University of British Columbia

The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public research university with campuses near Vancouver and in Kelowna, British Columbia. Established in 1908, it is British Columbia's oldest university. The university ranks among the top three universities in Canada.[8][9][10][11] With an annual research budget of $759 million, UBC funds over 8,000 projects a year.[4]

University of British Columbia
Coat of arms
Tuum Est (Latin)[1]
Motto in English
It is up to you
It is yours
Established1908 (1908)
Academic affiliations
ACU, APRU, ASAIHL, Universities Canada, U15
EndowmentCAD$2.33 billion (2020)[2]
BudgetCAD$2.6 billion (2018)[3]
ChancellorSteven Point
PresidentDeborah Buszard (interim)
ProvostGage Averill (Vancouver; interim) and Rehan Sadiq (Okanagan; interim)
Academic staff
5,696 (Vancouver)
600 (Okanagan)[4]
Administrative staff
10,647 (Vancouver)
835 (Okanagan)[4]
Undergraduates44,882 (Vancouver)
8,990 (Okanagan)[5][note 1]
Postgraduates9,981 (Vancouver)
945 (Okanagan)[5]
  • UBC Point Grey
  • UBC Robson Square
  • UBC–VGH Medical Campus
  • UBC–Great Northern Way

Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada

  • UBC Okanagan
  • UBC Innovation Library
  • UBC-KGH Clinical Academic Campus
CampusVancouver: 4.020 km2 (993 acres)
Okanagan: 2.086 km2 (515 acres)
NewspaperThe Ubyssey (Vancouver) The Phoenix News (Okanagan)
Colours    Blue and gold[7]
NicknameThunderbirds (Vancouver)
Heat (Okanagan)
Sporting affiliations

The Vancouver campus is situated adjacent to the University Endowment Lands located about 10 km (6 mi) west of downtown Vancouver.[12] UBC is home to TRIUMF, Canada's national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics, which houses the world's largest cyclotron. In addition to the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies and Stuart Blusson Quantum Matter Institute, UBC and the Max Planck Society collectively established the first Max Planck Institute in North America, specializing in quantum materials.[13] One of the largest research libraries in Canada, the UBC Library system has over 9.9 million volumes among its 21 branches.[14][15] The Okanagan campus, acquired in 2005, is located in Kelowna, British Columbia.

Eight Nobel laureates, 74 Rhodes scholars, 65 Olympians garnering medals, ten fellows in both American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the Royal Society, and 273 fellows to the Royal Society of Canada have been affiliated with UBC.[4] Three Canadian prime ministers, including Canada's first female prime minister, Kim Campbell, and current prime minister, Justin Trudeau, have been educated at UBC.[16]


Foundation and early years

The University shall... provide for: Such instruction in all branches of liberal education as may enable students to become proficient in... science, commerce, arts, literature, law, medicine, and all other branches of knowledge

An Act to Establish and Incorporate a University for the Province of British Columbia, Acts of 1908, Chapter 53[17]
View of the UBC Fairview campus from the roof of King Edward High School (c. 1917) (Vancouver, British Columbia) (photo by Canadian Photo Co.)
Original 1914 plan of the UBC campus, by architects Sharp and Thompson

In 1877, six years after British Columbia joined Canada, the Superintendent of Education, John Jessop, submitted a proposal for the formation of a provincial University. The provincial legislature passed An Act Respecting the University of British Columbia in 1890, but disagreements arose over whether to build the university on Vancouver Island or the mainland.

The British Columbia University Act of 1908 formally called a provincial University into being, although its location was not specified.[18] The governance was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906 which created a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to perform institutional leadership.[18] The Act constituted a twenty-one member senate with Francis Carter-Cotton of Vancouver as chancellor.[19]

Before the University Act, there had been several attempts at creating a degree-granting university with help from the universities of Toronto and McGill. Columbian College in New Westminster, through its affiliation with Victoria College of the University of Toronto, began to offer university-level credit at the turn-of-the-century, but McGill came to dominate higher education in the early 1900s.

Building on a successful affiliation between Vancouver and Victoria high schools with McGill University, Henry Marshall Tory[20] helped establish the McGill University College of British Columbia. From 1906 to 1915, McGill BC (as it was called) operated as a private institution providing the first few years toward a degree at McGill University or elsewhere. The Henry Marshall Tory Medal was established in 1941 by Tory, founding president of the University of Alberta and of the National Research Council of Canada, and a co-founder of Carleton University.

In the meantime, appeals were made to the government to revive the earlier legislation for a provincial institution, leading to the University Endowment Act in 1907, and the University Act in 1908. In 1910 the Point Grey site was chosen, and the government appointed Dr. Frank Fairchild Wesbrook as president in 1913, and Leonard Klinck as dean of Agriculture in 1914. A declining economy and the outbreak of war in August 1914 compelled the university to postpone plans for building at Point Grey, and instead the former McGill University College site at Fairview became home to the university until 1925. On the first day of lectures, September 30, 1915, the new independent university absorbed McGill University College. The University of British Columbia awarded its first degrees in 1916,[18] and Klinck became the second president in 1919, serving until 1944.

In 1917 Evlyn Fenwick Farris became the first woman in Canada to be appointed to the board of governors of a university — a founding governor of UBC.[21] She was also the first woman to be appointed to the UBC Senate.[22] Active in its formation, the University Women's Club of Vancouver considered UBC as its "godchild".[22]

Move to Point Grey

World War I dominated campus life and the student body was "decimated" by enlistments for active service, with three hundred male UBC students in Company "D" alone. By the war's end 697 male members of the university had enlisted. 109 students graduated in the three war-time congregations, all but one in the Faculty of Arts and Science.

By 1920, the university had only three faculties: Arts, Applied Science, and Agriculture (with Departments of Agronomy, Animal Husbandry, Dairying, Horticulture and Poultry). It only awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc), and Bachelor of Science in agriculture (BSA).[23] There were 576 male students and 386 female students in the 1920–21 winter session, but only 64 academic staff, including 6 women.[24]

In the early part of the 20th century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology, law and medicine. Although UBC did not offer degrees in these fields, it began to offer degrees in new professional areas such as engineering, agriculture, nursing and school teaching. It also introduced graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis, with students completing M.A. degrees in natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities.[18]

Students march down Granville Street during the Great Trek.

In 1922, the twelve-hundred-strong student body embarked on a "Build the University" campaign. Students marched through the streets of Vancouver to draw attention to their plight, enlist popular support, and embarrass the government. Fifty-six thousand signatures were presented at legislature in support of the campaign, which was ultimately successful. On September 22, 1925, lectures began at the new Point Grey campus. Except for the library, Science and Power House buildings, all the campus buildings were temporary constructions. Students built two playing fields, but the university had no dormitories and no social centre. Still, the university continued to grow steadily.

Soon, however, the effects of the depression began to be felt. The provincial government, upon which the university depended heavily, cut the annual grant severely. In 1932–33, salaries were cut by up to 23%. Posts remained vacant, and a few faculty lost their jobs. Most graduate courses were dropped. In 1935, the university established the Department of Extension. Just as things began to improve, World War II began and Canada declared war on September 10, 1939. Soon afterwards, University President Klinck wrote:

From the day of the declaration of war, the University has been prepared to put at the disposal of the Government all possible assistance by way of laboratories, equipment and trained personnel, insofar as such action is consistent with the maintenance of reasonably efficient instructional standards. To do less would be unthinkable.

Heavy rains and melting snowfall eroded a deep ravine across the north end of the campus, in the Grand Campus Washout of 1935. The campus did not have storm drains, and surface runoff went down a ravine to the beach. When the university carved a ditch to drain flooding on University Avenue, the rush of water steepened the ravine and eroded it back as fast as 10 feet (3.0 m) per hour. The resulting gully eventually consumed 100,000 cubic yards (76,455 m3), two bridges, and buildings near Graham House. The university was closed for 4 and a half days. Afterwards, the gully was filled with debris from a nearby landslide, and only traces are visible today.[25]

Military training on the campus became popular, then mandatory. WWII marked the first provision of money from the federal government to the university for research purposes. This laid a foundation for future research grants from the federal government of Canada.

Postwar years

By the end of World War II, Point Grey's facilities could not meet the influx of veterans returning to their studies. The university needed new staff, courses, faculties, and buildings for teaching and accommodation. The student population rose from 2,974 in 1944–45 to 9,374 in 1947–48. Surplus Army and Air Force camps were used for both classrooms and accommodation. The university took over fifteen complete camps during the 1945–46 session, with a sixteenth camp on Little Mountain, in Vancouver, converted into suites for married students. Most of the camps were dismantled and carried by barge or truck to the university where the huts were scattered across the campus.

