Zac Goldsmith

Frank Zacharias Robin Goldsmith, Baron Goldsmith of Richmond Park, PC (born 20 January 1975) is a British politician, life peer and journalist serving as Minister of State for Overseas Territories, Commonwealth, Energy, Climate and Environment since 2022. A member of the Conservative Party, he was its candidate at the 2016 London mayoral election and was Member of Parliament (MP) for Richmond Park from 2010 to 2016 and 2017 to 2019. Ideologically characterised as having liberal and libertarian views, he is known for his support for environmentalism and localism.

The Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park
Official portrait, 2017
Minister of State for Overseas Territories, Commonwealth, Energy, Climate and Environment[lower-alpha 1]
Assumed office
22 September 2022
Prime Minister
Preceded byAmanda Milling
Minister of State for the Pacific and the International Environment[lower-alpha 2][lower-alpha 3]
In office
13 July 2019  15 September 2022
Prime MinisterBoris Johnson
Preceded byDavid Rutley
Succeeded byThe Lord Benyon
Parliamentary offices
Member of the House of Lords
Assumed life peerage
13 January 2020
Member of Parliament
for Richmond Park
In office
8 June 2017  6 November 2019
Preceded bySarah Olney
Succeeded bySarah Olney
In office
6 May 2010  25 October 2016
Preceded bySusan Kramer
Succeeded bySarah Olney
Personal details
Frank Zacharias Robin Goldsmith

(1975-01-20) 20 January 1975
Chelsea, London, England
Political partyConservative (2005–2016; 2017–present)
Other political
Independent (2016–2017)
    Sheherazade Bentley
    (m. 1999; div. 2010)
      Alice Miranda Rothschild
      (m. 2013)
      WebsiteOfficial website

      Born in London into the Goldschmidt family, the son of billionaire businessman and financier Sir James Goldsmith, he was educated at Eton College and the Cambridge Centre for Sixth-form Studies. In 1998, his uncle Edward Goldsmith made him editor of The Ecologist, a position he retained until 2007. Goldsmith was appointed Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Quality of Life Policy Group in 2005, co-authoring its report published in 2007. Goldsmith was placed on the Conservative A-List of potential candidates in 2006 and, in March 2007, was selected through an open primary to contest the constituency of Richmond Park against incumbent Liberal Democrat MP Susan Kramer. At the 2010 general election, he was elected to Parliament winning the seat with a majority of 4,091 votes.

      At the 2015 general election, Goldsmith was returned to the Commons with a majority of 23,015, an increase of almost 19,000 votes since 2010, against his nearest opponent. He was chosen as the Conservative candidate for the 2016 election for mayor of London, which he subsequently lost to Sadiq Khan of the Labour Party. Goldsmith announced his resignation as an MP following the government's decision in October 2016 to approve construction of a third runway at Heathrow Airport. His resignation triggered a by-election in the Richmond Park constituency in which Goldsmith stood as an independent candidate. He was defeated by Sarah Olney of the Liberal Democrats with a majority of 1,872 votes. After Theresa May called the 2017 general election, Goldsmith was reselected as the Conservative Party candidate for Richmond Park and won with a narrow majority of 45 votes.

      Goldsmith was made Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Environment and International Development on 27 July 2019 and was promoted to Minister of State with the right to attend Cabinet on 10 September 2019. He was defeated at the 2019 general election, again by Sarah Olney, with a majority of 7,766 votes. After the election, Boris Johnson awarded Goldsmith with a life peerage, making him a member of the House of Lords and allowing him to retain his ministerial position. On 13 February 2020, he acquired additional responsibility for the Pacific. After Liz Truss became Prime Minister in September 2022, Goldsmith became Minister of State for Asia, Energy, Climate and Environment, later being reappointed by Rishi Sunak with new responsibilities for overseas territories and the Commonwealth.

      Early life and career

      Goldsmith was born on 20 January 1975 at the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital in Chelsea, London.[1][2] He is the middle child of Sir James Goldsmith, a member of the Goldsmith family of German Jewish and French descent, and his third wife, the Anglo-Irish aristocrat, Lady Annabel Vane-Tempest-Stewart, the daughter of The 8th Marquess of Londonderry.[3] Goldsmith has stated "I was brought up by my father to identify very strongly as Jewish."[4] He was raised at Ormeley Lodge in Ham with his siblings, Jemima and Ben.[3][5] He is half-brother to Robin and India Jane Birley, his mother's children from her first marriage.[3] As a child, he was an avid reader of naturalist Gerald Durrell's works[6] and developed a committed passion for David Attenborough's wildlife documentaries.[7] He later recalled, "He was my hero, and it was his work that made me fall in love with the natural world".[8] His ecological interests were nurtured further when his father gave him a copy of Helena Norberg-Hodge's book Ancient Futures, with a note saying: "This will change your life".[9]

      Goldsmith was educated at four independent schools: King's House School in Richmond and The Mall School in Twickenham, followed by Hawtreys School, near Great Bedwyn in Wiltshire,[10] and Eton College in Berkshire;[6] he was expelled from Eton after drugs were found in his room.[11][12] Goldsmith later said of the event "Cannabis was found in my room. I was guilty throughout my time at school, but on this one occasion I was innocent. But it seemed pointless at the time to put up any resistance. I learned my lesson, I think you could say."[13] He went on to achieve four A-Levels at Cambridge Centre for Sixth-Form Studies.[9][14]

      Goldsmith travelled throughout the world with the International Honours Programme (courtesy of his uncle Edward Goldsmith),[15] including to Thailand, New Zealand, Mexico, Hungary and Italy. Goldsmith lived in California for two years, working at first for the think tank Redefining Progress[16] from 1995 to 1996, and later as a researcher for Norberg-Hodge's International Society for Ecology and Culture (ISEC) during 1996–98. While working with ISEC, Goldsmith travelled to India, spending a short time on an ashram in Rajasthan and later lived in Ladakh for six months, studying traditional cultures and helping run a tourist education programme.[17][18]

