Maple taffy

Maple taffy (sometimes maple toffee in English-speaking Canada, tire d'érable or tire sur la neige in French-speaking Canada; also sugar on snow or candy on the snow or leather aprons in the United States) is a sugar candy made by boiling maple sap past the point where it would form maple syrup, but not so long that it becomes maple butter or maple sugar. It is part of traditional culture in Quebec, Eastern Ontario, New Brunswick and northern New England. In these regions, it is poured onto the snow, then lifted either with a small wooden stick, such as a popsicle stick, or a metal dinner fork.

Maple taffy
Molten syrup being poured on clean white snow to create the soft maple candy.
Alternative namesMaple taffee, tire d'érable, sugar on snow
Place of originCanada; United States
Region or stateQuebec, Eastern Ontario, New Brunswick, Manitoba; New England
Serving temperatureCold
Main ingredientsMaple syrup, snow


The candy is made by boiling maple syrup to about 112 °C (234 °F). It is best to use a candy thermometer. The thick liquid may be kept hot over a very low flame or in a pan of hot water, but should not be stirred as it will form grainy crystals. This liquid is then poured in a molten state upon clean snow, whereupon the cold causes it to rapidly thicken. If the syrup runs, rather than hardens, when it is poured on the snow, then it has not yet been boiled long enough to make the soft maple candy. Once sufficiently hardened, the candy can be picked up and eaten.[1] The higher a temperature one boils the initial syrup, the thicker the final result will be. As it is popularly eaten soft, it is usually served fresh. It is most often prepared and eaten alongside the making of maple syrup at a sugar shack, or cabane à sucre.


Two children eating maple taffy in 1950s Quebec

The practice in Quebec is conducted in a "cabane à sucre" (literally, "sugar cabin," the rustic, outdoor structure where maple sap is boiled down to syrup and sugar) and the taffy is served with traditional Québécois dishes, including many savory ones that feature maple sugar as a glaze or flavoring element.[2] In New England, the practice is sometimes called a sugar on snow party, and the soft candy is traditionally served with donuts, sour dill pickles, and coffee.[3] The pickles and coffee serve to counter the intense sweetness of the candy.

Maple taffy is also made in the Canadian province of Manitoba using syrup from the Manitoba maple tree (also known as a box elder). The syrup and taffy produced from a Manitoba maple are generally darker and have a mustier flavour than that made from sugar maples.[4]

NHL hockey player Yanni Gourde ate maple taffy on snow out of the bowl of the Stanley Cup in his hometown of Saint-Narcisse-de-Beaurivage, Quebec,[5] following the Tampa Bay Lightning's 2021 Stanley Cup championship win against the Montreal Canadiens, two days after his teammate and fellow Quebecer Mathieu Joseph ate poutine out of the Cup in Chambly, Quebec.[6]

See also


  1. Earls, Averill (2016-03-12). "Sugar on Snow | Cabot Creamery". The Cabot Blog. Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  2. Pattee, Julie Anne (2018-03-06). "Seven sweet choices for cabanes à sucre around Montreal". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  3. Zimmer, Erin (2009-04-06). "Sugar on Snow: Maple Syrup on Snow Snack in Vermont". Serious Eats. Retrieved 2016-06-15.
  4. Green, Mike (2014-02-22). "Manitoba maple syrup is oh so sweet | CBC News". CBC News. Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  5. Staff, BarDown (2021-08-17). "Gourde continues SWEET Lord Stanley celebrations - Article". BARDOWN. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  6. Laframboise, Kalina (August 16, 2021). "Say cheese! Lightning forward Mathieu Joseph eats poutine out of Stanley Cup |". Global News. Retrieved 2021-08-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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