Sharafuddin of Selangor

Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Al-Haj Ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj (Jawi: سلطان شرف الدين إدريس شاه الحاج ابن المرحوم سلطان صلاح الدين عبدالعزيز شاه الحاج; born 24 December 1945) is the ninth and current Sultan of the Malaysian state of Selangor. He ascended the throne on 22 November 2001, succeeding his father, Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah.[1]

Sharafuddin
شرف الدين
Sultan of Selangor
Reign22 November 2001 – present
Coronation8 March 2003
PredecessorSalahuddin
Heir apparentTengku Amir Shah
Menteri Besar
Born (1945-12-24) 24 December 1945[1][fn 1]
Istana Jema'ah, Klang, Selangor
(now Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah, Klang)
Spouse
    Raja Zarina binti Raja Zainal
    (m. 1968; div. 1986)
      Nur Lisa Idris binti Abdullah
      (m. 1988; div. 1997)
        (m. 2016)
        Issue
        • Tengku Zerafina
        • Tengku Zatashah
        • Tengku Amir Shah
        Names
        Tengku Idris Shah ibni Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah
        Regnal name
        Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj
        HouseOpu Daeng Celak
        FatherSultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj
        MotherPaduka Bonda Raja Selangor
        Raja Saidatul Ihsan binti Almarhum Raja Bendahara Tengku Badar Shah
        ReligionSunni Islam

        Early life and education

        Sharafuddin was born on 24 December 1945, at Istana Jema'ah, Klang, as the first son of the Raja Muda (Crown Prince) of Selangor, Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah and his first wife, Raja Saidatul Ihsan binti Tengku Badar Shah (born. 1923–2011).[2][3] He was named Tengku Idris Shah at birth.[4] His father was the eldest son of Hisamuddin of Selangor and Raja Jemaah, who later became the second Yang di-Pertuan Agong and Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia. His mother was the grandchild of both Sulaiman of Selangor and Abdul Jalil of Perak.[5] As such, his parents were first cousins.

        He received his primary education at Malay Primary School, Kuala Lumpur when he was nine. He then attended St. John's Institution from 1954 until 1959.[2][4]

        In 1960, his father became the Sultan of Selangor, taking the regnal name Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah. In the same year, Sharafuddin was proclaimed the Raja Muda of Selangor at age fifteen. He was sent abroad to continue his education, attending the Hale School in Perth, Western Australia, from 1960 and later Langhurst College in Surrey, United Kingdom, from 1964.[2][4]

        After returning from the United Kingdom in 1968, Sharafuddin joined the government as a public servant, and was attached to the Selangor State Secretariat under the administration of Menteri Besar Harun Idris. He served in the Kuala Lumpur District Office and Kuala Lumpur police department.[2][4]

        On 1970, he was formally installed and took oath as the 8th Raja Muda of Selangor in a ceremony held at Istana Alam Shah, Klang.[6]

        On 24 April 1999, he was appointed as Regent of Selangor after his father became the eleventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong.[2][4]

        Sultan of Selangor

        On 22 November 2001, he was proclaimed Sultan of Selangor, succeeding his father, who died after only two years as Yang di-Pertuan Agong.[1] He took the regnal name Sharafuddin (connoting 'religious enlightenment' in Arabic), and is styled as Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah.[4]

        Coronation

        His formal coronation took place on 8 March 2003 at Istana Alam Shah, Klang.[7]

        The event started with inspection of Royal Guard of Honour made up of 103 members of the Royal Malaysian Navy by Sharafuddin. He entered the Balairung Seri (throne room) accompanied by a procession of palace officers. He carried out a few rituals including kissing the Quran and kissing the royal regalia, Keris Terapang Gabus before being crowned by the Selangor Mufti.[8]

        The ceremony was attended by royal family members of Selangor, royal family members of monarchies of Malaysia and federal government officers. Those who are in attendance include Tengku Amir Shah, Tengku Mustafa Kamel Sultan Mahmud of Terengganu, Tunku Naqiyuddin Tunku Jaafar of Negeri Sembilan, Nazrin Shah of Perak, Muhammad V of Kelantan, Tunku Abdul Malik of Kedah, Ibrahim Ismail of Johor and Abdullah of Pahang. Also in attendance are acting Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, who represented the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Sirajuddin of Perlis, Regent of Perlis Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra Jamalullail, and Pengiran Muda Mahkota Pengiran Muda Brunei Haji Al Muhtadee Billah ibni Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.[8]

