George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby

George Augustus Constantine Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby GCB GCMG PC (23 July 1819 – 3 April 1890),[1] styled Viscount Normanby between 1831 and 1838 and Earl of Mulgrave between 1838 and 1863, was a British Liberal politician and colonial governor of Nova Scotia, Queensland, New Zealand and Victoria.

The Marquess of Normanby
A drawing of Lord Normanby made in 1871.
32nd Governor of Nova Scotia
In office
15 February 1858  17 September 1863
Preceded bySir John Le Marchant
Succeeded byCharles Hastings Doyle
3rd Governor of Queensland
In office
12 August 1871  12 November 1874
Preceded bySir Samuel Blackall
Succeeded byWilliam Cairns
7th Governor of New Zealand
In office
3 December 1874  21 February 1879
Preceded bySir James Fergusson, Bt
Succeeded bySir Hercules Robinson
6th Governor of Victoria
In office
29 April 1879  18 April 1884
Preceded bySir George Bowen
Succeeded bySir Henry Loch
Personal details
Born(1819-07-23)23 July 1819
London, England
Died3 April 1890(1890-04-03) (aged 70)
Brighton, Sussex, England
Political partyLiberal Party
Laura Russell
(m. 1844; died 1885)
  • Lady Constance Phipps
  • Lady Laura Hampton-Lewis
  • Constantine Phipps, 3rd Marquess of Normanby
  • Lord William Phipps
  • Katherine Egerton, Countess of Ellesmere
  • Lord Henry Phipps
  • Lord Hervey Phipps


Normanby was born in London, the son of Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby, by his wife the Hon. Maria, daughter of Thomas Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth. He gained the courtesy title Viscount Normanby when his father succeeded as Earl of Mulgrave in 1831. When his father was made Marquess of Normanby in 1838, he became known by the courtesy title Earl of Mulgrave.[2] Normanby entered the Coldstream Guards as an ensign, and became a lieutenant in 1838.[1]

Political and administrative career

Normanby was returned to parliament for Scarborough in 1847, a seat he held until 1851 and again between 1852 and 1857. He was appointed Comptroller of the Household by Lord John Russell in 1851. When Lord Aberdeen became prime minister in early 1852, he became Treasurer of the Household, a post he held until 1858 the last three years under the premiership of Lord Palmerston. In the latter year he was appointed Governor of Nova Scotia, which he remained until 1863. In 1863 he also succeeded his father in the marquessate and took his seat in the House of Lords.

Normanby returned to the government in 1868 when he was appointed a Lord-in-waiting by William Ewart Gladstone. The following year he was promoted to Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms. In 1871 he became Governor of Queensland. He continued in this post until 1874, and was then Governor of New Zealand from 1874 to 1879 and Governor of Victoria from 1879 to 1884.


Laura the Marchioness of Normanby by William Notman

Lord Normanby married Laura, daughter of Captain Robert Russell, R.N., in 1844. When he served as Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia, he and his wife had the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and his brother Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, as their guests at Government House. The couple had several children.

  • Lady Constance Mary Phipps (d. 31 October 1883)
  • Lady Laura Elizabeth Minnie Phipps (3 June 1845 – 12 October 1934); married John Vivian Hampton-Lewis (1835–1890) on 2 June 1868.
  • Constantine Charles Henry Phipps, 3rd Marquess of Normanby (29 August 1846 – 25 August 1932); married Gertrude Stansfeld Forster on 30 December 1903, and had issue.
  • Lord William Brook Phipps (13 August 1847 – 19 February 1880); married Constance Emma Keyser (d. 1932) on 31 March 1875, and had issue.
  • Lady Katherine Louisa Phipps (1850 – 23 September 1926); married Francis Egerton, 3rd Earl of Ellesmere, and had issue.[3]
  • Lord Henry George Russell Phipps (26 January 1851 – 27 November 1905); married Norma Caroline Georgina Leith-Hay on 17 January 1878, and had issue.
  • Lord Hervey Lepell Phipps (6 May 1854 – 21 April 1887); unmarried.

The Marchioness of Normanby died in London in January 1885, aged 69. Lord Normanby died at Brighton, Sussex, in April 1890, aged 70, and was succeeded by their eldest son, Constantine.[4]


Coat of arms of George Phipps, Marquess of Normanby[5]
A lion's jamb erased, sable, holding a trefoil slipped, argent.
Quarterly: 1st and 4th, sable, a trefoil slipped within an orle of eight mullets, argent, Phipps; 2nd, paly of six, argent and azure, a bend, gules, Annesley; 3rd, the arms of King James II within a border compony, ermine and azure.
Dexter, a unicorn, ermine, armed, unguled, crined, and tufted, or, and gorged with a chaplet of roses; sinister, a goat, ermine, armed and unguled, azure, gorged as the dexter.
Virtute quies (Rest in virtue)
Other versions
Full achievements:


  1. Mennell, Philip (1892). "Normanby, The Most Noble George Augustus Constantine Phipps" . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. p. 346 via Wikisource.
  2. Bolton, G. C., "Cultural Advice", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, retrieved 8 February 2021
  3. Morgan, Henry James, ed. (1903). Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada. Toronto: Williams Briggs. p. 256.
  4. "Marquess of Normanby obituary". The London Gazette. 1890.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. Debrett's peerage, baronetage, knightage, and companionage. London, Oldhams Press. 1876. p. 355, NORMANBY, MARQUESS OF. (Phipps.). Retrieved 17 June 2022. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
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