List of islands by area

This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world larger than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and most of the islands over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, four very large continental landmasses are also shown.

Dymaxion world map with the continental landmasses (Roman numerals) and 30 largest islands (Arabic numerals) roughly to scale

Continental landmasses

Continental landmasses are not usually classified as islands despite being completely surrounded by water.[Note 1] However, because the definition of continent varies between geographers, the Americas is sometimes defined as two separate continents while mainland Australia is sometimes defined as an island as well as a continent. Nevertheless, for the purposes of this list, mainland Australia along with the other major landmasses have been listed as continental landmasses for comparison. The figures are approximations and are for the four major continental landmasses only.[Note 2] The artificial Panama and Suez canals are disregarded, as they are not natural waters that separate the continents.

RankContinental landmass[Note 3]Area
(sq mi)
1 Afro-Eurasia 79,810,726[Note 4] 30,815,094

126 countries[Note 8]
7 de facto states[Note 10]
 Ceuta[Note 11]
 Gibraltar[Note 12]
 Hong Kong[Note 13]
 Melilla[Note 14]
Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera[Note 15]

2 Americas 37,699,623[Note 16] 14,555,906

22 countries[Note 18]
 French Guiana[Note 19]

3 Antarctica[Note 20] 12,272,800[Note 21] 4,738,600 None[Note 23]
4 Australia[Note 24] 7,591,608[Note 25] 2,931,136  Australia


Islands 100,000 km2 (38,600 sq mi) and greater

(sq mi)
1Greenland (main island)[Note 26][8]2,130,800[12]822,700 Greenland[Note 27]
2New Guinea[Note 28]785,753[13]303,381 Indonesia (Central Papua, Highland Papua, Papua, South Papua, West Papua and Southwest Papua)
 Papua New Guinea (Highlands, Momase, and Southern regions)
3Borneo[Note 29]748,168288,869 Brunei
 Indonesia (Central, East, North, South, and West Kalimantan)
 Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak)
4Madagascar (main island)[Note 30]587,041[14]226,658 Madagascar
5Baffin Island[Note 31]507,451[15]195,928 Canada (Nunavut)
6Sumatra443,065171,068 Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau, North, South, and West Sumatra provinces)
7Honshū225,80087,200 Japan (Chūbu, Chūgoku, Kansai, Kantō, and Tōhoku regions)
8Victoria Island217,291[15]83,897 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9Great Britain[Note 32]209,33180,823 United Kingdom (England, Scotland, and Wales)
10Ellesmere Island196,236[15]75,767 Canada (Nunavut)
11Sulawesi180,68169,761 Indonesia (Gorontalo, Central, North, South, Southeast, and West Sulawesi)
12South Island (Te Waipounamu)145,83656,308 New Zealand (Canterbury, Marlborough, Nelson, Otago, Southland, Tasman, and the West Coast)
13Java (Jawa)138,79453,589 Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Central, East, and West Java)
14North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui)111,58343,082 New Zealand (Auckland, the Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatū-Whanganui, Northland, Taranaki, Waikato, and Wellington)
15Luzon109,96542,458 Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, Calabarzon, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos, and the National Capital Region)
16Newfoundland108,860[15]42,030 Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17Cuba (main island)[Note 33]105,80640,852 Cuba
18Iceland (main island)[Note 34]101,82639,315 Iceland

Islands 25,000–99,999 km2 (9,700–38,600 sq mi)

