Apple Wallet

Apple Wallet, or simply Wallet and formerly known as Passbook, is a digital wallet developed by Apple Inc. and included with iOS and watchOS that allows users to store Wallet passes such as coupons, boarding passes, student ID cards, government ID cards, business credentials, resort passes, car keys, home keys, event tickets, public transportation passes, store cards, and – starting with iOS 8.1 – credit cards, debit cards, and prepaid cards for use via Apple Pay.[1][2] Wallet was introduced as Passbook with iOS 6 on September 19, 2012.[3] It was renamed Wallet with the release of iOS 9 in 2015. Wallet is also the main interface for Apple Card, Apple's credit card released in the U.S. on August 20, 2019.

Apple Wallet
Other namesPassbook
Developer(s)Apple Inc.
Operating systemiOS
Service nameApple Wallet
(or Wallet for short)
TypeMobile app 


Apple Passbook was announced at the 2012 Apple Worldwide Developers Conference on June 11, 2012, and released with iOS 6 on September 19, 2012.[3] It was renamed Wallet with the release of iOS 9 on September 16, 2015.[4][5]


Wallet displays Aztec, PDF417, and QR 2D barcodes and Code 128 1D barcodes beginning with iOS 9.[6] Each digital coupon or ticket is known as a "pass".[7] When the user launches Wallet for the first time, a brief introduction screen appears with a button inviting users to browse apps on the App Store with Wallet integration. Passes can also be distributed online via Safari, sent to the user via email, or scanned using the built-in scanner in Wallet.

Passes are synced between iOS devices using iCloud, and OS X 10.8.2 and later also support opening passes to be sent to users' iOS devices. Although the app is available in iOS 6 or later, it is only available on iPhone and iPod Touch, but not on iPad.[8]

Wallet has the following features:

  • Displays 2D barcodes of following types: Aztec, PDF417 and QR.
  • Displays 1D barcodes of following types: Code 128 beginning with iOS 9.
  • Triggered by location. Up to 10 locations can be added to each Pass. A location is programmed as GPS coordinates (longitude, latitude, and altitude) and/or iBeacon UUID. (The UUID is a Universally Unique Identifier which is a 32 ASCII character code or a code automatically generated from a name using the PassKit API.)
  • Triggered by time of pass.
  • Localisation of the pass. Up to 35 languages can be stored for each pass in Wallet.[9]
  • Pass changes can be pushed via the Apple Push Notification Service by the pass provider, or manually updated by the user themselves.


Passes exist in a larger ecosystem, because passes are created as a package. The package is a pass template, that is created with a pass signer, along with relevant data and a private key. Passes can be updated at any time using the PassKit API and an iOS app can interact directly with passes stored in Wallet.

Passes are presented and managed by Wallet. Systems and apps interact with passes via the PassKit API.[10]

In its simplest form, an interaction (or transaction) between a pass and a system is facilitated by a 2D barcode or the modern QR code although it requires the customer to initiate the activity.

In late 2014, the first known implementations utilizing the iBeacon wireless geofencing started to appear in retail locations in the US. The iBeacon solutions allowed the retailer to broadcast an unsolicited lock-screen notice onto smartphones within Bluetooth range.[11]

In 2015, Apple incorporated the ability to present a loyalty card in Wallet to a point-of-sale terminal via NFC.[12] Walgreens enabled this first with their Balance Rewards loyalty program; customers can add their card to Wallet through the Walgreens or Duane Reade mobile apps and tap their phone to the terminal when prompted for their rewards card.

In 2016, Apple released the iPhone 7, along with Apple Pay support with Japan. This included IC e-cards like Suica to also be added digitally onto Apple Wallet. These cards work like a normal IC card, just on the iPhone, and Apple Wallet users can make normal transactions with their IC card using their iPhone, using the FeliCa NFC contactless technology to operate. Apple Wallet users can also reload their IC card just from their device using a debit or credit card added to Apple Wallet. To get a Suica, you could buy one digitally from Apple Wallet, or get a physical one from a JR East station and transfer the card balance to an iPhone. Japan's second main IC card, PASMO, would also be released later in 2020 with support with Apple Wallet. [13] [14]

In 2018, support was added for contactless student IDs for select universities. Such credentials operate in a similar manner to physical RFID cards in that they can be tapped to supported readers.[15] The power reserve feature on select iPhones and Apple Watches allows for continued use of the card even when the battery is depleted as long as Express Mode is enabled.[16]

In 2020, car keys were made available for the Apple Wallet, beginning with supported BMW vehicles. Such keys can be shared with friends and family, and permissions can be set per member, such as how fast they can go and whether or not some vehicle-specific features can be enabled/disabled or not. Such passes can also operate over UWB in addition to NFC.[17]

In 2021, Apple announced the ability to store government-issued ID cards, resort passes, home keys, and business credentials in Wallet. As of February 2023, three U.S. States offer the ability to store a state identification card within the wallet app, those being Maryland, Arizona, and Colorado.[18]

In 2022, Apple announced a new feature to track your Apple Pay orders in Wallet.[19]


Passes can be distributed anywhere a link can be embedded, such as via email, SMS, RCS, a webpage, an app, NFC tags, or QR codes.[20]


The Apple Wallet app is preinstalled on most iPhone and Apple Watch models worldwide, and developers from any country where Apple Developer resources are available can develop passes for Wallet. This is different from Apple Pay, which resides within Wallet, which currently has limited availability to a much smaller selection of nations.

