Bury St Edmunds

Bury St Edmunds (/ˈbɛri/), commonly referred to locally as Bury, is a historic market, cathedral town and civil parish in Suffolk, England.[2] The picturesque Bury St Edmunds Abbey is near the town centre. Bury is the seat of the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich of the Church of England, with the episcopal see at St Edmundsbury Cathedral.

Bury St Edmunds

St Edmundsbury Cathedral
Bury St Edmunds
Location within Suffolk
Population40,664 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceTL855645
Civil parish
  • Bury St Edmunds
  • West Suffolk
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtIP32, IP33
Dialling code01284
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament

The town, originally called Beodericsworth,[3] was built on a grid pattern by Abbot Baldwin around 1080.[4][5] It is known for brewing and malting (Greene King brewery)[6] and for a British Sugar processing factory, where Silver Spoon sugar is produced. The town is the cultural and retail centre for West Suffolk and tourism is a major part of the economy.


The name Bury is etymologically connected with borough,[7] which has cognates in other Germanic languages such as German Burg 'fortress, castle'; Old Norse borg 'wall, castle'; and Gothic baurg 'city'.[8] They all derive from Proto-Germanic *burgs 'fortress'. This in turn derives from the Proto-Indo-European root *bhrgh 'fortified elevation', with cognates including Welsh bera 'stack' and Sanskrit bhrant- 'high, elevated building'.

The second section of the name refers to Edmund King of the East Angles, called Edmund the Martyr, who was killed by the Vikings in the year 869. He became venerated as a saint and a martyr, and his shrine made Bury St Edmunds an important place of pilgrimage.

The formal name of the diocese is "St Edmundsbury", and the town is colloquially known as Bury.


Illumination of the arms of Bury St Edmunds (British Library)

An archaeological study in the 2010s on the outskirts of Bury St Edmunds (Beodericsworth, Bedrichesworth, St Edmund's Bury) uncovered evidence of Bronze Age activity in the area. The dig also uncovered Roman coins from the first and second centuries.[9] Samuel Lewis, writing in 1848, notes the earlier discovery of Roman antiquities, and as with several other writers connects Bury St Edmunds with Villa Faustini or Villa Faustina, although the location of this Roman site is also discussed by E. Gillingwater (1804), who notes the lack of evidence for it being here.[10][11][12]

The town was one of the royal boroughs of the Saxons.[10] Sigebert, king of the East Angles, founded a monastery here about 633, which in 903 became the burial place of King Edmund the Martyr, who was slain by the Danes in 869, and owed most of its early celebrity to the reputed miracles performed at the shrine of the martyr king. The town grew around Bury St Edmunds Abbey, a site of pilgrimage. By 925 the fame of St Edmund had spread far and wide, and the name of the town was changed to St Edmund's Bury.

In 942 or 945, King Edmund I had granted to the abbot and convent jurisdiction over the whole town, free from all secular services, and Canute in 1020 freed it from episcopal control. Edward the Confessor made the abbot lord of the franchise. Sweyn, in 1020, having destroyed the older monastery and ejected the secular priests, built a Benedictine abbey on St Edmund's Bury.[13] Count Alan Rufus is said to have been interred at Bury St Edmunds Abbey in 1093. In the 12th and 13th centuries the head of the de Hastings family, who held the Lordship of the Manor of Ashill in Norfolk, was hereditary Steward of this abbey.[14]

Early view of Moyses Hall, today Moyses Hall Museum

On 18 March 1190, two days after the more well-known massacre of Jews at Clifford Tower in York, the people of Bury St Edmunds massacred 57 Jews.[15][16] Later that year, Abbot Samson successfully petitioned King Richard I for permission to evict the town's remaining Jewish inhabitants "on the grounds that everything in the town... belonged by right to St Edmund: therefore, either the Jews should be St Edmund's men or they should be banished from the town."[17] This expulsion predates the Edict of Expulsion by 100 years. In 1198, a fire burned the shrine of St Edmund, leading to the inspection of his corpse by Abbot Samson and the translation of St Edmund's body to a new location in the abbey.[17]

The town is associated with Magna Carta. In 1214 the barons of England are believed to have met in the abbey church and sworn to force King John to accept the Charter of Liberties, the document which influenced the creation of the Magna Carta,[13] a copy of which was displayed in the town's cathedral during the 2014 celebrations. By various grants from the abbots, the town gradually attained the rank of a borough.