(sq mi)
19Mindanao97,53037,660 Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Bangsamoro, Northern Mindanao, Soccsksargen, and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20Ireland84,421[16]32,595 Ireland
 United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21Hokkaidō78,71930,394 Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture)
22Hispaniola73,92928,544 Dominican Republic
23Sakhalin72,49327,990 Russia (Sakhalin)
24Banks Island70,028[15]27,038 Canada (Northwest Territories)
25Sri Lanka (main island)65,268[17]25,200 Sri Lanka
26Tasmania (main island)65,02225,105 Australia (Tasmania)
27Devon Island[Note 35]55,247[15]21,331 Canada (Nunavut)
28Alexander Island[Note 36]49,07018,950None[Note 37]
29Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego[Note 38]47,99218,530 Argentina (Tierra del Fuego)
 Chile (Magallanes)
30Severny Island (Novaya Zemlya north)47,07918,177 Russia (Arkhangelsk)
31Berkner Island43,87316,939None[Note 39]
32Axel Heiberg Island43,178[15]16,671 Canada (Nunavut)
33Melville Island42,149[15]16,274 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34Southampton Island41,214[15]15,913 Canada (Nunavut)
35Marajó[Note 40]40,100[17]15,500 Brazil (Pará)
36Spitsbergen38,981[18]15,051 Norway (Svalbard)
37Kyūshū37,43714,455 Japan (Kyūshū region)
38New Britain35,14513,570 Papua New Guinea (East New Britain Province and West New Britain Province)
39Taiwan (main island)34,50713,323 Republic of China (Taiwan) [Note 41]
40Prince of Wales Island33,339[15]12,872 Canada (Nunavut)
41Yuzhny Island (Novaya Zemlya south)33,24612,836 Russia (Arkhangelsk)
42Hainan33,21012,820 China (Hainan Province)
43Vancouver Island31,285[15]12,079 Canada (British Columbia)
44Timor28,41810,972 East Timor
 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
45Sicily25,711[19]9,927 Italy (Sicily)

Islands 10,000–24,999 km2 (3,861–9,652 sq mi)

(sq mi)
46Somerset Island24,786[15]9,570 Canada (Nunavut)
47Kotelny Island24,0009,300 Russia (Sakha)
48Sardinia23,9499,247 Italy (Sardinia)
49Bananal[Note 42]20,000[17]7,398 Brazil (Tocantins)
50Shikoku18,5457,160 Japan (Shikoku region)
51Halmahera18,0406,970 Indonesia (North Maluku)
52Seram17,4546,739 Indonesia (Maluku)
53New Caledonia (main island)16,6486,428 New Caledonia (sui generis collectivity of  France)
54Bathurst Island16,042[15]6,194 Canada (Nunavut)
55Prince Patrick Island15,848[15]6,119 Canada (Northwest Territories)
56Thurston Island15,700[17]6,100None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57Nordaustlandet14,467[18]5,586 Norway (Svalbard)
58Sumbawa14,3865,554 Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59October Revolution Island14,2045,484 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60Flores14,1545,465 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61King William Island13,111[15]5,062 Canada (Nunavut)
62Negros13,0755,048 Philippines (Western Visayas and Central Visayas)
63Samar12,8494,961 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64Palawan12,1894,706 Philippines (Mimaropa)
65Panay12,0114,637 Philippines (Western Visayas)
66Yos Sudarso (Dolak)11,7424,534 Indonesia (Papua)
67Bangka11,4134,407 Indonesia (Bangka Belitung Islands)
68Ellef Ringnes Island11,295[15]4,361 Canada (Nunavut)
69Bolshevik Island11,2064,327 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
70Jamaica (main island)11,1904,320 Jamaica
71Bylot Island11,067[15]4,273 Canada (Nunavut)
72Sumba10,7114,136 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
73Mindoro10,5724,082 Philippines (Mimaropa)
74Viti Levu10,5314,066 Fiji (Central Division and Western Division)
75Hawaiʻi (Big Island)10,4344,029 United States (Hawaii)
76Cape Breton Island10,311[15]3,981 Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands 5,000–9,999 km2 (1,931–3,861 sq mi)

