1964 Malaysian general election

General elections were held in Malaysia on Saturday, 25 April 1964 to elect members of the second parliament. Voting took place in 104 out of 159 parliamentary constituencies of Malaysia, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament.[1] State elections also took place in 282 state constituencies in 11 (out of 14, except Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore) states of Malaysia on the same day, each electing one Member of the Legislative Assembly to the Dewan Undangan Negeri.

1964 Malaysian general election

25 April 1964

104 of the 159 seats in the Dewan Rakyat
53 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Tunku Abdul Rahman Tan Chee Khoon Burhanuddin al-Helmy
Party Alliance Socialist Front PAS
Last election 74 seats, 51.8% 8 seats, 12.9% 13 seats, 21.3%
Seats won 89 2 9
Seat change 15 6 4
Popular vote 1,204,340 330,898 301,187
Percentage 58.5% 16.1% 14.6%
Swing 6.7% 3.2% 6.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Lim Chong Eu D. R. Seenivasagam Lee Kuan Yew
Last election New Party 4 seats, 6.3% New Party
Seats won 1 2 1
Seat change 2
Popular vote 88,223 69,898 42,130
Percentage 4.3% 3.4% 2.0%

Prime Minister before election

Tunku Abdul Rahman

Prime Minister-designate

Tunku Abdul Rahman

The result was a victory for the Alliance Party, which won 89 of the 104 seats. Voter turnout was 78.9%. The result also contributed towards the eventual expulsion of Singapore from Malaysia. The Singaporean-based People's Action Party decided to run on the mainland, and although it attracted large crowds at its rallies, it won only one seat – that by Devan Nair, who represented the Bangsar constituency (now part of Seputeh and Lembah Pantai constituencies). It is thought by some historians that Finance Minister and MCA President Tan Siew Sin's appeal to the Chinese to avoid challenging the Malay special rights and risk merger with Indonesia helped the MCA retain its status as the "undisputed leader of the Chinese in the Malayan peninsula". Nevertheless, UMNO leaders were furious with the PAP.

It was the first parliamentary general election held after the formation of Malaysia in 1963. State elections were not held in Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak. Transitional provisions allowed the state legislatures of the three states to choose their parliamentary representatives until the next election. The three states had been allocated a total of 55 seats in the Malaysian Parliament: 15 seats for Singapore, 16 seats for Sabah and 24 seats for Sarawak. Together, the three states held 34% out the 159 seats in the parliament. This was intended to act as a check to prevent parliament from passing constitutional amendments (which require a two-thirds majority) without the agreement of representatives from the three new states. After Singapore left Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak were only left with 25% of the seats, as a consequence Sabah and Sarawak were not able to stop the parliament from approving laws that would encroach on the special rights granted to Sabah and Sarawak upon merger to form Malaysia.

Two Alliance candidates were returned unopposed.


Party or allianceVotes%Seats
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation794,57838.6259059+7
Malaysian Chinese Association377,96918.3727027+8
Malaysian Indian Congress31,7931.553030
Malayan Peoples'
Socialist Front
Labour Party of Malaya212,54610.33202–4
Parti Ra'ayat103,0455.01000–2
Parti Perhimpunan Kebangsaan15,3070.74000New
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party301,18714.64909–4
United Democratic Party88,2234.29101New
People's Progressive Party69,8983.40202–2
People's Action Party42,1302.0511213New
Parti Negara7,3190.36000–1
United Sabah National Organisation 66New
Sarawak Heritage Party 66New
United National Kadazan Organisation  55New
Sarawak People's Front 55New
Sabah Chinese Association 44New
Sarawak National Party 44New
Sarawak Chinese Association 33New
Sarawak United Peoples' Party 33New
Parti Negara Sarawak 33New
Barisan Sosialis 33New
United Pasok Momogun Organisation 11New
Valid votes2,057,50495.85
Invalid/blank votes89,1044.15
Total votes2,146,608100.00
Registered voters/turnout2,682,41680.03
Source: Nohlen et al., Singapore Elections, Singapore Elections


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation123,91147.94110
Malaysian Chinese Association61,50223.8050
Malayan Peoples'
Socialist Front
Labour Party of Malaya50,56819.5600
Parti Ra'ayat6,7102.6000
United Democratic Party9,6423.730New
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party3,6731.4200
People's Action Party2,4560.950New
Valid votes258,46295.57
Invalid/blank votes11,9814.43
Total votes270,443100.00
Registered voters/turnout334,35980.88


