Nazrin Shah of Perak

Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfur-Lah[1][2] (Jawi: سلطان نظرين معز الدين شاه ابن المرحوم سلطان ازلن محب الدين شاه المغفور له; born 27 November 1956) is the 35th and current Sultan of Perak since May 2014. Co-currently, he is serving as the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong since 13 December 2016. Additionally, he served as the Acting Yang di-Pertuan Agong from November 2018 to December 2018 and again in January 2019.

Nazrin Shah
نظرين شاه
Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Sultan of Perak
35th Sultan of Perak
Reign29 May 2014 – present
Installation6 May 2015,
Istana Iskandariah
PredecessorAzlan Shah
Crown PrinceRaja Jaafar
Born (1956-11-27) 27 November 1956[fn 1]
George Town, Penang, Malaya
(m. 2007)
  • Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah
  • Raja Nazira Safya
Raja Nazrin Shah ibni Raja Azlan Shah
Regnal name
Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfur-Lah
HouseHouse of Siak-Perak
FatherSultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah
MotherTuanku Bainun binti Mohd Ali
ReligionSunni Islam
Alma mater

He is also a half-third cousin of Tunku Ismail ibni Sultan Ibrahim (the Crown Prince of Johor), since both share a common ancestor, Sultan Idris Shah I of Perak.

Early life

Sultan Nazrin Shah was born on 27 November 1956 at George Town, Penang, Malaya. during the reign of his grandfather, Almarhum Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah. He is the eldest son of the late Sultan of Perak, Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah and the former Raja Permaisuri of Perak, Tuanku Bainun Binti Mohd Ali.

Academic and Intellectual Background

He studied at Sekolah Rendah Jalan Kuantan, Kuala Lumpur from 1962 to 1967 then followed by lower secondary stage at St. John's Institution, Kuala Lumpur from 1968 to 1970, and furthered his upper secondary and sixth form at The Leys School, Cambridge (UK) until 1975.


Sultan Nazrin Shah was born in Penang, Malaya on 27 November 1956 as the first child of Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuff Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah and his wife Tuanku Bainun binti Mohd Ali. Back then, his father was working as a magistrate and his mother was a teacher. His siblings are:

  • sister Raja Azureen (born 9 December 1957)
  • brother Raja Ashman Shah (born 28 December 1958, died 30 March 2012)
  • sister Raja Eleena (born 3 April 1960)
  • sister Raja Yong Sofia (born 24 June 1961)

Academic life

Sultan Nazrin was educated at St. John's Institution, Kuala Lumpur and holds a BA degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from Worcester College, Oxford. He also holds an MPA degree from John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and a PhD degree in Political Economy and Government from Harvard University.

Sultan Nazrin's research interests are in the area of economic and political development in South-East and North-East Asia, historical national income accounting and economic growth in developing countries.

The Sultan has also written articles and spoken on a wide range of issues including the role of the constitutional monarchy in Malaysia, education, Islam, ethnic relations and economic development.

He has assumed the role of Financial Ambassador of the Malaysian International Islamic Financial Centre (MIFC), has been Chancellor of Universiti Malaya since 2014 and is the chairman of the Board of Governors of the Malay College Kuala Kangsar.

He is also an Eminent Fellow of the Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia.

Raja Muda of Perak

The Perak Sultanate does not practice Agnatic Primogeniture like the other 7 Malay Rulers of Malaysia (excluding Negeri Sembilan), so, when his father ascended to become the Sultan of Perak, he does not automatically becomes the Raja Muda (Crown Prince). The Sultanate practices a hierarchy system, where the Sultan appoints princes of Perak to any vacant ranks. Fortunately at that time, there were some vacancies of the 6 princes with titles ranks. On 16 February 1984, he was proclaimed as the Raja Kechil Besar of Perak, which makes him 3rd in line to inherit the throne. After the death of Raja Ahmad Saifuddin ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah, the then-Raja Muda of Perak in 1987, the Raja Muda title was passed to him due to the then-Raja Di-Hilir of Perak, Raja Ahmad Hisham ibni Raja Abdul Malik, who was 80, refused the title due old age. He was proclaimed the Raja Muda of Perak on 15 April 1987.