(sq mi)
77Prince Charles Island9,521[15]3,676 Canada (Nunavut)
78Bougainville Island9,3183,598 Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
79Kodiak Island9,3113,595[20] United States (Alaska)
80Cyprus (main island)9,2513,565 Cyprus  Akrotiri and Dhekelia Sovereign Base Areas of the  United Kingdom and  Northern Cyprus[Note 43]
81Puerto Rico (main island)9,1003,500 Puerto Rico insular area of the  United States
82Komsomolets Island8,8123,402 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
83Corsica8,7413,375 France (Corsica)
84Disko Island8,6123,325 Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
85Carney Island8,500[17]3,300None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
86Chiloé Island8,4783,273 Chile (Los Lagos Region)
87Buru8,4733,271 Indonesia (Maluku)
88Crete8,3503,220 Greece (Crete)
89Anticosti Island7,941[15]3,066 Canada (Quebec)
90Roosevelt Island7,9103,050None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand). Status as an island is disputed.
91Wrangel Island (Vrangelya)7,8663,037 Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
92Tupinambarana (western part)7,7003,000 Brazil (Amazonas) (if taken as one fluvial island)
93New Ireland7,4052,859 Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
94Leyte7,3682,845 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
95East Falkland7,0402,720 Falkland Islands (a British Overseas Territory administered by the  United Kingdom and disputed by  Argentina[Note 44])
96Zealand7,031[21]2,715 Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
97Cornwallis Island6,995[15]2,701 Canada (Nunavut)
98Prince of Wales Island6,6752,577 United States (Alaska)
99Kerguelen (main island)6,6172,555 French Southern and Antarctic Lands overseas territory of  France
100Siple Island6,3902,470None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
101Graham Island6,361[15]2,456 Canada (British Columbia)
102New Siberia (Novaya Sibir)6,2012,394 Russia (Sakha Republic)
103Melville Island5,7652,226 Australia (Northern Territory)
104Prince Edward Island5,620[15]2,170 Canada (Prince Edward Island)
105Vanua Levu5,5872,157 Fiji (Northern Division)
106Wellington Island5,5562,145 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
107Coats Island5,498[15]2,123 Canada (Nunavut)
108Bali5,4162,091 Indonesia (Bali)
109Chichagof Island5,3882,080 United States (Alaska)
110Guadalcanal5,3532,067 Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal Province and Capital Territory)
111Amund Ringnes Island5,255[15]2,029 Canada (Nunavut)
112Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island5,1571,991 Russia (Sakha Republic)
113St. Lawrence Island5,1351,983 United States (Alaska)
114Riesco Island5,110[22]1,970 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
115Edgeøya5,073[18]1,959 Norway (Svalbard)
116Mackenzie King Island5,048[15]1,949 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
117Trinidad5,0091,934 Trinidad and Tobago
118Caviana5,000[22]1,900 Brazil (Pará)

Islands 2,500–4,999 km2 (965–1,930 sq mi)