Student numbers hit 9,374 in 1948; more than 53% of the students were war veterans in 1947–67. Between 1947 and 1951, the university built twenty new permanent buildings, including the War Memorial Gym, built with money raised primarily by the students, was dedicated on October 26, 1951.[26]

Bill Reid's Raven and the First Men at the UBC Museum of Anthropology

The single-University policy in the West was changed as existing colleges of the provincial Universities gained autonomy as Universities – the University of Victoria was established in 1963.[18]

On February 10, 1964, Harvey Reginald MacMillan donated $8.2 million for postgraduate education to the university.[27]

Recent history

Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced the creation of the Museum of Anthropology at UBC on July 1, 1971. At a construction cost of $2.5 million the museum building, designed by Arthur Erickson, opened in 1976.[27] That same year, the university launched a normal school program under the direction of Sally Rogow to train educators methods to teach students with multiple disabilities or were visually impaired.[28]

In 1993 UBC concluded its "World of Opportunity" capital campaign that started in 1988. In total the university raised $262 million for the campaign. An additional $72 million in "non-campaign fundraising" was also raised.[29] During the administration of President Strangway, UBC abandoned its previous design and planning process and private donors started to have more influence on building design.[30]

In 2015 UBC concluded its "Start an Evolution" capital campaign. The campaign's quiet phase started in April 2008 and it launched publicly in September 2011. The initial goal was to raise $1.5 billion. The campaign surpassed that goal and raised 1.624 billion.[31]

UBC's 15th president was Professor Santa J. Ono. He assumed the presidency on August 15, 2016. He served previously as the 28th president of the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Martha Piper – who served as the 11th president of the university – served as interim president from September 1, 2015, to June 30, 2016, following the resignation of Dr. Arvind Gupta.

In early May 2020, UBC announced it would be holding a virtual graduation for the class of 2020 amid concerns over the COVID-19 pandemic.[32] The university received $419,248 from the Government of Canada to promote uptake of COVID-19 vaccines among public health leaders, community figures, Indigenous peoples, and leadership in municipal government.[33]

On October 3, 2022, Dr. Deborah Buszard was appointed interim President and Vice-Chancellor of UBC.[34]


Aerial view of the Vancouver Campus
The Irving K. Barber Library and Ladner Clock Tower


The main campus is located at Point Grey, approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from downtown Vancouver. It lies on unceded territory of the Musqueam people.[35][36][37][38] It is near several beaches and has views of the North Shore mountains. The 7.63-square-kilometre (1,890-acre) Pacific Spirit Regional Park serves as a green-belt between the campus and the city. Buildings on the Vancouver campus occupy 1.09 million m2 (11.7 million sq ft) gross on 1.7 square kilometres (420 acres) of maintained land. The campus street plan is mostly in a grid of malls (some of which are pedestrian-only). Lower Mall and West Mall are in the southwestern part of the peninsula, with Main, East, and Wesbrook Malls northeast of them.

The campus is not within Vancouver's city limits, and therefore UBC is policed by the RCMP rather than the Vancouver Police Department. However, the Vancouver Fire Department provides service to UBC under a contract. In addition to UBC RCMP, there is also the UBC Campus Security that patrols the campus. Postage sent to any building on campus includes Vancouver in the address.

UBC Vancouver also has two satellite campuses within the City of Vancouver: at Vancouver General Hospital, for the medical sciences, and at Robson Square in downtown Vancouver, for part-time credit and non-credit programmes. UBC is also a partner in the consortium backing Great Northern Way Campus Ltd, and is affiliated with a group of adjacent theological colleges, which include the Vancouver School of Theology, Regent College, Carey Theological College and Corpus Christi College.

The UBC Vancouver School of Economics building, built in 1927

The campus is home to numerous gardens. The UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research, the first UBC department, holds a collection of over 8000 different kinds of plants used for research, conservation and education. The UBC botanical garden's original site was at the "Old Arboretum". All that remains of it today are trees planted in 1916 by John Davidson. The old arboretum is now home to many buildings including the First Nations House of Learning. The Nitobe Memorial Garden, built to honour Japanese scholar Inazo Nitobe, the garden has been the subject of more than fifteen years' study by a UBC professor, who believes its construction hides a number of impressive features, including references to Japanese philosophy and mythology, shadow bridges visible only at certain times of year, and positioning of a lantern filled with light at the exact date and time of Nitobe's death each year. The garden is behind the university's Asian Centre, which was built using steel girders from Japan's exhibit at Osaka Expo.[39]

The campus also features the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts: a performing arts centre containing the Chan Shun Concert Hall, Telus Studio Theatre and the Royal Bank Cinema. It is often the site of convocation ceremonies and the filming location for the 4400 Center on the television show The 4400,[40] as well as the Madacorp entrance set on Kyle XY.[41] It has also been featured as the Cloud 9 Ballroom in the re-imagined Battlestar Galactica (Season 1, Episode 11: Colonial Day).[42]

Since the mid-1980s UBC has worked with property developers to build several large residential developments throughout UBC's campus. Such developments include: Chancellor Place, Hampton Place, Hawthorn Place and Wesbrook Village.[43]


The Engineering, Management, and Education (EME) Complex at UBC Okanagan

The Okanagan Campus was established in 2005 on what was previously the North Kelowna Campus of Okanagan University College, next to Kelowna International Airport.[44] It was founded in partnership with the Syilx Okanagan Nation and it lies on their ancestral and unceded territory.[45][46][47]

The campus had a 2019 enrolment of 10,708[48] undergraduate and graduate students, and has its own academic Senate.[49] UBC Okanagan offers 62 undergraduate and 19 graduate programs in a diversity of disciplines including Arts, Science, Fine Arts, Engineering, Nursing, Human Kinetics, Education, Management, Social Work and Interdisciplinary Graduate Studies. UBC's Faculty of Medicine delivers medical doctor training through the Southern Medical Program[50] with facilities at UBC Okanagan and a clinical academic campus at Kelowna General Hospital.

From 2005 through 2012, the Okanagan campus completed a $450 million CDN expansion with construction of several residential, teaching and research buildings. The expansion included the Charles E. Fipke Centre for Innovative Research, University Centre, the Engineering Management and Education building, the Arts and Sciences Centre, Reichwald Health Sciences Centre, and several new student residence buildings. The Commons building was opened in 2019, and in 2020 construction is underway on two additional student housing facilities—Nechako and Skeena residences.[51]

In 2010, UBC Okanagan campus grew from 105 ha. to 208.6 ha.[52] Like the Point Grey campus, the Okanagan campus attracts Canadian and international students.

UBC Okanagan campus plans to expand its campus in 2022 in downtown Kelowna. There will be three towers included in the project that stretches over two lots. The first tower will have underground parking for 260 vehicles, a ground floor that features an atrium, cafe and medical clinic, an eight-storey ‘academic podium’ with a larger footprint that acts as a stage for 24 storeys of student housing on top. Approximately 352 units of student housing will be available. The tower will be 34 storeys in total.

Libraries, archives and galleries

The UBC Library, which has 7.8 million volumes, 2.1 million e-books, more than 370,000 e-journals, and more than 700,000 items in locally produced digital collections, is Canada's second-largest academic library.[53] From 2014 to 2015, there were more than 3.8 million on-campus visits and over 9.5 million visits to its website.[54]

The library has fifteen branches and divisions across the UBC Vancouver and UBC Okanagan campuses.[53]

The former Main Library underwent construction and was renamed the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre. Opened in April 2008, the Learning Centre incorporates the centre heritage block of the old Main Library with two new expansion wings and features an automated storage and retrieval system (ASRS), the first of its kind in Canada.[55]

UBC has a number of different collections that have been donated and acquired. Major General Victor Odlum CB, CMG, DSO, VD donated his library of 10,000 books, which has been housed in "the Rockwoods Centre Library" of the UBC Library since 1963. After Videomatica's 2011 closure, UBC and SFU acquired their $1.7-million collection. UBC received about 28,000 movie DVDs, 4,000 VHS titles and 900 Blu-ray discs which are housed at UBC Library's Koerner branch on the Vancouver campus.[56] In 2014, renowned art collector and antiques specialist, Uno Langmann, donated the Uno Langmann Family Collection of B.C. Photographs,[57] which consists of more than 18,000 rare and unique early photographs from the 1850s to the 1970s. It is considered the premiere private collection of early provincial photos, and an important illustrated history of early photographic methods. In 2016, the library acquired one of the world's most rare and extraordinary books, the Kelmscott Chaucer from 1896. The book was printed in a limited edition of only 438 copies, but there are only 48 copies in the world with its particular type of binding.[58]

The Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery at UBC is mandated to research, exhibit, collect, publish, educate and develop programs in the field of contemporary art and in contemporary approaches to the practice of art history and criticism. The Belkin maintains and manages the university's art collection of over 5,000 objects, including the Outdoor Art Collection, and an archive of over 30,000 items. Works from the permanent collection and archives, with an emphasis on recent acquisitions, are exhibited on an annual basis and are also used by other institutions for research and loans. The Belkin has an active publication program and participates in programming that includes lectures, tours, concerts and symposia related to art history, criticism and curating.[59]


