United States House Committee on the Judiciary

The U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, also called the House Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. It is charged with overseeing the administration of justice within the federal courts, federal administrative agencies, and federal law enforcement entities. The Judiciary Committee is often involved in the impeachment process against federal officials. Because of the legal nature of its oversight, committee members usually have a legal background, but this is not required.

House Judiciary Committee
Standing committee

United States House of Representatives
118th Congress
FormedJune 6, 1813
ChairJim Jordan (R)
Since January 7, 2023
Ranking memberJerry Nadler (D)
Since January 7, 2023
Vice chairVacant
Political partiesMajority (25)
  •   Republican (25)
Minority (19)
Senate counterpartSenate Committee on the Judiciary

    In the 118th Congress, the chairman of the committee is Republican Jim Jordan of Ohio, and the ranking minority member is Democrat Jerry Nadler of New York.


    The committee was created on June 3, 1813,[1] for the purpose of considering legislation related to the judicial system. This committee approved impeachment resolutions/articles of impeachment against presidents in four instances: against Andrew Johnson (in 1867), Richard Nixon (in 1974), Bill Clinton (in 1998), and Donald Trump (in 2019).

    In the 115th Congress, the chairman of the committee was Republican Bob Goodlatte of Virginia, and the ranking minority member was initially Democrat John Conyers of Michigan. On November 26, 2017, Conyers stepped down from his position as ranking member, while he faced an ethics investigation.[2] On November 28, 2017, Jerrold Nadler of New York was named as acting ranking member.

    In the 116th Congress, the House flipped from Republican to Democratic control. Doug Collins, a Republican from Georgia's 9th congressional district, became ranking member and served from 2019 to 2020. In early 2020, Collins stepped down from his leadership position when he became a candidate in the 2020 special election held to replace retiring U.S. Senator Johnny Isakson. Under House Republican rules, members must relinquish leadership positions if they launch a bid for another office.[3] Collins was succeeded as ranking member by Jordan, who represents Ohio's 4th congressional district, but who has never taken a bar examination or practiced law.

    Predecessor committees

    Members, 118th Congress

    Majority Minority

    Resolutions electing members: H.Res. 14 (Chair), H.Res. 15 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 70 (R), H.Res. 71 (D)


    Subcommittee Chair[4] Ranking Member[5]
    Administrative State, Regulatory Reform and Antitrust Thomas Massie (R-KY) David Cicilline (D-RI)
    The Constitution and Limited Government Mike Johnson (R-LA) Mary Gay Scanlon (D-PA)
    Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet Darrell Issa (R-CA) Hank Johnson (D-GA)
    Crime and Federal Government Surveillance Andy Biggs (R-AZ) Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)
    Immigration Integrity, Security, and Enforcement Tom McClintock (R-CA) Pramila Jayapal (D-WA)
    Responsiveness and Accountability to Oversight Ben Cline (R-VA) Eric Swalwell (D-CA)

    List of chairs

    Chairman Party State Years
    Charles J. Ingersoll Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 1813 –
    Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican Virginia 1815 –
    John Sergeant Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 1819 –
    Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican Virginia 1822 –
    Daniel Webster Federalist Massachusetts 1823 –
    Philip P. Barbour Democratic Virginia 1827 –
    James Buchanan Democratic Pennsylvania 1829 –
    Warren R. Davis Democratic South Carolina 1831 –
    John Bell Democratic Tennessee 1832 –
    Thomas F. Foster Whig Georgia 1834 –
    Samuel Beardsley Democratic New York 1835 –
    Francis Thomas Democratic Maryland 1836 –
    John Sergeant Whig Pennsylvania 1839 –
    Daniel D. Barnard Whig New York 1841 –
    William Wilkins Democratic Pennsylvania 1843 –
    Romulus M. Saunders Democratic North Carolina 1844 –
    George O. Rathbun Democratic New York 1845 –
    Joseph R. Ingersoll Whig Pennsylvania 1847 –
    James Thompson Democratic Pennsylvania 1849 –
    James X. McLanahan Democratic Pennsylvania 1851 –
    Frederick P. Stanton Democratic Tennessee 1853 –
    George A. Simmons Whig & Republican New York 1855 –
    George S. Houston Democratic Alabama 1857 –
    John Hickman Republican Pennsylvania 1859 –
    James F. Wilson Republican Iowa 1863 –
    John A. Bingham Republican Ohio 1869 –
    Benjamin F. Butler Republican Massachusetts 1873 –
    James P. Knott Democratic Kentucky 1875 –
    Thomas Brackett Reed Republican Maine 1881 –
    John R. Tucker Democratic Virginia 1883 –
    David B. Culberson Democratic Texas 1887 –
    Ezra B. Taylor Republican Ohio 1889 –
    David B. Culberson Democratic Texas 1891 –
    David B. Henderson Republican Iowa 1895 –
    George W. Ray Republican New York 1899 –
    John J. Jenkins Republican Wisconsin 1903 –
    Richard W. Parker Republican New Jersey 1909 –
    Henry De Lamar Clayton Democratic Alabama 1911 –
    Edwin Y. Webb Democratic North Carolina 1914 –
    Andrew J. Volstead Republican Minnesota 1919 –
    George S. Graham Republican Pennsylvania 1923 –
    Hatton W. Sumners Democratic Texas 1931 –
    Earl C. Michener Republican Michigan 1947 –
    Emanuel Celler Democratic New York 1949 –
    Chauncey W. Reed Republican Illinois 1953 –
    Emanuel Celler Democratic New York 1955 –
    Peter W. Rodino Jr. Democratic New Jersey 1973 –
    Jack Brooks Democratic Texas 1989 –
    Henry Hyde Republican Illinois 1995 –
    Jim Sensenbrenner Republican Wisconsin 2001 –
    John Conyers Democratic Michigan 2007 –
    Lamar Smith Republican Texas 2011 –
    Bob Goodlatte Republican Virginia 2013 –
    Jerrold Nadler Democratic New York 2019 –
    Jim Jordan Republican Ohio 2023 –

