Salsat toum or toumya (Arabic pronunciation of تُومْ  'garlic') is a garlic sauce common to the Levant. Similar to the Provençal aioli, there are many variations, a common one containing garlic, salt, olive oil or vegetable oil, and lemon juice, traditionally crushed together using a wooden mortar and pestle.[1] There is also a variation popular in many places, such as the town of Zgharta, in Lebanon, where mint is added;[2] it is called zeit wa toum ('oil and garlic').

Salsat toum
A bowl of salsat toum with a pestle
Region or stateMiddle East
Main ingredientsGarlic

Salsat toum (garlic sauce) is used as a dip, especially with french fries, chicken and artichoke, and in Levantine sandwiches, especially those containing chicken. It is also commonly served with grilled chicken dishes.

Variants and similar

In the Lebanese city of Zagarta, fresh mint leaves are often included, and it is called zeit wa tum ("oil and garlic").[3] Tum sauce differs from aioli in the proportion of garlic added, which is much higher in the case of tum. Sometimes the sauce is thickened by adding eggs or labneh (yogurt).[4]

See also

  • List of Middle Eastern dishes
  •  Food portal
  • Aioli – west Mediterranean sauce of garlic and oil
  • Agliata – savory and pungent garlic sauce and condiment in Italian cuisine
  • Garlic sauce – sauce with garlic as a main ingredient
  • List of dips
  • List of garlic dishes – wikimedia list article
  • List of sauces – wikimedia list article
  • Mujdei – spicy Romanian sauce made mostly from garlic and vegetable oil
  • Skordalia – thick garlic sauce in Greek cuisine


  1. Sahaj108. "Toum". Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  2. Saad Fayed. "Toum Lebanese Dipping Sauce - Recipe". Food. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  3. "Toum Lebanese Dipping Sauce". The Spruce Eats. Retrieved 2022-10-11.
  4. "Salsa Toum, la salsa de ajo libanesa | Gastronomía & Cía" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-10-11.
  • Toum at the Wikibooks Cookbook subproject
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