Hong-Chih Kuo

Hong-Chih Kuo (Chinese: 郭泓志; pinyin: Guō Hóngzhì; Wade–Giles: Kuo1 Hung2 Chih4; born July 23, 1981 in Tainan, Taiwan) is a Taiwanese retired professional baseball pitcher who last pitched for the Fubon Guardians of the Chinese Professional Baseball League (CPBL). He had previously played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Uni-President 7-Eleven Lions in CPBL. When Kuo made his debut in 2005, he became the fourth MLB player from Taiwan (after Chin-Feng Chen, Chin-hui Tsao, and Chien-Ming Wang).

Hong-Chih Kuo
Kuo with the Los Angeles Dodgers
Born: (1981-07-23) July 23, 1981
Tainan, Taiwan
Batted: Left
Threw: Left
MLB debut
September 2, 2005, for the Los Angeles Dodgers
Last MLB appearance
September 24, 2011, for the Los Angeles Dodgers
MLB statistics
Win–loss record13–17
Earned run average3.73
Career highlights and awards
Men's baseball
Representing  Chinese Taipei
Asian Games
2002 Busan Team
2006 Doha Team
Hong-Chih Kuo
Traditional Chinese郭泓志
Simplified Chinese郭泓志

Playing career

Los Angeles Dodgers

Kuo was signed as a free agent by the Dodgers on June 19, 1999, for a bonus of $1.25 million,[1] but elbow problems prevented him from participating with the team. He underwent two Tommy John surgeries in 2000 and 2003, respectively.[2] It wasn't until 2005 that Kuo was able to pitch again on a consistent basis. That year, he pitched 11 games for the Vero Beach Dodgers and 17 games for the Jacksonville Suns before coming out of the bullpen for his Major League debut on September 2, 2005, against the Colorado Rockies.

2006 season

Kuo started the 2006 season as a relief pitcher. After giving up eight earned runs on 15 walks in only 13 innings pitched in April, he was sent down to the Dodgers' AAA affiliate, the Las Vegas 51s. That May and June in AAA he posted a 3.75 ERA in Las Vegas in 12 innings, striking out 18, but walking eight. He was called up by the Dodgers in June. Over June and July 2006, Kuo had a 5.74 ERA in 14+13 innings pitched.

Back in Las Vegas for most of July, the Dodgers decided to start Kuo rather than have him work out of the bullpen, hoping that the increased innings would give him a chance to improve his control, and that ample rest between appearances would protect his fragile elbow. His ERA in July was 5.19, with 17 strikeouts and eight walks in 17+13 IP. However, in his last start of the month, he had his longest appearance in several years, pitching five shutout innings. Kuo built upon that with a 1.14 ERA in five August starts, striking out 28 in 23+23 innings.

On September 8, 2006, Kuo made his first start in the major leagues after more than 30 relief appearances. In his debut, he tossed six shutout innings and led the Dodgers to a 5–0 victory over the New York Mets. His next three starts were largely successful, and Kuo ended the season with a 2.59 ERA as a starter.

2007 season

A spring training injury kept Kuo from starting the 2007 season in the Dodgers' rotation, but he eventually reclaimed his starting pitcher role.

Kuo pitching for the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2007

On June 12, 2007, Kuo hit a 412-foot home run and became the first Taiwanese player to hit a home run in MLB.[3] The Dodgers won 4–1 in that game. Kuo picked up his first win of the season with that game.

2008 season

Kuo started the season competing with Esteban Loaiza for the fifth starter spot in the Dodgers rotation. Off-season elbow surgery raised doubts about his endurance, so Kuo was made a long-reliever by manager Joe Torre. He has also served in middle relief and set-up.

Against the New York Mets on May 6, Kuo came in during the fourth inning in relief of Hiroki Kuroda, and pitched 3+23 scoreless innings without giving up a hit, striking out 8 of the 12 batters he faced, and securing his second victory of the year. Kuo recorded his first career save on August 14 against the Phillies when he pitched two scoreless innings without allowing a hit.

Kuo finished the 2008 season with a 5–3 record, appeared in 42 games, three games as a starter and 39 games in relief, and accumulated an overall ERA of 2.14 with 96 strikeouts in 80 innings. Kuo led all National League relievers with an ERA of 1.69. In his 39 relief appearances, he allowed only 49 hits in 69+13 innings, striking out 86 batters, while limiting the opposition to a .204 average.

A triceps injury forced him to miss the last 15 games of the regular season, but he recovered in time for the National League Championship series and was activated on October 9. He appeared in three games during the Championship series, logging three innings, allowing two hits and one earned run, while striking out three.

Kuo was named the 2008 Setup Man of the Year, voted by the fans on MLB.com as part of the website's This Year in Baseball Awards.[4]

2009 season

Kuo began the 2009 season in the Dodgers' bullpen but injured his elbow and was placed on the disabled list on May 2. He did not rejoin the team until July 27 but returned to form and pitched in 35 games for the Dodgers' bullpen, ending with an ERA of 3.00.

2010 season

Kuo greeted by teammates after getting Miguel Cabrera to tap out to Kuo with the bases loaded in 2010

Kuo in the first half pitched in middle relief and set a record by giving up 0 hits against 36 consecutive left-handed batters. The performance earned him a spot in the 2010 Major League Baseball All-Star Game as a replacement for Jason Heyward, thus becoming the first Taiwanese-born player to be so honored. In the second half of the season Kuo replaced Jonathan Broxton as the Dodgers closer after Broxton struggled in the role.

