Dorayaki (どら焼き, どらやき, 銅鑼焼き, ドラ焼き) is a type of Japanese confection. It consists of two small pancake-like patties made from castella wrapped around a filling of sweet azuki bean paste.[1][2]

Alternative namesMikasa
TypeWagashi pancake
Place of originJapan
Main ingredientsCastella, red bean paste or sweet azuki bean paste
Inside of a dorayaki's cross-section

The original dorayaki consisted of only one layer. Its current shape was invented in 1914 by Usagiya in the Ueno district of Tokyo.[3]

In Japanese, dora means "gong", and because of the similarity of the shapes, this is probably the origin of the name of the sweet.[2][3] Legend has it that the first dorayaki were made when a samurai named Benkei forgot his gong (dora) upon leaving a farmer's home where he was hiding, and the farmer subsequently used the gong to fry the pancakes.[3]

A plush Doraemon toy with a dorayaki, his favorite in-universe food.

Regional variation

In the Kansai area, this sweet is often called mikasa (三笠). The word originally means triple straw hat, but is also an alternative name of Mount Wakakusa, a low hill with gentle slopes located in Nara. In Nara, a larger mikasa of about 30 cm in diameter is made.[4]

The Japanese manga and anime character Doraemon loves dorayaki and so it is depicted as his favourite food (in the English dub, Nobita (Noby) calls it "yummy buns" as an alternative), and it has been a plot device several times throughout the series. Doraemon is addicted to dorayaki and falls for any trap involving them. Since 2000, the company Bunmeido has been selling a limited version of dorayaki called Doraemon Dorayaki every year around March and September. Since 2015, JFC International has produced Doraemon Dorayaki for the North American market.

In 2015 filmmaker Naomi Kawase released the film "An" ("Sweet Bean"), based on a novel by Durian Sukegawa, about an elderly woman who has a secret recipe for truly transcendent dorayaki anko.[5][6][7]

See also


  1. "Dori-yaki: Bon Appetit!". NIPPONIA No. 40. Web Japan.
  2. Yoshizuka, Setsuko. "Dorayaki". Japanese Food. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  3. "Food to Try at HYPER JAPAN: Dorayaki". Gaijin Gourmet. Eat-Japan. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  4. Blankestijn, Ad. "Monaka & Dorayaki". Japanese Food Dictionary. Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  5. Lodge, Guy (14 May 2015). "Film Review: 'An'". Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  6. "映画『あん』". 映画『あん』オフィシャルサイト. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  7. "Sweet Bean Paste by Durian Sukegawa review – a bittersweet confection about prejudice and friendship". 2017.
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