This article was coauthored by Daniel Stoescu. Daniel Stoescu is a Master Electrician and the Owner and Operator of Home Tech Solutions, LLC in Hampton, Virginia. With over a decade of experience, Daniel specializes in wiring residential, commercial, and light industrial structures. The Home Tech Solutions team has over four decades of combined experience and offers comprehensive solutions for residential electrical needs.
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This article has been factchecked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources.
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There is a very simple calculation equation for computing watt usage for an electronic device. All you need to know is the number of amperes (amps) and the number of volts for the device. Understanding watts is important because it can help you save money and energy.
Steps
Using Math to Determine Watts

Determine the watts in a power source. You will need to know the amps and the volts in the power source. To determine the wattage, use a simple multiplication formula. The ampere (or amps) is the amount of electricity used. Voltage measures the force or pressure of the electricity.
 The number of watts is equal to amps multiplied by volts. That's it! In other words, watt=amp X volt. Sometimes you will see this formula written as W=A X V.^{[1] X Research source }
 For example, if the current is 3 amps (3A) and the voltage is 110V, you multiply 3 by 110, to get 330W (watts). The formula is P=3A X 110V = 330 W (with P standing for power).
 This is why watts are sometimes called voltamps. Circuit breakers usually have the amps written on their handles. This is the maximum amperage that circuit can take before the circuit breaker trips. You can also determine both volts and amps by looking on the labels or in the operating manuals. You can look up common figures for standard appliances (most small appliances and lighting fixtures in homes require circuits that range from 1520 amps and larger ones are 20 to 60. However, most counter top household appliances are rated for 120 volts and operated with 12 or less amps. Larger appliances like ranges and clothes dryers require more power and are connected to circuits that are wired to 240 volt power and may draw 20 to 40 amps depending on a number of factors. Household wiring is usually 120 or 240 volts in North America.

Determine amps or volts the same way. You can do the multiplication formula in reverse. For example, let’s say you have an AC 2440 power supply. This means your power supply has 24 volts and 40 watts.^{[2] X Research source }
 The power source can supply 1.6 amps. The formula used is 40? X 24. Thus, you would divide 40 by 24 to get 1.6.^{[3] X Research source }
 Here’s another reason you might need to do this. Let’s say you want to figure out the watts used by a ceiling fan, and the label on the fan says that the fan uses a certain number of amps. You could then find out the typical number of volts used by a ceiling fan (by calling the manufacturer or just looking online), multiply the two numbers, and generate an estimate of the wattage needed to run the ceiling fan.
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Determine resistor wattage. If you want to know wattage of a resistor, you will need to know the voltage (V) and the current (known as I). This is called Ohm’s law.^{[4] X Research source }
 The multiplication formula is voltage multiplied by current, expressed as W=V X I. Sometimes you will see the formula written with a P for power.^{[5] X Research source }
 The formula gets more complex when the power is changing over time. It involves using the time period to get the average. It’s hard to calculate, and for this kind of measurement, you should use special equipment known as a wattage meter.
Using Tools to Determine Wattage

Find an online calculator. There are many resources online that use calculators to determine watts. They will do the formula for you.^{[6] X Research source }
 Such resources typically ask you to enter the number of volts, and the number of amps. Then you are asked to hit the “calculate” button to get the watts.
 Keep in mind, though, that online calculators aren’t always accurate because every appliance is going to be slightly different in its power needs.
 Some online sites will give you the watts needed if you click on the appliance type, such as a television or desktop computer. Sites sometimes have charts that list the watts used by various appliances, from refrigerators to boom boxes.

Check your appliance. You can figure out how many watts an appliance needs by looking for the data plate.
 Find this on the back of your appliance. It’s likely to list how many volts, amps, and watts you need to power your appliance. You might find this information stamped on the back of the appliance. Or you could find the wattage listed on the nameplate.^{[7] X Trustworthy Source U.S. Department of Energy Official site for the U.S. Department of Energy, which provides resources related to energy safety, conservation, and efficiency Go to source }
 Wattage meters plug into the appliance, and they tell you the exact amount of power that the appliance needs to run. The wattage of an appliance might vary depending on its setting. For example, a radio is going to use more watts if you turn the volume on high.
Learning More About Power Sources

Understand why watts matter. The power in watts is the rate at which energy is generated or used. Many utility companies will bill you based on how many watts of energy you used. The watt is basically how much energy an appliance uses.^{[8] X Research source }
 Rated watts are the amount of watts needed to keep an appliance running. For example, refrigerators usually require 500 watts to keep running. You may need to know the watts in your home if you are trying to become more energy efficient, add solar panels, or use a generator.
 Electrical power comes in AC and DC currents. AC means alternating current; the electrical current constantly reverses direction and is used often in homes and offices. DC means direct current, and it means the current only travels in one direction. You will find it in things like battery packs.
 Surge watts means the amount of watts needed to get an appliance started by igniting its motor or compressor. For example, it might take 2,000 watts to start the motor and compressor of a refrigerator.