(sq mi)
119Kolguyev Island4,9681,918 Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
120Gurupá4,864[22]1,878 Brazil (Pará)
121Isabela Island4,7111,819 Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
122North Jutlandic Island (Vendsyssel-Thy)4,685[21]1,809 Denmark (North Denmark) (physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
123Lombok4,6251,786 Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
124West Falkland4,5311,749 Falkland Islands (a British overseas territory administered by the  United Kingdom and disputed by  Argentina[Note 44])
125Belitung4,4781,729 Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
126Cebu4,4681,725 Philippines (Central Visayas)
127Adelaide Island4,4631,723None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina  Chile and  United Kingdom)
128Stefansson Island4,463[15]1,723 Canada (Nunavut)
129Madura Island4,4291,710 Indonesia (East Java)
130Buton4,4081,702 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
131Kangaroo Island4,3741,689 Australia (South Australia)
132Admiralty Island4,3621,684 United States (Alaska)
133Nunivak Island4,209[22]1,625 United States (Alaska)
134Unimak Island4,1191,590 United States (Alaska)
135Hoste Island4,117[22]1,590 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
136Spaatz Island4,100[22]1,600None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
137Baranof Island4,0651,570 United States (Alaska)
138Nias4,0481,563 Indonesia (North Sumatra)
139Espiritu Santo3,9561,527 Vanuatu (Sanma Province)
140Milne Land3,9131,511 Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
141Malaita3,8361,481 Solomon Islands (Malaita Province)
142Siberut3,8291,478 Indonesia (West Sumatra)
143Bohol3,8211,475 Philippines (Central Visayas)
144South Georgia3,7181,436 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands part of the British Overseas Territories territories under sovereignty of the  United Kingdom
145Euboea3,7071,431 Greece (Central Greece)
146Santa Inés Island3,6881,424 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
147Mallorca3,6671,416 Spain (Balearic Islands)
148Santa Isabel Island3,6651,415 Solomon Islands (Isabel Province)
149Long Island3,629[22]1,401 United States (New York)
150Socotra3,6071,393 Yemen (Socotra Governorate)
151Wetar3,600[22]1,400 Indonesia (Maluku)
152Tupinambarana (northern part)3,6001,400 Brazil (Amazonas)
153Traill Island3,5421,368 Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
154Bear Island3,500[22]1,400None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina  Chile and  United Kingdom)
155North Andros Island3,4391,328 Bahamas (North Andros and Central Andros)
156Vaygach Island3,3291,285 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
157Masbate Island3,268[22]1,262 Philippines (Bicol Region)
158Etorofu Island/Iturup3,2381,250Territorial dispute initially part of  Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture) then claimed by  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
159Makira (San Cristóbal)3,1901,230 Solomon Islands (Makira-Ulawa Province)
160Mansel Island3,180[15]1,230 Canada (Nunavut)
161Yamdena3,100[22]1,200 Indonesia (Maluku)
162Waigeo3,060[22]1,180 Indonesia (West Papua)
163Akimiski Island3,001[15]1,159 Canada (Nunavut)
164Gotland2,994[23]1,156 Sweden (Gotland)
165Funen2,985[21]1,153 Denmark (Southern Denmark)
166Choiseul Island2,9711,147 Solomon Islands (Choiseul Province)
167Revillagigedo Island2,9651,145 United States (Alaska)
168Taliabu2,9131,125 Indonesia (North Maluku)
169Muna Island2,8891,115 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
170Zemlya Georga2,8211,089 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
171Kupreanof Island2,8131,086 United States (Alaska)
172Borden Island2,794[15]1,079 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
173North Andaman Island2,7811,074 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
174Manitoulin Island2,766[24]1,068 Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
175Unalaska Island2,7221,051 United States (Alaska)
176Saaremaa2,6721,032 Estonia (Saaremaa)
177Moresby Island2,608[15]1,007 Canada (British Columbia)
178James Ross Island2,5981,003None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina  Chile and  United Kingdom)
179Obira2,542981 Indonesia (North Maluku)
180Réunion (main island)2,535979 France (Réunion overseas department)

Islands 1,000–2,499 km2 (386–965 sq mi)

This section of the list might not be complete but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