Henry III in 1235 granted to the abbot two annual fairs, one in December and the other the great St Matthew's fair, which was abolished by the Fairs Act of 1871.[13] In 1327, the Great Riot occurred, in which the local populace led an armed revolt against the abbey.[18] The burghers were angry at the overwhelming power, wealth and corruption of the monastery, which ran almost every aspect of local life with a view to enriching itself. The riot destroyed the main gate, and a new, fortified gate was built in its stead.[18] However, in 1381 during the Great Uprising, the abbey was sacked and looted again. This time, the prior was executed; his severed head was placed on a pike in the Great Market. On 11 April 1608 a great fire broke out in Eastgate Street, which resulted in 160 dwellings and 400 outhouses being destroyed.[18]

Thomas Warren's map of Bury St Edmunds, 1776

The town developed into a flourishing cloth-making town, with a large woollen trade, by the 14th century.[18] In 1405 Henry IV granted another fair.[13]

Elizabeth I in 1562 confirmed the charters which former kings had granted to the abbots. The reversion of the fairs and two markets on Wednesday and Saturday were granted by James I in fee farm to the corporation. James I in 1606 granted a charter of incorporation with an annual fair in Easter week and a market. James granted further charters in 1608 and 1614, as did Charles II in 1668 and 1684.[13]

Parliaments were held in the borough in 1272, 1296 and 1446, but the borough was not represented until 1608, when James I conferred on it the privilege of sending two members.[13] The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 reduced the representation to one.[13]

The borough of Bury St Edmunds and the surrounding area, like much of East Anglia, being part of the Eastern Association, supported Puritan sentiment during the first half of the 17th century. By 1640, several families had departed for the Massachusetts Bay Colony as part of the wave of emigration that occurred during the Great Migration.[19] Bury's ancient grammar school also educated such notables as the puritan theologian Richard Sibbes, master of St Catherine's Hall in Cambridge, antiquary and politician Simonds d'Ewes, and John Winthrop the Younger,[20] who became governor of Connecticut.

The town was the setting for witch trials between 1599 and 1694.[21]

View of gate, Bury St Edmunds Abbey, c. 1920

Modern history

The population had reached 12,538 by 1841.[22]

A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of the Militia Barracks in 1857[23] and of Gibraltar Barracks in 1878.[24]

During the Second World War, the USAAF used Rougham Airfield outside the town.[25]

On 3 March 1974 a Turkish Airlines DC10 jet Flight 981 crashed near Paris killing all 346 people on board. Among the victims were 17 members of Bury St Edmunds Rugby Football Club, returning from France.[26]

Notable features

Bury St Edmunds Guildhall

Near the abbey gardens stands Britain's first internally illuminated street sign, the Pillar of Salt, which was built in 1935. The sign is at the terminus of the A1101, Great Britain's lowest road.

There is a network of tunnels which are evidence of chalk-workings,[27] though there is no evidence of extensive tunnels under the town centre. Some buildings have inter-communicating cellars. Due to their unsafe nature the chalk-workings are not open to the public, although viewing has been granted to individuals. Some have caused subsidence within living memory, for instance at Jacqueline Close.[28]

Among noteworthy buildings is St Mary's Church, Bury St Edmunds, where Mary Tudor, Queen of France and sister of Tudor king Henry VIII, was re-buried, six years after her death, having been moved from the abbey after her brother's Dissolution of the Monasteries. Queen Victoria had a stained glass window fitted into the church to commemorate Mary's interment.[29] Moreton Hall, a Grade II*listed building by Robert Adam, houses the now-closed Moreton Hall Preparatory School.[30] Bury St Edmunds Guildhall dates back to the late 12th century.[31]

Bury St Edmunds has one of the full-time fire stations run by Suffolk Fire and Rescue Service. Originally located in the Traverse (now the Halifax bank),[32] it moved to Fornham Road in 1953. The Fornham Road site (now Mermaid Close) closed in 1987 and the fire station moved to its current location on Parkway North.[33]

Since March 2015, Bury St Edmunds has been the home town of the London and South East Regional Divorce Unit and the Maintenance Enforcement Business Centre (for issues with maintenance payments outside Greater London). The former processes divorce documents from across London and South East England as one of five centralised units covering the United Kingdom. Both units are based with Bury St Edmunds County Court in Triton House, St Andrews Street North.


Bury is located in the middle of an undulating area of East Anglia known as the East Anglian Heights, with land to the east and west of the town rising to above 100 metres (330 ft), though parts of the town itself are as low as 30 m (100 ft) above sea level where the Rivers Lark and Linnet pass through it.


There are two Met Office reporting stations in the vicinity of Bury St Edmunds, Brooms Barn (elevation 76 m or 249 ft), 6+12 miles (10 kilometres) west of the town centre, and Honington (elevation 51 m or 167 ft), about 6+12 mi (10 km) north. According to Usman Majeed, head of Honington, it ceased weather observations in 2003, though Brooms Barn remains operational. Brooms Barn's record maximum temperature stands at 36.7 °C (98.1 °F), recorded in August 2003.[34] The lowest recent temperature was −10.0 °C (14.0 °F)[35] during December 2010.

Rainfall is generally low, at under 600 mm (24 in), and spread fairly evenly throughout the year.