      In 1997, Goldsmith was appointed reviews editor of The Ecologist by his uncle Edward Goldsmith, the magazine's founding editor, owner and publisher.[19][20][21] In 1998, he became editor-in-chief and director of The Ecologist but did not draw a salary.[9] He relaunched The Ecologist on 28 March 2000 in a new format, transforming its academic journal-style into a current affairs-magazine format, thereby broadening its appeal and trebling its circulation.[9][22] In January 2006, when assuming a post as the reviewer of the Conservative Party's environmental policies, it was announced that he was to step down as editor.[23]

      Political career

      Joining the Conservatives: 2005–2010

      Goldsmith admired Conservative leader David Cameron

      Goldsmith joined the Conservative Party in 2005.[24] He had previously supported the election campaigns of Michael Gove and Joanne Cash.[25] He stated he regarded Labour as "the party of big business" which had become shaped by big lobbying groups and which had become too authoritarian and centrist.[7][26][27] After the Conservatives lost the 2005 general election to Labour, they elected David Cameron as their new leader.[24] Goldsmith thought highly of Cameron, expressing the view that while he was generally "cynical about politicians", he felt that Cameron was different.[28] Describing Cameron, he said "I don't know David Cameron very well... [but] I like him. I think you can judge a book by its cover... [and] I think the cover is pretty good."[27] At the 2005 Conservative annual conference, Goldsmith stated he saw no contradiction between his interest in environmental issues and being a Conservative.[29]

      In December 2005, David Cameron approved Goldsmith's appointment as deputy chairman of the Quality of Life Policy Group, under former Environment Secretary John Gummer.[7][24] The group was tasked with examining matters such as carbon emissions, climate change, clean air and transport with a view to formulating Conservative policy.[30] The group's 600-page report, jointly authored by Goldsmith and Gummer, was presented at the Royal Institute of British Architects on 13 September 2007.[31] Its proposals included a moratorium on airport expansions; taxing short-haul flights and highly polluting vehicles, with proceeds being used to cut the cost of clean alternatives; and rebates on stamp duty and council tax for people who improved the energy efficiency of their homes.[32] The report drew criticism from Labour, several Conservative politicians and the aviation industry.[33][34][35] For Cameron, the report was an important part of rebranding the party to escape its reputation as the "Nasty Party"[36][24] and pledged many of its recommendations would be included in the manifesto.[32]

      David Cameron recognised Goldsmith as a good prospective parliamentary candidate and in May 2006 placed him on the Conservative A-List of young and diverse candidates whom he wanted to stand at the 2010 general election.[7][27][37][38] The Conservatives initially placed Goldsmith as their candidate for the safe seat of East Hampshire.[27] Goldsmith felt uneasy about representing this constituency, with which he had no previous connection, and thus pulled out to avoid carpetbagging.[39][27] He then entered the Richmond Park Conservative Association's open primary, which he won in March 2007.[25][40][27]

      Stirling Moss, Goldsmith, Charles, Prince of Wales and event founder Steven Glaser at the launch of the annual Revolve Eco-Rally on U.N. World Environment Day, 3 June 2007

      In 2007, Goldsmith opposed the opening of a superstore by supermarket chain Sainsbury's in Barnes. He spearheaded a referendum conducted by the Electoral Reform Society to poll local residents on the issue, working closely with a local campaign group. With a turnout of 61.6%, more than 4,000 residents, who made up 85% of the votes cast, came forward to oppose the construction of the store at White Hart Lane. Sainsbury's ultimately opened the branch after revising its planning application.[41][42]

      Goldsmith campaigning at a green rally outside Kew Gardens Tube Station at Kew, London in June 2008

      In 2008 Goldsmith was asked to comment about donations of £7,000 to his Party while not on the electoral register. Commenting on the issue, Goldsmith explained: "everything has been declared on time and accurately; however, for a few weeks last year I was not on the Electoral Roll, my name having been removed from Kensington and Chelsea's voter list, given that I was in the process of signing up for Richmond. Whatever was donated in that time may have to be repaid, but there is no suggestion that anything other was improprietous".[43]

      In late 2009, the press asserted that Goldsmith had non-domiciled status and that as a London resident, albeit a discretionary beneficiary, he had use of British properties through a trust set up by his late father.[44][45] Goldsmith responded, in a statement about the suggestion of tax avoidance, that he has "always chosen to be tax resident in the UK" and virtually all his income was paid into British banks. Of non-dom status as a result of his late father's international status, Goldsmith added that he had already instructed his accountants to relinquish it of his own volition by early 2009.[46][47] However, Chris Huhne, the Liberal Democrat home affairs spokesperson, said that Goldsmith was likely to have avoided paying £580,000 per year for each year in the previous decade as a result of his non-dom status.[48] In February 2016, The Evening Standard quoted Goldsmith stating that non-domiciled status let individuals "make lifestyle choices to avoid paying tax" and saying "I've never been accused of not paying tax."[49]

      In 2010, the Labour government sought to recover its expenditure on a programme of remedial works on the public car parks in Richmond Park through the introduction of parking fees for visitors to the royal park. Goldsmith organised a rally attended by over 1,000 people in the royal park on 30 January 2010 in conjunction with other local Conservatives to protest the proposed charging.[50][51]

      Parliamentary career: 2010–2015

      Goldsmith defeated the Liberal Democrat MP Susan Kramer in Richmond Park at the 2010 general election; he saw a 7% swing in the vote go to him.[52][53] The election resulted in a hung parliament and the formation of a coalition government led by Cameron and the Conservatives.[54] At the next general election, in May 2015, he increased his majority from 4,091 to 23,015 votes. He achieved an increase of 8.5 percent of the share of the vote from the 2010 general election, receiving a total of 58.2 percent of all votes cast by his constituents. This was the biggest increase in majority of any MP at the 2015 general election.[55][56]