UBC has been ranked in the Corporate Knights school rankings, which ranks universities based on how well they integrate sustainability into the learning experience. The rankings adopt a broad definition of sustainability which encompasses both environmental and social concerns. In the 2011 rankings, UBC was ranked second in the category: top 5 teaching programs.[60] UBC's law school ranked fifth among Canadian law schools.[60] The Sauder School of Business' MBA programs were ranked fourth in Canada. The same rankings placed the business school 11th in Canada for its undergraduate business program.[60]

The Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability (CIRS) building has been called North America's most sustainable, innovative, and high performance building.[61]

The CIRS building was first proposed in 2000[62] and was the brainchild of John Robinson, a sustainable development research initiative professor. Robinson worked with faculty members from Emily Carr, Simon Fraser University, and British Columbia Institute of Technology as well as head architect Peter Busby to design the building.[63] It cost 23 million dollars to complete the 65,000 square foot building.[64]

The CIRS building exhibits regenerative sustainability, which means the building improves the surrounding environment.[65] For example, it uses energy it obtains from the neighbouring Earth and Ocean Sciences (EOSC) Building to heat itself. The EOSC building uses roughly 1600 megawatts of heat and goes through ten air changes every hour, which wastes around 900 megawatts.[62] The engineers who built the CIRS building saw this as an opportunity; the building takes the heat the EOSC building expels and uses 300 megawatts to heat itself before returning 600 megawatts to the EOSC building. In this way, the CIRS building restores its surrounding environment.

The CIRS building is designed to be net positive in four ways environmentally, meaning the processes or products that leave the building are more environmentally friendly than those that go into it.[61] The best example of the building's net positivity is the building's wood holds nearly 600 tons of carbon – more carbon than the building's construction and maintenance created.[66] Other sustainable features of the CIRS building include:

  • A water supply obtained entirely from rainwater
  • An on-site sewage treatment facility that converts all waste created in the building to reusable water and compost
  • The building's wood comes from trees killed by the pine beetle, thus, little logging was needed for construction
  • Relies on mainly solar energy for electricity
  • All areas of the building use natural lighting during the day.[61]

The building integrates 'green' sustainable and humane features, i.e. not only does it have a small ecological footprint, it also serves as an environment for occupants to be happy, healthy, and productive.[63] This is the direction the University of British Columbia is moving towards to continue their ideas of sustainable development.

Following the success of the CIRS, UBC's new Student Union Building, which opened in summer 2015, was also designed to adhere to the most stringent sustainability requirements. It achieves the LEED Platinum standard – with features that include triple glazing, solar-powered cooling, solar water heaters, radiant heating and cooling in floors, green roof technology, water-efficient landscaping that uses greywater, natural air ventilation, and a composting facility that processes up to 30 tonnes of organic waste each year.[67]

Water Action Plan

As of 2019, UBC consumed about four billion litres of water a year, which could fill 1,600 Olympic-sized swimming pools.[68]

To reduce this consumption, the UBC sustainability team created an initiative to conserve called the Water Action Plan in 2011 to reduce and recycle water on campus. Two landmarks for creating water sustainability are the CIRS and the C. K. Choi Building. The Centre for Interactive Sustainability (CIRS) building features a closed-loop water system where water is recycled and reused. On the other hand, the C. K. Choi Building for the Institute of Asian Research, consists of composting toilets, which reduce domestic water consumption. These toilets use an alternative other than using water for flushing and produce fertilizer that can be used for growing plants. Conclusively, these toilets allow for the conservation of water, landfill space, energy, and also the production of quality fertilizer.

Water conservation initiatives

For over 20 years, UBC has been implementing change and water consumption policies through two initiatives, ECOTrek and UBC Renew:

  • ECOTrek
    ECOTrek is Canada's largest sustainability project which undertook an enormous water and energy saving initiative. This project included rebuilding almost 300 academic buildings in UBC. This project achieved a World Clean Energy nomination, which are honourable awards for successful projects in energy efficiency and renewable energy realm.[69] The water management involved conducting changes to toilets, urinals, basins and water-cooled equipment to reduce the amount of water on campus. In addition, steam and water meters were installed on campus to quantify the water consumption to provide a clear depiction of the water use in each building.
  • UBC Renew
    UBC Renew project involves renovating aging institutional buildings, instead of demolishing and building new buildings which can have negative impacts on the environment. Demolition can have major environmental impacts as it can pollute the soil, increase air pollutants, and increase water consumption. Renovating old buildings can save large volumes of water and save energy costs.

Community efforts

Beyond the UBC sustainability team, a student-driven initiative is taking place in making a bottled-water free campus in hopes of reducing bottled water on campus and to encourage students to engage in environmentally friendly behaviours. Production of bottled water puts strain on the environment and increases landfill space. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature 2001 report, about 1.5 million tons of plastic is used for bottling 89 billion litres of water each year.[70]

Governance and academics

The Walter C. Koerner Library and president's office, designed by UBC alumnus Arthur Erickson

UBC's administration, as mandated by the University Act, is composed of a chancellor, convocation, board, senate, and faculties of the university.[71] The board of governors manages property and revenue, while the senate manages the university's academic operation. Both are composed of faculty and students who are elected to the position. Degrees and diplomas are conferred by the convocation, which is composed of alumni, administrators, and faculty, with a quorum of twenty members. UBC also has a president, who is the university's chief executive officer and a member of the senate, board of governors, convocation, and also serves as vice chancellor. The president of the university is responsible for managing the academic operation of the university, including recommending appointments, calling meetings of faculties, and establishing committees.

Faculties and schools

Aerial view of the Peter A. Allard School of Law at UBC

UBC's academic activity is organized into "faculties" and "schools".[72] UBC has twelve faculties at its Vancouver campus and seven at its Okanagan campus.[12] UBC Vancouver has two academic colleges: Interdisciplinary Studies and Health Disciplines, while UBC Okanagan has a College of Graduate Studies. At the Vancouver campus, the Faculty of Arts, which dates back to the 1915 Fairview Campus, is the largest faculty with twenty departments and schools. With the split of the Faculty of Arts and Science in 1964, the Faculty of Science is the second largest faculty with nine departments. The Sauder School of Business is UBC's Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration. The School of Architecture offers a program accredited by the Canadian Architectural Certification Board at the bachelor level (B.Arch.) and the master's level (M.Arch.).[73] As of December 2012, a new school was created: UBC Vancouver School of Economics in conjunction with the Sauder School of Business.[74][75][76] The university's first inter-faculty school, the School of Biomedical Engineering, was established in 2017 as a partnership between the Faculties of Applied Science and Medicine.[77]

In 2014, UBC created a new "International Programs" designation separate from the traditional definition of a faculty. To accompany this designation, the university created Vantage College to allow international students who do not meet the English language requirements for general admission to enter the university's transition program.[78]

Dual undergraduate degree with Sciences Po

The dual degree program is a highly selective program in which undergraduate students earn two Bachelor of Arts degrees from both Sciences Po in France and UBC in four years. Previously, students could earn one Bachelor of Arts and one Bachelor of Commerce (Sauder School of Business); however, this program was discontinued with the last student intake occurring in September 2017. Currently, students in the dual degree program can only earn a Bachelor of Arts degree from UBC, along with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Sciences Po, which can both be in different majors pertaining to the social sciences. Students spend two years at one of three Sciences Po regional campuses in France (Le Havre, Menton, or Reims), each of which is devoted to a particular region of the world. After two years, students matriculate at UBC. Graduates are guaranteed admission to a Sciences Po graduate program within one-year of graduation.[79]


University rankings
Global rankings
ARWU World[8]44
QS World[9]47
Times World[10]40
Times Reputation[80]40
Times Employability[81]36
U.S News & World Report Global[11]35
Canadian rankings
ARWU National[8]2
QS National[9]3
Times National[10]2
U.S News & World Report National[11]2
Maclean's Medical/Doctoral[82]3
Maclean's Reputation[83]3

The University of British Columbia has ranked in a number of post-secondary rankings. In the 2022 Academic Ranking of World Universities rankings, the university ranked 44th in the world and second in Canada.[8] The 2023 QS World University Rankings ranked the University 47th in the world, and third in Canada.[9] The 2023 Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked the University 40th in the world, and second in Canada.[10] In the 2022–23 U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking, the university ranked 35th in the world and second in Canada.[11] The Canadian-based Maclean's magazine ranked the University of British Columbia third in their 2023 Canadian Medical Doctoral University category, and in their 2023 reputation survey.[82][83] The university was ranked in spite of having opted out – along with several other universities in Canada – of participating in Maclean's graduate survey since 2006.[84] In Newsweek's 2011 global university rankings, the university was ranked eighth among institutions outside the United States and second in Canada (after the University of Toronto).[85]

Along with academic and research-based rankings, the university has also been ranked by publications that evaluate the employment prospects of its graduates. In the Times Higher Education's 2022 global employability ranking, the university ranked 36th in the world and third in Canada .[81]

International partnerships

UBC students can study abroad for a semester or a year at over 200 partner institutions such as ETH Zürich, University of Tokyo, UC Berkeley, Imperial College London, HEC Paris, Tsinghua University, University of Washington, Seoul National University, University of Sydney, IIT Delhi, National Taiwan University and many others.[86]


The mean admission average in 2013 for domestic first-year students was 89.5 percent.[87] The acceptance rate for domestic applications in 2013 was 50.4 percent, of which 57.1 percent enrolled.[88] In 2014/15, UBC employed 3,270 full-time Faculty members, 10,942 non-faculty members, and 8,031 students. It reported 871 unpaid employees.