Climate data for Brooms Barn 75m asl, 1991-2020
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.1
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
Average rainfall mm (inches) 51.6
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.9 10.0 9.2 8.7 8.0 9.1 9.0 9.6 8.6 10.6 11.6 11.5 116.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 62.2 76.4 121.3 170.5 207.6 198.1 208.1 194.6 152.4 114.5 70.0 57.5 1,633.2
Source: Met Office[36]


The town has a Christian heritage dating back to the foundation of the abbey in 1020. Today there are many active churches in the town.


In the centre of Bury St Edmunds lie the remains of an abbey, surrounded by the abbey gardens. The abbey is a shrine to Saint Edmund, the Saxon King of the East Angles. The abbey was sacked by the townspeople in the 14th century and then largely destroyed during the 16th century with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, but the town remained prosperous throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, only falling into relative decline with the Industrial Revolution.

Anglican Churches

Until the building of St John's in 1840, the town had just two parishes, St James's and St Mary's.[37] The former has now become the cathedral. The town now has seven Anglican churches in six parishes, St Peter's being in the same parish as St Mary's.[38]


St James' parish church became St Edmundsbury Cathedral when the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich was formed in 1914. The cathedral was extended with an eastern end in the 1960s. A new Gothic revival cathedral tower was built as part of a Millennium project running from 2000 to 2005. The opening for the tower took place in July 2005, and included a brass band concert and fireworks. Parts of the cathedral remain uncompleted, including the cloisters. The tower makes St Edmundsbury the most recently completed Anglican cathedral in the UK, and was constructed using original fabrication techniques by six masons who placed the machine-cut stones individually as they arrived.

St Mary's Church

St Mary's Church is the civic church of Bury St Edmunds and the third largest parish church in England. It was part of the abbey complex and originally was one of three large churches in the town (the others being St James, now St Edmundsbury Cathedral, and St Margaret's, now gone). It is renowned for its magnificent hammer-beam "angel" roof, and is the final resting place of Mary Tudor, Queen of France, Duchess of Suffolk and favourite sister of Henry VIII. St Mary's is also home to the Chapel of the Suffolk and Royal Anglian Regiments.

The town has other Anglican churches:

  • All Saints, Park Road; built 1953[39]
  • Christ Church, Moreton Hall; founded 1983, built 1993[40]
  • St George, Anselm Avenue; built 1951[41]
  • St John, St John's Street, built 1840[37]
  • St Peter, Hospital Road (district church; daughter church of St Mary's); built 1856-58[42]

Non-Conformist Churches and chapels

  • Baptist Church, Garland Street[43]
  • Beacon Church Bury St Edmunds, Oakes Road, an evangelical, charismatic and Pentecostal church; part of Assemblies of God in Great Britain[44]
  • Bridge Community Church, West Road, until September 2021 known as West Road Church; affiliated to the Evangelical Alliance[45]
  • Horringer Court Community Church, Glastonbury Road[46]
  • Kingsgate Church, Grove Road; affiliated to the Evangelical Alliance[47]
  • Evangelical Presbyterian Church, St Olaves Road[48]
  • Quaker Meeting House, St John's Street[49]
  • Seventh Day Adventist Church, Fornham Road, built as a Railway Mission "tin tabernacle"[50]
  • Southgate Church, Caie Walk[51]
  • Trinity Methodist Church, Brentgovel Street[52]
  • Unitarian Meeting House, Churchgate Street, built as Presbyterian Meeting House[53]
  • United Reformed Church, Whiting Street, formerly Congregational Church[54]
  • Westgate Chapel, Hospital Road, an independent evangelical church; affiliated to the FIEC[55]
  • West Suffolk Vineyard Church, Northern Way[56]

Catholic church

St Edmund's Catholic Church, located in Westgate Street, is the Roman Catholic parish church of Bury St Edmunds. Founded by the Jesuits in 1763, the present church building is grade II listed. It was built in 1837. It is administered by the Diocese of East Anglia in its Bury St Edmunds deanery.

Former churches

Bury St Edmunds has several former church and chapel buildings:

  • Methodist Chapel, 4A St Mary's Square (converted to residential)[57]
  • Rehoboth Strict Baptist Chapel, Out Westgate (now called Chapel House)[58][59]
  • Victory Congregational Chapel, Northgate Street (converted to commercial)[60][61]
  • Chapel, St Botolph's Lane (now called Old Mission House)[62]


The Theatre Royal was built by National Gallery architect William Wilkins in 1819 and is the sole surviving Regency Theatre in the country.[63] The theatre, owned by the Greene King brewery, is leased to the National Trust for a nominal charge, and underwent restoration between 2005 and 2007. It presents a full programme of performances and is also open for public tours. An additional arts venue, The Apex, was built on the site of the former cattle market in 2010.[64]

Moyse's Hall Museum is one of the oldest (c. 1180) domestic buildings in East Anglia open to the public. It has collections of fine art, for example Mary Beale, costume, e.g. Charles Frederick Worth, horology, local and social history, including Witchcraft.[65] It holds an original death mask of William Corder who was hanged for the infamous 1827 Red Barn murder.

