Deforestation in India

Deforestation in India is the widespread destruction of major forests in India. It is mainly caused by environmental degradation by stakeholders such as farmers, ranches, loggers and plantation corporations. In 2009, India ranked 10th worldwide in the amount of forest loss,[1] where world annual deforestation is estimated as 13.7 million hectares (34×10^6 acres) a year.[1]


Deforestation started with the growth of agriculture, but was exacerbated in the nineteenth century when British commercial forestry operations destroyed forests in mountain areas of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The Gangetic plains have been almost completely deforested for agriculture. [2]


Several causes supported deforestation, including colonization, agricultural expansion, firewood collection, timber harvesting and extension of cultivation on slopes. In the Indian Himalayas debris thrown down slopes due to reckless use of excavator machines for widening of roads and making of new roads has completely destroyed vast areas of Forest. Due to the colonization from all over the country trees are cut down as a primary source of fuel. These trees are used for cooking food and other daily needs which require fuel.


Deforestation has affected the lives of wild animals and birds including bats.[3] Birds like sparrow, pigeon and crow are becoming rarer due to deforestation. Due to deforestation India is facing water problems in urban cities and villages.

See also


  1. Gore, Al (3 November 2009). "9". Our Choice: A Plan to Solve the Climate Crisis. Rod ale Books. pp. 174, 192, 184, 186, 192, 172. ISBN 978-1-59486-734-7.
  2. "Case studies of Andaman Island, Uttara Kannada". Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  3. "Deforestation Serious Threat to Bats in India". Indian Express. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
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