(sq mi)
181Navarino Island2,473955 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
182Paramushir2,471[22]954 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
183Ross Island2,460[22]950None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
184Ymer Island2,437941 Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
185Anvers Island2,432939None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina  Chile and  United Kingdom)
186Karaginsky Island2,404928 Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
187Cornwall Island2,358[15]910 Canada (Nunavut)
188Peleng2,346906 Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
189Groote Eylandt2,285882 Australia (Northern Territory)
190Yapen2,278880 Indonesia (Papua)
191Morotai2,266875 Indonesia (North Maluku)
192Princess Royal Island2,251[15]869 Canada (British Columbia)
193Isla de la Juventud2,237864 Cuba (Isla de la Juventud)
194Wilczek Land2,203851 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
195Hinnøya2,198[18]849 Norway (Nordland and Troms)
196Nelson Island2,183[25]843 United States (Alaska)
197Richards Island2,165[15]836 Canada (Northwest Territories)
198Trangan2,149830 Indonesia (Maluku)
199Alor Island2,120820 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
200Margarita Island2,100810 Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
201Lewis and Harris2,086805 United Kingdom (Scotland)
202Laut Island2,057794 Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
203Malakula2,041788 Vanuatu (Malampa Province)
204New Georgia2,037786 Solomon Islands (Western Province)
205Misool2,034785 Indonesia (West Papua)
206Magdalena Island2,025782 Chile (Aysén Region)
207René-Levasseur Island2,020[24]780 Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
208Tenerife2,008775 Spain (Canary Islands)
209Ayon2,000770 Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
210Kuiu1,962758 United States (Alaska)
211Manus1,940750 Papua New Guinea (Manus Province)
212Bioko1,935747 Equatorial Guinea (Bioko Norte Province and Bioko Sur Province)
213Biak1,904735 Indonesia (Papua)
214Maui1,903735 United States (Hawaii)
215Bacan1,900730 Indonesia (North Maluku)
216Žitný ostrov1,886728 Slovakia (Bratislava Region Trnava Region and Nitra Region)
217Mauritius (main island)1,874724 Mauritius
218Fraser Island1,840[26]710 Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
219Jeju Island1,826[27]705 South Korea (Jeju Province)
220Stewart Island/Rakiura1,815701 New Zealand (Southland)
221Bely Island1,810700 Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
222Afognak1,809698 United States (Alaska)
223Umnak1,793692 United States (Alaska)
224Bolshoy Shantar Island1,766682 Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
225Bolshoy Begichev Island1,764681 Russia (Sakha Republic)
226Simeulue1,754677 Indonesia (Aceh)
227Kobroor1,723665 Indonesia (Maluku)
228Air Force Island1,720[15]660 Canada (Nunavut)
229Natuna Besar1,720660 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
230Savai'i1,718663 Samoa (Fa'asaleleaga Gaga'emauga Gaga'ifomauga Vaisigano Satupa'itea and Palauli)
231Geographical Society Island1,717663 Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
232Bathurst Island1,692653 Australia (Northern Territory)
233Bering Island1,660640 Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
234Skye1,659641 United Kingdom (Scotland)
235Lesbos1,641634 Greece (North Aegean)
236Soisalo1,635[28]631 Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia)
237Fuerteventura1,633631 Spain (Canary Islands)
238Salawati1,623627 Indonesia (West Papua)
239Great Inagua1,615624 Bahamas (Inagua)
240Kunashiri Island/Kunashir Island1,612622Territorial dispute initially part of  Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture) then claimed by  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
241Joinville Island1,607620None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina  Chile and  United Kingdom)
242Tanahbesar (Wokam)1,604619 Indonesia (Maluku)
243Rantau1,598617 Indonesia (Riau)
244Senja1,590[18]610 Norway (Troms)
245Flaherty Island1,585[15]612 Canada (Nunavut)
246Oahu1,583611 United States (Hawaii)
247Zanzibar (Unguja)1,575608 Tanzania (Unguja North Region Unguja South Region and Mjini Magharibi Region)
248Graham Bell Island1,557601 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
249Eglinton Island1,541[15]595 Canada (Northwest Territories)
250Middle Andaman Island1,536[27]593 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
251Clavering Island1,535593 Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
252Gran Canaria1,530590 Spain (Canary Islands)