Vancouver enrolment

Baccalaureate degreeCertificateDiplomaNon-degreePost-Baccalaureate/ProfessionalDoctoral degreeMaster's degreeResidentsGrand total


The Chan Centre for the Performing Arts, designed by Bing Thom, B.Arch. '66

The University of British Columbia is a member of Universitas 21, an international association of research-led institutions and the only Canadian member of the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, a consortium of 42 leading research universities in the Pacific Rim.[89][90] In 2017, the University of British Columbia had the second-largest sponsored research income (external sources of funding) out of any Canadian university, totalling C$577 million.[91] In the same year, the university's faculty averaged a sponsored research income of $249,900, the eighth highest in the country, while graduate students averaged a sponsored research income of $55,200.[91]

The university has been ranked on several bibliometric university rankings, which uses citation analysis to evaluate the impact a university has on academic publications. In 2019, the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities ranked UBC 27th in the world and second in Canada.[92] The University Ranking by Academic Performance 2018–19 rankings placed the university 27th in the world and second in Canada.[93]

The university operates and manages a number of research centres:

  • In 1972, a consortium of the University of British Columbia and four other universities from Alberta and British Columbia established the Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre. Located on Vancouver Island, the centre provides year-round research facilities and technical assistance for biologists, ecologists and oceanographers.[94]
  • The Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies is an interdisciplinary research institute for fundamental research in the Sciences, Social Sciences, and Humanities.
  • The UBC Farm is a 24-hectare (59-acre) learning and research farm in UBC's South Campus area. It features Saturday Farm Markets from early June until early October, selling organic produce and eggs to the community.
  • TRIUMF, a laboratory specializing in particle and nuclear physics, is also situated at the university. The name was formerly an acronym for Tri-University Meson Facility, but TRIUMF is now owned and operated by a consortium of eleven Canadian universities. The consortium runs TRIUMF through a contribution of funds from the National Research Council of Canada and makes TRIUMF's facilities available to Canadian scientists and to scientists from around the world.[95]
  • BC Centre on Substance Use (BCCSU) and UBC have established Professorships in Cannabis Science in 2018 following Canada's legalization of cannabis.[96]
  • The Centre for the Study of Democratic Institutions is a research institute for the teaching and study of innovation in democratic practice and institutions. Established in 2002, the centre conducts research and teaching in cooperation with scholars, public officials, NGOs and students.[97] The centre is formally housed in the UBC School of Public Policy and Global Affairs (SPPGA), and operates in association with faculty in the UBC Department of Political Science.[98] It was initially funded from the Merilees Chair through a donation by Gail and Stephen Jarislowsky.[99]
  • The Stewart Blusson Quantum Matter Institute, one of three Canadian research institutes focused on quantum materials and technology research, was established in 2015 with the support of the Canada First Excellence Research Fund and a donation from Stewart Blusson.

In 2017, UBC inked a $3 million research agreement with Huawei for big data and fuel cell technology. The university refused to release the agreement without an access to information request.[100]


UBC's Longhouse is the university's centre for Indigenous activities. The university has an associate dean of Indigenous Education, and has developed governing board and senate policies as well as Aboriginal governed councils within the university structure.[101] UBC offers degrees in First Nations and Indigenous Studies[102] through a program in the Arts Faculty, and a Chinook Diploma Program in the Sauder School of Business; it also runs the Chinook Summer Biz Camp, to foster entrepreneurship among First Nations and Métis high school students. It hosts a Bridge Through Sport Program, Summer Science Program, Native Youth Program, and Cedar Day Camp and Afterschool Program. Its First Nations Forestry Initiatives were developed in partnership with specific Aboriginal communities to meet needs in their more remote areas.


In 2012–13, UBC's budget exceeded $2 billion, and the university posted balanced financial results for the fourth consecutive year through strategic revenue diversification, careful management of assets, and a continued focus on fundraising for projects across the university. Government grants account for approximately 45% of total revenues. Annual fundraising has nearly doubled in 5 years to reach $213 million.


Tuition fees vary significantly between Canadian citizens (and permanent residents) and international students. In addition, for both undergraduate and graduate programs, tuition rates vary among the university's faculties. Students must also pay for various living expenses such as housing, food and health care. As of the 2012–2013 school year, these expenses were estimated at around $13,000 CAD per academic year.[103][104][105]

Undergraduate tuition

UBC tuition for 2012 was $4,700 before adding other mandatory administrative fees for a Canadian student in a basic 30-unit program, though various programs cost from $3,406 to $9,640. Tuition for international students is significantly higher (2.3–4.6 times higher than domestic students). In 2012, tuition for international students ranged from $16,245 CAD to $25,721 CAD.[106]

In 2001–02, UBC had one of the lowest undergraduate tuition rates in Canada, at an average of $2,181 CAD per year for a full-time programme due to a government-instituted tuition freeze.

In 2001, the BC Liberal party defeated the NDP in British Columbia and lifted the tuition freeze. In 2002–03 undergraduate and graduate tuition rose by an average of 30%, and up to 40% in some faculties. This has led to better facilities, but also to student unrest and contributed to a teaching assistant union strike.

UBC again increased tuition by 30% in the 2003–04 year, again by approximately 15% in the 2004–05 season, and 2% in the 2005–06 and 2006–07 years. Increases were lower than expected because, in the 2005 Speech from the Throne, the government announced tuition increases would be capped to inflation.[107] In 2006–07, the Canadian average undergraduate tuition fee was $4,347 and the BC average was $4,960.[108] In 2014, the board of governors passed a one-time 10% tuition increase for all new incoming international students.[109] In December 2015, UBC's board of governors passed a motion increasing international tuition by more than 46.8% for the academic years 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–2019. This announcement was met with indignation by many of the university's students as this was the second major increase in international tuition in less than a year, taking total international student tuition fee increases to above 60% within 4 years (minimum international tuition will be benchmarked at $35,071 CAD in the year 2018–19).[110]

Graduate tuition

In the academic year 2019/2020, graduate programs assess tuition fees that vary significantly, depending on the program and the student's citizenship.[111][112] International students without external funding that meet the general eligibility criteria will be supported with guaranteed funding of up to $3,200 per year.[113] Tuition for professional Master's programs varies.

Student life

Student representation

The Alma Mater Society of the University of British Columbia, or AMS, represents UBC undergraduate students within the Vancouver campus. The society's mandate is to improve the quality of educational, social, and personal lives of UBC students. The AMS lobbies the UBC administration on behalf of the student body, provides services such as the AMS/GSS Health and Dental Plan, supports and administers student clubs, and maintains the Student Union Building (aka SUB) and the services it houses. A constituency (undergraduate society) exists within each school and faculty of the university and acts as the subsidiary of the AMS within those schools and faculties.

The Graduate Student Society (GSS), which operates as an independent entity, represents graduate students. A council representing each graduate program and an executive elected by graduate students as a whole governs the GSS.[114]

The university also has elected student representatives sitting on, as voting members, the board of governors (three student representatives) and the academic senate (18 student representatives),[115] as laid out in the British Columbia University Act.[116] Although the university is the official body that elects the students, the university delegates these representative elections to the AMS.

On the Okanagan Campus, the Students' Union Okanagan, or UBCSUO, is the elected representation of the student body. Composed of a board of directors and executive team, the UBCSUO lobbies the administration and provincial government on behalf of the student body, manages the student health and dental plan, as well as hosts social programming throughout the year. The Student Union Offices are located within the University Centre Building. In the wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic, the SUO initiated the Emergency Bursary Program which supported UBC students with nearly $1,000,000 in emergency funding.[117]

Student demographics

In the 2020–21 academic year, females made up 57 per cent of UBC Vancouver's student body, and 53 per cent of UBC Okanagan's student body.[118]

Student facilities

The new Student Union Building, which opened in 2015
The interior of the new Student Union Building contains a "bird's nest" where students may relax and study.