Sultan of Perak

On 29 May 2014 he became the 35th Sultan of Perak on the death of his father, Sultan Azlan Shah.[1] This momentous occasion marks the first time in almost a century ago that a father-son inheritance of the throne occurred in Perak due to the Sultanate not practicing Agnatic Primogeniture. It also marks the first time in centuries that the Sultan of Perak was not born in Perak as he was born in Penang.

Sultan Nazrin's full name and official title is in Malay: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfurlah, Sultan, Yang di-Pertuan dan Raja Pemerintah Negeri Perak Darul Ridzuan dan Jajahan Takluknya, D.K., D.K.S.A., D.K.A.,D.M.N., D.K. (Selangor), D.K. (Kelantan), S.P.C.M, S.P.T.S, S.P.M.P. (Perlis), Ph.D (Harvard), MPA (Harvard).

in English: His Royal Highness Paduka Seri Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Al-Maghfurlah, The Sultan, Sovereign Ruler and Head of the Government of Perak Abode of Grace and its dependencies, D.K., D.K.S.A., D.K.A.,D.M.N., D.K. (Selangor), D.K. (Kelantan), S.P.C.M, S.P.T.S, S.P.M.P. (Perlis), Ph.D (Harvard), MPA (Harvard).[3]

Previously, he had been appointed as the Regent of Perak twice. The first time was when his father was elected as the ninth Yang Di-Pertuan Agong, where he became Regent for five years, starting from 26 April 1989 until 25 April 1994. When his father's health deteriorated in 2008, Sultan Nazrin served again as the Regent from 27 January 2008 until he ascended the throne and became the Sultan of Perak in 2014.

As the Sultan of Perak, he is also the Colonel-in-Chief of the Malaysian Army's Royal Army Engineers Regiment.

Election as Deputy Yang Di-Pertuan Agong

Sultan Nazrin was elected as the Deputy Yang Di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia on 14 October 2016. The appointment took effect on 13 December 2016.


On 2 November 2018, Sultan Nazrin was proclaimed as the Acting Yang Di-Pertuan Agong after Sultan Muhammad V was on medical leave. He ended his duties on 31 December 2018. However, due to the sudden abdication of Sultan Muhammad V as the 15th Yang Di-Pertuan Agong on 6 January 2019, he again became the Acting King the very next day whilst the Conference of Rulers elects the 16th Yang Di-Pertuan Agong on 24 January 2019 and the subsequent swearing-in ceremony on 31 January 2019.

In the 251st Meeting of the Conference of Rulers, while Sultan Abdullah of Pahang was elected as the 16th Yang Di Pertuan Agong, Sultan Nazrin was re-elected as the Deputy King for a new 5-year term effective on 31 January 2019. His regency as Acting King ended effective at the stroke of midnight on 31 January 2019.


Sultan Nazrin married Zara Salim Davidson at Istana Iskandariah, Bukit Chandan, on 17 May 2007. Sultan Nazrin and Tuanku Zara had known each other for eight years prior to the wedding.

The day after the wedding there was a ceremony to bestow Tuanku Zara Salim with the official title of Raja Puan Besar (Crown Princess) of Perak. Sultan Nazrin's father proclaimed Tuanku Zara Salim as the Raja Puan Besar of Perak and conferred the Darjah Kerabat on her.

The first child of the couple, Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah, was born on 14 March 2008, followed by Raja Nazira Safya Shah, was born on 2 August 2011.

Children and their date of birth

NameBornPlace of birthAge
His Highness (Yang Teramat Mulia) Raja Azlan Muzzaffar Shah, Raja Kecil Besar of Perak(2008-03-14)14 March 2008Damansara Specialist Hospital, Damansara Kim, Selangor14 years, 10 months and 17 days
Her Highness (Yang Teramat Mulia) Raja Nazira Safya(2011-08-02)2 August 2011Damansara Specialist Hospital, Damansara Kim, Selangor11 years, 5 months and 29 days

Places named after him



  1. His birthday is on 27 November but his official birthday is on the first Friday of November
  1. Anbalagan, V. (29 May 2014) Raja Nazrin proclaimed as the 75th Sultan of Perak, The Malaysian Insider.
  2. Raja Nazrin proclaimed new Sultan of Perak, The Malay Mail. 30 May 2014
  3. Pelantikan Sultan Perak ke-35. 29 May 2014
  4. RIBA Architecture,
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