Frederick W. M. Holliday

Frederick William Mackey Holliday (February 22, 1828  May 29, 1899) was a member of the Confederate Congress as well as an officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He also became the 38th Governor of Virginia, serving from 1878 to 1882.

Frederick W.M. Holliday
38th Governor of Virginia
In office
January 1, 1878  January 1, 1882
LieutenantJames A. Walker
Preceded byJames L. Kemper
Succeeded byWilliam E. Cameron
Member of the Confederate States
House of Representatives

from Virginia's 10th district
In office
February 17, 1864  March 18, 1865
Preceded byAlexander R. Boteler
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born(1828-02-22)February 22, 1828
Winchester, Virginia, U.S.
DiedMay 29, 1899(1899-05-29) (aged 71)
Winchester, Virginia, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materYale University
University of Virginia
Military service
Allegiance Confederate States of America
Branch/service Confederate States Army
Years of service1861–1864
Rank Colonel
Commands33rd Virginia Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War


Born in Winchester, Virginia, Holliday was the son of Dr. R.J. and Mary Catherine Taylor Holliday. He attended Winchester Academy and Yale University before earning degrees in philosophy, political economy, and law from the University of Virginia. He was the Commonwealth's Attorney for Frederick County, Virginia from 1861 to 1865.

When the American Civil War began he was elected as first captain of the Mountain Rangers of Winchester, which became Company D of the 33rd Virginia Infantry Regiment. The unit was part of the Stonewall Brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia. During the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Holliday was wounded in his right arm, which then had to be amputated.[1] He resigned from the military as a colonel on March 1, 1864, and was elected to the Second Confederate Congress.

Holliday won the election for Governor of Virginia in 1877 as a Conservative Democrat unopposed. Holliday began his term by breaking the established tradition of small inauguration ceremonies for Virginia governors. His ceremony included parades, bands, cannons, and an inaugural speech given to some 10,000 people.

Holliday traveled the world after his term as governor. He died at his home in Winchester, Virginia on May 29, 1899,[2] and was buried in Mount Hebron Cemetery.


  1. Kric, Robert K. (1990). Stonewall Jackson at Cedar Mountain, p. 168. The University of North Carolina Press.
  2. "Ex-Governor Holliday". Indianapolis News. Richmond, Virginia. May 30, 1899. p. 1. Retrieved April 5, 2021 via Hoosier State Chronicles.
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