West New Britain Province

West New Britain is a province of Papua New Guinea on the islands of New Britain. The provincial capital is Kimbe. The area of the province is 20,387 km² with a population of 264,264 as of the 2011 census.[2] The province's only land border is with East New Britain. There are seven major tribes, the Nakanai, Bakovi, Kove, Unea, Maleu, Arowe, speaking about 25 languages.

West New Britain Province
Wes Niu Briten Provins (Tok Pisin)
West New Britain Province in Papua New Guinea
Coordinates: 5°50′S 150°0′E
CountryPapua New Guinea
Formation1976
CapitalKimbe
Districts
List
  • Kandrian-Gloucester District
  • Talasea District
Government
  GovernorSasindran Muthuvel 2012-
Area
  Total20,387 km2 (7,871 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
  Total264,264
  Density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+10 (AEST)
HDI (2019)0.592[1]
medium · 6th of 22

People from West New Britain are referred to as "Kombes" in Papua New Guinea, in metonymic reference to the significant Kove (or Kombe) people. The Kove people were reported on by the anthropologist Ann Chowning in National Geographic magazine during the 1960s. Within Papua New Guinea they are noted for their practice of superincision of the penis — circumcision is generally though inaccurately referred to among Papua New Guineans as "the Kombe cut" — but was formerly practiced in other northern coastal regions of New Guinea island and the New Guinea Islands.

The predominant religious affiliation is Roman Catholic, though there is a sizeable Anglican presence at the extreme western tip of the province and Bishop James Ayong, the retired Anglican prelate of Papua New Guinea, is originally from West New Britain.

West New Britain produces palm oil for export with large oil palm plantations on the north coast of the province especially in the Kimbe region. There are logging activities in the interior and on the south coast. The Walindi dive resort near Kimbe is a tourist destination for visitors to Papua New Guinea.

Districts and LLGs

There are two districts in the province. Each district has one or more Local Level Government (LLG) areas. For census purposes, the LLG areas are subdivided into wards and those into census units.[3]

DistrictDistrict CapitalLLG Name
Kandrian-Gloucester District Kandrian Gasmata Rural
Gloucester Rural
Kandrian Coastal Rural
Kandrian Inland Rural
Kove-Kaliai Rural
Talasea District Kimbe Bali-Witu Rural
Bialla Rural
Hoskins Rural
Kimbe Urban
Mosa Rural
Talasea Rural

Provincial leaders

The province was governed by a decentralised provincial administration, headed by a Premier, from 1978 to 1995. Following reforms taking effect that year, the national government reassumed some powers, and the role of Premier was replaced by a position of Governor, to be held by the winner of the province-wide seat in the National Parliament of Papua New Guinea.[4][5]

Premiers (1978–1995)

Premier Term
Bernard Vogae1978–1987
Joseph Lehen1987–1988
Robert Lawrence1988–1993
Bernard Vogae1993–1995

Governors (1995–present)

Governor Term
Lucas Waka1995–1997
Bernard Vogae1997–2000
Clement Nakmai2000–2007
Peter Humphreys2007–2012
Sasindran Muthuvel2012–present

Members of the National Parliament

The province and each district is represented by a Member of the National Parliament. There is one provincial electorate and each district is an open electorate.

Electorate Member
West New Britain ProvincialSasindran Muthuvel
Nakanai OpenFrancis Maneke
Kandrian-Gloucester OpenJoseph Lelang
Talasea OpenFreddy R Kumai

References

  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  2. "Papua New Guinea". City Population.de. Thomas Brinkhoff. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  3. "National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea". National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea. National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  4. May, R. J. "8. Decentralisation: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back". State and society in Papua New Guinea: the first twenty-five years. Australian National University. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  5. "Provinces". rulers.org. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
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