On October 3, 2010, Kuo pitched a scoreless 9th inning against the Arizona Diamondbacks at Dodger Stadium, earning his 12th save of the season while setting a new Dodgers franchise record in finishing the season with an ERA of 1.20, the record for minimum of 50 innings pitched. Eric Gagne held the previous record at 1.202.[5]

Kuo finished the 2010 season with a 3–2 record and led all Major League relievers with a 1.20 ERA. In 56 appearances out of the bullpen, he pitched 60.0 innings, struck out 73, walked 18 (4.05 strikeout to walk ratio) while converting 12 saves in 13 chances.[6]

2011 season

Following the 2010 campaign, Kuo was throwing with about 50 or 60 percent effort during the off-season without stopping at the behest of the Dodgers medical staff. As Kuo typically experiences elbow problems during spring training each year, it was suggested that the off-season throwing exercises would help him avoid the disabled list at the start of the season.[7] However, Kuo struggled early on. He spent some time on the DL with a back strain and in nine games he had an 11.57 ERA. On May 11, the Dodgers put him back on the disabled list with what they termed an "anxiety disorder". Manager Don Mattingly said he did not know when Kuo would be able to pitch again.[8] He did eventually rejoin the Dodgers on August 10 but continued to pitch poorly down the stretch. Kuo finished the season 1–2 with a career-high ERA of 9.00 in 27 innings pitched. At the end of the season, he remarked that he was undecided about if he wanted to continue playing.[9]

Following the season, Kuo developed soreness in his left elbow while preparing to play in an exhibition series against the Taiwan National Team and had to undergo his fifth operation on the elbow.[10] He became a free agent when the Dodgers declined to tender him a contract on December 12.

Seattle Mariners

Kuo pitching for the Seattle Mariners in 2012 Spring Training

On February 6, 2012, Kuo signed a one-year non-guaranteed deal with the Seattle Mariners.[11] He was released on March 19.[12]

Chicago Cubs

Kuo signed a minor league contract with the Chicago Cubs on June 4, 2012.[13] However, he was released on July 6.

Uni-President 7-Eleven Lions

Kuo pitching for the Uni-President 7-Eleven Lions of CPBL in 2014

Kuo signed with Uni-President 7-Eleven Lions of CPBL in September 2013.[14] He became a free agent after the 2016 season.

San Diego Padres

Kuo pitching for the San Diego Padres in 2017 Spring Training

Kuo signed a minor league contract with the San Diego Padres on February 17, 2017.[15] He requested and was granted release on March 29, 2017.

Fubon Guardians

Kuo signed with Fubon Guardians of the Chinese Professional Baseball League in July 2017. He announced his retirement from professional baseball on October 22, 2018, after the Guardians lost to the Uni-President 7-Eleven Lions in the 2018 CPBL playoffs.[16]

International career

Kuo in 2013

He was selected for Chinese Taipei national baseball team at the 2002 Asian Games, 2006 World Baseball Classic, 2006 Asian Games and 2013 World Baseball Classic.

Pitching style

Despite the five surgeries on his elbow, Kuo at his peak hit 97-98 mph with his four-seam fastball with late movement. He threw a sharp slider ranging in 86–88 mph, occasionally a curveball, and a changeup. For a power pitcher, Kuo was quick to the plate. His velocity and pitch execution made him difficult to hit. His fastball was clocked at 99 mph in 2006.[17]

See also

  • List of Major League Baseball players from Taiwan


  1. Ken Gurnick (August 23, 2010). "Resilient Kuo reaping rewards". MLB.com. Archived from the original on April 25, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
  2. Plunkett, Bill (April 21, 2006). "Dodgers believe Kuo still on course". Orange County Register. Retrieved September 8, 2006.
  3. Gurnick, Ken (June 13, 2007). "Kuo adds long ball to long journey". MLB.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2007.
  4. "Left-hander Hong-Chih Kuo voted by fans as 2008 Setup Man of the Year". MLB.com (Press release). December 18, 2008. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
  5. Ken Gurnick (October 3, 2010). "Dodgers roll to win in Torre's final game". MLB.com (Press release). Archived from the original on October 6, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
  6. Stacie Wheeler (December 12, 2011). "Dodgers Non-Tender Kuo 郭泓志". Lasorda's Lair. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  7. Ken Gurnick (February 18, 2011). "Kuo feeling great after throwing all offseason". MLB.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
  8. "Dodgers put Hong-Chih Kuo on the disabled list with anxiety disorder". Los Angeles Times. May 11, 2011. Archived from the original on May 15, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
  9. "Kuo undecided about future in baseball". MLB.com. September 28, 2011. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
  10. Ken Gurnick (October 26, 2011). "Kuo to undergo yet another surgery on Friday". MLB.com. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2011.
  11. Jayson Stark (February 6, 2012). "Seattle Mariners sign Hong-Chih Kuo". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  12. "Mariners Release LHP Hong-Chih Kuo" (Press release). March 19, 2012. Archived from the original on April 21, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  13. Aaron Gleeman (Jun 4, 2012). "Cubs sign Hong-Chih Kuo to minor-league contract". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  14. "Ex-MLB pitcher Kuo Hong-Chih returns home, joins CPBL Lions | WBSC". www.wbsc.org. Archived from the original on 2017-02-20.
  15. "Padres sign Hong-Chih Kuo to minor league deal - The San Diego Union-Tribune". 18 February 2017.
  16. Yeh, Joseph (23 October 2018). "Former Dodgers setup man Hong-Chih Kuo announces retirement". Central News Agency. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  17. "Dodgers-Mets: Rotation analysis | MLB.com". mlb.mlb.com. Archived from the original on 7 March 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
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