253Pioneer Island1,527590 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
254Catanduanes1,523588 Philippines (Bicol Region)
255Charcot Island1,500580None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
256Rupat1,490580 Indonesia (Riau)
257Qeshm1,488575 Iran (Hormozgan Province)
258Nares Land1,466566 Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
259South Andros Island1,448559 Bahamas (South Andros)
260Bhola Island1,441556 Bangladesh (Barisal Division)
261Fergusson Island1,437555 Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
262Urup1,437555 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
263Copper Island1,435554 United States (Michigan), did not exist until dredging in the 1860s
264Kauai1,435554 United States (Hawaii)
265São Luís Island1,410[29]540 Brazil (Maranhão)
266Rhodes1,410540 Greece (South Aegean)
267King George Island1,384534None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina  Chile and  United Kingdom)
268Graham Island1,378[15]532 Canada (Nunavut)
269Pitt Island1,375[15]531 Canada (British Columbia)
270Nottingham Island1,372[15]530 Canada (Nunavut)
271Chongming Island1,370[30]530 People's Republic of China (Shanghai Municipality)
272Desolación Island1,352522 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
273Ramree Island1,350[27]520 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
274Flinders Island1,330510 Australia (Tasmania)
275Öland1,347[23]520 Sweden (Kalmar)
276Lougheed Island1,308[15]505 Canada (Nunavut)
277Dawson Island1,290500 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
278Barentsøya (Barents)1,288[31]497 Norway (Svalbard)
279Lembata (Lomblen)1,270490 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
280Basilan1,266489 Philippines (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
281Shannon Island1,259486 Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
282Mill Island1,258486None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
283Morfil1,250480 Senegal (Saint-Louis Region)
284Lolland1,243[21]480 Denmark (Zealand)
285Mangole1,229475 Indonesia (North Maluku)
286New Hanover Island (Lavongai)1,227474 Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
287Rote Island1,227474 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
288South Andaman Island1,211468 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
289Södertörn1,207466 Sweden (Stockholm) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by Södertälje Canal an artificial canal)
290Okinawa Island1,200460 Japan (Ryūkyū Islands Okinawa Prefecture and Kyūshū region)
291Oleniy Island1,197462 Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
292Tiburón Island1,190460 Mexico (Sonora)
293Campana Island1,188459 Chile (Aisén Region)
294Bintan Island1,173453 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
295Martinique1,167451 France (Martinique overseas department)
296Aracena Island1,164449 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
297Sherman Island1,159447None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
298Byam Martin Island1,150[15]440 Canada (Nunavut)
299Great Abaco1,146442 Bahamas (North Abaco Central Abaco and South Abaco)
300Lifou Island1,146442 New Caledonia special collectivity of  France
301Wales Island1,137[15]439 Canada (Nunavut)
302Île Vanier1,126[15]435 Canada (Nunavut)
303Upolu1,125434 Samoa (Tuamasaga A'ana Aiga-i-le-Tai Atua Va'a-o-Fonoti and Gaga'emauga)
304King Island1,121433 Australia (Tasmania)
305Clarence Island1,111429 Chile (Magallanes Region)
306Padang Island1,109428 Indonesia (Riau)
307Grand Bahama1,096423 Bahamas (East Grand Bahama West Grand Bahama and Freeport)
308Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry)1,095423 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
309Rowley Island1,090[15]420 Canada (Nunavut)
310Tahiti1,069413 French Polynesia overseas collectivity of  France
311Sääminginsalo1,069[28]413 Finland (Southern Savonia) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
312Serrano Island1,063410 Chile (Aisén Region)
313Atka Island1,061410 United States (Alaska)
314Cameron Island1,059[15]409 Canada (Nunavut)
315Gallya (Hall Island)1,049405 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
316Madre de Dios Island1,043403 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
317Normanby Island1,040400 Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
318Hiiumaa1,031398 Estonia (Hiiumaa)
319Margarita Island1,020390 Venezuela (Nueva Esparta)
320Resolution Island1,015[15]392 Canada (Nunavut)
321Grande Comore1,013391 Comoros (Grande Comore)
322Mornington Island1,002387 Australia (Queensland)