The heart of student activity at UBC Vancouver is the centrally located Student Union Building (SUB), which houses offices of many AMS student clubs, over a dozen restaurants and cafés, a pub ("The Gallery"), a nightclub ("The Pit"), the 425-seat Norman Bouchard Memorial Theatre ("The Norm Theatre"), several shops, and a post office. The AMS runs the majority of the SUB's outlets and shops; however, UBC Food Services' recent addition of major corporate outlets has generated controversy. The SUB Art Gallery contains mostly students' works. An underground bus loop to replace the "Grassy Knoll" beside the SUB did not receive funding by Translink.[119] As a result, the administration has cancelled the bus loop project, although the rest of the renovations of the University Boulevard Neighbourhood are still under consideration.

In June 2015, the new Student Union Building—called the AMS Student Nest or simply the "Nest"[120]—opened to students, largely replacing and extending the old SUB in functionality.[67] The Nest, built for $107 million, is much larger than its predecessor, and has numerous amenities including a performance centre, an art exhibition space, a large ballroom, a three-storey climbing wall, radio broadcast facilities, a daycare, and a 10,740 square foot rooftop garden and public space with a water feature and outdoor seating. Many of the restaurants as well as the Pit Pub have moved to the Nest under their original name or with new names.[67]

Exterior of the main UBC Bookstore.

Other student facilities on campus include the Ladha Science Student Centre (funded through a donation from Abdul Ladha, a levy on Science undergraduate students, the VP Students, and the dean of Science) and the Meekison Arts Student Space in the Faculty of Art's Buchanan D building. The UBC Bookstore's locations on the Vancouver campus: the main store at 6200 University Boulevard and a store at Sauder School of Business join the stores at the Okanagan and Robson Square Campuses in offering a variety of products and services. The bookstores return a dividend to UBC each year, which is re-invested in the campus or in student and community organizations.[121]

Greek organizations

While UBC's Greek system is somewhat smaller than its counterparts in the United States, UBC's 19 Greek organizations make up Canada's largest and most active Greek system. The Alma Mater Society recognizes an InterFraternal Council (IFC) as a club, and weekly meetings of the fraternities under IFC take place at their respective fraternity houses. Greek life has its own division within UBC REC[122] and intense competition between the nine Fraternities for the title of top Athletic Fraternity occur.

There are eleven international fraternities on campus, the first of which was Zeta Psi, in January 1926. Although its disputed, Alpha Delta Phi soon came to campus and chartered 3 months later. However, Zeta Psi and Alpha Delta Phi were preceded by several local fraternities on campus. Other fraternities include Alpha Epsilon Pi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Psi Upsilon, Sigma Chi,[123] Beta Theta Pi,[124] Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta, Kappa Sigma, Zeta Psi, and the newly added Phi Kappa Sigma.

The National Panhellenic Conference (NPC) member organizations (sororities) on campus are overseen by the Panhellenic Council.[125] All sororities have a chapter room in the Panhellenic House on Wesbrook Mall; the building also offers housing for 72 college women, with preference given to sorority members.

The eight sororities on the Vancouver campus include Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Omicron Pi, Alpha Phi, Delta Gamma, Gamma Phi Beta, Kappa Alpha Theta, and Kappa Kappa Gamma. The current Panhellenic total is 104. Chapter meetings are held in the chapter's respective rooms each week or in classrooms and Greek-wide or campus-wide events are attended by members of all the sororities and fraternities. Formal recruitment for the sororities begins during the third week of September and is a five-day process consisting of: tours (first two days), invitationals (third and fourth days) and preference. The formal recruitment process ends with Bid Day, where membership bids from each sorority are distributed to prospective members.

Phrateres has traditionally been affiliated with the Greek system since its installation at UBC in 1935. Historical records indicate that for many years, members identified themselves, and were recognized as Greek. Members interacted with fraternities on a similar basis as the sororities, and participated in many Greek events, such as Songfest and exchanges. However, they presently operate as a self-governing organization under the Alma Mater Society with the closure of their international headquarters in 2001.

Both campuses also have chapters of Sigma Phi Delta[126] and Alpha Omega Epsilon,[127] a professional engineering fraternity and sorority respectively. None of the four chapters are affiliated with the other Greek organizations on campus.

Alpha Kappa Psi (professional business fraternity) too has an active chapter at UBC since 2009.[128] It consists of students from all faculty. They do not have a house and are not affiliated with any other Greek organization on campus.[129]

Alpha Phi Omega (Community service fraternity) founded its first chapter in Canada at UBC in 2015.

Moreover, UBC was ranked among Canada's top party schools by the website Ask Men. UBC was ranked eighth.[130]


Gage Towers
Totem Park, Dene House
Marine Drive

The UBC Point Grey campus has a resident population of about 10,041 students[131] who live in an unincorporated area, outside the City of Vancouver known as Electoral Area A within and partly administered by Metro Vancouver.[132] Neighbouring the University Endowment Lands, on-campus residential services are provided by the Province of BC and by UBC. Emergency Planning is administered by Metro Vancouver. Because UBC is not in a municipality, there is no mayor, council, or other democratic municipal representation for on-campus residents, although residents can vote for the director of Electoral Area A.[133] British Columbia's Residential Tenancy Act does not protect UBC residents because university accommodations for students and employees are exempt.[134]

UBC has forecast the need for 6,400 new on-campus beds between 2008 and 2028 "to maintain the current availability of student housing choices in the face of on-going pressures in the Vancouver rental market".[135] From 2009 to 2014, UBC added 1,471 beds for student residents.[136][137] In 2015, UBC plans to increase the cost of on-campus student housing by 20%, with the exception of year-round residences.[138]

As of the 2017–2018 school year, there are three dormitory style residences on campus, primarily for first and second-year students: Totem Park, Place Vanier, and Orchard Commons.[139]

Totem Park, housing about 2,129 students, consists of nine dormitory buildings (Nootka, Dene, Haida, Salish, Kwakiutl, Shuswap, həm̓ləsəm̓, q̓ələχən, c̓əsnaʔəm), and a Commons Block (Coquihalla). All houses, except Shuswap and c̓əsnaʔəm, are co-ed, with alternating men's and women's floors; Shuswap and c̓əsnaʔəm have co-ed floors. The həm̓ləsəm̓ and q̓ələχən houses were opened to Totem Park residents in September 2011 and have single rooms with semi-private or private washrooms in contrast to the other houses' communal floor washrooms.[140] c̓əsnaʔəm was opened to Totem Park residents in September 2017 and has single rooms with communal bathrooms.

Place Vanier, housing 1,370 people, consists of 12 blocks constructed in 1959 (Robson House), 1960 (Okanagan, Sherwood Lett, Mackenzie, Ross, Hamber, and Mawdsley Houses), 1961 (Kootenay House), 1968 (Cariboo and Tweedsmuir Houses), 2002 (Korea-UBC House) and 2003 (Tec de Monterrey-UBC House). The buildings vary from male and female only, to alternating gender floors, as well as fully mixed floors. The residences have single and double rooms, and each floor has a lounge and communal bathrooms.

Orchard Commons consists of two apartment style buildings, Braeburn house and Bartlett house, with the latter containing a common dining hall and reception area. Orchard Commons houses 1,047 students, with the majority staying in connected single rooms on mixed gender floors, where two same-gender residents share a washroom connecting their adjacent rooms.[141]

Students nineteen and older have suite-style residence options on the Point Grey campus. The Gage Towers consist of three 17-floor towers (North, South and East) primarily for second, third, and fourth-year undergraduate students. It consists of three interconnected towers (North, South, and East) as well as single student housing (both studio, and apartment) in a building. The towers are composed of "quads": four separate pods, each consisting of six individual bedrooms, a bathroom and a kitchen-dining area.[142]

Acadia Park and University Apartments are for student families and couples (where one is a UBC student) and are administered on a year-round basis.[143]

Next to the Acadia Park residence area on the east part of campus is Fairview Crescent, a residence primarily for second- and third-year undergraduate students and many graduate students. The residence consists of an L-shaped pedestrian-only street lined with 4, 5 and six-student (a mix of single-sex and co-ed) townhouses. The Beanery coffee shop is in the middle of the residence. Within a 5-minute walk from Fairview Crescent is the Fraser Hall residence which houses approximately 200 students. Fairview Crescent and Fraser Hall are both governed by the Fairview and Fraser Residence Association.

The Thunderbird residences are primarily for graduate students and fourth-year undergraduate students; they are at the academic core campus' southern edge. The Ritsumeikan-UBC House is a residence with a Japanese cultural setting, named for Ritsumeikan University. It houses Japanese exchange students and Canadian students, who participate in unique inter-cultural programmes. UBC's Urasenke Japanese tea ceremony club uses the residence's tatami room for practice sessions. Two Canadian students are typically paired with two Japanese exchange students.

