Zambry Abdul Kadir

Zambry bin Abdul Kadir (Jawi: زمبري بن عبدالقادر; born 22 March 1962) is a Malaysian politician who has served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Pakatan Harapan (PH) administration under Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim and Senator since December 2022. He served as the 11th Menteri Besar of Perak from February 2009 to the collapse of the Barisan Nasional (BN) state administration in May 2018 and Member of the Perak State Executive Council (EXCO) in the BN state administration under former Menteri Besar Tajol Rosli Mohd Ghazali from March 2004 to another collapse of the BN state administration in March 2008 and Member of the Perak State Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Pangkor from March 2004 to November 2022. He is a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the federal ruling BN coalition. He has also served as the Secretary-General of BN since June 2021.

Zambry Abdul Kadir
زمبري عبدالقادر
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
3 December 2022
Prime MinisterAnwar Ibrahim
DeputyMohamad Alamin
Preceded bySaifuddin Abdullah
Assumed office
3 December 2022
Prime MinisterAnwar Ibrahim
Secretary-General of Barisan Nasional
Assumed office
8 June 2021
ChairmanAhmad Zahid Hamidi
Preceded byAnnuar Musa
Ahmad Maslan (disputed)
11th Menteri Besar of Perak
In office
12 May 2009  12 May 2018
MonarchsAzlan Shah
Nazrin Shah
Preceded byMohammad Nizar Jamaluddin
Succeeded byAhmad Faizal Azumu
Exco roles (Perak)
2004–2006Chairman of the Education, Human Resources and Multimedia
2006–2008Chairman of the Education, Higher Education, Science and Technology
Faction represented in Dewan Negara
2022–Barisan Nasional
Faction represented in Perak State Legislative Assembly
2004–2022Barisan Nasional
Other roles
2018Opposition Leader of Perak State Legislative Assembly
2020–2022Chairman of Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
Personal details
Zambry bin Abdul Kadir

(1962-03-22) 22 March 1962
Pangkor Island, Perak, Federation of Malaya
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
Other political
Barisan Nasional (BN)
Perikatan Nasional (PN)
Muafakat Nasional (MN)
Pakatan Harapan (PH)
(aligned:since 2022)
SpouseSaripah Zulkifli
Children3 daughters (Husna, Huda, Syifa), 2 sons (Munir, Mukhlis)
Residence(s)Kampung Masjid, Pulau Pangkor, Perak
Alma materInternational Islamic University Malaysia
Temple University

Personal life

Zambry was born on 22 March 1963 in Pulau Pangkor, a tourist fisherman's settlement island in the state of Perak, Malaysia. He was appointed as the Chief Minister on 6 February 2009. He is the 11th Chief Minister for the state.

He is married to Saripah Zulkifli and parents to three girls and two boys—Husna, Huda, Syifa, Munir and the youngest Mukhlis.


Zambry obtained his early education in Pangkor Island and secondary schools in Sitiawan (SMK Sitiawan) before continuing his upper secondary education at Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Panglima Bukit Gantang, Parit Buntar, Perak, a high school located in the mainland.

He holds a PhD in Political Thoughts with distinction from the Temple University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States (1995), after completing his master's degree in Political Philosophy and Comparative Religion from the same university in 1993.

The Perak 11th Chief Minister also holds another master's degree in Islamic Thoughts from the International Islamic University Malaysia in 1991, after completing his first degree, B.Econ (Hon) in Economics from the same institution. Zambry recently attended a two-week Executive Leadership Development Programme entitled "Leaders in Development – Managing Change in a Dynamic World", at Harvard University, USA (June 2015).

Year Institutions Fields
1987 International Islamic University Malaysia[1] B.Econs (Hons)
1991 International Islamic University Malaysia M.A (Islamic Thought)
1992 Temple University, United States M.A (Political Philosophy and Comparative Religion)
1995 Temple University, United States PhD (Political Thought) (Distinction)

Political career

Zambry became actively involved in politics in 1995, soon after his return from the United States.

He started his political journey in UMNO as the Pangkor UMNO Branch Chief before being elected as Lumut UMNO Youth Division Chief. He later won a seat as the executive council member at the National UMNO Youth before being appointed as the State UMNO Youth Chief.

In the 2004 General Election, he stood and won the Perak State Legislative Assembly seat for Pangkor and returned as incumbent in 2008 and 2013 General Election. He is holding the seat as a Pangkor State Assemblyman for the third term and second term as the Chief Minister of Perak.

Zambry is the head of Perak UMNO and Lumut UMNO division chief. He also had his share of political bitterness when he was detained under the Internal Security Act (ISA) in 1998.

Perak Constitutional Crisis

A member of the Perak state legislative assembly, Zambry a key player in the 2009 Perak constitutional crisis as the intended BN Menteri Besar. After three state assemblypersons from the Pakatan Rakyat coalition announced their intention to support a BN candidate for Menteri Besar, and to lend their support to a vote of no confidence in the incumbent Pakatan Rakyat Menteri Besar Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin, Sultan Azlan Shah of Perak requested Nizar's resignation and swore in Zambry as the new Menteri Besar on 6 February 2009. Zambry acted as Menteri Besar for about three months. However, Nizar maintained that the Sultan was not permitted by the state constitution to dismiss him as the Menteri Besar, and on 11 May 2009, the Kuala Lumpur High Court ruled that Nizar had always been the rightful Menteri Besar of Perak.[2] To maintain administrative continuity, Nizar tentatively endorsed most of Zambry's policies, subject to later review, but reinstated the 817 village development and security committees and 318 local government councillors whom Zambry had sacked.[3] However, the following day, the Court of Appeal granted a stay of the High Court judgment, and Zambry returned to work.