The Market Cross, today an events venue, was a market cross restored by Robert Adam in the late 1700s.[66] Between 1972 and 2018 the Market Cross was an art gallery called Smiths Row, hosting a programme of changing contemporary art and craft exhibitions and events by British and international artists. Artists featured in the Gallery included Cornelia Parker, David Batchelor, Anri Sala and Mark Fairnington.[67]

The town holds several festivals a year. The largest festival is held in May and includes concerts, plays, dance, and lecturers culminating in fireworks. There was an annual Christmas Fair in the town up until 2019, with food, drink, local crafts and fairground rides available, stretching from the Abbey Gardens to the Arc Shopping Centre. Bury St Edmunds is home to England's oldest Scout group, 1st Bury St Edmunds (Mayors Own).


The town's main football club, Bury Town, is the fourth oldest non-league team in England. They are members of the Isthmian League and have played at Ram Meadow since moving from Kings Road in the 1970s.[68]

Suffolk County Cricket Club play occasional games at the Victory Ground, which is also the home ground of Bury St Edmunds Cricket Club. The cricket club previously played at Cemetry Road. Bury St Edmunds Rugby Football Club has an extensive history,[69] including the devastating plane crash that killed several members who had attended a 1974 Five Nations Championship match. Eastgate Amateur Boxing club was established in 1981. The club has been headquartered at various locations in and around the town, but are now training in an old World War I gym in Rougham. West Suffolk Swimming Club formed in 1998 from the merger of two local swimming clubs and operates from pools in Bury St Edmunds, Haverhill and Culford. West Suffolk Athletics Club are based at the West Suffolk College sports ground.[70]

Public houses

Many pubs in the town have closed over the years, but the town still has a variety of pubs[71][72]

  • Beerhouse, 1 Tayfen Road (formerly Ipswich Arms)[73]
  • Bushell, St John's Street (formerly Rose)
  • Corn Exchange (Wetherspoons)
  • Dog and Partridge, 29 Crown Street[74]
  • Dove, 68 Hospital Road
  • Fox, 1 Eastgate Street
  • Greyhound, 28 Eastgate Street
  • Grapes, 1 Brentgovel Street
  • Greengage, Tollgate Lane
  • King's Arms, 22 Brentgovel Street
  • Macebearer, Home Farm Lane
  • Mason's Arms, Whiting Street (formerly Bricklayers' Arms)
  • Moreton Hall, Orttewell Road
  • Nutshell, The Traverse, claims to be the smallest pub in Britain
  • One Bull, 17 Angel Hill (formerly Black Bull)
  • Queen's, 39 Churchgate Street (formerly Queen's Head)
  • Rose and Crown, Whiting Street
  • Spread Eagle, Out Westagate
  • The Linden Tree, Station Hill (formerly Great Eastern and The Station)
  • Tollgate, Out Northgate
  • The Westgate, Guildhall Street (formerly The Black Boy)[75][76]

Local economy

Angel Hotel located on Angel Hill
Dickens plaque at The Angel Hotel.


The Angel Hotel, a Georgian building on Angel Hill, was used by Charles Dickens while giving readings in the nearby Athenaeum and mentioned in The Pickwick Papers. Angelina Jolie also used the hotel as a base during the filming of Tomb Raider. A coaching inn has stood on this spot since the 15th century.[77]


The nation's largest British-owned brewery, Greene King, is situated in Bury St Edmunds, as is the smaller Old Cannon Brewery. Just outside the town, on the site of RAF Bury St Edmunds, is Bartrums Brewery, originally based in Thurston, and to the north is the Brewshed brewery, located in Ingham.

The Greene King pub The Nutshell is situated in the centre of the town, and is one of several that claim to be Britain's smallest public house.[78]

Sugar Beet

Bury's largest landmark is the British Sugar factory near the A14, which processes sugar beet into refined crystal sugar. It was built in 1925 when the town's MP, Walter Guinness, was Minister of Agriculture, and for many of its early years was managed by Martin Neumann, former manager of a sugar beet refinery in Šurany, then part of Czechoslovakia. Neumann was invited by the British government to oversee the refinement of sugar in Bury St Edmunds and, with his family, immigrated to the United Kingdom. The actor and writer Stephen Fry is a grandson of Martin Neumann, as recounted in the BBC programme Who Do You Think You Are?

