Yusef of Morocco

Moulay Yusef ben Hassan (Arabic: مولاي يوسف بن الحسن), born in Meknes on 1882 and died in Fes on 1927, was the Alaouite sultan of Morocco from 1912 to 1927. He was the son of Hassan ben Mohammed. [5]

Yusef ben Hassan
يوسف بن الحسن
Sultan of Morocco
Sultan of Morocco
Reign1912–1927
PredecessorAbd al-Hafid of Morocco
SuccessorMohammed V of Morocco
Born1882
Meknes, Morocco
DiedNovember 17, 1927(1927-11-17) (aged 44–45)
Fes, Morocco
Burial
Mawlay Abdallah Mosque, Fes, Morocco
SpouseLalla Yaqut
Lalla Ruqiya bint Mohammed al-Moqri
Issueamong 6 children:[1]
Moulay Idriss[2]
Mohammed V of Morocco
Moulay Mohammed al-Hassan[3]
Lalla Zainab[4]
HouseAlaouite dynasty
FatherHassan I of Morocco
MotherLalla Um al-Khair
or
Lalla Ruqiya
ReligionSunni Islam

Life

Yusef in 1920
Silver coin: 5 Dirhams Yusuf - 1918

Moulay Yusef was born in the city of Meknes to Sultan Hassan I. The identity of his mother is conflicted some sources note Lalla Um al-Khair as his mother,[6] her last name is not recorded. Since she is the mother of his twin brother Moulay Mohammed al-Tahar.[6][7] Some other sources state Lalla Ruqiya as his mother, her last name is not recorded either, she is cited as a Circassian slave from Syria.[8] Sources claim this woman to be the favorite of his father, a harem slave concubine of Circassian origins[9] according to some or Georgian origins[10] according to others. Lalla Ruqiya might as well have been confused with Aisha the favorite of Hassan I a Georgian slave concubine[11] bought in Syria by the vizir Sidi Gharnat and brought to the Sultan’s harem circa 1876.[11]

Moulay Yusef was the youngest of Sultan Hassan I's sons. He inherited the throne from his brother, Sultan Moulay Abdelhafid, who abdicated after the Treaty of Fez (1912), which made Morocco a French protectorate. He was a member of the Alaouite Dynasty.

Moulay Yusef's reign was turbulent and marked with frequent uprisings against Spain and France. The most serious of these were a Berber uprising led by Abd el-Krim in the Rif Mountains, in the Spanish-controlled area in the north, who managed to establish a republic; and the uprising of Sahraoui tribes in the south, led by Ahmed al-Hiba, the son of Ma al-'Aynayn. The Riffian conflict managed to reach the French-controlled area, prompting the creation of a Franco-Spanish military coalition that finally defeated the rebels in 1925. To ensure his own safety, Yusef moved the court from Fez to Rabat, which has served as the capital of the country ever since.

Yusef's reign came to an abrupt end when he died suddenly of uremia in 1927. He was succeeded by his son Sidi Mohammed. He was buried in the royal necropolis of the Moulay Abdallah Mosque.[12]

Honours

See also

  1. "Yousuf Al Hassan". geni_family_tree. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  2. "Idris Al Hassan". geni_family_tree. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  3. "Mohammed Al Hassan". geni_family_tree. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  4. "Zainab Al Hassan". geni_family_tree. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  5. "Yousuf Al Hassan". geni_family_tree. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  6. "Um Khair". geni_family_tree. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  7. ibn zaydan. durafakhira (in Arabic). p. 139.
  8. Alaoui & Abdelhadi, p. 53.
  9. Weisgerber, F. (2004). Au seuil du Maroc moderne (in French). Editions La Porte. p. 49. ISBN 978-9981-889-48-4.
  10. "Fight Expected At Fez" (PDF). The New York Times: 1. January 2, 1903.
  11. Bonsal, Stephen (1893). Morocco as it is: With an Account of Sir Charles Euan Smith's Recent Mission to Fez. Harper. p. 59.
  12. Bressolette, Henri (2016). A la découverte de Fès. L'Harmattan. ISBN 978-2343090221.
  13. www.leighrayment.com[Usurped!]
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