Linux on Apple devices

The Linux kernel is able to run on a variety of devices made by Apple, including ones that are iOS-based where the unlocking of the bootloader is not possible with an official procedure.


In June 2022, software developers Konrad Dybcio and Markuss Broks managed to run Linux kernel 5.18 on a iPad Air 2. The project made use of the Alpine Linux based Linux distribution called postmarketOS, which is primarily developed for Android devices. The developer suggested that they used the checkm8 exploit which was published back in 2019.[1][2]


In 2008, Linux kernel 2.6 was ported to the iPhone 3G, iPhone (1st generation), and iPod Touch (1st generation) using OpeniBoot.[3]

Project Sandcastle made it possible to run Android on an iPhone 7/7+ or an iPod Touch (7th generation).[4]


iPodLinux is a Linux distribution created specifically to run on Apple's iPod.


Debian can be installed on the Apple iBook.[5]


In 2010, Whitson Gordon from Lifehacker noted that Apple has streamlined the process of dual booting Windows on Macs, but not for Linux. rEFIt made it possible to dual boot Linux.[6]

Linux can also be installed on Motorola 68k based Macs.[7]

The Asahi Linux project is porting Linux to the M1 (and up) based SoCs.

See also

  • iBoot
  • Cydia
  • Linux range of use
  • OtherOS
  • Linux on IBM Z


  1. Cunningham, Andrew (2022-06-02). "Have an old iPad lying around? You might be able to make it run Linux soon". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2022-06-14.
  2. "Ein Jahr Arbeit: Tüftler bringen Linux auf das iPad Air 2". Der Standard (in Austrian German). Retrieved 2022-06-15.
  3. Yam, Marcus; published, Amos Ngai (2008-12-02). "iPhone Hacked to Run Linux". Tom's Guide. Retrieved 2022-06-14.
  4. "Run Android on an iPhone With 'Project Sandcastle' Jailbreaking Tool". PCMAG. Retrieved 2022-06-14.
  5. Dornfest, Rael (2003). Mac OS X hacks. Kevin Hemenway (1st ed.). Beijing: O'Reilly. pp. 234–242. ISBN 0-596-00460-5. OCLC 79871186.
  6. "How to Triple-Boot Your Mac with Windows and Linux, No Boot Camp Required". Lifehacker. 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2022-06-14.
  7. "How to install Linux on a vintage 68K Mac". Macworld. Retrieved 2022-06-14.
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