See also


  1. The United States Geological Survey is a notable exception. The United States-based scientific agency considers all landmasses surrounded by ocean water, including continental mainlands, as islands. Under their definition, Africa, Australia, Eurasia, North America, and South America are classified as continental mainland islands.[1]
  2. Physiographically, there are only four continents (including offshore continental islands which sit on the nearby continental shelves) that are completely surrounded by water: Afro-Eurasia (57% of the global land area), the Americas (28.5%), Antarctica (9%), and Australia (5%). The remaining 0.5% is made up of remote oceanic islands, mostly scattered within Oceania in the central and south Pacific Ocean.[2]
  3. Including landmasses which are above water and over 2,500,000 km2 (970,000 sq mi). The submerged continent of Zealandia (approx. 5,000,000 km2 (1,900,000 sq mi)) is excluded.[3]
  4. Figure derived from the Global Islands Explorer website, by adding the areas of mainland Africa (29,370,907 km2 (11,340,171 sq mi)) and mainland Eurasia (50,439,819 km2 (19,474,923 sq mi)).
  5. Egypt has a small portion of its land located on mainland Eurasia. Equatorial Guinea's capital city is located on an island.
  6. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey each have a small portion of their land located on continental Europe. Malaysia has a significant portion of its land located on an island.
  7. Russia has a big portion of its land located on continental Asia. Denmark's capital city is located on an island.
  8. 48 countries on mainland Africa[Note 5] and 78 countries on mainland Eurasia (38 countries on continental Asia[Note 6] and 40 countries on continental Europe[Note 7]).
  9. Abkhazia and South Ossetia are both located south of the Greater Caucasus watershed and thus geographically parts of Asia.
  10. Two states on mainland Africa and five states on mainland Eurasia (three states on continental Asia[Note 9] and two states on continental Europe).
  11. A Spanish overseas autonomous city, located on mainland Africa.
  12. A British overseas territory, located on continental Europe.
  13. A special administrative region of China. Except Hong Kong Island and the Outlying Islands, the rest of the territory is located on continental Asia.
  14. A Spanish overseas autonomous city, located on mainland Africa.
  15. A Spanish overseas tied island on mainland Africa, politically a part of the plazas de soberanía.
  16. Figure derived from the Global Islands Explorer website, by adding the areas of mainland North America (20,090,075 km2 (7,756,821 sq mi)) and mainland South America (17,609,548 km2 (6,799,084 sq mi)).
  17. Depending on the definition, a significant portion of Panama (land east of the Panama Canal) could be considered a part of mainland South America.
  18. Ten countries on mainland North America[Note 17] and twelve countries on mainland South America.
  19. An overseas department and region of France, located on mainland South America.
  20. Antarctica is a special case, for if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single landmass, but several landmasses of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent.[4] If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rocks that are currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed,[5] although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.[6]
  21. Area of mainland Antarctica, without the ice shelves and nearby islands.[7]
  22. All territorial claims in Antarctica are in abeyance under the Antarctic Treaty System.
  23. 7 countries have made 8 territorial claims.[Note 22]
  24. Mainland Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island.[8] Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent" or "Earth's largest island, but its smallest continent".[9]
  25. Figure derived from the Geoscience Australia website, the area of mainland Tasmania (64,519 km2 (24,911 sq mi)) has been deducted.[10] The Global Islands Explorer website has given a slightly larger figure of 7,618,696 km2 (2,941,595 sq mi) for the area of mainland Australia.
  26. The largest island in the world.
  27. A part of the Kingdom of Denmark.
  28. The largest island in the Eastern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. The largest divided island in the world.
  29. The largest island in Asia. The only island shared by three UN member states.
  30. The largest island in Africa.
  31. The largest island in the Arctic Archipelago.
  32. The largest island in Europe.
  33. The largest island in the Caribbean.
  34. The largest high island in the world.
  35. The largest uninhabited island in the world.
  36. The largest island in Antarctica.
  37. Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina (partial), Chile, and the United Kingdom.
  38. The largest island in South America.
  39. Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina (partial), Chile, and the United Kingdom.
  40. Located at the mouth of the Amazon River, Marajó is the world's largest fluvial island.
  41. Claimed by the People's Republic of China.
  42. The world's largest river island and the largest island surrounded entirely by fresh water.
  43. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
  44. A dispute exists between the governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning the sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The disputed territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.


  1. USGS – Global Islands Explorer
  2. Stephen Hawking; Lucy Hawking (9 January 2020). "Earth: What's It Made Of?". Unlocking the Universe. p. 62. ISBN 9780241418864.
  3. GNS Science – Earth's 8th Continent
  4. 3D visualisations of the Earth2014 SUR, BED, TBI and RET topography layers over the Southern Hemisphere, centred to Antarctica
  5. Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  6. Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science. 324 (59295): 901–903. Bibcode:2009Sci...324..901B. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. S2CID 11083712.
  8. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info – Continent or Island?". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  9. "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Archived from the original on 2003-08-20. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  10. "Area of Australia – States and Territories". Geoscience Australia. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  11. "Islands By Land Area". Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  12. Island Superlatives
  13. Ganeri, Anita (2014). Island Life. Raintree. p. 43. ISBN 9781406249453.
  14. Europa Publications, ed. (2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 629. ISBN 9781857431834.
  15. "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  16. Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
  17. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World". Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  18. "Statistisk årbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  19. Popescu, Gabriel (2015). Agricultural Management Strategies in a Changing Economy. IGI Global. p. 310. ISBN 9781466675223.
  20. Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
  21. "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  22. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World by Region". Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  23. Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
  24. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Lake Islands of the World". Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  25. The Essential Desk Reference. Oxford University Press. 2002. p. 279. ISBN 9780195128734.
  26. World Heritage Places - Fraser Island
  27. "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of Selected Countries". Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  28. "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Archived from the original on 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  29. Upaon-Açu ("São Luis") island (in Portuguese), 2021-03-30, retrieved 2022-11-25
  30. "崇明概况". 上海市崇明区人民政府. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  31. "Svalbard Statistics 2005" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01.


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