Marine Drive Residence is on the west side of campus, slightly south of Place Vanier. The first phase, consisting of Building 1 (an 18-floor tower) and Building 2 (a five-floor building commonly called the "Podium") opened in fall 2005. In February 2006, the board of governors approved plans for Marine Drive's second phase, putting an end to the debacle caused by concerns over the view of Wreck Beach (Phase I's Building 1 was reduced from 20 floors to 18). Additionally, building 1 contains the Simon K.Y. Lee Global Lounge and Resource Centre. Phase II consists of Buildings 4 through 6 (two towers and another "Podium", respectively), and also the Commonsblock. Buildings 4 through 6 were all open to students as of September 2008. A separate Commonsblock was completed in summer 2009, and has similar services to the Commonsblock of other residences, such as exercise, game, and study rooms. Construction at Marine Drive was completed in February 2010, with the opening of The Point Grill restaurant in Building 4.

Ponderosa Commons, Oak House
Orchard Commons, Braeburn House

The Ponderosa Commons and Orchard Commons residences, completed in 2016, and Brock Commons, opened in the Summer of 2017. The Ponderosa Commons is a multi-purpose building designed for student housing but is also a place for students to gather, study, or eat. The Ponderosa Commons house a Mercante, a popular pizzeria, and Harvest, a popular small-sized grocery shop.[144]

The university has two colleges to accommodate graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and visiting scholars: St. John's College[145] and Green College.[146]

Brock Commons Tallwood House opened in 2017, becoming the tallest mass timber building in the world.[147][148]


UBC's Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre during the 2010 Winter Olympics

The University of British Columbia's sports teams are called the Thunderbirds. The Thunderbirds participate in the U Sports Canada West Universities Athletic Association for most varsity sports. However, several varsity teams at UBC compete in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics. Around 2007–2008, UBC considered joining the NCAA Division II.[149][150] With a long history of competing in sports, the Thunderbirds have garnered a number of championships. In particular, the women swimmers who had represented UBC had brought back 22 conference championships and 16 national championships.[151]

Indoor climbing at the Student Union Building.

The University of British Columbia has a number of athletic facilities open to both their varsity teams as well as to their students. The stadium with the largest seating capacity at UBC is the Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre. The Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre is home to the varsity ice hockey teams and was also used as a venue for the 2010 Winter Olympics.[152] Other facilities at UBC include Thunderbird Stadium, home to the university's football and soccer varsity teams, UBC Aquatic Centre, home to the university's swimming teams, the War Memorial Gymnasium, home to the university's basketball and volleyball varsity teams and Thunderbird Park, home to the university's many other outdoor varsity teams.[153]

The university has also had a long history of sending a number of students to represent their countries at the Olympics. Since having its first athlete sent to the Olympics in 1928, a total of 231 individuals from UBC have represented their respective countries at the Olympics. The total number of individual medals athletes from UBC had won was 61, with 19 gold, 21 silver and 24 bronze. The majority of these medals won had come from the sport of rowing.[154]

Marching band

UBC's marching band, the Thunderbird Marching Band, was founded in September 2012 and is entirely student-run. The band performs at various Thunderbirds football, basketball, rugby, and hockey games, as well as other campus events. It is the only university-level marching band in Western Canada.[155]

Fight songs

Notable among a number of songs commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement and convocation, and athletic games are: "Hail, U.B.C" with words and music by Harold King, "High on Olympus" with words by D. C. Morton and music by J. C. F. Haeffner.[156] and "Hail, UBC!" (2009) with words and music by Steve Chatman.[157]

Campus events

UBC Rose Garden

A small number of large-scale, campus-wide events occur annually at UBC which are organized by university institutions, the AMS, and student constituencies of various faculties and departments. Additionally, a number of unofficial traditions exist at UBC: jumping from the Aquatic Centre's 10-metre diving board late at night and repainting the Engineering cairn so as to advertise other clubs.

The UBC Engineering Cairn, a chamfered tetrahedral concrete block with a large red "E" on each of its three sides, shown here in its unvandalized state. Painting the cairn is a favourite hobby of student clubs and rival faculties.

Several group athletic events take place at UBC every year. Storm the Wall is an intramural relay race put on by UBC Recreation in April, culminating in the climbing of a 12-foot (3.7 m) wall. Day of the Longboat is an intramural event put on at the end of September/early October by UBC Recreation. It is a major voyageur canoe race with teams competing in a 2 km paddle around the waters of Jericho Sailing Centre. The program is operated by over 120 volunteer students and staff who are responsible for operating every aspect of this program. UBC Recreation's student administrators fill various roles including event planning, sport officiating, public relations and building supervision.

Faculty constituencies, such as the Arts Undergraduate Society (AUS) and Science Undergraduate Society (SUS), hold events annually. Many of the major constituencies, such as for Arts, Science, and Engineering, hold their own faculty weeks to celebrate their faculties. The events may include keynote speeches, merchandise sales, and dances. Arts County Fair was an annual concert and party on the last day of classes in April, put on by the AUS and occurring at Thunderbird Stadium. Past headliners have included Sam Roberts, The New Pornographers, and Metric. Due to increasing financial difficulties (mostly resulting from mounting security and related costs) the AUS announced they would not continue the event in 2008. In its place, the Alma Mater Society of UBC hosted the AMS Block Party to celebrate the end of classes.

During the Spring exam season, the Ski & Board Club organizes the Undie Run, a charity event that encourages people to donate their clothes to the Big Brothers & Sisters organization in Vancouver. Students meet at the Student Union Building, remove the clothes they are going to donate, and then run around campus in their underwear. Students run through places like the Irvin K. Barber Centre and Place Vanier Residence before ending at the Martha Piper Plaza fountain.

To celebrate the beginning of classes, UBC Orientations organizes several events for first-year students, such as Imagine UBC, GALA, and UBC Jump Start. Imagine UBC is an orientation day and pep rally for first-year undergraduate students that replaces the first day of class after Labour Day at UBC Vancouver.[158]

Model United Nations

In March 2012, UBC was the partner Host University of the Harvard World Model United Nations Conference (WorldMUN 2012 Vancouver). As the world's largest student-organized Model UN conference, this was also the largest student conference to have ever been organized by UBC and the largest student conference on Canadian soil.[159][160] There were 2,200 student delegates and nearly 200 faculty advisors from 270 universities from over 60 countries. The organizing committee amassed over 500 student volunteers from across the UBC campus and the local student community to execute the week-long event.

Notable people

Throughout UBC's history, faculty, alumni, and former students have played prominent roles in many different fields. Many UBC alumni and faculty have gone on to win awards including eight Nobel Prizes and 74 Rhodes Scholarships.[12][161]

Former alumni have won Nobel Prizes: Robert Mundell (Economic Sciences) who graduated from the UBC Department of Economics and Bertram Brockhouse (Physics).[162][163] Five former faculty members of the UBC have also received a Nobel Prize: Michael Smith (Chemistry), Har Gobind Khorana (Physiology or Medicine), Daniel Kahneman (Economics), Hans G. Dehmelt (Physics), and Carl Wieman (Physics).[164][165][166][167]

Many former students have gained local and national prominence in government. The university has produced three Canadian Prime Ministers: John Turner, Kim Campbell, and Justin Trudeau.[168][169] The leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, Member of Parliament and the 23rd Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau completed his BEd. at UBC in 1998.[170] Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark briefly attended UBC law.[171] George Stanley, the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick and creator of the Canadian flag had also served as faculty.[172] Alumni Mike Harcourt, Glen Clark and Ujjal Dosanjh have been premiers of British Columbia:,[173][174][175] People of UBC Law have also served on the Supreme Court of Canada: former faculty member Beverley McLachlin and alumnus Frank Iacobucci.[176][177]

Other examples include:

UBC alumni have also held important positions in the academia. Notable examples are:


Coat of arms of University of British Columbia
Granted 15 October 2015
Argent three bars wavy Azure issuant from the base a demi-sun in splendour Proper on a chief Azure an open book Proper edged and buckled Or inscribed in letters Proper TUUM EST, meaning “It Is Yours”.[193]

See also

  • UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research
  • UBC Library
  • UBC Okanagan
  • List of Canadian universities by endowment
  • Sexual Violence and Misconduct Policy Act (British Columbia)


