Cape Pembroke

Cape Pembroke (Spanish: Cabo San Felipe)[1] is the easternmost point of the Falkland Islands, and is on East Falkland. There is an automated lighthouse here.


Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
LocationCape Pembroke, Falkland Islands, United Kingdom
Coordinates51°41′S 57°43′W
Constructed1855 (first)
Constructioncast iron tower
Height18 metres (59 ft) (first)
Shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern[2]
Markingsblack tower with a horizontal white band, black lantern
OperatorFalkland Islands Museum and National Trust 
First lit1987 (current)
Deactivated1982 (first)
Focal height30 metres (98 ft) (current)
Lens3rd order Fresnel lens
Range10 nautical miles (19 km; 12 mi)
CharacteristicFl(3) W 20s 

An automated 18 metres (59 ft) lighthouse on Cape Pembroke was built in 1855, and rebuilt in 1906, and was restored in the 1990s. Previously, the nearby Billy Rock offshore had claimed fifteen ships, and there were unlit markers here.

The original light used rape seed oil, but as it burnt a thousand gallons a year, sea lion oil was attempted as a substitute. When it was rebuilt in 1906, it was converted to paraffin and worked by clockwork. After World War II a less romantic structure was built to the east.

A small lighthouse keepers cottage used to stand here. The lighthouse itself is now a listed building.[3]

Farm and James Smith

In the late nineteenth century, Cape Pembroke peninsula was a small farm, which the islands' government leased to James Smith of Stanley. There were few such small farms in the islands and James Smith was ardent in his support of agrarian reform.

Atlantic Conveyor memorial

In June 2007, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex unveiled a memorial to the SS Atlantic Conveyor, a merchant ship requisitioned by the British military during the Falklands Conflict of 1982. the ship was attacked by Argentine fighters and the resultant explosions killed 12 sailors. Whilst under tow after the event, she sunk off the north eastern coast of the Falkland Islands.[4]


  1. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Falkland Islands". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  3. "Falkland Islands Information Web Portal". Buildings and Structures in the Falkland Islands designated as being of Architectural or Historic Interest. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2008.
  4. "Legal move protects captain's sea grave". 10 April 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  • Cape Pembroke in Lighthouse Digest's Lighthouse Explorer Database

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