The refinery processes beet from 1,300 growers. 660 lorry-loads of beet can be accepted each day when beet is being harvested. Not all the beet can be crystallised immediately, and some is kept in solution in holding tanks until late spring and early summer, when the plant has spare crystallising capacity. The sugar is sold under the Silver Spoon name (the other major British brand, Tate & Lyle, is made from imported sugar cane). By-products include molassed sugar beet feed for cattle and LimeX70, a soil improver. The factory has its own power station,[79] which powers around 110,000 homes. A smell of burnt starch from the plant is noticeable on some days.[80]


Parish Level

The town council was formed in 2003.[81] The election on 3 May 2007 was won by the "Abolish Bury Town Council" party.[82] The party lost its majority following a by-election in June 2007 and, to date, the Town Council is still in existence.[83] In March 2008 a further by-election put Conservatives in control but in the council election of May 2011 the lack of Conservative and other parties' candidates resulted a Labour majority before the election was held.[84] By 2013 a number of by-elections put Conservatives in control again[85] and in the 2015 election Conservatives won 14 of the 17 vacancies.[86] In 2020 it was announced that the Town Council would meet in the Guildhall, the historic home of the Borough Council between 1606 and 1966.[87]

District Level

Bury St Edmunds has been part of the non-metropolitan district West Suffolk since April 2019.[88] Before April 2019 Bury St Edmunds was part of the district and borough of St Edmundsbury which in turn was created in April 1974 as a result of the merger of several smaller districts, including the Borough of Bury St Edmunds which had been established in 1835.[89] This led to the loss of the town's borough status which had been held since 1606.[90] No charter trustees have taken on the charter.

West Suffolk Council has offices in Bury St Edmunds at West Suffolk House, Western Way.[91]

County Level

Bury St Edmunds has been in the unified county of Suffolk since April 1974.[89] Previously the town had been part of the county of West Suffolk of which Bury St Edmunds was the county town. The county of West Suffolk had been established in 1889.[92]

Since 2009, Suffolk County Council has its Bury St Edmunds offices at West Suffolk House.[93]

Parliamentary Constituency

Bury St Edmunds is also the main town of the Westminster parliamentary constituency also named Bury St Edmunds. Since becoming a single-seat constituency in 1885 it has always returned Conservative MPs. The current representative, Jo Churchill, was first elected in the 2015 General Election.[94]

Notable people

The Abbeygate, a local symbol of the town

Notable people from Bury St Edmunds include Bishop of Winchester and Lord High Chancellor of England Stephen Gardiner,[95] the 18th-century landscape architect Humphry Repton,[96] the hymn writer Alice Flowerdew, the artist and photographer William Silas Spanton, the author Maria Louise Ramé (also known as Ouida), the engineer and inventor Hiram Codd,[97] the cyclist James Moore, and the portrait painter Rose Mead. More recent figures from the town include artist and printer Sybil Andrews, artist and suffragette Helen Margaret Spanton, Canadian World War II general Guy Simonds, Winston Churchill's secretary Elizabeth Nel, theatre director Sir Peter Hall, Norwich City footballer Liam Gibbs, Canadian journalist and author Richard Gwyn, actors Bob Hoskins[98] and Michael Maloney,[99] speedway rider Danny Ayres,[100][101] television presenter Becky Jago, digital writer and artist Chris Joseph, and writer/director Adrian Tanner.

Thomas Clarkson, a leading abolitionist, lived in the town for parts of his life. Though born in Bedford, actor John Le Mesurier grew up in the town.[102] Sir James Reynolds, junior, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, lived in the town for much of his life and was buried in the Cathedral in 1739. Messenger Monsey, later physician to the Royal Hospital Chelsea and a man notorious in London society for his bad manners, practised in Bury in the 1720s.[103] Children's writer A.M. Howell moved to Bury St Edmunds in 2001.[104]

Notable bands and performers from Bury St Edmunds include Jacob's Mouse, Miss Black America, The Dawn Parade and Kate Jackson of The Long Blondes.

Among notable people who have chosen to retire to or have second homes in Bury St Edmunds are former members of parliament and government ministers Lord Tebbit,[105] Sir John Wheeler,[106] Sir Eldon Griffiths,[107][108] and former senior Royal Air Force commander, Air Marshal Sir Reginald Harland.[109]


Primary and secondary

At present Suffolk County Council operates a two-tier school system. However, some state education in Bury St Edmunds and its catchment area form a three-tier system. On 17 February 2014, Suffolk County Council announced that its cabinet would be advised to recommend moving 20 schools in the town from three-tier to a two-tier system – including the closure of four middle schools.[110] Under the recommendations, Hardwick, Howard, St James and St Louis middle schools have all closed under the changes in September 2016.

State primary schools that serve the town are Howard, Westgate, Hardwick, Sebert Wood, Abbot's Green, Sexton's Manor, Guildhall Feoffment, St Edmund's, St Edmundsbury and Tollgate Primary Schools. The towns middle schools are Westley and Horringer Court Middle Schools.