      In July 2010, Channel 4 News questioned whether Goldsmith had under-reported the sums spent on signs, stickers and jackets used in his campaign and claimed his campaign spending was much higher than other MPs they investigated. They presented their case online including scans of the spending documents.[57] He insisted he had followed the same procedures as other candidates and countered by stating Channel 4 engaged in sleazy unethical journalism.[58][59] He argued expenditure was being spread across multiple campaigns: "The formula we used is exactly the same formula ... as used by MPs and candidates around the country. Every decision we took was approved by electoral experts at Conservative Central Office". It was debated whether signs that said "Vote Zac Goldsmith" and "Vote Conservative" could be charged to the election budget for a local election candidate when that other candidate was not mentioned on the sign. Goldsmith responded that it had been "checked" and was "standard practice" across the country. The second question was about jackets with "I back Zac" stickers on the back. "They cost £2,168 but you only said you paid (spent) £170". Goldsmith said the stickers cost £170 and the jackets were "off the shelf" and would be reused for other campaigns.[60] Goldsmith clashed with presenter Jon Snow, who accused him of "prevaricating" in a confrontational live interview on Channel 4 News.[61][62][63] Both parties criticised each other in the aftermath. Snow suggested Goldsmith take the matter to OFCOM, which rejected Goldsmith's complaint about Snow and Channel 4 News' conduct.[62][64]

      The Bureau of Investigative Journalism complained to the Electoral Commission over the report about Goldsmith's expenses.[65] The Commission announced, following their initial 5-day assessment, they had decided to upgrade the investigation to the status of "case under review" and to make enquiries "in order to establish the facts of the matter".[66][67] They reported in December 2010, deciding in "the absence of any evidence of intentional circumvention of the rules, we do not consider that a referral to the police is appropriate."[68] However, they did observe the cost-sharing between general election and local election contests was "not consistent with the Commission's guidance or good practice", the submission was "unclear in places" and Goldsmith's campaign may have overspent by £966 in the short campaign.[69][70]

      Goldsmith co-ordinated a cross-party group of MPs to call for a Hillsborough-style inquiry into child sex abuse.[71] He co-wrote a letter to Home Secretary Theresa May demanding a full independent inquiry with six other MPs: Tim Loughton, Tom Watson, Simon Danczuk, John Hemming, Tessa Munt and Caroline Lucas. The Prime Minister, David Cameron, initially rejected the call but was subsequently forced to concede, after 145 further MPs added their names to Goldsmith et al.'s letter.[72]

      In December 2015, Goldsmith voted in support of the government's plans to expand the aerial bombing of Islamic State targets.[73] He also endorsed a government bill that would have restricted trade unions in their ability to strike.[74]

      London mayoral campaign

      "I work very closely with David Cameron on a range of issues. I get along very well with him. He knows that if there's a policy I don't support, I will stand my ground. I don't think it suits anyone's interest to have an MP or councillor or a mayor who submits themselves to a kind of voluntary lobotomy simply to vote the party line."

      Goldsmith on his relationship with government if elected Mayor.[75]

      Goldsmith had initially ruled out standing as a candidate in the 2016 London mayoral election, stating that "I think people have had quite enough of white male Etonians".[76] However, as the election approached, it became apparent that he was the Conservatives' strongest potential candidate.[77] On 9 June 2015, Goldsmith announced his interest in running for the mayoralty of London after encouragement both from members of his own party and others (notably the former Green Party Candidate Jenny Jones, Baroness Jones of Moulsecoomb).[78][79][80] Before declaring himself as a nominee, Goldsmith spent around £50,000 of his own money sending a postal ballot to his 77,000 Richmond Park constituents, asking them if they would consent to him standing for Mayor. A majority who responded supported him.[81][82][83] On 23 June 2015, he formally put his name forward[84] with his three rivals being Andrew Boff, Syed Kamall, and Stephen Greenhalgh.[85] The London Conservatives held an open primary, in which 9,227 votes were cast; of these, 6,514 went to Goldsmith.[86] In October, Goldsmith's selection as Conservative Mayoral candidate was announced in a press release without accompanying ceremony.[86][87]

      During his campaign, Goldsmith repeatedly spoke out against proposed expansion of Heathrow Airport. He stated that he was confident that the Cameron government would reject Heathrow expansion but that if they did not then he would resign as an MP and trigger a by-election.[88] In July 2015, he also condemned the Airports Commission report written by the economist Howard Davies which backed Heathrow expansion; Goldsmith claimed that Davies had already decided on his conclusion before producing the three-year study. Davies responded by alleging that Goldsmith was lying, but the latter stood by his claim, as evidence citing that information he supplied to Davies' commission was not taken seriously.[89]

      A key issue in the campaign was London's housing shortage. To deal with the problem, Goldsmith suggested building "high density, low-rise buildings which are in keeping with communities" on publicly owned land currently controlled by the boroughs or Transport for London.[90] He went against prevailing opinion in London by welcoming foreign investment into the property market,[91] arguing that this investment could help to finance more house building.[92] He ruled out supporting development on London's Green Belt, although stated that option might need to be considered in ten or fifteen years hence if the city's population continued to rise.[93] He also suggested an expansion of the London congestion zone,[94] and endorsed Boris Johnson's plans to construct a Garden Bridge across the River Thames.[95]

      Goldsmith was defeated by Labour candidate Sadiq Khan.

