Chambly, Quebec

Chambly is an off-island suburb of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is located in the Montérégie region, inland from the South Shore of the Saint Lawrence River.

Chambly
Chambly's Church St-Joseph, viewed from the Basin.
Location within La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM.
Chambly
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°27′N 73°17′W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
RCMLa Vallée-du-Richelieu
ConstitutedOctober 26, 1849
AmalgamatedSeptember 18, 1965
Government
  MayorAlexandra Labbé
  Federal ridingBeloeil—Chambly
  Prov. ridingChambly
Area
  Total27.60 km2 (10.66 sq mi)
  Land25.08 km2 (9.68 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[4]
  Total31,444
  Density1,253.7/km2 (3,247/sq mi)
  Pop 2016-2021
8%
  Dwellings
12,405
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)450 and 579
Highways
A-10

Route 112
Websitewww.ville.chambly.qc.ca

It was formed from the merger in 1965 of Fort-Chambly (formerly Chambly-Canton prior to 1952) and the old city of Chambly (formerly Chambly-Basin prior to 1952, and earlier sometimes called Bassin-de-Chambly).

Geography

It sits on the Richelieu River in the Regional County Municipality of La-Vallée-du-Richelieu, at 45°27′00″N 73°17′27″W.

History

Sign indicating Jacques-De Chambly park, rue Martel, Chambly

Descendants of European immigrants have lived in Chambly since the 17th century, but Chambly was not incorporated as a city until 1965.

Samuel de Champlain passed through the area that came to be the site of the town of Chambly, QC, in 1609., when he wrote the following in his journal:

The approach to the rapids is a sort of lake into which the water flows down, and it is about three leagues in circumference. Near by are meadows were no Indians live, by reason of the wars. At the rapids there is very little water, but it flows with great swiftness, and there are many rocks and boulders, so that the Indians cannot go up by water; but on the way back they run them very nicely. All this region is very level and full of forests, vines and butternut trees. No Christian has ever visited this land and we had all the misery of the world trying to paddle the river upstream.

Fort Chambly was captured by American forces on October 20, 1775 during the American Invasion of Canada of 1775–76, it was held until the spring of 1776 when it was evacuated and burned, as the Americans retreated southward to Fort Ticonderoga. Subsequently, prisoners-of-war from the Continental Army, including Colonel William Stacy, were held at Fort Chambly until the end of the American Revolutionary War.

During the occupation the 1st Canadian Regiment, an Extra Continental regiment, was raised by James Livingston to support Colonial efforts in the American Revolutionary War during the invasion of Quebec. Livingston recruited men from Chambly, Quebec as early as September 1775,[5] but a formal regimental designation was made by Richard Montgomery on November 20, 1775, with recognition by the Second Continental Congress following on January 8, 1776. The regiment, which never approached its authorized size of 1,000 men, saw action primarily in the Canadian theater and New York, and was disbanded on January 1, 1781.

The College of Chambly was chartered on March 21, 1835 in Lower Canada.[6]

Fort Chambly

Chambly is home to the massive Fort Chambly, built with local stone between 1709 and 1711 in the style of Vauban's classic French fortifications. It was built at the mouth of a large basin, on the site of successive wooden forts dating back to 1665. Fort Chambly was the largest in a series of fortifications on the shores of what was known as the Iroquois River (later known as the Chambly River, finally becoming the Richelieu River in the nineteenth century). Originally called Fort Saint-Louis, it soon came to be known by the name of its first commanding officer, Jacques de Chambly, to whom the surrounding seigniory was granted in 1672. It was intended to protect New France in general (and Montreal in specific) from attack from hostile natives and the English. Today, the fort is run by Parks Canada and is designated a National Historic Site of Canada, and houses a museum and interpretive centre, and hosts historical re-enactments of military drills (as well as a number of contemporary cultural events).