Become more energy efficient. Watts are a basic unit of power (electric, mechanical, or thermal). The reason watts matter is because you can improve energy efficiency if you understand them.^{[9] X Research source }
 Lower your watts, and you will improve energy efficiency and save money. Here’s an example. Let's say you are buying a light bulb, and one is 100 watts and the other is 23 watts. If the 100 Watt bulb is cheaper, you might assume it’s the better purchase. However, over time, the 23 Watt bulb will save you money.
 Do simple subtraction to determine the watt difference. In this case, that is 77 watts (10023). Utility companies will often charge you using kilowatts. To find out the number of kilowatts, take the number of watts divided by 1,000. Then take the number of kilowatts multiplied by your hours of usage. This is the kilowatt/hr. Then, take kilowatt/hr and multiply that number by the cost of your energy. This is your annual cost.
 For example, let’s say you have 10 lights. They are each 100 watts. 10 X 100 = 1,000 watts. 1,000 Watts divided by 1,000 = 1 kW. Let’s say you’ve used 2,000 hours of energy. Thus, 1kW X 2,000 hours per year = 2,000 kwh. Let’s say your utility company charges you 10 cents for every kilowatt hour. You would take 2,000 kwh X .10 = $200, That's what it would cost you to use those bulbs for the year.
Calculator, Practice Problems, and Answers
Community Q&A

QuestionWhat is the advantage of going with more power than recommended, for example an extra 50100 watts?Community AnswerAssuming you mean the supply side (it is not recommended to go over on the consumption side), the advantage would be having more "room" in case you needed to add something to the circuit. Your power supply might be able to handle the addition without needing to be replaced.

QuestionIf I use a 600 W inverter from my 12 V cigarette socket in my van to power a mini fridge, small TV, and to charge mobile devices, will it damage the battery in my van?Community AnswerNo. It will not damage the battery, but the inverter can damage your devices. Most inverters do not put out Smooth AC sine wave; they put out Square Wave or Sawtooth Wave. Many devices do not like to operate using those waves. Also, many car cigarette lighters are only rated for 10 Amps. You can pop the car's fuse.

QuestionHow do I find the resistance of a 40 watt light bulb?Community AnswerIf the bulb is in a socket, take it out. Using an ohm meter, connect the probes to the contact points on the bulb (for most bulbs this will be the threads and a little spot in the middle of the bottom). Set the range for ohms to the highest setting, then work your way down to see if you get a reading.
Warnings
 Putting too many devices on an inverter may result in low power to the devices. This can cause damage to them, or cause them to shut down.Thanks
 If you pull too much power through an inverter, you risk the inverter burning out.Thanks
 The numbers are only approximate, so if you want specific and accurate wattage readings you'll need to use a wattage meter.^{[10] X Research source }Thanks
References
 ↑ https://www.rapidtables.com/convert/electric/Amp_to_Watt.html
 ↑ https://www.rapidtables.com/convert/electric/Amp_to_Watt.html
 ↑ https://sciencing.com/calculateamperagedraw5328646.html
 ↑ https://www.calculator.net/ohmslawcalculator.html
 ↑ https://www.omnicalculator.com/physics/watt
 ↑ https://www.rapidtables.com/calc/electric/wattvoltampcalculator.html
 ↑ https://www.energy.gov/energysaver/estimatingapplianceandhomeelectronicenergyuse
 ↑ https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/electricity/measuringelectricity.php
 ↑ https://www3.uwsp.edu/cnrap/KEEP/nres633/Pages/Unit3/SectionHEnergyEfficiencyandConservationTips.aspx
About This Article
If you need to calculate wattage for an electronic device, locate the amps and volts that the device uses on the data plate on the back of the device. This plate may also list the wattage, but if not, you can calculate it by multiplying the amps and the voltage. If the device doesn’t have a data plate, you may be able to look up the operating manual or device specifications online to determine the amps and volts it uses. If you want to learn more, such as how watts relate to energy efficiency, keep reading the article!