      Goldsmith hired Lynton Crosby's company to run his campaign and appointed Mark Fulbrook as his campaign director.[96] Goldsmith's campaign emphasised connections between London Labour candidate Sadiq Khan and newly elected socialist Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn,[96] despite Khan's own attempts to distance himself from Corbyn.[97] Both the Conservative campaign and several Conservative-aligned newspapers sought to tar Khan as an apologist for, or even sympathiser with, Islamic extremism.[98] Goldsmith's campaign material referred to Khan as "radical and divisive",[96] while comments on the Conservatives' Facebook campaign material often displayed anti-Muslim sentiment.[99]

      Labour accused Goldsmith's campaign of using 'dog-whistle politics' and racist or Islamophobic campaigning.[96] In April 2016, Labour MP Yvette Cooper wrote "What started as a subtle dog-whistle is becoming a full blown racist scream".[100] Conservative politician Baroness Warsi also criticised Goldsmith for using an image of the bus destroyed in the 7/7 terrorist attacks to illustrate an article he wrote.[101] Goldsmith was also accused of 'racial profiling' voters in the London mayoral campaign.[102][103][104] Goldsmith strongly denied claims his campaign had been racist and accused his rival Khan of 'playing the race card'.[105] The Conservatives responded it was "utterly predictable that Labour label their opponents as racists", citing the fact that during the 2008 mayoral campaign, the party had also accused Johnson of employing racist rhetoric.[106]

      Khan's campaign emphasised Goldsmith's comparative lack of political experience and employment history.[107] Khan portrayed Goldsmith as a spoiled dilettante, stating that he "never finished anything he starts ... he's somebody who before becoming a member of parliament has had one proper job, which was given to him by his uncle."[108]

      Goldsmith went on to lose the election to Sadiq Khan in the second round by 315,529 votes. Khan achieved 57% of the vote to Goldsmith's 43% and polled a record number of votes after second round votes were counted. Goldsmith's campaign was later criticised by Labour MP David Lammy for being "divisive" by focusing on attempts to link Khan to Islamist extremists.[109]

      By-election and political return: 2016–2019

      Goldsmith had promised, as far back as a June 2012 edition of the BBC's Sunday Politics programme, he would not stand as a Conservative candidate at the next election if the Conservative Party backed the expansion of Heathrow Airport, an issue to which he was strongly opposed.[110][111] In December 2016, he lost a by-election in Richmond Park he had initiated by the act of resigning his seat. He stood as an independent instead of as a Conservative but was endorsed by UKIP who did not stand a candidate.[112][113] He lost to Sarah Olney of the Liberal Democrats, who overturned his majority of 23,000.[114][115][116]

      In April 2017, Goldsmith was reselected as the Conservative Party candidate for Richmond Park prior to the upcoming snap general election to be held on 8 June.[117] He regained the constituency as a Conservative candidate but winning with a majority of just 45 votes, the fifth-slimmest in the election.[118] Following Boris Johnson's election as Conservative Party leader and Prime Minister in July 2019, Goldsmith was appointed as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at both the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and Department for International Development. After Amber Rudd's resignation as Work and Pensions Secretary in September 2019, Johnson reshuffled his frontbench and promoted Goldsmith to Minister of State with the right to attend Cabinet.[119] Upon his promotion, he was sworn in as a member of the Privy Council, giving him the honorific title "The Right Honourable" for life. He appeared at number 98 on the 'Top 100 Most Influential Conservatives of 2019' by LBC's Iain Dale.[120]

      Liberal Democrat Sarah Olney defeated Goldsmith by 7,766 votes in the 12 December 2019 snap general election (despite the election providing the Conservative Party's largest share of votes since 1979) and won back the Richmond Park seat.[121][122] Shortly after his electoral defeat, it was announced he would continue to serve as a minister in the government by being awarded a life peerage and sitting as a member of the House of Lords.[123][124]

      House of Lords: 2019–present

      On 7 January 2020, Goldsmith was created Baron Goldsmith of Richmond Park, of Richmond Park in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames.[125] His ennoblement to the House of Lords was criticised by the Muslim Council of Britain as "rewarding racism", and by opposition politicians as being "cronyist" and "hypocritical" in light of a tweet Goldsmith had made in 2012 which described the House of Lords Reform Bill as being one that promoted "party apparatchiks" and "insulated" them from "democratic pressure". However, Labour MP and former Shadow Environment Secretary Kerry McCarthy said she believed Goldsmith was committed to the government's promise to maintain standards in environmental regulation after Brexit, adding: "because of that I welcome the fact that he is still around to carry on and do that work".[126]

      In his maiden speech in the House of Lords, Goldsmith rebutted accusations of cronyism, saying "One political rival described me as a 'turd that won't flush' – a phrase my children are very unlikely to let me forget. But equally I know many of those heroic people engaged in the battle to protect this extraordinary planet and the species it holds are cheered by having another voice in Parliament and it is an enormous privilege."[127]

      In Boris Johnson's post-Brexit reshuffle, Goldsmith was given the additional role of Minister of State for Foreign Affairs with responsibility for the Pacific.[128] In June 2020, Johnson announced the Department for International Development would be merged with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to form the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office which was subsequently created in September of that year.[129][130]

      On 1 June 2020, the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards concluded Goldsmith had breached the standards commission's code of conduct by his use of publicly-funded stationery and postage for political purposes around 1 November 2019, shortly before the 2019 general election. The commission released a report in June upholding an allegation made against Goldsmith on 5 November 2019. The report said they had considered the "timing, tone, and content of the letter and concluded that it was of a party-political nature rather than a communication for parliamentary purposes". He accepted the commission's finding and agreed to re-pay £8,954.33 to cover the mailing costs.[131]

      In September 2022, Goldsmith was appointed Minister of State for Asia, Energy, Climate and Environment by Liz Truss.[132] He was reappointed by Rishi Sunak with new responsibilities for overseas territories and the Commonwealth.[133][134]

      Political positions and views

      The Guardian described Goldsmith as "a bit of a liberal and a bit of a libertarian" on social issues, who has also gained a reputation for environmentalism due to his opposition to his government's plans to expand Heathrow airport.[135] Journalist Dave Hill noted that the "young Goldsmith was pro-small business and small communities, localist and conservationist" and was "against overbearing government from whatever the source".[136] Goldsmith has spoken and written about environmental causes in Britain and has twice been invited to debate at the Oxford Union, where he has delivered keynote addresses.[137][25]