        Role

        As Sultan, he is known to have revoked state awards conferred by him or by his father. In 2007, he revoked the Datuk title of a businessman who pleaded guilty for financial fraud. He has also suspended others who have been charged in court for various misdealings or faced bankruptcy.[9][10] In 2011, he suspended the datukship of former transport minister Chan Kong Choy in relation to the latter being charged in court over the Port Klang Free Zone scandal.[11]

        The 2008 general election saw sweeping political change in Selangor. For the first time, Barisan Nasional (BN) did not win control of the state assembly. Sharafuddin presided over the swearing-in of the first non-BN Menteri Besar of Selangor.[12]

        In May 2009, he underwent a ten-hour open heart surgery at Stanford University Medical Center in Palo Alto, California.[13]

        In early 2011, he became embroiled in a crisis over the appointment of the state secretary, the state's highest-ranking civil servant. The federal government appointed Mohd Khusrin Munawi to the position, which was consented to by Sharafuddin.[14] However, the Pakatan Rakyat-led state government opposed the appointment.[15] The state government eventually relented, and Khusrin assumed his duties in February 2011.[14]

        He was the Pro-chancellor of MARA University of Technology (UiTM) from the year 2000 until 2005, and is the current chancellor of Universiti Putra Malaysia since 2002.

        Marriages and children

        Sharafuddin married thrice.

        In 1968, as Tengku Idris, he married Raja Zarina binti Raja Tan Sri Zainal. The marriage ended in divorce in 1986. Sharafuddin and Raja Zarina have two children:[4]

        • Tengku Zerafina (born 1969), currently an entrepreneur based in London.[16] She married Colin Salem Parbury on 5 December 2004.
        • Tengku Zatashah (born 1973), currently the CEO of Light Cibles Malaysia, and an environmental activist. She married Aubry Rahim Mennesson (born 1972), a French, at the Grand Mosque of Paris, France on 10 November 2007.[17] A wedding reception was held on 28 February 2008 at Istana Alam Shah, Klang.[18]

        In 1988, Tengku Idris married American-born Nur Lisa Idris binti Abdullah (née Lisa Davis). They divorced in 1997 and have one child:[4]

        • Tengku Amir Shah (born 1990), the current Raja Muda of Selangor.

        In August 2016, as Sultan, he married television personality Norashikin Abdul Rahman, now known as Tengku Permaisuri Norashikin. The solemnisation ceremony was performed by Selangor Mufti Datuk Mohd Tamyes Abd Wahid at Masjid Istana Diraja in Istana Alam Shah, Klang and were witnessed by Selangor deputy mufti Dr Anhar Opir, Imam Mohd Rasid Mahful, former deputy mufti of Selangor Datuk Abdul Majid Omar and Selangor Islamic Religious Council member Datuk Salehuddin Saidin.[19]

        Interests

        Sharafuddin is known for being adventurous, having circumnavigated the world and scaled a mountain. At 30, he climbed Mount Kinabalu.[1][20]

        Prior to becoming Sultan, Sharafuddin was an avid sailor. In 1995, he circumnavigated his yacht, SY Jugra, around the world. The journey took 22 months.[20] He sold the yacht before becoming Sultan.[1] The Raja Muda Selangor International Regatta, a major annual sailing event, is named after him.[1]

        He has also taken part in rallies and long distance car races. He joined and completed the 1997 Peking to Paris Motor Challenge in his 1932 Ford Model B.[1] He covered 16,000 km in 43 days, winning the silver medal in the vintage car category.[20] In 1986, he drove a Proton Saga from Kota Kinabalu to Kuching, covering 1,111 km in two days.[1]

        Titles, styles and honours

        Styles of
        Sharafuddin Idris Shah
        Reference styleHis Royal Highness
        Spoken styleYour Royal Highness

        Sharafuddin's full style and title is: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Alhaj ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Alhaj, Sultan dan Yang di-Pertuan Selangor Darul Ehsan Serta Segala Daerah Takluknya.[21]

        Or in English: His Royal Highness Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj, The Sultan and Sovereign Ruler of Selangor Abode of Sincerity and its Sovereign Dependencies

        Military ranks

         Malaysia

        Honours

        In March 2001, he received an honorary degree from Universiti Teknologi MARA.[1]

        He is an Honorary Life President of the Football Association of Selangor.[1]

        He has been awarded :[21][6]

