre Origin Notes References
Glock Glock 17 9x19mm Parabellum  Austria In used by prison senior officers as well as Trup Tindakan Cepat (TTC) special team.
Smith & Wesson Model 15 .38 Special  USA The S&W .38 service revolvers used by the low rank prisons peronnels.
Smith & Wesson M&P M&P 9 9x19mm Parabellum  USA In used as service pistols of Prison Department.
Remington 870
12 gauge  USA Used as main service shotguns
Submachine Guns
Heckler & Koch MP5 MP5A3
9x19mm Parabellum  Germany Standard sub-machine gun used by TTC and Prisons personnels.
Assault Rifles
Colt M16 M16A1
5.56×45mm NATO  USA In used by Prisons Department, TTC using the M16A4 with SOPMOD equipment.
Machine Guns
FN MAG 7.62×51mm NATO  Belgium
Sniper Rifles
Accuracy International Arctic Warfare Arctic Warfare Police 7.62×51mm NATO  UK Used by TTC snipers.
Grenade Launchers
CS Mk.IV  Malaysia Used by TTC.
TASER X26 X26P Electrodes  USA Use by all units of the Prisons personnels.

Major cases and incidents

Famous inmates

  • Botak Chin


  • Patahnya Sebelah Sayap (Break Half Wing) – Malay drama created by Ayie Mustafa[7]
  • Disebalik Tirai Besi (Behind The Bar) – Malay drama produced by MDAG Marketing Sdn Bhd[8]


  1. "Home." Prison Department of Malaysia. Retrieved on 7 August 2014. "Malaysia Prison Complex, Kajang Selangor." Map.
  2. "IBU PEJABAT PENJARA MALAYSIA." Prison Department of Malaysia. Retrieved on 7 August 2014. "Bukit Wira, Beg Berkunci No. 212, 43000 Kajang, SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN"
  3. "Prisons History". Archived from the original on 12 April 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  4. "Prisons Motto". Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  5. "(Malay) Penjara Pudu ditutup operasinya pada bulan Oktober 1996".
  6. "(Malay) Penjara Sim Sim telah ditutup pada tahun 1981 dan banduannya dipindahkan ke Penjara Sandakan".
  7. "Malay Drama – Patahnya Sebelah Sayap".
  8. "Malay Drama – Disebalik Tirai Besi".
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