      As a contributing author of the book We Are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples, published in late 2009,[138] Goldsmith has explored global diversities and threats facing humankind. Among the other contributors are western writers, such as Laurens van der Post, Noam Chomsky, Claude Lévi-Strauss and indigenous persons, such as Davi Kopenawa Yanomami and Roy Sesana. The book is composed of a collection of photographs, statements from tribal people, and essays from international authors, politicians, philosophers, poets, artists, journalists, anthropologists, environmentalists and photojournalists. In his essay, Goldsmith writes about how his travel around the world in his youth gave him first-hand experience of the misery brought by the promise of western "progress" and "development". He reflects on the culture of tribal people and, in reverence to it, urges people in the modern world to question what "progress" can really mean.[139]

      Goldsmith advocates greater direct democracy, such as Switzerland's model of using referendums.[81] Goldsmith believes that direct democracy would help combat feelings of disenfranchisement among people and increase accountability.[140] He has also argued in favour of introducing measures so that MPs can be subject to recall referendums midway through their term if a sufficiently large number of their constituents petition for it.[81]

      Goldsmith is a long-standing Eurosceptic and supporter of Brexit. He first announced he was in favour of the UK leaving the European Union in 2013[141] and has consistently voted against UK membership of the EU in Parliament.[142] In March 2019, he was one of 265 Conservative MPs that backed a no-deal Brexit being left on the table.[143]

      Among Goldsmith's key interests is education; in an interview with Fairtrade fashion designers People Tree, he said "I've put a big emphasis on schools. One campaign is to ensure every school [is] fitted with a proper kitchen that can double up as a classroom. Children need to know where their food comes from and how to cook it. We're also trying to help every school source its food sustainably and locally".[144]

      Less than 24 hours after the 2017 Barcelona attacks, Goldsmith shared his brother's controversial post on social media which compared ISIS's antisemitism to that of the left-wing British campaign group Momentum.[145]


      Goldsmith funded the Organic Targets Bill Campaign to promote organic farming in 1999.[146] He has been a member of the advisory board of the JMG Foundation, which disburses grants globally to a range of environmental advocacy groups using the financial legacy left by James Goldsmith.[147] He is also on the National Gardens Scheme's Council of Trustees as one of four Ambassadors.[148] He is a Patron of the Mihai Eminescu Trust which conserves and maintains communities in Transylvania and the Maramureş,[149] and the philanthropic organization, Fortune Forum (together with Jimmy Wales).[150] He is a longstanding donor to the Soil Association. In 2007, he was a participant at the Soil Association Annual Conference, during which he competed in an organic fashion show on 25 January[151] and afterwards debating on a Question Time panel on 27 January.[152]

      Family and personal life

      St Simon Zelotes Church, London

      Goldsmith has been described as having a "soft voice and unhurried manner".[153] Referring to Goldsmith's actions in the 2016 Mayoral campaign, journalist Dave Hill described Goldsmith as "the courtly patrician who [would have] hired a heavy mob to do his fighting for him".[99]

      After his father's death in 1997, Goldsmith is believed to have inherited between £200 million and £300 million out of the reported £1.2 billion estate.[154] In a 2009 article in The Guardian, some tax experts speculated his income could amount to £5 million per year from the trust left to him alone.[155] He was the second richest member in the 2010–2015 Parliament after Richard Benyon.[156] He enjoys gambling; in 2004 he won £53,000 in a televised card game and he has had a financial stake in the Mayfair-based bookmakers Fitzdares.[157] A backgammon and poker player, he also pursues other sporting interests including cricket.[6]

      Goldsmith was married for ten years to Sheherazade Ventura-Bentley with whom he has three children: two daughters, Uma Romaine and Thyra, and one son, James.[158] The couple married on 5 June 1999 at St Simon Zelotes Church in London. The Goldsmith couple separated in April 2009, and received a decree nisi on 10 May 2010. Sheherazade and Goldsmith were featured in Vanity Fair's 67th Annual International Best-Dressed List among "Best-Dressed Couples".[159] Goldsmith said in 2000 that he wore Savile Row suits which had belonged to his late father.[9] His divorce from Ventura-Bentley was much covered in the gossip columns.[160]

      Goldsmith married banking heiress Alice Rothschild in 2013 at London Wetland Centre in his constituency.[161] They have a daughter, Dolly, born in July 2013.[162] Their second child, a son named Max, was born in January 2016.[163] On 25 April 2017, Alice gave birth to a daughter named Edie.[164] Alice's sister, Kate Rothschild, and his brother, Ben Goldsmith, had been married until 2012.[165][166]

      He and his family live in Barnes.[167]



      Goldsmith is a member of the prominent Goldsmith family.[171][172] Goldsmith's family has a long history in politics. His grandfathers were both Conservative Members of Parliament: his paternal grandfather, Frank Goldsmith, was a Conservative MP, while his mother's father, The 8th Marquess of Londonderry, represented County Down as a Unionist MP in the British House of Commons, when he was still styled Viscount Castlereagh. His maternal great-grandfather, The 7th Marquess of Londonderry, was an Ulster Unionist politician. Another maternal ancestor was Robert, Viscount Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland and British Foreign Secretary. Goldsmith's sister, Jemima was married from 1995–2004 to Imran Khan, who would go on to become the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2018–2022, with whom she has two sons.[173][174]

      See also



      1. Asia, Energy, Climate and Environment from September to October 2022.
      2. Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State from July to September 2019.
      3. Jointly held with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; and formerly jointly held with the Department for International Development from 2019 to September 2020. He acquired responsibility for the Pacific from Heather Wheeler in 2020.


