List of central banks of Africa

There are two African currency unions associated with multinational central banks; the West African Banque Centrale des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (BCEAO) and the Central African Banque des États de l'Afrique Centrale (BEAC). Members of both currency unions use the CFA Franc as their legal tender.

Usage of:
  West African CFA franc
  Central African CFA franc

Below is a list of the central banks and currencies of Africa.

CountryCurrencyCentral bankPeg
 Benin West African CFA franc Central Bank of West African States 1 EUR = CFA 655.957
 Burkina Faso
 Ivory Coast
 Cameroon Central African CFA franc Bank of Central African States 1 EUR= CFA 655.957
 Central African Republic
 Equatorial Guinea
 Republic of the Congo
 Algeria Algerian dinar Bank of Algeria
 Angola Angolan kwanza Banco Nacional de Angola
 Botswana Botswana pula Bank of Botswana
 Burundi Burundian franc Bank of the Republic of Burundi
 Cape Verde Cape Verdean escudo Bank of Cape Verde 1 EUR = CVE$110.265
 Comoros Comorian franc Central Bank of the Comoros 1 EUR = 491.96775 francs
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Congolese franc Central Bank of the Congo
 Djibouti Djiboutian franc Central Bank of Djibouti US$1 = 177.721 francs
 Egypt Egyptian pound Central Bank of Egypt
 Eritrea Eritrean nakfa Bank of Eritrea US$1 = 15 nakfa
 Ethiopia Ethiopian birr National Bank of Ethiopia
 Gambia Gambian dalasi Central Bank of The Gambia
 Ghana Ghanaian cedi Bank of Ghana
 Guinea Guinean franc Central Bank of the Republic of Guinea
 Kenya Kenyan shilling Central Bank of Kenya
 Lesotho Lesotho loti Central Bank of Lesotho ZAR at par
 Liberia Liberian dollar Central Bank of Liberia
 Libya Libyan dinar Central Bank of Libya
 Madagascar Malagasy ariary Central Bank of Madagascar
 Malawi Malawian kwacha Reserve Bank of Malawi
 Mauritania Mauritanian ouguiya Central Bank of Mauritania
 Mauritius Mauritian rupee Bank of Mauritius
 Morocco Moroccan dirham Bank Al-Maghrib
 Mozambique Mozambican metical Bank of Mozambique
 Namibia Namibian dollar Bank of Namibia ZAR at par
 Nigeria Nigerian naira Central Bank of Nigeria
 Rwanda Rwandan franc National Bank of Rwanda
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe dobra National Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe 1 EUR = 24.5 STN
 Seychelles Seychellois rupee Central Bank of Seychelles
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean leone Bank of Sierra Leone
 Somalia Somali shilling Central Bank of Somalia
 Somaliland Somaliland shilling Bank of Somaliland
 South Africa South African rand South African Reserve Bank
 South Sudan South Sudanese pound Bank of South Sudan
 Sudan Sudanese pound Bank of Sudan
 Eswatini Swazi lilangeni Central Bank of Swaziland ZAR at par
 Tanzania Tanzanian shilling Bank of Tanzania
 Tunisia Tunisian dinar Central Bank of Tunisia
 Uganda Ugandan shilling Bank of Uganda
 Zambia Zambian kwacha Bank of Zambia
 Zimbabwe Various (including South African rand, Botswana pula, pound sterling, Indian rupee, euro, Japanese yen, Australian dollar, United States dollar and the Chinese yuan) Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe

See also

  • Africa
  • Economy of Africa
  • List of African countries by GDP (nominal)
  • List of African stock exchanges
  • List of currencies in Africa


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