    Historical membership rosters

    116th Congress

    Majority Minority

    Sources: H.Res. 24 (Chair), H.Res. 25 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 46 (D), H.Res. 68 (R), H.Res. 903 (R), H.Res. 1037 (R)

    Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member[6]
    Antitrust, Commercial and Administrative Law David Cicilline (D-RI) Jim Sensenbrenner (R-WI)
    The Constitution, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Steve Cohen (D-TN) Mike Johnson (R-LA)
    Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet Hank Johnson (D-GA) Martha Roby (R-AL)
    Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security Karen Bass (D-CA) John Ratcliffe (R-TX)
    Immigration and Citizenship Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Ken Buck (R-CO)

    115th Congress

    Majority Minority

    Sources: H.Res. 6 (Chair), H.Res. 45 (D), H.Res. 51 (R) and H.Res. 95 (D)

    114th Congress

    Majority Minority


    112th Congress

    Majority Minority


    111th Congress

    Majority Minority

    Task forces

    Antitrust Task Force: 108th Congress

    Chairman: Jim Sensenbrenner (R-WI); Ranking member: John Conyers (D-MI)

    The Antitrust Task Force during the 108th Congress existed from March 26, 2003, to September 26, 2003. All Judiciary Committee Members also served as members of the Task Force,[8] and conducted hearings and investigations into consolidation of the Bell Telephone Companies.[9]

    Antitrust Task Force: 110th Congress

    Chairman: John Conyers (D-MI); Ranking member: Steve Chabot (R-OH)

    The Antitrust Task Force during the 110th Congress was established February 28, 2007, as a temporary subcommittee to examine the pending merger between XM Radio and Sirius Satellite Radio.[10] The task force operated like any other subcommittee, except that it only has a six-month term. House Rules limit each full committee to just five subcommittees, and any task force, special subcommittee, or other subunit of a standing committee that is established for a cumulative period longer than six months in a Congress counts against that total.[11] A longer term for the task force would cause the Judiciary Committee to exceed this limit.

    Judicial Impeachment: 110th and 111th Congresses

    Chairman: Adam Schiff (D-CA)[12] Ranking member: Bob Goodlatte (R-VA)[12]

    Established in September 2008,[13] the Judicial Task force on Judicial Impeachment was to look into charges against District Judge Thomas Porteous.[13] The investigation was not completed by the end of the 110th Congress, and it was reestablished after the 111th Congress convened in January 2009.[14] The responsibilities of the Task Force were expanded to include the case of Judge Samuel B. Kent,[15] leading to hearings[16] and his subsequent impeachment by the full House of Representatives.[17] The Task force finally voted to impeach Porteous on January 21, 2010.


    • Administrative Law, Process and Procedure Project (2005–2006)


    See also


    1. "The Creation of the Judiciary Committee | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives".
    2. Wilkinson, Tracy (November 26, 2017). "Rep. John Conyers quits House committee post amid sexual harassment probe". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. Retrieved November 26, 2017.
    3. Beavers, Olivia; Brufke, Juliegrace (February 6, 2020). "House Republicans move Jordan to Judiciary, Meadows to Oversight". The Hill. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
    4. "Chairman Jim Jordan Announces Judiciary Subcommittee Leadership". House Judiciary Committee Republicans. January 27, 2023. Retrieved January 28, 2023.
    5. "Nadler Announces Judiciary Committee Democratic Subcommittee Members". U.S. House Judiciary Committee Democrats. January 31, 2023. Retrieved February 1, 2023.
    6. "Collins Announces Ranking Members for House Judiciary Subcommittees". House Judiciary Committee. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
    7. Bachus news release Dec. 19
    8. "Judiciary Task Force on Antitrust". Archived from the original on May 14, 2007. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
    9. House Antitrust Task Force, Antitrust Review.com
    10. Anti-Trust Panel to Examine XM-Sirius Merger United States House Committee on the Judiciary Press Release, February 27, 2007
    11. Rules of the House of Representatives, Rule X(b)(C), Page 12
    12. "House Judiciary Committee Announces Retention of Alan Baron to Lead Inquiry into Possible Impeachment of Judge Porteous" (Press release). U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary. October 2, 2008. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
    13. "House panel moves toward impeaching a judge". Associated Press. September 18, 2008. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
    14. Conyers, John Jr. (January 6, 2009). "H. Res. 15: Authorizing and directing the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire whether the House should impeach G. Thomas Porteous, a judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
    15. Conyers, John Jr. (May 29, 2009). "H. Res. 424: Authorizing and directing the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire whether the House should impeach Samuel B. Kent, a judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
    16. "Victims allege years of sexual misconduct by federal judge". CNN. June 3, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
    17. Powell, Stewart (June 19, 2009). "U.S. House impeaches Kent". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 21, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009. In action so rare it has been carried out only 14 times since 1803, the House on Friday impeached a federal judge — imprisoned U.S. District Court Judge Samuel B. Kent...
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