      1. Anthony, Andrew (29 October 2016). "Zac Goldsmith: the super-rich charmer now flying solo". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
      2. "These are all the things you didn't know about non-doms and why Labour wants to close their tax loophole". The Independent. 8 April 2015. Archived from the original on 7 May 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
      3. Mosley, Charles (2003). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 107th edn. London: Burke's Peerage & Gentry Ltd. p. 2385 (LONDONDERRY, M). ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
      4. Rashty, Sandy (7 December 2015). "Zac Goldsmith: I've been the victim of anti-Jewish abuse". Retrieved 19 May 2019.
      5. "Zac Goldsmith MP on life in west London". London Resident Magazine. Archived from the original on 1 June 2015.
      6. Berens, Jessica (13 April 2003). "Young, gifted and Zac". The Observer. UK. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
      7. Lean, Geoffrey (11 December 2005). "Zac Goldsmith: The green gambler". The Independent. UK. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008.
      8. Roberts, Alison (6 April 2004). "Indulge in 'Slowfood'". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015.
      9. Bertodano, Helena (27 March 2000). "Golden boy in his Dad's old jacket". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 9 February 2008.
      10. Goldsmith, Annabel (2004). Annabel: An Unconventional Life. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
      11. "Zac Goldsmith: 5 Facts You Need To Know About Tory London Mayor Candidate". Huffington Post. 2 October 2015. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016.
      12. "Who is Zac Goldsmith, Conservative candidate for London mayor in 2016?". International Business Times. 2 October 2015. Archived from the original on 11 April 2016.
      13. Hill 2016, p. 51.
      14. Rich List, Times (1 March 2009). "Zac Goldsmith (UK)". The Sunday Times. London. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
      15. "Teddy Goldsmith". 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010.
      16. "Redefining Progress – Welcome". Archived from the original on 13 May 2015.
      17. Vidal, John (7 November 2002). "Can Zac save the planet?". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
      18. Mollard, Angela (19 July 1998). "Green giant: Interview with Zac Goldsmith". The Sunday Times. UK.
      19. "Edward Goldsmith: environmentalist". The Times. 26 August 2009. Archived from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      20. Wilson, Steve (23 April 2000). "Goldsmith hopes relaunch will revive The Ecologist's fortunes". Sunday Herald.
      21. Goldsmith, Edward (17 July 1997). "Editorial". The Ecologist. p. 130.
      22. Wasley, Andrew (15 October 2007). "'No one tells us what we can or can't print'". The Independent. UK.
      23. Tempest, Matthew (17 January 2006). "Green brief makes Goldsmith loosen reins at Ecologist". The Guardian. London, UK. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015.
      24. Hill 2016, p. 25.
      25. "Zac Goldsmith: Parliamentary candidate". Conservative Party. 8 September 2006. Archived from the original on 28 May 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2008.
      26. Wheeler, Brian (11 January 2006). "Interview: Zac Goldsmith". BBC. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007.
      27. Hill 2016, p. 26.
      28. Hill 2016, pp. 25–26.
      29. Carlin, Brendan (6 October 2005). "Green Goldsmith planning a Tory future". The Daily Telegraph. UK. p. 12.
      30. Lyons, James (10 December 2005). "Cameron recruits eco maverick to policy review on warming". The Western Mail.
      31. Flintoff, John-Paul (9 September 2007). "You're going green ...or else". The Sunday Times. UK.
      32. Morgan, Vivienne (13 September 2007). "Cameron in Quality of Life manifesto pledge". Press Association National Newswire.
      33. Peev, Gerri (14 September 2007). "Tories' green plan slated by all sides". The Scotsman. UK.
      34. Hughes, David (11 November 2008). "Hoon Takes Labour Flak Over Heathrow Runway Plan". Press Association National Newswire.
      35. Murphy, Joe (13 September 2007). "Tories split over Green taxes on cars and flights". Evening Standard.
      36. "General election 2015 pledges on the NHS, health and social care – The King's Fund". King's Fund. Archived from the original on 7 October 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
      37. Wolfe, Marie (27 May 2006). "Cameron woos 'political virgins'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
      38. Bennett, Rosemary (12 June 2006). "The A-list". The Times. UK. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      39. Cooke, Rachel (24 June 2007). "The golden boy of the green movement has now turned blue". The Observer. UK.
      40. "Open Primary Candidates Chosen". Richmond Park Conservatives. 5 March 2007. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015.
      41. Fahy, Natalie (22 June 2007). "No vote won't stop Sainsbury's". This is Local London. Newsquest.
      42. Rajan, Amol (28 May 2008). "Zac Goldsmith calls for boycott of Sainsbury's". The Independent. UK. Archived from the original on 29 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
      43. Mason, Ian (19 August 2008). "Goldsmith denies election funding claims". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Archived from the original on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 21 August 2008.
      44. "Tory Zac Goldsmith reveals he is a non-dom" Archived 30 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine, The Times, 29 November 2009
      45. "What Zac Goldsmith's non-dom status row can teach us about offshore gains". Archived from the original on 29 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
      46. Goldsmith, Zac (30 November 2009). "Statement from Zac Goldsmith on his Tax Status". Archived from the original on 2 March 2012.
      47. Goldsmith, Zac (15 December 2009). "Zac Goldsmith answers Lib Dem smears". Archived from the original on 3 January 2013.
      48. Helm, Toby; Syal, Rajeev (13 December 2009). "Tory candidate Zac Goldsmith accused of avoiding £5.8m tax as non-dom". The Observer. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
      49. "Zac Goldsmith pledges to publish tax return after non-dom status row". Evening Standard. 17 February 2016. Archived from the original on 12 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
      50. "Hopes fading for Richmond Park parking charges challenge" Archived 14 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine, 5 March 2010, Richmond and Twickenham Times
      51. "Richmond Park Rally against parking charges". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.
      52. "Election 2010-Constituency:Richmond Park". Election 2010. BBC. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      53. Hill 2016, pp. 28–29.
      54. Hill 2016, p. 29.
      55. Hill 2016, p. 33.
      56. "Emphatic win for Zac Goldsmith in Richmond Park and North Kingston (From Your Local Guardian)". Archived from the original on 7 October 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
