ZooBank is an open access website intended to be the official International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) registry of zoological nomenclature.[3] Any nomenclatural acts (e.g. publications that create or change a taxonomic name) need to be registered with ZooBank to be "officially" recognized by the ICZN Code of Nomenclature.

The taxon treatment for the frog Paedophryne amauensis,[1] mentioning the LSID for this nomenclatural act.[2]

Life Science Identifiers (LSIDs) are used as the globally unique identifier for ZooBank registration entries.[4]

The ZooBank prototype was seeded with data from Index to Organism Names (http://www.organismnames.com), which was compiled from the scientific literature in Zoological Record now owned by Thomson Reuters.


ZooBank was officially proposed in 2005 by the executive secretary of ICZN.[5][6] The registry was live on 10 August 2006 with 1.5 million species entered.[7][8]

The first ZooBank LSIDs were issued on 1 January 2008,[4] precisely 250 years after 1 January 1758, which is the date defined by the ICZN Code as the official start of scientific zoological nomenclature. Chromis abyssus was the first species entered into the ZooBank system with a timestamp of 2008-01-01T00:00:02.[9][10][11]


Four main types of data objects are stored in ZooBank. Nomenclatural acts are governed by the ICZN Code of Nomenclature, and are typically "original descriptions" of new scientific names, however other acts, such as emendations and lectotypifications, are also governed by the ICZN code and technically require registration by ZooBank. Publications include journal articles and other publications containing Nomenclatural Acts. Authors records the academic authorship of Nomenclatural Acts. Type Specimens record the biological type specimens of animals which are provisionally registered, until the bodies responsible for such types implement their own registries.

In addition to those, periodicals which have published articles are also entities within the system, providing access to a list of "Nomenclatural Acts" published in the periodical over time.

Electronic publications

Traditionally, taxonomic data was published in journals or books. However, with the increase in electronic publications, the ICZN established new rules that include e-publications, especially electronic only publications. Such publications are now regulated by amendments of ICZN Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78. Technically, nomenclatural acts that are published in electronic only papers are not recognized if they have not been registered with ZooBank and are considered as "non-existent".[12][13]

See also


  1. Rittmeyer, Eric N.; Allison, Allen; Gründler, Michael C.; Thompson, Derrick K.; Austin, Christopher C. (2012). "Ecological guild evolution and the discovery of the world's smallest vertebrate". PLOS One. 7 (1): e29797. Bibcode:2012PLoSO...729797R. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029797. PMC 3256195. PMID 22253785.
  2. "ZooBank.org". zoobank.org. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  3. Chillingworth, Mark (10 April 2006). "Zoologists bank on database". Information World Review. Archived from the original on 12 April 2006.
  4. Pyle, Richard L.; Michel, Ellinor (2008). "ZooBank: Developing a nomenclatural tool for unifying 250 years of biological information" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1950 (1950): 39–50. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.1950.1.6.
  5. Polaszek, Andrew (22 September 2005). "A universal register for animal names". Nature. 437 (477): 477. Bibcode:2005Natur.437..477P. doi:10.1038/437477a. PMID 16177765. S2CID 3085194.
  6. Yoon, Carol Kaesuk (11 October 2005). "ESSAY; In the Classification Kingdom, Only the Fittest Survive". The New York Times.
  7. "60 Seconds: Zoo surfing" (New Scientist full online access is exclusive to subscribers). New Scientist (2565). 19 August 2006.
  8. Biodiverse MySpace? Online Encyclopedia To Name All Species
  9. "Pea-Sized Seahorse Makes 'Top 10 Species' List". LiveScience. 22 May 2009.
  10. Pyle, Richard L. "Chromis abyssus Pyle, Earle & Greene, 2008". Encyclopedia of Life.
  11. "Chromis abyssus Pyle, Earle & Greene 2008". ZooBank.
  12. Nomenclature, International Commission on Zoological (9 April 2012). "Amendment of Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature to expand and refine methods of publication". ZooKeys (219): 1–10. doi:10.3897/zookeys.219.3944. ISSN 1313-2970. PMC 3433695. PMID 22977348.
  13. "The Code Online | International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature". www.iczn.org. Retrieved 2 October 2016.

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