Supported loyalty programs

These programs are conveyed through NFC via Apple Wallet's VAS protocol. Programs that support One Tap are conveyed at the same time as a payment card stored in Apple Wallet. Conversely, Two Tap programs are redeemed in a sequential manner, where a loyalty pass is scanned first, and then the payment can be presented.[21]

Country Retailer One Tap/Two Tap
Australia Dan Murphy's My Dan's[22]
Woolworths' Everyday Rewards[23] Two Tap
France Carrefour's Carrefour Card[24] One Tap & Two Tap
Ireland Nando's Nando Card[25] Two Tap
Japan d Point[26] One Tap & Two Tap
Ponta[27] One Tap & Two Tap
United Kingdom Nando's Nando Card[28] Two Tap
Texaco's Star Rewards Two Tap
United States CAVA's CAVA Rewards[29] One Tap
Coca-Cola's Vending Pass[30] One Tap
Dave & Buster's Power Card[31] Two Tap
Jimmy John's Freaky Fast Rewards[32] One Tap
Maverik's Adventure Club[33] One Tap
Panera Bread's MyPanera[34] One Tap
Quiznos' Toasty Points[35] One Tap
Redbox's Redbox Perks[36] Two Tap
Salsarita's Salsarita Rewards[37] One Tap
Walgreens' myWalgreens[38] Two Tap
Yogurtland's Real Rewards[39] One Tap

Supported government identifications

These territories permit their residents to save their government-issued identification credentials in Apple Wallet. Unlike the equivalent physical credentials, mobile government IDs in Apple Wallet can only be presented using NFC, so no barcode is scanned when presenting. Mobile IDs in Apple Wallet operate over the ISO 18013 mobile personal identification standard.[40] Once the credential is read, the ID holder must confirm the personal information they wish to share (full name, age, etc.) The transmission to the reader device will be completed over BLE after the presentation is fully verified. Added credentials can also be requested by apps to present virtually.[41] Available for iPhone 8 or later, and Apple Watch Series 4 or later.[42]

Country/Region State/Territory
United States Arizona[43]

Supported home & car keys

These home locks & car models can be unlocked via NFC with the iPhone XR, iPhone XS or later, and Apple Watch Series 5 or later. In addition, certain car models that support operation via UWB will require an UWB compatible device, such as the iPhone 11 or later or the Apple Watch Series 6 or later.[46][47]


  1. "Wallet".
  2. "Use Wallet on your iPhone or iPod touch – Apple Support". Apple Support. Apple Inc. October 6, 2018. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  3. Trew, James (June 11, 2012). "Apple unveils iOS 6 at WWDC, launch apps with Siri, Facebook integration, Maps". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  4. "Apple replaces Passbook with Wallet as Apple Pay expands to U.K."
  5. Brandom, Russell (September 9, 2015). "iOS 9 will be released on September 16th". The Verge. Vox Media. Archived from the original on October 25, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  6. What's new in Passbook with iOS 9
  7. "Apple Passbook and its potential impact on the travel industry". Phocuswire. June 19, 2012.
  8. "iOS What's New: Passbook". Apple Inc. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
  9. "PassLocales". Archived from the original on August 10, 2014.
  10. PassKit
  11. "Beacon marketers have new ways around app download requirement – Marketing Land". Marketing Land. April 19, 2016. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  12. Caldwell, Serenity. "How to use rewards cards with Apple Pay and the Wallet app". iMore. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  13. "Apple Pay coming to Japan with iPhone 7 - Apple". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  14. "Apple Pay and Express Transit Mode Now Support PASMO Transit Cards in Japan". MacRumors.
  15. "Apple adds support for contactless student ID cards in Wallet". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  16. "Express Cards with power reserve". Apple Support. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  17. "BMW announces support for Digital Key for iPhone. A secure and easy way to use iPhone as a car key to lock, unlock, drive, and share keys with friends". Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  18. "IDs in Wallet". Retrieved February 11, 2023.
  19. "iOS 16 Preview". Apple. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
  20. "Getting Started with Passbook" (PDF). Apple Inc.
  21. "Apple Developer Documentation". Retrieved December 2, 2022.
  22. "How do I get and use a digital card?". Dan Murphy's.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. "Digital Wallet | Everyday Rewards". Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  24. "Your Carrefour Card in Apple Wallet". Carrefour.
  25. Retrieved July 11, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. "Add your d-POINT card to Apple Wallet". d POINT.
  27. "Apple Wallet | Ponta".
  28. "About Nando's Card". March 19, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  29. "CAVA Member Portal". Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  30. "Vending Pass". Official Coca-Cola® US Website.
  31. "Dave & Buster's: FUN". App Store.
  32. "Jimmy John's Sandwiches". App Store.
  33. "Maverik Member Portal". Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  34. "Search Results Web results MyPanera Rewards Pass Apple Wallet". Panera Bread.
  35. "Quiznos". App Store.
  36. "Redbox Introduces: Mobile Perks Pass - YouTube". Retrieved December 20, 2020.
  37. "New Year, New Loyalty" (PDF). On24.
  38. "Apple Pay". Walgreens.
  39. "Yogurtland". App Store.
  40. 14:00-17:00. "ISO/IEC 18013-5:2021". ISO. Retrieved March 12, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  41. "Apple unveils new ways to share and communicate in iOS 16". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  42. "IDs in Wallet". Retrieved March 23, 2022.
  43. "Apple Wallet ID - Your Arizona ID in Apple Wallet | ADOT". Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  44. "Colorado ID on iPhone and Apple Watch | Department of Revenue - Motor Vehicle". Retrieved November 10, 2022.
  45. "Maryland Mobile ID - Pages". MVA. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  46. "Use your iPhone or Apple Watch as a car key". Apple Support. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  47. "Unlock your door with a home key on iPhone". Apple Support. Retrieved January 6, 2022.
  • Wallet apps in the iTunes Store
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