      57. "Zac Goldsmith campaign: spending documents". Channel 4 News. 15 July 2010. Archived from the original on 19 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      58. Batty, David (15 July 2010). "Conservative MP Zac Goldsmith facing questions over election expenses". The Guardian. UK. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      59. Crick, Michael (19 July 2010). "Michael Crick's blog". BBC News. Archived from the original on 13 August 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      60. "Electoral Commission – Performance standards". Archived from the original on 10 April 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
      61. "Jon Snow v Zac Goldsmith: "A complete travesty of the truth"". Youtube. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
      62. "Zac Goldsmith hits out at Ofcom after Channel 4 complaint is rejected". Guardian. 19 July 2010. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
      63. Pearse, Damien (17 July 2010). "Zac Goldsmith clashes with Jon Snow on Channel 4 News". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 January 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
      64. Robertson, Louise (19 July 2010). "Richmond Park and north Kingston MP Zac Goldsmith to make formal complaint over Channel 4 report". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      65. "Complaint over Tory MP Zac Goldsmith's election budget". BBC News. 16 July 2010. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      66. Waugh, Paul (21 July 2010). "Zac Goldsmith case now moves to "review" by ECssn". Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      67. "Electoral Commission to review Zac Goldsmith election spending". Channel 4 News. 21 July 2010. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
      68. "Case review concerning campaign expenditure return in respect of Zac Goldsmith MP" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
      69. Zac Goldsmith spared police probe over election cash Archived 23 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine, BBC News, 22 December 2010
      70. "Case Summary: Case review concerning campaign expenditure return in respect of Zac Goldsmith MP" Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine, The Electoral Commission website; accessed 16 May 2016.
      71. 3 June 2014 "MPs call on Theresa May to set up inquiry into child sex abuse"
      72. "Statement on child abuse: 7 July 2014 – News from Parliament". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
      73. Hill 2016, p. 96.
      74. Hill 2016, pp. 112–113.
      75. Hill 2016, pp. 51–52.
      76. Hill 2016, p. 32.
      77. Hill 2016, p. 34.
      78. Sarah Sands (6 October 2015). "Sarah Sands: Mayoral race is about more than just backgrounds". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015.
      79. London Evening Standard: Baroness Jones indicates Green Party support for Zac Goldsmith as Mayor Archived 15 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine
      80. "Zac Goldsmith to run for London mayor". BBC News. 9 June 2015. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015.
      81. Hill 2016, p. 48.
      82. Joe Murphy (9 June 2015). "Tory MP Zac Goldsmith announces bid to run for London Mayor". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015.
      83. "Zac Goldsmith formally enters race to be London's next mayor after huge backing from constituents". ITV News. Archived from the original on 23 June 2015.
      84. "Evening Standard Comment: Zac Goldsmith could help electrify the 2016". Evening Standard. 23 June 2015. Archived from the original on 23 June 2015.
      85. Hill 2016, pp. 63–64.
      86. Hill 2016, p. 75.
      87. "Zac Goldsmith chosen as Conservative London mayoral candidate". BBC News. 2 October 2015. Archived from the original on 2 October 2015.
      88. Hill 2016, p. 50.
      89. Hill 2016, p. 49.
      90. Hill 2016, p. 66.
      91. Hill 2016, pp. 68–69.
      92. Hill 2016, p. 86.
      93. Hill 2016, p. 67.
      94. Hill 2016, pp. 71–72.
      95. Hill 2016, pp. 70–71.
      96. Hill 2016, p. 98.
      97. Hill 2016, pp. 81–82.
      98. Hill 2016, p. 93.
      99. Hill 2016, p. 101.
      100. "Zac Goldsmith's dog-whistle is becoming a racist scream Yvette Cooper April 13, 2016". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016.
      101. "Zac Goldsmith criticised by former Tory minister Baroness Warsi over Sadiq Khan 7/7 London terror bus image". Archived from the original on 22 June 2017.
      102. "Zac Goldsmith accused of 'racial profiling' voters again in London Mayor campaign". Archived from the original on 2 September 2017.
      103. "David Cameron accused of racial profiling in London mayoral letter". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 July 2017.
      104. "The racial politics of Zac Goldsmith's London Mayoral campaign". Archived from the original on 4 April 2017.
      105. "Zac Goldsmith accuses London mayoral rival Sadiq Khan of playing the race card". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 March 2017.
      106. Hill 2016, p. 99.
      107. Hill 2016, p. 108.
      108. Hill 2016, p. 103.
      109. Cooper, Charlie (6 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan wins over Zac Goldsmith in London mayoral race as Tories attack their own 'appalling campaign'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 5 June 2017.
      110. 10 June 2012 BBC News – Zac Goldsmith 'would quit as MP over Heathrow runway' Archived 10 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine
      111. Hill 2016, p. 30.
      112. "Zac Goldsmith quits as MP over Heathrow decision". BBC News. 25 October 2016. Archived from the original on 25 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
      113. Elgot, Jessica (27 October 2016). "Ukip backs Zac Goldsmith in Richmond Park byelection". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017.
      114. "Lib Dems' shock win in Richmond Park by-election". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
      115. "Lib Dems oust Zac Goldsmith in Richmond Park by-election". BBC News. 2 December 2016. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
      116. Walker, Peter (2 December 2016). "Zac Goldsmith loses to Lib Dems in 'shockwave' Richmond Park byelection". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016.
      117. Chaplain, Chloe (26 April 2017). "General Election 2017: Zac Goldsmith reselected as Tory candidate for Richmond Park". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017.
      118. Glaze, Ben (9 June 2017). "All the latest 2017 general election results and fallout as Tories lose seats". Daily Mirror. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017.
      119. "Liz Truss given ministerial role covering equalities and women's issues". BBC News. 10 September 2019.
      120. Dale, Iain (30 September 2019). "The Top 100 Most Influential Conservatives of 2019". LBC. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
      121. "Richmond Park parliamentary constituency – Election 2019 – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
      122. "Conservative Minister Zac Goldsmith loses his seat to the Liberal Democrats in the UK election's big 'Portillo Moment'". Business Insider. 12 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