Shortly after the appointment of Sally Kennedy as headmistress of County Upper School, it was announced in January 2022 that the trust governing the school and others in the town had the intention of closing Horringer Court and Westley Middle Schools. Pupils and staff would be re-located to Tollgate Primary School, and the schools – following years of standing against the system – would be brought in line with the two-tier system in place across the county.[111]

The town has four upper schools: County Upper School, King Edward VI School, St Benedict's Catholic School and Sybil Andrews Academy.[112]

The public school (for a period post-war, a Direct grant grammar school) Culford School is located just north of the town in the village of Culford. The town has one independent preparatory school, South Lee School. Moreton Hall Preparatory School closed in 2020.[113]

Higher and further

The town's largest further education provider is West Suffolk College, with over 10,000 students studying with the college every year.[114] The college was set to expand in September 2018, following a £7m government grant to help pay for an £8m energy, engineering and manufacturing teaching centre.[115] From 2015, students have been able to study foundation and undergraduate degrees at the University of Suffolk at West Suffolk College.[116]


Bury St Edmunds railway station serves the town, operated by Greater Anglia, on the Ipswich to Ely Line. Trains run seven days a week, every two hours to Peterborough and hourly to Ipswich and Cambridge. Trains from Peterborough continue to Ipswich after Bury St Edmunds. Onward train connections from Cambridge link with London King's Cross, London Liverpool Street and Stansted Airport, whilst Ipswich provides connections to Liverpool Street via Colchester.

The main interchange for bus and coach services for Bury St Edmunds is the bus and coach station, located on St Andrews Street North in the town centre. Bus services link the town centre with the main residential housing areas of the town. From November 2012 Sunday bus services were introduced over some of these routes. There are regular bus services to the neighbouring towns of Brandon, Cambridge, Diss, Haverhill, Ipswich, Mildenhall, Newmarket, Stowmarket, Sudbury and Thetford and many of the villages in between. Daily National Express coach services between Victoria Coach Station in London and Bury stop at the town's bus and coach station, as does the cross-country service between Clacton-on-Sea and Liverpool which travels via Cambridge, Peterborough, Leicester, Nottingham, Sheffield and Manchester.

Twin towns


  • HMS Vengeance: Royal Navy Vanguard Class SSBN[117]


Bury St Edmunds is a location mentioned several times in the short ghost story The Ash-tree by M.R. James published in Ghost Stories of an Antiquary in 1904.

Author Norah Lofts, though born in Shipdham, Norfolk, bases many of her stories in Baildon, a fictionalised Bury St Edmunds, where she was educated and lived.[118]


Coat of arms of Bury St Edmunds
Granted 29 November 1606
On a wreath of the colours a wolf sejant Proper holding a king's head couped at the neck of the last crowned Or.
Azure three open crowns Or each transfixed with two arrows in saltire [points downward] Argent.
Sacrarium Regis Cunabula Legis (The Shrine Of The King And The Cradle Of The Law)[119]

