Russula vesca

Russula vesca, known by the common names of bare-toothed Russula or the flirt, is a basidiomycete mushroom of the genus Russula.

Russula vesca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Russulales
Family: Russulaceae
Genus: Russula
R. vesca
Binomial name
Russula vesca
Fr. (1836)
Russula vesca
gills on hymenium
cap is convex or flat
hymenium is free
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: edible


Russula vesca was described, and named by the eminent Swedish mycologist Elias Magnus Fries (1794–1878). The specific epithet is the feminine of the Latin adjective vescus, meaning "edible".[2]


The skin of the cap typically does not reach the margins (resulting in the common names). The cap is 5–10 cm wide, flat, convex, or with slightly depressed centre, weakly sticky, colour brownish to dark brick-red. Taste mild. Gills close apart, white. The stipe narrows toward the base, 2–7 cm long, 1.5–2.5 cm wide, white. It turns deep salmon when rubbed with iron salts (Ferrous sulfate).[3] The spore print is white.

Distribution and habitat

Russula vesca appears in summer or autumn, and grows primarily in deciduous forests in Europe, and North America.[4]


Russula vesca is considered edible and good, with a mild nutty flavour.[5] In some countries, including Russia, Ukraine and Finland it is considered entirely edible even in the raw state.

See also


  1. Dahlberg, A. (2019). "Russula vesca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T122090747A122091073. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T122090747A122091073.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  2. Nilson S & Persson O (1977). Fungi of Northern Europe 2: Gill-Fungi. Penguin. p. 120. ISBN 0-14-063006-6.
  3. Roger Phillips (2006). Mushrooms. Pan MacMillan. ISBN 0-330-44237-6.
  4. David Arora (1986). Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-89815-169-4.
  5. Phillips, Roger (2010) [2005]. Mushrooms and Other Fungi of North America. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-55407-651-2.
  • "Danske storsvampe. Basidiesvampe" [a key to Danish basidiomycetes] J.H. Petersen and J. Vesterholt eds. Gyldendal. Viborg, Denmark, 1990. ISBN 87-01-09932-9
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