        Honours of Selangor

        • Grand Master (since 21 November 2001) and First Class (DK I, 14 March 1970) of the Royal Family Order of Selangor
        • Grand Master (since 21 November 2001) and Knight Grand Commander (SPMS, 6 June 1961) of the Order of the Crown of Selangor
        • Founding Grand Master and Knight Grand Companion of the Order of Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah (SSIS, since 14 December 2002)
        • Grand Master of the Order of Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah (SSSA, since 21 November 2001)
        • Sultan Sharafuddin Coronation Medal (8 March 2003)
        • Sultan Salahuddin Coronation Medal (28 June 1961)
        • Sultan Salahuddin Silver Jubilee Medal (3 September 1985)

        Honours of Malaysia

        •  Malaysia :
        •  Johor :
        •  Kedah :
          • Member of the Royal Family Order of Kedah (DK) (2003)
        •  Kelantan :
          • Recipient of the Royal Family Order or Star of Yunus (DK) (2002)
        •  Negeri Sembilan :
          • Member of the Royal Family Order of Negeri Sembilan (DKNS) (19 July 2002)
        •  Pahang :
          • Member 1st class of the Family Order of the Crown of Indra of Pahang (DK I) (8 April 2021)[25][26]
        •  Perak :
          • Recipient of the Royal Family Order of Perak (DK, 2002)
        •  Perlis :
          • Recipient of the Perlis Family Order of the Gallant Prince Syed Putra Jamalullail (DK, 11 December 2005)
        •  Terengganu :
          • Member first class of the Family Order of Terengganu (DK I, 2003)

        Foreign honours

        Ancestry

        References

        1. His birthday is on 24 December but his official birthday is on 11 December
        1. Kee, Hua Chee (8 March 2003). "Fulfilling a Ruler's destiny". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        2. "Life's a simple and beautiful journey, says Sultan". Sultan of Selangor's Birthday. New Straits Times. 11 December 2002. pp. 6–8. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        3. "Selangor Sultan's mother dies". The Star (Malaysia). 31 March 2011. Archived from the original on 3 June 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        4. "Biodata Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah". Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). 22 November 2001. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
        5. "Selangor". Genealogical Gleanings. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        6. "CV HRH Sultan Selangor 100218" (PDF). selangorroyaloffice.files.wordpress.com. Selangor Royal Office. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
        7. "State to reach greater heights". The Star (Malaysia). 9 March 2003. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
        8. Fernandez, Frederick (9 March 2003). "Day steeped in tradition". The Star. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
        9. "Selangor Sultan strips trader of title". New Straits Times. 9 August 2007. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        10. "Laman web rasmi Darjah Kebesaran Negeri Selangor". Archived from the original on 24 August 2019. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
        11. "Ex-minister and bankrupt lose Selangor titles". The Star (Malaysia). 11 April 2011. Archived from the original on 14 April 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        12. "Khalid Ibrahim sworn-in as new Selangor Mentri Besar". The New Straits Times. 13 March 2008. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2008.
        13. "Sultan Selangor Stabil Selepas Pembedahan Lapan Jam". Utusan Malaysia. 4 May 2009. Archived from the original on 24 August 2019. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
        14. A. Ruban (17 February 2011). "Khusrin takes his oath at last". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        15. Shazwan Mustafa Kamal (6 January 2011). "Selangor Sultan maintains Khusrin's appointment lawful". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 9 January 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        16. "The Sultan, my father". The Star (Malaysia). 8 March 2003. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        17. Kee Hua Chee (23 February 2008). "Building up experience". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 18 July 2019.
        18. Chan, Jade (28 February 2008). "A wedding reception befitting a princess". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        19. "Sultan Selangor marries RTM News Reader". Malay Mail. 2 September 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
        20. "The Sultan, sailing and the sea". Sultan of Selangor's Birthday. New Straits Times. 11 December 2002. pp. 10–13. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        21. "May Allah The Almighty Bless Our Sultan". New Straits Times. 22 December 2001. p. 3. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
        22. "Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Selangor". selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
        23. "Sultan receives award". The Star (Malaysia). 19 February 2003. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
        24. "A royal gesture". The Straits Times. 14 July 1975. p. 8.
        25. "Agong confers DK Pahang award on Selangor Sultan". Bernama. New Straits Times. 8 April 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
        26. "Agong confers DK Pahang Award on Selangor Sultan". Bernama. Astro Awani. 8 April 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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