See also

  • Bury St Edmunds Cross


  1. "Town Population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  2. OS Explorer map 211: Bury St.Edmunds and Stowmarket Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton A2 edition. Publishing Date:2008. ISBN 978 0319240519
  3. "Magna Carta 800 – Bury St Edmunds". magnacarta800.org.uk. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  4. "Our Bury St. Edmunds". www.ourburystedmunds.com. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  5. "St Edmundsbury Local History - St Edmundsbury from 1066 to 1216". www.stedmundsburychronicle.co.uk. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  6. "Greene King – Beers & breweries – Our breweries – Greene King Brewery". www.greeneking.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  7. Dictionary, reference. "Borough". Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  8. dorothea, david. "Gothic Lessons: An Introduction". Archived from the original on 9 January 2004. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  9. "Prehistoric remains uncovered by archaeologists in Bury St Edmunds". East Anglian Daily Times. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  10. Samuel Lewis, ed. (1848). "Burton-upon-Trent – Bushey". A Topographical Dictionary of England. London. pp. 452–460. Retrieved 9 February 2018 via British History Online.
  11. J. Deck (1821). A Guide to the Town, Abbey and Antiquities of Bury St. Edmunds…. p. 2. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  12. Edmund Gillingwater (1804). An Historical and Descriptive Account of St. Edmund's Bury, in the County of Suffolk…. J. Rackham. pp. 3–6. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  13. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. Vol. 4. p. 868.
  14. Richardson, Douglas, Magna Carta Ancestry, Baltimore, Md., 2005, p.297.
  15. Hillaby, Joe. "Jewish Colonisation in the Twelfth Century," in The Jews in Medieval Britain: Historical, Literary, and Archaeological Perspectives, ed. Patricia Skinner (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2003), p. 31.
  16. Roth, Cecil. A History of the Jews in England (Oxford: Clarendon, 1978).
  17. Jocelin of Brakelond, Chronicle of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds, trans. Diana Greenway and Jane Sayers (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989)
  18. Statham, Margaret (1988). The Book of Bury St Edmunds. Buckingham, England: Barracuda Books. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0-86023-405-3.
  19. Thompson, Roger, Mobility & Migration, East Anglian Founders of New England, 1629–1640, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.
  20. Thompson, Roger, Mobility & Migration, East Anglian Founders of New England, 1629–1640, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994, 18.
  21. Notestein, Wallace A History of Witchcraft in England from 1558 to 1718, American Historical Association 1911 (reissued 1965) New York Russell & Russell,OCLC 223043
  22. The National Cyclopaedia of Useful Knowledge, Vol.III, London, John Knight, 1847, p.960
  23. "Numbers 37, 38 and 39 and Attached Walls". British listed buildings. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  24. "History of the Suffolk Regiment". Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  25. "America in Suffolk". St Edmundsbury Borough Council. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  26. "On This Day, 3 March – 1974: Turkish jet crashes killing 345". BBC News Online. 3 March 1974. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
  27. "The Glen Chalk Caves, Bury St Edmunds" (PDF). English Nature. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
  28. "HOUSING SUBSIDENCE (Hansard, 29 November 1978)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. 29 November 1978. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  29. Knott, Simon. "Suffolk Churches". Archived from the original on 3 December 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  30. British Listed Buildings. Moreton Hall School, Bury St Edmund's (English Heritage Building ID: 466967)
  31. "An Appeal for the Guildhall, Bury St Edmunds" (PDF). The Pilgrim Trust. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2019. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  32. "Old Fire Station Bury St Edmunds Suffolk | Flickr – Photo Sharing!". Flickr. 16 March 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  33. "Suffolk F&RS – Bury St Edmunds Fire Station | Flickr – Photo Sharing!". Flickr. 20 August 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  34. ">2003 Heatwave". doi:10.1256/wea.10.04A. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  35. "Winter weather: the coldest places in Britain". The Guardian. London. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  36. "Brooms Barn 1991–2020 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  37. "Suffolk Churches". www.suffolkchurches.co.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  38. "Parish boundaries". St. Mary's with St. Peter's. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  39. "ALL SAINTS". northbury-churches. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  40. "Christ Church Moreton Hall : History". www.ccmh.org.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  41. "ST GEORGE'S". northbury-churches. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  42. "Our History". St Peter's, Bury St Edmunds. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019.
  43. "About". Garland Street Church. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  44. "ABOUT US". Beacon Church. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  45. "West Road Church". Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  46. "Home » Horringer Court Community Church". Horringer Court Community Church. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  47. "Kingsgate Church". www.kingsgate-church.org. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  48. "Bury Presbyterian Church". Bury Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  49. "Quakers in Bury St Edmunds - a Simple & Contemporary Way Of Life". Quakers Bury St Edmunds. Retrieved 30 September 2021.
  50. "Bury St Edmunds Adventist Church - Welcome to Our Historic Church!". bury-st-edmunds.adventistchurch.org.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  51. "Southgate Church, Bury St Edmunds | Community Directory". infolink.suffolk.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 August 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  52. "Trinity Methodist Church, Bury St Edmunds". www.trinitymethodistchurch.org.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  53. "Unitarian Chapel, Churchgate Street, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk | Educational Images | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  54. "History | Bury St. Edmunds URC". burystedmundsurc.org.uk. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  55. "Our history – Westgate Chapel". Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  56. "West Suffolk Vineyard Church". West Suffolk Vineyard Church. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  57. "4A, ST MARYS SQUARE, Bury St. Edmunds - 1135168 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  58. "St Edmundsbury Local History - Wallplaques around Bury St Edmunds". www.stedmundsburychronicle.co.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  59. GENUKI. "Genuki: Rehoboth Chapel(Out Westgate), Bury St Edmunds, Particular Baptist, Suffolk". www.genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  60. "Northgate Street | Hazells' Histories". Hazells. 10 August 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  61. "Former SK Clinic and Spa building, in Bury St Edmunds, could become offices and bar". Suffolk News. 11 July 2020. Archived from the original on 20 August 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  62. "Geograph:: Old Mission House © John Goldsmith cc-by-sa/2.0". www.geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  63. "History of the Theatre Royal Bury St Edmunds". National Trust. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  64. "Apex aims to attract big names". 11 October 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  65. "Moyse's Hall Museum". St Edmundsbury Borough Council. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  66. "About". Market Cross. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  67. "Smiths Row arts organisation announces its closure". Suffolk News. 9 June 2018. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  68. "History of Bury Town Football Club – Founded in 1872". Archived from the original on 23 January 2018.