A small local population clustered around the fort, and the entire area eventually became known as Chambly as well. Among the buildings around the Fort was St. Stephen's Anglican Church, which was built to serve the soldiers in garrison as well as the local Loyalist and English settler population.

Chambly Canal

Chambly Canal lock

Chambly is also known for the Chambly Canal, a National Historic Site run by Parks Canada. It was built in 1843 to bypass several kilometers of successive Richelieu River rapids between the towns of Chambly, QC, and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. Part of a series of waterways connecting the Saint Lawrence River and New York City, Chambly Canal was built to facilitate commercial traffic between Canada and the United States.

Trade dwindled after World War I, and as of the 1970s, traffic has been replaced by recreational vessels. Today the canal is enjoyed by tourists and more than 7,000 pleasure boats in the summer, and ice skaters in the winter.

St-Joseph of Chambly Church, at 164 rue Martel, was built between 1880 and 1881. The parish was founded in 1665.

Chambly's Church St-Joseph, viewed in winter from the Basin

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Chambly had a population of 31,444 living in 12,405 of its 12,609 total private dwellings, a change of 8% from its 2016 population of 29,120. With a land area of 25.08 km2 (9.68 sq mi), it had a population density of 1,253.7/km2 (3,247.2/sq mi) in 2021.[7]

Economy

Chambly Canal locks, viewed in winter

Transportation

The exo Chambly-Richelieu-Carignan region provides commuter and local bus services.

Education

In English, the South Shore Protestant Regional School Board[10] and later the Richelieu Valley School Board[11] previously served the municipality. Currently Chambly is served by the Riverside School Board and specifically by William Latter Elementary School. Anglophone secondary students in Chambly are zoned for Heritage Regional High School in Longueuil's Saint-Hubert borough.

In French, the Commission scolaire des Patriotes serves Chambly, with the following schools located in the municipality:

  • École De Bourgogne (Elementary)
  • École De Salaberry (Elementary)
  • École Jacques-De Chambly (Elementary)
  • École Sainte-Marie (Elementary)
  • École Madeleine-Brousseau (Elementary[12])
  • École secondaire de Chambly (Secondary 1, 2 and 3)

Media

Chambly is currently served by a local weekly newspaper called the "Journal de Chambly", first published in 1966.

A small daily news sheet called Chambly Matin also maintains a journalistic presence on the internet reporting on local issues.

Notable people

  • Emma Albani – Opera singer
  • Mathieu Joseph - ice hockey player
  • Georges Larivière, professor, writer, ice hockey coach[13]
  • Ricardo Larrivée – Television personality
  • Robert Lebel – Former mayor of Chambly, Hockey Hall of Fame inductee
  • Étienne Lucier – Fur trader
  • Étienne Provost – Fur trader
  • Jacqueline Simoneau – Olympian

See also

References

  1. "Reference number 98647 in Banque de noms de lieux du Québec". toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec.
  2. "Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Chambly". Archived from the original on 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  3. Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: CHAMBLY--BORDUAS (Quebec)
  4. Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population
  5. Kingsford, William (1892). The History of Canada, vol. 5. Roswell & Hutchinson. p. 440. A footnote references letters sent by Livingston on September 16 and 18 from Point Olivier.
  6. Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
  7. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Quebec". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  8. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016, 2021 census
  9. 2021 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Chambly, Quebec
  10. King, M.J. (Chairperson of the board). "South Shore Protestant Regional School Board" (St. Johns, PQ). The News and Eastern Townships Advocate. Volume 119, No. 5. Thursday December 16, 1965. p. 2. Retrieved from Google News on November 23, 2014.
  11. "Le Courrier Riviera - Google News Archive Search".
  12. Guillet, Karine. "La nouvelle école de Chambly a un nom", Journal de Chambly, Chambly, December 6th, 2016. Retrieved on March 21st, 2018.
  13. Larivière, Georges (2008). "Congrès mondial du loisir Québec 2008". Loisir Québec (in French). Retrieved November 28, 2019.



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