  1. Includes education, dentistry, law and medicine post-baccalaureate programs.[6]


  1. "UBC Coat of Arms Usage Policy and Guidelines" (PDF). UBC Communications and Marketing. December 2015. Retrieved April 14, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. "2020 UBC Endowment Impact Report" (PDF). 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  3. "UBC Overview and Facts". UBC News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  4. "UBC Overview and Facts". Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  5. Szeri, Andrew; Mukherjee-Reed, Ananya. "University of British Columbia 2018/19 Annual Enrolment Report" (PDF). UBC. pp. 23, 65. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  6. "Undergraduate and Post-baccalaureate" (PDF). UBC. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  7. "UBC's Colours: Blue & Gold". University of British Columbia. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
  8. "2022 Academic Ranking of World Universities". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2022. Retrieved August 19, 2022.
  9. "QS World University Rankings - 2023". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2022. Retrieved June 21, 2022.
  10. "World University Rankings 2023". Times Higher Education. TES Global. 2022. Retrieved October 17, 2022.
  11. "Best Global Universities in Canada". U.S. News & World Report. U.S. News & World Report, L.P. October 25, 2022. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  12. "UBC Facts & Figures (2009/2010)". University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  13. "UBC, Max Planck formalize partnership among world's top quantum physicists". October 4, 2010. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  14. "Library Facts and Figures". UBC library. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  15. "UBC Library hits all-time high in ARL rankings". UBC library. August 19, 2013. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  16. "UBC alumnus Justin Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 23rd prime minister". UBC News. November 4, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  17. "University Act of 1908" (PDF). Retrieved January 20, 2013.
  18. "University of British Columbia". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  19. Boyles, C.H. (April 1913). "New University Buildings, Province of British Columbia". Construction. Toronto. 6 (4): 105–9.
  20. "Henry Marshall Tory, A Biography", originally published 1954, current edition January 1992, E.A. Corbett, Toronto: Ryerson Press, ISBN 0-88864-250-4
  21. "History". Canadian Federation of University Women. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  22. "About Us". Canadian Federation of University Women. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  23. "Our History". UBC Faculty of Land and Food Systems. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  24. "University of British Columbia Library – University Archives". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  25. Williams, M. Y. (Winter 1966). "The Grand Campus Washout" (PDF). UBC Alumni Chronicle. 20 (4): 9–11. Includes several contemporary photos of the Washout.
  26. "War Memorial gymnasium". Archived from the original on May 14, 2013.
  27. Pound, Richard W. (2005). Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates. Fitzhenry & Whiteside.
  28. Tuttle, Dean; Tuttle, Naomi (2011). "Sally Rogow". APH. Louisville, Kentucky: American Printing House for the Blind. Archived from the original on August 21, 2016. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
  29. UBC Reports (PDF). 40 (14). September 8, 1994 Retrieved March 12, 2022. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. Moffatt, Lisa. "Development of the Urban Community". UBC Library. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  31. "UBC raises more than $1.6 billion in historic fundraising and alumni engagement campaign". UBC Centennial. Centennial Office. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
  32. Ha, Andrew (May 6, 2020). "UBC announces virtual graduation ceremony dates". The Ubyssey. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  33. Public Health Agency of Canada (June 8, 2022). "Immunization Partnership Fund". Government of Canada. Archived from the original on September 12, 2022. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  34. "UBC appoints Dr. Deborah Buszard as Interim President and Vice-Chancellor | UBC Broadcast". Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  35. "Musqueam & UBC". University of British Columbia. June 8, 2020. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  36. "UBC, Musqueam Sign Memorandum of Affiliation". UBC News. December 1, 2006. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  37. "Musqueam flag raised at UBC". Salish Sea Sentinel. Naut'sa mawt Tribal Council. April 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  38. "UBC raises Musqueam Indian Band flag permanently at Vancouver campus". UBC News. February 25, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  39. "UBC Library History". University of British Columbia. July 26, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
  40. The 4440, locations Archived January 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, IMDb.
  41. Kyle XY filming locations — Movie Maps Archived September 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on April 12, 2014.
  42. Colonial Day, locations Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, IMDb.
  43. Parry, Malcolm. "Trade Talk: UBC Properties has been a money-maker". The Vancouver Sun. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  44. "New UBC Okanagan to help add 5,500 student spaces". BC Ministry of Advanced Education. March 17, 2004. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  45. "Indigenous engagement". UBC Okanagan Campus. January 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  46. ""The time to act is now"". UBC Okanagan News. September 25, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  47. "UBC raises Syilx Okanagan Nation flag". UBC News. September 28, 2018. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  48. "UBC 2019-2020 Enrolment Report" (PDF). The University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  49. "UBC Okanagan Academic Senate". The University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  50. "UBC Faculty of Medicine Southern Medical Program". The University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  51. "UBCO invests $70M in new on-campus student housing". The University of British Columbia. March 13, 2019. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  52. "UBC Okanagan Turns 5, Doubles in Size". The University of British Columbia. September 2010. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  53. "UBC Library 2014–2015 Report to Senate". UBC Library. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  54. "2014–2015 Report of UBC Library to the Senate". University of British Columbia Library. 2015. Archived from the original on September 21, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  55. "UBC Opens $79.7M Irving K. Barber Learning Centre" (Press release). UBC Public Affairs. April 11, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  56. "Iconic Videomatica film collection available at UBC and SFU" (Press release). UBC Public Affairs. January 27, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  57. "Uno Langmann Collection – UBC Library Collections".
  58. "UBC Library acquires a copy of the Kelmscott Chaucer". About UBC Library. August 23, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  59. "Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery". Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  60. "8th Annual Knight Schools Results". Corporate Knights Inc. September 27, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  61. Holden, Meg; Elverum, Duane; Nesbit, Susan; Robinson, John; Yen, Donald; Moore, Janet (October 23, 2007). "Learning teaching in the sustainability classroom". Ecological Economics. Elsevier. 64 (3): 521–533. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.09.007.
  62. "The Building". Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  63. Plummer, Ryan (September 20, 2006). "The Evolution of Sustainable Development in Canada An Assessment of Three Federal Natural Resource Management Agencies" (PDF). Sustainable Development. Wiley Interscience. 14: 16–32. doi:10.1002/sd.269. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
  64. "The building that's beyond green". The Globe and Mail. April 20, 2012. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  65. Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "CIRS Overview with Dr. John Robinson". YouTube. November 8, 2010. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
  66. Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "David Suzuki at UBC Celebrating CIRS". YouTube. December 1, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
  67. "UBC Student Nest: 27 New Photos of the new AMS Student Union Building". Vancity Buzz. June 3, 2015. Archived from the original on August 11, 2015. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  68. "UBC Sustainability: Water". University of British Columbia. January 13, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  69. "Mainstreaming Conservation and Renewables". Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  70. "The Truth about Bottled Water – Is it really better than tap water?". Archived from the original on April 1, 2017.
  71. "University Act". Laws of British Columbia. Queen's Printer. August 5, 2009. Archived from the original on December 22, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
  72. "Faculties & Schools". University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on October 2, 2009. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  73. "Education". November 21, 2014. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  74. "UBC 10 Year Finance Plan" (PDF). VP Finance, University of British Columbia. September 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 12, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  75. Last Words: November 14, 2011 edition | The Ubyssey | The Ubyssey, UBC's official student newspaper Archived March 30, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. (November 15, 2011). Retrieved on April 12, 2014.
  76. "ECONomics update" (PDF). Vancouver School of Economics at University of British Columbia. 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  77. "About | School of Biomedical Engineering". Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  78. "UBC Vantage College". University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  79. "UBC Sciences Po Dual Degree". University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  80. "Top Universities by Reputation 2020". Times Higher Education. TES Global. 2020. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  81. "Graduate employability: top universities in Canada ranked by employers 2022". Times Higher Education. TES Global. November 23, 2022. Retrieved December 4, 2022.
  82. "Canada's best Medical Doctoral universities: Rankings 2023". Maclean’s. Rogers Media. October 6, 2022. Retrieved October 17, 2022.
  83. "Canada's best universities by reputation: Rankings 2023". Maclean's. Rogers Media. October 7, 2022. Retrieved October 17, 2022.
  84. "11 Universities bail out of Maclean's survey". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. April 14, 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  85. "College Rankings". Newsweek. 2011. Archived from the original on October 12, 2011.
  86. List of 208 partner universities Website of The University of British Columbia. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  87. Farrar, David H. "2013 Annual Report on Enrolment: Vancouver Campus" (PDF). UBC Planning and Institutional Research. UBC Vancouver. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 29, 2014. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  88. Wong, Jennifer A. (November 25, 2013). "University of British Columbia Credit Analysis" (PDF). Moody's Investment Service. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  89. "Universitas 21 Member List". Universitas 21. Archived from the original on February 10, 2010. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
  90. "Association of Pacific Rim Universities Member List". Association of Pacific Rim Universities. Archived from the original on April 8, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
  91. "Canada's Top 50 Research Universities 2018". Research Infosource. 2018. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  92. "World University Rankings By 2019". NTU Rankings. 2019. Archived from the original on July 8, 2019. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