  69. "History – Bury St Edmunds RUFC". Pitchero.com. 29 April 2013. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  70. "West Suffolk Athletics Club". Archived from the original on 4 May 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  71. "Lost Pubs In Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk". www.closedpubs.co.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  72. "Bury St Edmunds' lost pubs - see our interactive map". Suffolk News. 30 April 2019. Archived from the original on 4 December 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  73. "Bury St Edmunds Beerhouse || The Suffolk Pubs Guide". suffolk.camra.org.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  74. "Gallery Viewer | Past and Present". Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  75. Chambers, Sarah (5 February 2021). "Vote to rename Black Boy pubs amid fears of 'racist' overtones". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  76. "Greene King Black Boy pubs renamed in 'anti-racist' move". BBC News. 13 February 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  77. Joanne O'Connor (29 March 2009). "Checking in: The Angel Hotel, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  78. "BBC – Legacies – Architectural Heritage – England – Suffolk – Beer in a Nutshell – Article Page 1". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  79. Industrial-scale evaporators Archived 26 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine Chemical Engineering Department, University of Cambridge
  80. "Bury St Edmunds". Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  81. "Welcome to One Suffolk". GB: Onesuffolk.co.uk. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  82. Thewlis, Jo. "Uproar at town council meeting". Bury Free Press. Archived from the original on 14 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  83. Marais, Kirsty. "Plug pulled on displays". Bury Free Press. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  84. "Local election results 2011". Bury Free Press. 9 May 2011. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  85. Beaumont, Mark (15 March 2013). "Conservatives regain control of Bury St Edmunds Town Council". Bury Free Press. Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  86. "St Edmundsbury Borough parish and town elections". Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  87. Ghaemi, Mariam (6 March 2020). "Bury St Edmunds Town Council's headquarters are moving back to the Guil..." East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  88. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (24 May 2018). "The West Suffolk (Local Government Changes) Order 2018". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  89. "Local Government Act 1972". Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  90. "Bury St Edmunds: The End of the Borough?". Francis Young. 8 March 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  91. "Contact Us". Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  92. "Local Government Act, 1888" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  93. "Suffolk County Council offices". Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  94. "General Election 2015" (PDF) (CBP7186). 28 July 2015: 76. Retrieved 25 October 2020. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  95. Mee, Arthur, The King's England, Suffolk, Our Farthest East, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1947 (reprint), 89.
  96. "Humphry Repton". Britain Express. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  97. "An Act of Codd". Digger Odell Bottle Price Guides. Digger Odell Publications. 2007. Retrieved 2 March 2008.
  98. "Bob" Hoskins at IMDb
  99. Michael Maloney at IMDb
  100. "RIDERS - A - British Speedway Official Website". www.britishspeedway.co.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  101. Farrell, Paul (1 February 2020). "Danny Ayres Dead: Speedway Racer Dies at 33". Heavy.com. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  102. Biography of John Le Mesurier on Tony Hancock.Org Archived 12 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 19 November 2008
  103. J. F. Payne/Michael Bevan: "Monsey, Messenger", ODNB (Oxford:OUP, 2004) Retrieved 27 December 2014. Pay-walled.
  104. Morrison, Rhoda (17 June 2019). "Author A.M. Howell's first novel, The Garden of Lost Secrets, inspired by Ickworth house and gardens near Bury St Edmunds". Suffolk News. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  105. Deborah Ross (3 October 2009). "Norman Tebbit: 'Margaret and I both made the same mistake. We neglected to clone ourselves'". The Independent. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  106. "About Bury St Edmunds: Well-Known People, Films, Books, Music, Odd Facts". www.uniquewebsites.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  107. "Sir Eldon Griffiths – obituary". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  108. Ghaemi, Mariam (25 March 2011). "Bury St Edmunds: Former MP Sir Eldon met Dame Elizabeth Taylor as teen star". East Anglian Daily Times.
  109. "Air Marshal Sir Reginald Harland". www.telegraph.co.uk. The Telegraph. 19 September 2013. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  110. Jon Vale (18 February 2014). "Bury St Edmunds: Four schools set to close as town moves towards controversial two-tier system". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  111. Ghaemi, Mariam (5 January 2022). "Last two Suffolk middle schools earmarked for closure". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  112. "Directory of Training Schools". Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  113. Barnett, Sophie (22 April 2020). "Prep school to close for good after coronavirus 'unravels plans for growth'". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  114. "Key facts | News and Events| West Suffolk College". www.westsuffolkcollege.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  115. "Latest news | News and Events | West Suffolk College". www.westsuffolkcollege.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  116. "Key facts | News and Events| West Suffolk College". www.westsuffolkcollege.ac.uk. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  117. "HMS Vengeance : Ballistic Submarines (SSBN) : Submarine Service : Operations and Support : Royal Navy". Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
  118. Saltmarsh, Abigail (23 December 2016). "A House That Inspired a British Novelist". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  119. "East of England Region". Civic Heraldry of England. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.