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation139,16956.46100
Malaysian Chinese Association29,82612.1020
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party61,86125.1000
Malayan Peoples'
Socialist Front
Labour Party of Malaya10,0124.0600
Parti Ra'ayat1,7820.7200
United Democratic Party3,8491.560New
Valid votes246,49995.74
Invalid/blank votes10,9734.26
Total votes257,472100.00
Registered voters/turnout336,85876.43


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party118,77056.868-1
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation89,71042.952+1
Malayan Peoples' Socialist FrontParti Ra'ayat4140.200New
Valid votes208,89495.92
Invalid/blank votes8,8754.08
Total votes217,769100.00
Registered voters/turnout271,73180.14


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation35,54134.6420
Malaysian Chinese Association32,35731.542+1
Malayan Peoples'
Socialist Front
Parti Ra'ayat16,82016.3900
Labour Party of Malaya10,65810.3900
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party3,7593.6600
People's Action Party3,4613.370New
Valid votes102,59696.98
Invalid/blank votes3,1923.02
Total votes105,788100.00
Registered voters/turnout125,58584.24

Negri Sembilan

Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation41,17735.4530
Malaysian Chinese Association19,76717.0220
Malaysian Indian Congress7,9116.8110
Malayan Peoples'
Socialist Front
Labour Party of Malaya19,43316.7300
Parti Ra'ayat7,0516.0700
United Democratic Party11,4879.890New
People's Action Party5,4104.660New
People's Progressive Party1,3491.1600
Valid votes116,16395.44
Invalid/blank votes5,5484.56
Total votes121,711100.00
Registered voters/turnout152,11480.01


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation74,32371.0850
Malaysian Chinese Association10
Malayan Peoples' Socialist Front18,99618.1700
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party11,23710.7500
Valid votes104,55695.13
Invalid/blank votes5,3584.87
Total votes109,914100.00
Registered voters/turnout141,59277.63


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation57,61528.024+1
Malaysian Chinese Association39,58919.2520
Malayan Peoples'
Socialist Front
Labour Party of Malaya42,57420.701-2
Parti Ra'ayat22,41210.9000
United Democratic Party37,15118.071New
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party5,5272.6900
People's Action Party7780.380New
Valid votes205,64697.21
Invalid/blank votes5,9022.79
Total votes211,548100.00
Registered voters/turnout253,45583.47


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation99,12224.7990
Malaysian Chinese Association113,16428.318+3
Malaysian Indian Congress9,8552.4710
People's Progressive Party66,33016.592-2
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party41,94110.4900
Malayan Peoples' Socialist Front32,3398.0900
United Democratic Party26,0946.530New
Valid votes399,77695.84
Invalid/blank votes17,3444.16
Total votes417,120100.00
Registered voters/turnout524,48779.53


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation23,00763.2520
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party13,36936.7500
Valid votes36,37695.88
Invalid/blank votes1,5644.12
Total votes37,940100.00
Registered voters/turnout46,49181.61


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyMalaysian Chinese Association68,93225.445+2
United Malays National Organisation63,04323.266+1
Malaysian Indian Congress14,0275.1810
Malayan Peoples'
Socialist Front
Labour Party of Malaya54,55620.131–2
Parti Ra'ayat16,3476.030–2
Parti Perhimpunan Kebangsaan15,3075.6500
People's Action Party30,02511.081New
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party6,5282.4100
People's Progressive Party2,2190.8200
Valid votes270,98495.23
Invalid/blank votes13,5814.77
Total votes284,565100.00
Registered voters/turnout388,21173.30


Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
Alliance PartyUnited Malays National Organisation60,79256.525+4
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party34,52232.101-3
Parti Negara7,3196.810-1
Malayan Peoples' Socialist FrontParti Ra'ayat4,9194.5700
Valid votes107,55295.74
Invalid/blank votes4,7864.26
Total votes112,338100.00
Registered voters/turnout145,21777.36

See also

  • 1964 Malaysian state elections


  1. Dieter Nohlen; Florian Grotz; Christof Hartmann (15 November 2001). Elections in Asia and the Pacific : A Data Handbook: Volume II: South East Asia, East Asia, and the South Pacific. OUP Oxford. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-19-924959-6.
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