  93. "2018–2019 Ranking By Country". Informatics Institute of Middle East Technical University. 2018. Archived from the original on November 4, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  94. "Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre". University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  95. "TRIUMF". University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  96. "Canopy Growth to fund Professorship of Cannabis Science at University of British Columbia to research the role of cannabis in addressing the opioid overdose crisis". NewsWire. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  97. "Mission & Scope | Centre for the Study of Democratic Institutions". Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  98. "Who we are | Centre for the Study of Democratic Institutions". Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  99. "Background | Centre for the Study of Democratic Institutions". Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  100. Hainsworth, Jeremy (January 13, 2020). "Canadian taxpayers, companies subsidizing Huawei research". Richmond News. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  101. ". The University of Winnipeg" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2008. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  102. "Home | First Nations and Indigenous Studies".
  103. "UBC: What It Costs". Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  104. "Tuition and fees". UBC Student Services. Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  105. "Tuition & Costs". University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on August 16, 2013.
  106. "Tuition fees – Courses & Registration". May 24, 2010. Archived from the original on May 24, 2010.
  107. Premier of British Columbia (February 8, 2005). "British Columbia to limit tuition increases". Archived from the original on December 2, 2006. Retrieved September 3, 2007.
  108. Stats Canada (September 1, 2006). "The Daily". Archived from the original on August 23, 2007. Retrieved September 3, 2007.
  109. "Board of Governor passes 10% increase to international tuition". Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  110. "International tuition increases of 46.8% over the next three years announced". The Ubyssey. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  111. "Vancouver Academic Calendar 2019/20: Master's". University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  112. "Vancouver Academic Calendar 2019/20: Doctoral". University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  113. "International Tuition Award". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  114. "Council". Graduate Student Society – UBC Vancouver. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  115. "Senate Membership 2020-2023". UBC Senate. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  116. "University Act". Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  117. "Support UBC students during COVID-19 pandemic and beyond". The University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on March 5, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  118. "Annual Enrolment Report 2021/22" (PDF). UBC. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
  119. "Open Letter to the UBC Vancouver Community". Office of the Associate Vice President, University of British Columbia Campus and Community Planning. October 28, 2009. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  120. "UBC's new student union building will make you want to go back to school". Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly. August 28, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  121. "UBC Bookstore: 2012/13 Budget" (PDF). University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  122. "Unit Awards By Division". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  123. "Sigma Chi UBC". 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  124. "Home – Gamma Omicron Chapter of Beta Theta Pi". Retrieved October 13, 2008.
  125. "Get involved". UBC Sororities. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  126. "Sigma Phi Delta – Active Chapters". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  127. "Alpha Omega Epsilon Chapters & Colonies". Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  128. "Alpha Kappa Psi Fraternity – Chapter Directory". Archived from the original on October 5, 2016.
  129. "Alpha Kappa Psi". Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  130. "Top 10: Party Universities In Canada". AskMen. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  131. "UBC 2013–14 Financial Summary". UBC 2013–14 Annual Report. University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  132. "Electoral Area A – Metro Vancouver". Metro Vancouver. Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  133. "Information for Voters". Maria Harris, Director of Electoral Area A. Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  134. "Residential Tenancy Act, Section 4(b)". BC Laws. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  135. "UBC 2009 Housing Study" (PDF). UBC Planning. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  136. "Financial Results Summary". UBC 2013–14 Annual Report. University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  137. "5 Year Student Bed Averages" (PDF). UBC 2012–13 Annual Report. University of British Columbia. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  138. McDonald, Will. "Student residence costs to increase by 20 per cent in 2015". The Ubyssey. The Ubyssey. Archived from the original on October 11, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  139. Archived April 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  140. "həm'ləsəm'". Archived from the original on December 1, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  141. "Orchard Commons". Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  142. Archived May 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  143. "UBC Student Family Residence". UBC Housing. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  144. "Ponderosa Commons".
  145. Stacy. "St. John's College UBC". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  146. "Graduate Residential College – Green College UBC". Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  147. Chan, Kenneth (February 18, 2016). "Design revealed: 18-storey UBC residence to be world's tallest wooden building". Van City Buzz. Archived from the original on June 21, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  148. "Inside Vancouver's Brock Commons, the World's Tallest Mass Timber Building". ArchDaily. September 18, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  149. "UBC expects visit by NCAA". Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  150. "NCAA Division II Consultation". University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on October 8, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2008.
  151. "Championships". UBC Thunderbirds. University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
  152. "Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre". UBC Thunderbirds. University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
  153. "Varsity Sports Venues". UBC Thunderbirds. University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
  154. "Olympic Athletes". UBC Thunderbirds. University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
  155. "About Us". Thunderbird Marching Band. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  156. Rebecca Green. "College Songs and Songbooks". Encyclopedia of Music in Canada. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  157. Sullivan, Sean (November 5, 2009). "New UBC pep song something to cheer about". UBC News. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
  158. "Orient yourself to campus life". UBC Student Services. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  159. "Vancouver, Canada – Proud Host City of WorldMUN 2012". Archived from the original on January 11, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  160. "Vancouver, Canada – Proud Host City of WorldMUN 2012 – About Worldmun". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  161. "UBC's two new Rhodes Scholars to focus on global water crisis, health care". The University of British Columbia. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  162. "SIPA Faculty Member – Robert Alexander Murdell". Columbia University. 2005. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  163. "Bertram N. Brockhouse – Autobiography". Nobel Media AB. 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  164. "Michael Smith – Autobiography". Nobel Media AB. 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  165. "H. Gobind Khorana – Autobiography". Nobel Media AB. 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  166. "Hans G. Dehmelt – Autobiography". Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  167. "Carl Wieman Science Education Initiative". The University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on August 23, 2010. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  168. "John Turner". UBC Sports Hall of Fame. University of British Columbia. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
  169. Campbell, Kim (1996). "Time And Chance": 17–23. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  170. "Justin Trudeau". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  171. "Biography". Library and Archives Canada. Library and Archives Canada. January 29, 2002. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  172. Boswell, Randy (September 14, 2002). "Maple Leaf flag creator George Stanley dies". The Ottawa Citizen. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  173. "Alumni Achievement Awards – 2008 Recipients". UBC Alumni Affairs. University of British Columbia. 2009. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  174. "36th Parliament Members at dissolution on April 18, 2001". Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. October 31, 2002. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  175. "Ujjal Dosanjh, QC". International Legal Aid Conference. June 11, 1999. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  176. "The Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin, P.C., Chief Justice of Canada". Supreme Court of Canada. January 18, 2011. Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  177. "Frank Iacobucci, BCom '61, LLB '62, LLD '69". 2009. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  178. "LISTEN: Dan Mangan's eight-song mixtape for | Chart Attack". Chart Attack. November 30, 2011. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  179. "David Cheriton". Forbes Magazine. December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  180. "UBC Alumni: The First Cyberpunk". UBC Reports. March 4, 2004. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  181. "Clint Hocking". IGN India. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  182. "Dynamics: The State of the Art". Jack Baskin School of Engineering. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  183. "President Biography: Indira V. Samarasekera". Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  184. "President's Biography".
  185. "All Faculty - Faculty & Research - Harvard Business School".
  186. Hevesi, Dennis (May 30, 2009). "Thomas Franck, Who Advised Countries on Law, Dies at 77" via
  187. "President-Elect Biography: David H. Turpin". Archived from the original on November 17, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  188. 5, Media Release | November; 2011 (November 5, 2011). "UBC faculty elected Royal Society of Canada Fellows". UBC News. Retrieved July 20, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  189. "Michiel Horn". Archived from the original on July 14, 2011.
  190. "Monica Lam".
  191. "Alison Mountz Professor; Canada Research Chair in Global Migration". Laurier University. Retrieved November 25, 2021.
  192. "Brief Profile of the Awardee". Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize. 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  193. "University of British Columbia". Canadian Heraldic Authority. November 12, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.

Further reading

  • William A. Bruneau, A Matter of Identities: A History of the UBC Faculty Association, 1920–1990. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Faculty Association, 1990.
  • Bruneau, William A. (1994). "Toward a New Collective Biography: The University of British Columbia Professoriate, 1915–1945". Canadian Journal of Education. 19 (1): 65–79. doi:10.2307/1495307. JSTOR 1495307. S2CID 194722300.
  • Eric Damer and Herbert Rosengarten. UBC: The First 100 Years. Vancouver: Friesens, 2009.
  • Michiel Horn."Under the Gaze of George Vancouver: The University of British Columbia and the Provincial Government, 1913–1939." BC Studies 83 (Autumn 1989).
  • William C. Gibson Wesbrook & His University (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press)
  • Sheldon Goldfarb The Hundred-Year Trek: A History of Student Life at UBC. Victoria: Heritage House, 2017.
  • H.T. Logan, Tuum Est: A History of the University of British Columbia. Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 1958.
  • Wayne Skene. "UBC: a Portrait." Vancouver: Tribute Books, 2003.
  • Lee Stewart. "It's Up to You": Women at UBC in the Early Years. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1990.
  • George Woodcock & Tim Fitzharris. The University of British Columbia – A Souvenir. (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1986).
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.