On May, 22nd, the Court of Appeal in a unanimous decision, declared Datuk Seri Dr Zambry Abdul Kadir as the rightful menteri besar of Perak. The court held that the order made by the High Court on 11 May, in declaring Datuk Seri Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin as the legitimate menteri besar, was wrong and set aside that decision. Justice Md Raus, in his oral judgement, also held that the Sultan of Perak, Sultan Azlan Shah, was right in appointing Zambry as the new menteri besar, under Article 16(2) of the Perak Constitution, after being satisfied that Zambry had the command of the majority of the state legislative assembly.[4][5]


Zambry has written essays for local media and publications Utusan Malaysia, Berita Harian, Dewan Masyarakat, Dewan Budaya, Dakwah, Risalah, Al-Islam, Mastika, and PEMIKIR, besides books and journals.

Among the books he wrote were UMNO dan Jiwa Merdeka (CELDES KL 1998), Pemuda UMNO Menebus Maruah, Menuju Arah (May, 2000) and Islam Malaysia & Amerika. His poems were compiled in an anthology in a book entitled Suara Pelaut (The Voice of a Seaman).

He has also produced numerous academic papers in magazines and journals, Politics In Malaysia, A Changing Scenario (2000), Belia dan Cabaran Politik Pascakolonial (1999) and he is also a contributor to Encyclopedia of Malaysiana (1998).

Zambry edited publications on Education and Development for Nurin Enterprise, K.L (1980), served as the Editor for Business Administration in Islam, Hizbi (1991), editor for Memperkasa Kepimpinan Merentas Masa Depan, CELDES, KL (1991). He was also the Editorial Chief for Imbas Gemilang KBS 1998, a publication for the Ministry of Youth and Sports.

Among his translation works are Faces of Islam (Berita Publishing, 1990), Qur'anic Sciences (Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1991) and Islamic Legal Philosophy (Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Oktober, 2000).

Awards and recognitions

Zambry received the[6] (GIFA 2014) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The special award was presented to him as an exemplary leader in eradicating poverty in the state by setting up Yayasan Bina Upaya Darul Ridzuan (YBUDR). GIFA is an award in the Islamic finance services industry.

Election results

Perak State Legislative Assembly[7][8][9][10][11][12][13]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2004 N52 Pangkor Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 8,349 50.00% Suwardi Sapuan (PKR) 2,680 16.04% 16,712 5,669 80.15%
Mohd Ishak Mohd Som (IND) 117 0.70%
2008 Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 10,906 57.11% Pkhrazi @ Pakhrazi Musa (PKR) 5,121 26.82% 19,097 5,785 84.60%
2013 Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 12,291 61.95% Mohd Saifullah Mohd Zulkifli (PKR) 7,167 36.12% 19,840 5,124 83.30%
Bernard Parenpa A/L John Parenpa Pall Raj (IND) 51 0.26%
2018 Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 8,378 33.80% Nordin Ahmad Ismail (PPBM) 6,752 27.30% 19,547 1,626 79.00%
Zainal Abidin Saad Ibrahim (PAS) 3,638 14.70%
Parliament of Malaysia[12][13]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2018 P74 Lumut, Perak Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 21,555 40.18% Mohd Hatta Ramli (AMANAH) 21,955 40.93% 53,645 400 81.96%
Mohammed Zamri Ibrahim (PAS) 10,135 18.89%
2022 Zambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO) 24,849 34.92% Nordin Ahmad Ismail (BERSATU) 25,212 35.43% 71,162 363 76.54%
Mohd Hatta Ramli (AMANAH) 20,358 28.61%
Mohd Isnin Ismail (WARISAN) 385 0.54%
Mazlan Abdul Ghani (PEJUANG) 358 0.50%


  •  Perak :
    • Knight Commander of the Order of the Perak State Crown (DPMP) – Dato' (2002)[14]
    • Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Perak State Crown (SPMP) – Dato' Seri (2009)[14]
    • Ordinary Class of the Perak Family Order of Sultan Azlan Shah (SPSA) – Dato' Seri DiRaja (2011)[14][15]
  •  Malacca :
    • Grand Commander of the Exalted Order of Malacca (DGSM) – Datuk Seri (2009)[14]


  1. ^ Abdul Kadir, Zambry (22 November 2009). . Retrieved 22 November 2009.
  2. Yatim, Hafiz (11 May 2009). "Court rules Nizar is legitimate MB". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 11 May 2009.
  3. Ong, Andrew (12 May 2009). "Perak MB suspends state secretary, legal advisor". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
  4. Zahiid, Syed Jaymal (13 May 2009). "Zambry resumes duty, but as what?". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 13 May 2009.
  5. Sin Chew (22 May 2009). "Zambry rightful menteri besar, rules appeal court". Sin Chew Daily. Sin Chew Daily. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  6. "Usaha Zambry Tangani Kemiskinan Diiktiraf Dunia Kewangan Islam - Berita Semasa | mStar". Archived from the original on 7 March 2016.
  7. "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 11 July 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  8. "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
  9. "KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 13". Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat Pilihan Raya Umum (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 5 May 2013. Results only available for the 2013 election.
  10. "my undi : Kawasan & Calon-Calon PRU13 : Keputusan PRU13 (Archived copy)". Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  11. "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum ke-13". Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  12. "SEMAKAN KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM KE - 14" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  13. "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  14. "SEMAKAN PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT". Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  15. "Sultan of Perak 83rd birthday honours list". Bernama. The Star. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
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