      123. "Ex-MP Zac Goldsmith stays as environment minister". BBC News. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
      124. "Zac Goldsmith handed peerage by Boris Johnson so he can stay as minister despite losing Commons seat". The Independent. 19 December 2019. Archived from the original on 7 May 2022. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
      125. "Crown Office". The London Gazette. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
      126. Proctor, Kate (20 December 2019). "Johnson accused of 'rewarding racism' after Zac Goldsmith peerage". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
      127. Read, Jonathon (23 January 2020). "Zac Goldsmith hits back at claims he is a 'turd that won't flush'". The New European. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
      128. Sparrow, Andrew; Slawson, Nicola; Weaver, Matthew (13 February 2020). "Labour leadership hustings: candidates grilled at Jewish Labour Movement – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
      129. "UK aid department to be merged with Foreign Office". BBC News. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
      130. "UK won't cut foreign aid budget – Raab". BBC News. 2 September 2020. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
      131. "Standards Commission Rectification Report – Zac Goldsmith" (PDF).
      132. "The Rt Hon Lord Goldsmith". Retrieved 27 September 2022.
      133. "Ministerial Appointments commencing: 25 October 2022". GOV.UK. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
      134. "Minister of State (Overseas Territories, Commonwealth, Energy, Climate and Environment) - GOV.UK". Retrieved 7 November 2022.
      135. Dave Hill (29 September 2015). "London mayoral race: is Zac Goldsmith a 'proper Tory'?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016.
      136. Hill 2016, p. 24.
      137. "Zac Goldsmith to speak at Living in a Low Carbon World 2008" (PDF). Low Carbon World. 12 February 2008. Retrieved 20 June 2008.
      138. Survival International. "We Are One". Archived from the original on 18 January 2014.
      139. Eede, Joanna (2009). We are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples. Quadrille Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84400-729-5.
      140. "The Maverick". The Times. 7 February 2009. pp. 16–22.
      141. "Why Zac Goldsmith's views on Heathrow and Europe are a problem for Cameron". the Guardian. 4 July 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
      142. "Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park, former MP". TheyWorkForYou. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
      143. "Full list: The Tory MPs that voted to keep no deal on the table". Coffee House. 13 March 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
      144. Minney, Safia (2008). "Safia meets Zac Goldsmith, ecologist and politician". People Tree. Archived from the original on 13 May 2008. Retrieved 20 June 2008.
      145. "Tory MP Zac Goldsmith links Barcelona terror attack to Labour's Momentum group". 18 August 2017. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
      146. "Zac Goldsmith Biography". The Beacon Fellowship Charitable Trust. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
      147. Debrett's People of Today. Debrett's. 24 May 2001.
      148. "NGS Council of Trustees". National Gardens Scheme (NGS). Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
      149. "The Mihai Eminescu Trust". Archived from the original on 28 August 2008.
      150. "The Board". Fortune Forum. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
      151. "M&S takes part in organic catwalk against climate change as the Soil Association goes for glamour". Soil Association. 23 January 2007. Archived from the original on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2008.
      152. "One Planet Agriculture: Preparing for a post-peak oil food and farming future". Soil Association. 19 January 2007. Archived from the original on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2008.
      153. Hill 2016, p. 13.
      154. Inman, Phillip (29 November 2009). "Zac Goldsmith: How his non-dom status works". The Guardian. UK. Archived from the original on 15 May 2016.
      155. Phillip Inman (29 November 2009). "Zac Goldsmith: How his non-dom status works". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 May 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
      156. Mason, Rowena (26 April 2013). "Tory 'food scraps' minister is richest MP". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 15 May 2016.
      157. Hill 2016, p. 65.
      158. "Sheherazade Goldsmith – The Green Goddess". Evening Standard. London. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
      159. "Vanity Fair Presents The 67th Annual International Best-Dressed List 2006". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast Publications. 1 September 2006. p. 323. ISSN 0733-8899.
      160. Hill 2016, p. 28.
      161. Parker, George (2 October 2015). "Billionaire's scion fights bus driver's son for London mayor". Financial Times. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
      162. "Dolly Goldsmith (born 2013)". Peerage News. 9 August 2013. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014.
      163. Gordon, Byron (11 February 2017). "Zac Goldsmith: 'I was dealt a good hand in life. There's no question about that'". The Telegraph. UK. Archived from the original on 14 June 2017.
      164. Murray, Joe (26 April 2017). "Zac Goldsmith's wife Alice gives birth to daughter as Tory prepares for election fight". Evening Standard. UK.
      165. "Zac Goldsmith". Tatler. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
      166. Parker, George (9 September 2011). "Rebel with a cause". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 4 January 2012. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
      167. Jarvis, Alice-Azania (11 February 2016). "My London: Zac Goldsmith". Evening Standard. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
      168. Husbands, Helen (31 October 2007). "Zac Goldsmith is a 'Great Briton'". Newsquest Regional Press.
      169. "BusinessGreen Leaders Awards 2011: Zac Goldsmith ready to fight for a greener politics". 20 July 2011. Archived from the original on 26 February 2015.
      170. "Caroline Lucas – MP of the Year 2014". 7 November 2014. Archived from the original on 25 February 2015.
      171. Barratt, Nick (3 November 2007). "Family detective". Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
      172. Allfrey, Anthony (2007). The Goldschmidts: A European Dynasty. Timewell Press. ISBN 9781857252187.
      173. Shahzad, Asif (9 April 2022). "Khan's ouster marks early end to cricket star's turn as Pakistan's premier". Reuters.
      174. Woodcock, Andrew (11 April 2022). "Foreign minister breaks ranks to voice support for ousted Pakistani PM Imran Khan". The Independent. Archived from the original on 7 May 2022.


      • Hill, Dave (2016). Zac Versus Sadiq: The Fight to Become London Mayor. Not specified: Double Q. ISBN 978-1-911079-20-0.
      This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.